Dissomphalus curupira Colombo & Azevedo, 2018

Colombo, Wesley D., Alencar, Isabel D. C. C., Limeira-De-Oliveira, Francisco & Azevedo, Celso O., 2018, New species and records of Dissomphalus Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) from Cerrado, Caatinga and relicts of the Atlantic Forest from northeastern Brazil, Zootaxa 4462 (1), pp. 1-40 : 14-15

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Dissomphalus curupira Colombo & Azevedo

sp. nov.

Dissomphalus curupira Colombo & Azevedo sp. nov.

( Figs 12–16 View FIGURES 5–16 )

Description. Male. Head and mesosoma black; metasoma light castaneous. Mandible with three apical teeth; median clypeal lobe trapezoidal, median tooth weakly rounded; frons coriaceous, punctate; eyes weakly setose. Notauli complete; pronotal disc strongly coriaceous, weakly punctate. Metasomal tergite II with tergal process with non-conspicuous lateral depressions, tubercle present, pit on top, tuft of setae present. Posterior hypopygeal margin weakly concave. Genitalia: paramere with bifurcated rounded apex, very wide, higher than the basiparamere; aedeagal ventral ramus longer than dorsal body, apex rounded, laminar, small basal extension present, very narrow; aedeagal dorsal body with four pair of apical lobes, outer lobe narrow than others, apex rounded, slightly arched inward, median pair with apex rounded, slightly arched outward, ventral inner pair membranous, setose, wide, dorsal inner pair with apex bifurcated forming two teeth; basal process absent; apodeme extending beyond genital ring. Female unknown.

Remarks. This species belongs to conicus species-group by having the median clypeal lobe trapezoidal and metasomal tergite II with one pair of lateral depressions, with tubercle, with pit on the top and tuft of setae. This species is not comparable to any other in the species-group. It is mainly different because it has the paramere with a bifurcated rounded apex, the aedeagal ventral ramus with a basal small extension, and the aedeagal dorsal body with four apical lobes.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, BRAZIL, MA[ranhão], Carolina, PN Chapada das Mesas, Riacho Cancela, 07°06'44.2''S 47°17'56.8''W, 255m, 15–31.VII.2013, Armadilha Malaise, JA Rafael, F Limeira-de-Oliveira, TTA Silva cols. ( CZMA) GoogleMaps . Paratypes: MA[ranhão], 2♂, same data of holotype, except 01–10.VIII.2013, [Armadilha] suspensa lâmina d'água GoogleMaps ; 1♂ 14–30.VI.2013; 4♂ 01–15.VII.2013, 1♂ 10–20.IX.2013; 2♂ 14.VI–10.VIII.2013, Armadilha suspensa; 1♂ Mirador, Parq[ue] Estadual Mirador , Base da Geraldina, 06°37'25''S 45°52'08''W, 14– 18.VIII.2012, Armadilha Malaise, JS Pinto Junior, DWA Marques, F Limeira-de-Oliveira cols. ( CZMA) GoogleMaps .

Etymology. The epithet curupira from Tupi refers to a Brazilian folk tale in which a boy uses his feet in reverse to confuse hunters in order to protect the trees and the animals. Treat as a noun in apposition.

Distribution. Brazil (Maranhão).