Oxysternon (Oxysternon) silenus Laporte, 1840,

Hielkema, Auke J. & Hielkema, Meindert A., 2019, An annotated checklist of the Scarabaeoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) of the Guianas, Insecta Mundi 732 (732), pp. 1-306: 104-105

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3678492

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:930EAB11-37FA-41B0-980A-1A4736527842

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3683708

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D7FF1C-FFA2-FF87-FF48-F8CD3512FD91

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Oxysternon (Oxysternon) silenus Laporte, 1840
status

 

Oxysternon (Oxysternon) silenus Laporte, 1840 

Oxysternon silenus Laporte 1840: 82  ( French Guiana - LECTOTYPE)

= Oxysternon aeneum Olsoufieff 1924: 118  ( Brazil) - Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 29 (syn. nov.)

= Oxysternon sericeum Olsoufieff 1924: 117  ( Bolivia) - Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 29 (syn. nov.)

= Oxysternon smaragdinum Olsoufieff 1924: 117  ( Ecuador, Peru) - Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 29 (syn. nov.)

= Oxysternon zikani Pereira 1943: 109  ( Brazil) - Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 29 (syn. nov.)

= Oxysternon zikani var. peruanus Pereira 1943: 114  ( Peru) - Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 29 (syn. nov.)

= Oxysternon silenum chicheryi Arnaud 2001: 4  ( Brazil (NA)) - Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 30 (syn. nov.)

= Oxysternon silenum dufouri Arnaud 2001: 2  ( Peru) - Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 30 (syn. nov.)

= Oxysternon silenum jossi Arnaud 2001: 3  ( Brazil) - Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 30 (syn. nov.)

= Oxysternon silenum zagurii Arnaud 2001: 3  ( Brazil) - Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 30 (syn. nov.)

Distribution. Suriname: Arnaud 2002c: 73 (as O. silenus silenus  ); Larsen 2011: 99 (as O. aeneum  ); MHCN. French Guiana: Laporte 1840: 82; Olsoufieff 1924: 49, 118; Feer 2000: 32; Arnaud 2001: 2 (designation NEOTYPE Oxysternon silenus  ), 2002c: 73 (as O. silenus silenus  ); Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 29 (designation LECTOTYPE Oxysternon silenus  ); Hamel-Leigue et al. 2009: 63; Brûlé et al. 2011a: 193, 2014: 183; Brûlé and Dalens 2012a annex 4: 18; Brûlé and Touroult 2013: 41; Boilly et al. 2016: 95 (as O. silenus silenus  ); MHCN; RMNH. “Guianas”: Gillet 1911b: 87; Olsoufieff 1924: 49, 118; Blackwelder 1944: 210. Brazil (NA): Gillet 1911b: 87; Olsoufieff 1924: 49, 50, 118 (as O. aeneum  ; as O. silenus  ); Pereira 1943: 109 (as O. zikani  ); Blackwelder 1944: 210 (as O. aeneum  ; as O. silenus  ); Martínez 1947b: 112 (as O. zikani  ; as O. zikani var. peruanus  ); Vaz-de-Mello 2000: 194 (as O. (Oxysternon) silenum peruanum  ; as O. (Oxysternon) smaragdinum  ); Arnaud 2001: 3, 4 (as O. (Oxysternon) silenum chicheryi  ; as O. (Oxysternon) silenum jossi  ; as O. (Oxysternon) silenum zagurii  ) (NA), 2002c: 73, 74, 76, 78 (as O. silenus aeneum  ; as O. silenus chiceryi  ; as O. silenus jossi  ; as O. silenus silenus  ; as O. silenus zagurii  ; as O. silenus zikani  ); Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 29 (NA); Gardner et al. 2008: table S1 (NA); Hamel-Leigue et al. 2009: 63; Pacheco and Vaz-de-Mello 2015: 2 (as O. silenus chicheryi  ) (NA). Venezuela ( EO): Arnaud 2002c: 74, 76 (as O. silenus aeneum  ; as O. silenus smaragdinum  ) ( EO); Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 29 ( EO); Hamel-Leigue et al. 2009: 63. “Amazon Basin”: Olsoufieff 1924: 49, 118. Other: Gillet 1911b: 87 (Bolivia); Olsoufieff 1924: 49, 117, 118 (Bolivia - as O. sericeum  ; Bolivia - as O. silenus  ; Ecuador, Peru - as O. smaragdinum  ); Balthasar 1941c: 351 (Ecuador, Peru - as O. smaragdinum  ); Pereira 1943: 109 (Peru - as O. zikani var. peruanus  ); Blackwelder 1944: 210 (Bolivia - as O. sericeum  ; Bolivia - as O. silenus  ; Ecuador - as O. smaragdinum  ; not mentioned - as O. zikani  ); Martínez 1947b: 112 (Peru - as O. zikani  ; Peru - as O. zikani var. peruanus  ); Arnaud 2001: 2 (Colombia, Peru - as O. (Oxysternon) silenum dufouri  ), 2002c: 74, 76, 77 (Peru - as O. silenus dufouri  ; Peru - as O. silenus peruanus  ; Bolivia - as O. silenus sericeum  ; Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru - as O. silenus smaragdinum  ; Peru - as O. silenus zikani  ); Medina et al. 2001: 140 (Colombia - as O. silenus  ; Colombia - as O. smaragdinum  ; Colombia - as O. sikani  [sic]); Edmonds and Zídek 2004: 29 (Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru); Noriega et al. 2007: 83 (Colombia); Hamel-Leigue et al. 2009: 63 (Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru).

Note 1. The neotype of Oxysternon silenus  designated in Arnaud (2001: 2) was invalidated when type material used by Laporte was recovered and a lectotype was designated in Edmonds and Zídek (2004: 29).

Note 2. According to Edmonds and Zídek (2004: 34), the spelling of the name should be Oxysternon silenus  , not O. silenum  , because Silenus is a personal name (of the mythological assistant of Bacchus) and as such a noun in apposition to the generic name, and not to be declined.

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Oxysternon

Loc

Oxysternon (Oxysternon) silenus Laporte, 1840

Hielkema, Auke J. & Hielkema, Meindert A. 2019
2019
Loc

Oxysternon silenum chicheryi

Edmonds, W. D. & J. Zidek 2004: 30
Arnaud, P. 2001: 4
2001
Loc

Oxysternon silenum dufouri

Edmonds, W. D. & J. Zidek 2004: 30
Arnaud, P. 2001: 2
2001
Loc

Oxysternon silenum jossi

Edmonds, W. D. & J. Zidek 2004: 30
Arnaud, P. 2001: 3
2001
Loc

Oxysternon silenum zagurii

Edmonds, W. D. & J. Zidek 2004: 30
Arnaud, P. 2001: 3
2001
Loc

Oxysternon zikani

Edmonds, W. D. & J. Zidek 2004: 29
Pereira 1943: 109
1943
Loc

Oxysternon zikani var. peruanus

Edmonds, W. D. & J. Zidek 2004: 29
Pereira 1943: 114
1943
Loc

Oxysternon aeneum

Edmonds, W. D. & J. Zidek 2004: 29
Olsoufieff 1924: 118
1924
Loc

Oxysternon sericeum

Edmonds, W. D. & J. Zidek 2004: 29
Olsoufieff 1924: 117
1924
Loc

Oxysternon smaragdinum

Edmonds, W. D. & J. Zidek 2004: 29
Olsoufieff 1924: 117
1924
Loc

Oxysternon silenus

Laporte 1840: 82
1840