Mystaria savannensis,

Honiball Lewis, Allet S. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, Ansie S., 2014, Revision of the spider genus Mystaria Simon, 1895 (Araneae: Thomisidae) and the description of a new genus from the Afrotropical region, Zootaxa 3873 (2), pp. 101-144: 127-130

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3873.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:AC318953-2804-4BBB-B885-27A8F1DB1EAB

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4948175

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D1BD0C-FFB9-9453-FF34-E80BE216EAB6

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Mystaria savannensis
status

sp. n.

Mystaria savannensis  sp. n.

Figs 3View FIGURES 1–5, 33–35View FIGURES 25–42, 75–78View FIGURES 69–82, 99–102View FIGURES 91–102, 124View FIGURES 123–126

Type material: Holotype: ♀, ZAMBIA: Southern Province, near Choma Wildlives Game Farm [16°50’S, 26°59’E], beating short shrubs, 4 December 2006, C. Haddad & R. Lyle (NCA 2007/530).GoogleMaps 

Paratypes: BOTSWANA: North-East District, 3 ♀, 1 juvenile Selkirk Mine , near Francistown [21°10’S, 27°30’E], 29 February–May 2008, D.H. Jacobs & M. Stiller (NCA 2009/5033, 2009/5034, 2009/5035)GoogleMaps  . SOUTH AFRICA: Gauteng Province, 1 ♀, Hartbeespoortdam [25°43’S, 27°50’E], 10 March 1966, A. Capener (NCA 78/ 33)GoogleMaps  . KwaZulu-Natal Province, 1 ♀, Ubombo [27°33’S, 32°05’E], 16km N, 4 April 1958, E.S. Ross & R.E. Leech (CAS)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, Mkuze Game Reserve [27°39’S, 32°10’E], alt 30 m, 13 June 1985, C.E. Griswold (NM)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀, 2 ♂, 4 juveniles Ophathe Game Reserve , river bed [28°29’S, 31°27’E], alt 455 m beating short shrubs, 2 October 2008, C. Haddad (NCA 2008/4179, 2008/4175)GoogleMaps  . Limpopo Province, 5 ♂, Blouberg Nature Reserve [23°06’S, 28°59’E], beating Sclerocarya birrea  , 29 November 2005 – 26 March 2006, P. Tshivhandekano, V. Gelebe, M. Muelelwa & F. Mbedzi (NCA 2009/4617, 2009/4621, 2009/4622, 2009/4623)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀, 8 ♂, same locality, sweeping Spirostachys africana  , 26 March 2006, S. Foord & N Hahn (NCA 2009/4618, 2009/4619, 2009/4620, 2009/4624, 2009/5024)GoogleMaps  ; 4 ♂, same locality, sweeping Kirkia acuminate  , 24 March 2006, S. Foord (NCA 2009/5025)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Klasserie, Bokmakierie Game Farm [24°34’S, 31°12’E], open grass lands, 8 April 2001, R. Jocqué (MRAC 210095)GoogleMaps  ; 4 ♂, 4 ♀, 1 sub-adult ♂, Wallers Camp, near Pafuri [22°25’S, 31°02’E], alt 261 m, canopy fogging, 16 February 2008, R. Jocqué and team (NCA 2009/5039)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Kruger National Park, Punda Maria Camp [22°40’S, 31°01’E], Shipudze on road to Dunyadgiba , 2 May 1962, R.F. Lawrence (NM 23346)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♂, Strydomtunnel [22°23’S, 30°00’E], tree beating, 22 February 1978, E.A. Ueckermann (NCA 88/592)GoogleMaps  ; 11 ♀, 30 ♂, 7 juvenile ♀, Tshulu Research Reserve [22°34’S, 30°48’E], alt 38 m, canopy fogging, 18 February 2008. R. Jocqué and team (NCA 2009/5040, 2009/5041, 2009/5042, 2009/5043, 2009/5044, 2009/5843, 2009/5844)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, 2 ♂, Western Soutpansberg, Farm Little Leigh [23°05’S, 29°00’E], alt 108 m, beating Kirkia wilmsii  , 24 November 2005 – 21 March 2006, F. Maanda (NCA 2009/4625, 2009/5027, 2009/5029)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, same locality beating Pterocarpus rotundifolius  , 22 March 2006, M. Muelelwa (NCA 2009/5026)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same locality, beating gallery forest, 22 December 2005 – 19 March 2006, E. Stam (NCA 2009/5028, 2009/5031)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, same locality, beating Burkea africana  , 23 February 2005, S. Foord (NCA 2009/5030)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Wolkberg, Haenertsburg [23°57’S, 29°56’E], sweeping shrubs, 15 July 1993, A. Leroy (NCA 2004/522)GoogleMaps  . Mpumalanga Province, 2 ♀, Loskopdam, Farm Ranch 2D [25°26’S, 29°20’E], bush beating, 27 February 1994, A. Leroy (NCA 2004/524, 2009/5032)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Kruger National Park, Letaba Camp [23°51’S, 31°35’E], 19 February 1962, R.F. Lawrence (NM)GoogleMaps  ; 1 juvenile ♀, Bourke’s Luck [24°50’S, 30°46’E], sifting leaf litter, 29 March 1991, M. Filmer (NCA 92/144)GoogleMaps  . ZIMBABWE: Masvingo Province, 1♀, Malilangwe Estate, Hakamela Camp [21°05’S, 32°00’E], active search on the ground, 26 March 2000, M. Cumming (NCA 2004/1424)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same locality, SE low veld, sweeping dense grassland, 25 March 2004, M. Cumming (NCA 2004/1423)GoogleMaps  .

Etymology. Named after the Savanna Biome, which signifies a favourable habitat of most individuals of the species. Adjective.

Diagnosis. Both sexes differ from any other species by the presence of a dark longitudinal stripe present on all legs, which extends from tibia or patella until tarsi ( Fig. 34View FIGURES 25–42). Epigyne with atrium long-oval, teardrop-shaped, differ from other species by having the longest and largest atrium; intromittent orifices open antero-laterally ( Fig. 77View FIGURES 69–82). Bulb large with RTA very broad base, differ from other species by a leaf-shaped RTA base, slender tip directed anteriorly ( Figs 75, 76View FIGURES 69–82).

Description. Female. Size, measurements. (n = 9). TL: 3.76 (3.15–5.08); CL: 1.38 (1.20–1.65); CW: 1.33 (1.20–1.53); CI: 1.03 (0.93–1.11); CH: 0.93 (0.84–1.10); CLL: 0.26 (0.21–0.33); MOQ-L: 0.29 (0.27–0.33). Colour. Carapace orange-red or dark brown with a yellow or orange patch on clypeus, may have dark patches over lateral eyes or with a black eye spot on PME ( Fig. 33View FIGURES 25–42); abdomen pale, may be decorated dorsally as follows: longitudinal band centrally, broader anteriorly than posteriorly extending laterally, or with only dark areas on lateral sides; ventrally pale with striae dark blue to black, white in between; legs I–IV femora may have infuscated bands dorso-ventrally. Carapace. Smooth to slightly granular. Chelicerae. As in Fig. 3View FIGURES 1–5. Sternum. SL: 0.56; SW: 0.61; SI: 0.92. Eye s. Eye measurements: AME–AME: 0.27; ALE–AME: 0.38; AME–AME/AME–ALE: 0.70; PME–PME: 0.45; PLE–PME: 0.35; PME–PME/PME-PLE: 1.29; ALE/AME: 1.43; PLE/PME: 0.77; MOQ-AW/ MOQ-PW: 0.59; MOQ-L/MOQ-W: 0.49; Clyp/AME–AME: 0.98. Legs. Covered with fine short setae on all segments, femora I–IV with two medium spiniform setae dorsally; tibiae with two short spiniform setae dorsally; tarsal claws as in Figs 99–102View FIGURES 91–102; leg formula: I:II:IV:III; leg measurements: leg I—Fe 0.89, Pat 0.36, Tib 0.75, Mt 0.62, Ta 0.43, total 3.05; II—Fe 0.93, Pat 0.36, Tib 0.69, Mt 0.62, Ta 0.42, total 3.03; III—Fe 0.68, Pat 0.30, Tib 0.47, Mt 0.42, Ta 0.31, total 2.19; IV—Fe 0.84, Pat 0.29, Tib 0.58, Mt 0.53, Ta 0.35, total 2.61. Abdomen. AL: 2.38; AW: 2.27; AI: 1.05. Epigyne. With flap posteriorly ( Fig. 77View FIGURES 69–82); intromittent canals antero-laterally extended ( Fig. 78View FIGURES 69–82).

Male. Size, measurements. (n = 9). TL: 2.74 (2.50–3.27); CL: 1.17 (1.06–1.32); CW: 1.10 (0.98–1.34); CI: 1.07 (1.02–1.15); CH: 0.74 (0.66–0.85); CLL: 0.27 (0.24–0.31); MOQ-L: 0.27 (0.25–0.31). Resemble female but differ as follows: Colour. Carapace dark or pale copper-brown; abdomen dorsally dark orange or black, with narrow whitish border anteriorly, may have an orange-brown pattern or with spots posteriorly ( Fig. 35View FIGURES 25–42); legs reddish-brown or orange, yellow or pale-green, femora I–II with infuscated bands, tibiae, metatarsi and tarsi IV darker brown. Sternum. SL: 0.46 SW: 0.52 SI: 0.90. Eyes. MOQ big, long wide; eye measurements: AME–AME: 0.24; ALE–AME: 0.31; AME–AME/AME–ALE: 0.76; PME–PME: 0.37; PLE–PME: 0.29; PME–PME/ PME–PLE: 1.29; ALE/AME: 1.33; PLE/PME: 0.78; MOQ-AW/MOQ-PW: 0.63; MOQ-L/MOQ-W: 0.43; Clyp/ AME–AME: 1.16. Legs. Patellae may have medium spiniform setae; tibiae III–IV with medium spiniform setae dorsally and ventrally; leg formula: I:II:IV:III; leg measurements: leg I—Fe 0.91, Pat 0.28, Tib 0.81, Mt 0.70, Ta 0.49, total 3.17; II—Fe 0.86, Pat 0.26, Tib 0.75, Mt 0.62, Ta 0.42, total 2.91; III—Fe 0.61, Pat 0.24, Tib 0.49, Mt 0.40, Ta 0.30, total 2.04; IV—Fe 0.68, Pat 0.23, Tib 0.53, Mt 0.49, Ta 0.33, total 2.27. Abdomen. AL: 1.57; AW: 1.47; AI: 1.06. Palp. RTA widened at base ( Fig. 75View FIGURES 69–82); VTA fairly long, almost equal in length to RTA ( Fig. 76View FIGURES 69–82).

Natural history. Specimens have been collected mostly from trees or sometimes shrubs by means of sweeping, beating or fogging. Other methods include active searching on the ground and leaf litter sifting. Individuals have been observed (pers. comm.) to be frequently hanging on their own silk thread when disturbed from a branch or twig. Some individuals occur in mountainous areas, but seem to be more prevalent in the savanna biome in southern Africa. Individuals prefer living on a variety of indigenous tree species such as Sclerocarya birrea  , Spirostachys africana  , Kirkia acuminate  , K. wilmsii  and Pterocarpus rotundifolius  . Adults occur from October until July, while juveniles occur from October until February.

Distribution. Botswana, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe ( Fig. 124View FIGURES 123–126).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Thomisidae

Genus

Mystaria