Mystaria budongo, Honiball Lewis & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2014

Honiball Lewis, Allet S. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, Ansie S., 2014, Revision of the spider genus Mystaria Simon, 1895 (Araneae: Thomisidae) and the description of a new genus from the Afrotropical region, Zootaxa 3873 (2), pp. 101-144: 114-118

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3873.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:AC318953-2804-4BBB-B885-27A8F1DB1EAB

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5123006

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D1BD0C-FFAE-945F-FF34-EAC8E2F0E82B

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Mystaria budongo
status

sp. n.

Mystaria budongo   sp. n.

Figs 5 View FIGURES 1–5 , 10 View FIGURES 10–24 , 43, 44 View FIGURES 43–56 , 111–115 View FIGURES 103–114 View FIGURES 115–118

Type material: Holotype: ♂, RWANDA: Kibungo Province , Ibanda Makera, Rusumo [02°09’S, 30°55’E], alt. 1450 m, gallery forest canopy fogging of Teclea nobilis   , October 1993, T. Wagner (ZFMK AR 1307). GoogleMaps  

Paratypes: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC): Orientale Region, 1 ♂   , Cyamudongo, Nyakabuye [02°34’S, 28°59’E], alt. 1750 m, canopy fogging Carapa grandiflora   , October 1993, T. Wagner (ZFMK AR 1304) GoogleMaps   . KENYA: Western Province , 2 ♂, Kakamega forest [00°22’N, 34°50’E], alt. 1600 m, secondary forest canopy fogging T. nobilis   , January–February 2003, W. Freund (ZFMK AR 1305, 1306) GoogleMaps   . RWANDA: Eastern Province, 3 ♂   , Ibanda Makera, Rusumo [02°09’S, 30°55’E], alt. 1450 m, gallery forest canopy fogging T. nobilis   , October 1993, T. Wagner (ZFMK AR 1308-1310) GoogleMaps   . UGANDA: Masindi Province, 3 ♂   , Budongo forest [01°45’N, 31°25’E], alt. 1200 m, secondary forest canopy fogging Cynometra alexandri   , 15–25 January 1997, T. Wagner (ZFMK AR 1311, 1316, 1319) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂, Budongo forest [01°45’N, 31°25’E], alt 1200 m, primary forest canopy fogging C. alexandri   , 15–25 January 1997, T. Wagner (ZFMK AR 1313, 1315) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, same locality, swamp forest canopy fogging Rinorea beniensis   , 15–25 January 1997, T. Wagner (ZFMK AR 1312) GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂, Budongo forest [01°45’N, 31°25’E], alt. 1200 m, primary forest canopy fogging R. beniensis   , 5–15 January 1997, T. Wagner (ZFMK AR 1314, 1317, 1318) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. Named after the Budongo forest, where most specimens were sampled. Noun in apposition.

Diagnosis. Differs from other species by pear-shaped carapace, narrowed in eye region, with pale orangeyellow median band centrally, dark brown-black bands laterally ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 10–24 ), lateral eyes situated closest to median eyes with AME situated on slight tubercles and carapace. Legs pale yellow with distinct spiniform setae. Bulb with long and relatively strong embolus; RTA sturdy, long, finger-shaped, VTA almost of same length as RTA, tip with distinct curve ( Figs 43, 44 View FIGURES 43–56 ).

Description. Female. Unknown.

Male. Size, measurements (n = 2). TL: 2.80 (2.70–2.90); CL: 1.30 (1.22–1.37); CW: 1.23 (1.18–1.28); CI: 1.05 (1.03–1.07); CH: 0.65 (0.65–0.65); CLL: 0.19 (0.18–0.21); MOQ-L: 0.22 (0.22–0.22). Colour. Abdomen dark copper-brown laterally with orange-yellow band medially; ventrally pale. Carapace. Numerous long erectile setae present on postero-lateral edge of carapace and LE area. Chelicerae. As in ( Fig 5 View FIGURES 1–5 ). Sternum. SL: 0.70; SW: 0.64; SI: 1.10. Eyes. PME nearer to each other than to PLE, lateral eyes large; eye measurements: AME–AME: 0.21; ALE–AME: 0.24; AME–AME/AME–ALE: 0.88; PME–PME: 0.25; PLE–PME: 0.31; PME–PME/PME–PLE: 0.80; ALE/AME: 1.13; PLE/PME: 1.6; MOQ-AW/MOQ-PW: 0.85; MOQ-L/MOQ-W: 0.26; Clyp/AME–AME: 0.91. Legs. Long with long spiniform setae present on femora and patellae of legs I–IV and ventrally on tibiae and metatarsi; spiniform setae on tibiae and metatarsi I and II often twice as long as on other leg segments; claws and claw tufts as in Figs 111–114 View FIGURES 103–114 ; leg formula: II:I:III:IV; leg measurements: leg I—Fe 1.14, Pat 0.34, Tib 1.08, Mt 0.81, Ta 0.61, total 3.99; II—Fe 1.42, Pat 0.41, Tib 1.35, Mt 1.09, Ta 0.31, total 4.58; III—Fe 0.81, Pat 0.28, Tib 0.70, Mt 0.50, Ta 0.34, total 2.64; IV—Fe 0.80, Pat 0.28, Tib 0.68, Mt 0.48, Ta 0.36, total 2.60. Abdomen. With scutum long-oval shaped; AL: 1.51; AW: 1.10; AI: 1.40. Palp. Embolus long, darkly sclerotized; wide space between VTA and RTA, RTA with black tip ( Fig. 44 View FIGURES 43–56 ).

Female. Unknown.

Natural history. Specimens were collected from primary and secondary forest canopy using fogging. They were sampled from various tree species such as Carapa grandiflora   , Cynometra alexandri   , Rinorea beniensis   and Teclea nobilis   . Only males are known and they were sampled between October and February.

Distribution. Democratic Republic of Congo ( DRC), Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda ( Fig. 115 View FIGURES 115–118 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Thomisidae

Genus

Mystaria