Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus ( Fabricius, 1781 ),

Hielkema, Auke J. & Hielkema, Meindert A., 2019, An annotated checklist of the Scarabaeoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) of the Guianas, Insecta Mundi 732 (732), pp. 1-306: 70-71

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3678492

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:930EAB11-37FA-41B0-980A-1A4736527842

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3683523

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D7FF1C-FF8C-FFA5-FF48-F91C33E7FECE

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus ( Fabricius, 1781 )
status

 

Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus ( Fabricius, 1781) 

Scarabaeus smaragdulus Fabricius 1781: 34 

Note. Two presently recognized subspecies of Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus  have been described, both of which were erroneously recorded for the research area.

§ Subspecies Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus smaragdulus ( Fabricius, 1781) 

Scarabaeus smaragdulus Fabricius 1781: 34  (South America)

= Canthon speculifer Laporte 1840: 68  ( Brazil)

Distribution. Suriname: Gillet 1911b: 33 (as C. speculifer  ); Balthasar 1939e: 203 (as C. speculifer  ). French Guiana: A. Schmidt 1922a: 81 (as C. smaragdulus  ; as C. speculifer  ); Blackwelder 1944: 201 (as C. smaragdulum  ; as C. speculifer  ). “Guianas”: Vulcano and Pereira 1964: 593 (as Goniocanthon smaragdulus  ). Brazil: Laporte 1840: 68 (as C. smaragdulus  ; as C. speculifer  ); Gillet 1911b: 33; A. Schmidt 1922a: 81 (as C. smaragdulus  ; as C. speculifer  ); Balthasar 1939e: 203 (as C. smaragdulus  ; as C. speculifer  ); Blackwelder 1944: 201 (as C. smaragdulum  ; as C. speculifer  ); Vulcano and Pereira 1964: 593 (as Goniocanthon smaragdulus  ); Vaz-de-Mello 2000: 191 (as C. (Goniocanthon) smaragdulum  ); Nunes et al. 2018: 6, 7. Other: Fabricius 1781: 34 (South America - as Scarabaeus smaragdulus  ); A. Schmidt 1922a: 81 ( Colombia - as C. smaragdulus  ; Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay - as C. speculifer  ); Blackwelder 1944: 201 ( Colombia - as C. smaragdulum  ; Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay - as C. speculifer  ); Pereira and Martínez 1956b: 111 (South America except Chile - as Goniocanthon smaragdulus  ); Vulcano and Pereira 1964: 593 ( Argentina, Colombia, Paraguay - as Goniocanthon smaragdulus  ); Medina et al. 2001: 136 ( Colombia); Nunes et al. 2018: 6, 7 ( Argentina, Paraguay).

Note. According to Nunes et al. (2018: 7), the distribution of Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus smaragdulus  is restricted to southern Brazil, northern Argentina and northern Paraguay. Records for the Guianas and other locations in northern South America are thus likely based on misidentifications and/or mislabeled specimens.

§ Subspecies Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus subviridis A. Schmidt, 1922 

Canthon speculifer var. subviridis A. Schmidt 1922a: 81  ( French Guiana, Brazil)

Distribution. French Guiana: A. Schmidt 1922a: 81 (as Canthon speculifer var. subviridis  ); Blackwelder 1944: 201 (as Canthon speculifer var. subviride  ). Brazil: A. Schmidt 1922a: 81 (as Canthon speculifer var. subviridis  ); Blackwelder 1944: 201 (as Canthon speculifer var. subviride  ); Vaz-de-Mello 2000: 191 (as C. (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus var. subviride  ); Nunes et al. 2018: 6, 10. Other: Vulcano and Pereira 1964: 593 (treated as a synonym of C. smaragdulus  ).

Note. According to Nunes et al. (2018: 10), the distribution of Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus subviridis  is limited to the eastern parts of Brazil. This means that the record for French Guiana in A. Schmidt (1922a: 81), which is copied in Blackwelder (1944: 201), is likely based on a mislabeled specimen.

Subgenus PELTECANTHON Pereira, 1953 

Peltecanthon Pereira 1953: 396 

Synopsis. Halffter and Martínez 1967

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Canthon

Loc

Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus ( Fabricius, 1781 )

Hielkema, Auke J. & Hielkema, Meindert A. 2019
2019
Loc

Peltecanthon

Pereira 1953: 396
1953
Loc

Canthon speculifer var. subviridis A. Schmidt 1922a: 81

Schmidt 1922: 81
1922
Loc

Canthon speculifer

Laporte 1840: 68
1840
Loc

Scarabaeus smaragdulus

Fabricius, J. C. 1781: 34
1781
Loc

Scarabaeus smaragdulus

Fabricius, J. C. 1781: 34
1781