Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1824,

Sun, Xuekui & Marshall, Stephen A., 2003, Systematics of Phasia Latreille (Diptera: Tachinidae), Zootaxa 276 (1), pp. 1-320: 145-149

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.276.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4177F6E7-B276-438E-8E49-EE5ECD84D351

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CF879C-8BDE-FF69-FEAF-FB7FFC29F9E5

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1824
status

 

3.5.11 Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1824 

(Figures I­48, II­4.3)

Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1824: 198  .

Phasia semicinerea Meigen, 1824: 199  .

Hyalomyia carbonaria Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 300  .

Hyalomyia corinna Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 301  .

Phasia vitripennis Zetterstedt, 1859: 6169  .

Hyalomyia chorea Robineau­Desvoidy, 1863: 266  .

Alophora (Paralophora) pusilla: Girschner, 1887: 38  ­ Rohdendorf 1947: 86.

Alophora (Paralophora) pusilla: Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1889: 149  .

Alophora (Parallophora) pusilla: Bezzi and Stein 1907: 583  .

Alophora pusilla  : ­ Baer 1921: 127 ­ Stein 1924: 259 ­ Rohdendorf 1933: 712 ­ Belanovskij 1951: 143 (in part) ­ Emden 1954: 27.

Allophora pusilla  : ­ Lundbeck 1927: 98.

Parallophora pusilla  : ­ Wainwright 1928: 244.

Hyalomyia pusilla  : ­ Townsend 1938: 57.

Parallophora (Paralophora) pusilla: Day 1948: 41  .

Hyalomyia  (= Paralophora) pusilla: Dupuis 1949: 536  ­ Dupuis 1963: 105 (biology).

Parallophora pusilla: Mesnil 1953: 176  .

Alophora (Hyalomyia) pusilla: Draber­Mońko 1965: 89  (redescription, host).

Alophora (Hyalomya) pusilla  : ­ Crosskey 1976: 166 (catalog), 291 (host catalog).

Phasia (Hyalomyia) pusilla  : ­ Herting 1984: 170 (catalog) ­ Herting and Dely­Draskovits 1993: 413 (catalog) ­ Zielger 1994: 173(review, biology).

DESCRIPTION

Body length: 3­5 mm.

MALE: HEAD. Head spherical or nearly so. Eyes separated by a distance as wide as ocellar triangle. Fronto­orbital plate black with grey pruinosity. Frontal vitta black or brown. Frontal vitta at base of antennae 1.7­1.8 times as wide as fronto­orbital plate anteriorly. Ocellar setae present but fine; outer vertical setae present; inner vertical setae absent. Face black with grey pruinosity. Parafacial black with grey pruinosity, bare, 1.0­1.1 times as wide as first flagellomere. Lower margin of face projecting, visible in profile, brown to black with grey pruinosity. Vibrissa well differentiated; intervibrissal distance 2.0­2.1 times distance between vibrissa and eye on same side; facial ridge with bristles on lower 1/ 5. Gena black with grey pruinosity; hairs black; height 0.1 times eye height. Lunule black and shining; sublunular bulla indistinct. Antenna black; first flagellomere 1.2 times as long as pedicel; arista thickened on basal 0.3­0.4. Length of oral opening 2.0­2.1 times its width. Occiput flattened, white pruinose; hairs black. Palpus brown to black.

THORAX. Mesoscutum thinly pruinose, with fine black hairs. 0+1 acrostichal seta; 0+1(2) dorsocentral setae; 1­2 postpronotal setae; presutural supra­alar seta present, strong; 0­1 postsutural intra­alar seta; 2 notopleural setae; 1 supra­alar seta; 2 postalar setae. Pleuron thinly grey pruinose; hairs black. Anepimeral setae strongly, black; 1 katepisternal seta; 6­9 meral setae. Scutellum black, thin grey pruinose, with two pairs of marginal setae; apical setae present and distinct; discal setae randomly arranged, not in rows. Subscutellum not very prominent. WING. Lower calypter hyaline white. Wing base without scale­like setae. Tegula black. Basicosta black. Wing hyaline, narrow; petiole of apical cell 0.45 times as long as preceding section of R 4+5; M meeting R 4+5 almost at right angle. Halter yellow, or brown. LEGS. Fore femur black; hairs black. Fore tibia black, without bristles, apically with 1 pv and 1 d. Fore tarus black. Fore claws black, 0.9­1 times as long as fifth tarsomere. Pulvilli black. Mid femur black; hairs black. Mid tibia black, with 1 ad and 1 v, apically with 1 a, 1 av, 1 pv, 1 v and 1 d. Hind femur black; hairs black. Hind tibia black, with 4­6 ad and 4­5 pd.

ABDOMEN. Abdominal tergites black; longitudinal vitta distinctly present. Relative length of abdominal tergites I+II:III:IV: V = 1.2:1:1:1.1; relative width I+II:III:IV: V = 0.4:1:1:0.7. Syntergite I+II shiny, not pruinose. Pruinosity of tergite III silvery (at least on posterior 3/4). Pruinosity of tergites IV, V silvery; hair spots distinct. TERMINALIA. Syncercus broad, with a deep and wide V­shape notch posteriorly. Surstylus flattened laterally, straight, apex broadened, longer than cercus. Ejaculatory apodeme small. Hypandrium as long as phallapodeme. Pregonite even, haired ventrally. Postgonite long, pointed. Phallus slender, slightly shorter than hypandrium, densely haired dorsally. Distiphallus partly sclerotized.

FEMALE. Wing hyaline. Eyes separated by a distance as wide as single ocellus; not touching. Anterior spine­like setae of hind tibia present. Sternite VII (sheath) longer than sternite VI, pointed apically, bent, apex directed ventrally, sternite VII with linear wrinkles ventrally. Ovipositor bent upward.

TYPE MATERIAL

Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1825  . Holotype ♂, GERMANY, Nordrhein, Stolberg [MNHN (Paris) according to Townsend 1938:57, but specimen in CNCI is labeled as "Type Meigen [pink label]/ Alophora pusilla  , A.M.; ♂, ex: L.P. Mesnil Collection, 1985)" probably is the type].

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED

ALBANIA. Albanien Exp. DEIC, Dajti, Westhang, 1,100m, 17­ 22 and 29.vi.1961.(11♂ 9♀, DEIC). AUSTRIA. Bergand Kittsee, nr. Hainburg, 4.x.1964, C.R. Vardy (1♀, BMNH); Kaltenleutgb. A.I, 14.vii.1918, Gurti (1♂, DEIC); Sudsteierm, Strobl (1♀, BMNH); Tyrol, Obergurgl, 12.viii.1969, A.C. and B. Pont (1♀, BMNH). CHINA. Manshukuo, Sjaolin and Chandaochezsy, 25.v.1939 and 25.viii.1951, W.Alin (4♂ 4♀, DEIC). CROATIA. Sljama, 30.v.1930 (1♀, CNCI); Zagcel, 2­20.vii.1920, N. Baranov (5♂, CNCI); Zagub, 14.ix.1929 (2♂, CNCI). CYPRUS. Yermasoyla River, 7.iii.1952 (1♂, BMNH). DENMARK. Dania, NEZ UB38, Ganlose Orned, 17.ix.1977, S. Andersen (1♂, CNCI); Dania, NEJ NJ30 Himmerlandske Heder, 30.v.1977, S. Andersen (1♂, CNCI). ENGLAND. Aston, Rowant, 30.vii.1927, (C.J. Wainwright's Collection, B.M. 1948­488" (1♀, BMNH); Chippenham, Fen., 19.v.1929 (C.J. Wainwright's Collection, B.M. 1948­ 488) (1♂, BMNH); Kent, Faversham, 4, viii.1907, A.J. Chitty (3♂, CNCI); Oxfordshire, Stockenchureh, 17.viii.1896 " (1♀, BMNH); Slindon, Sx., 20.vii.1951, G.E. Shewell (5♂ 1♀, CNCI); Salisburg Witts, 17.viii.1959, J.R. Vockeroth (1♀, CNCI); Tring, 20.viii.1933 (C.J. Wainwright's Collection, B.M. 1948­488) (1♂, BMNH); Wvre Forest, 22.vii.1911, (C.J. Wainwright' Collection, B.M. 1948­488) (1♂, BMNH). FRANCE. Beaulieu, Correze, 12­19.vii.1950, P. Vanrie (1♂, AMNH); Cassis, Bouches, d. Rhone, 3.7.1931, Richards (1♂, BMNH); Cernay, 15.v.1950, H.L. Parker (1♀, USNM); Corsica, Vivario, 650m, 21.vii.1963, D.H. and D.J. Harvey (B.M. 1963­477) (35♂ 1♀, BMNH); Corsica, Cap Corse, Nonza, 100m, 15.vii.1963, D.H. and D.J. Harvey (B.M. 1963­477) (1♀, BMNH); Var. Le Frayer, 29.vi.1958 (1♂, BMNH); Rambouillet, 16.vii.17, Shannon and Shannon (2♂, USNM); Rweil, 7.viii.1951, H.L. Parker (1♀, USNM); Saint Germain, 17.v.1950, H.L.Paker, Swept (3♂, USNM). GERMANY. Berlin, Lichtwardt, Jungfernheide, Finkenkrug and Wannsee etc. 3.vii.1898, 9. vii.1900, 21.ix.1912, 15.v.1904, 20.v.1900, 24, ix.1909, 12.ii.1913, 13.viii.1905, 22.viii.1902, 29.v.1899, 9.ii.1900, 20.v.1908, 18­20.viii.1905, (7♂ 12♀, DEIC); Brachwitz (?), 31.vii. (1♂, DEIC); Bruch flol. (?), 20.vii. (1♀, DEIC); Frankfurt Oder, coll. Lichtwardt (1♂, DEIC); Frankfurt Oder, M.P. Riedel, Reinhard Collection (2♂ 4♀, CNCI); Halle Saale, 5.viii.1936, Kirschberg (1♂, DEIC); Halle, (1♂, DEIC); Marburg i H, 7.ix.1898, coll. Liehtwardt (1♀, DEIC); Potsdam, 1.vi.1919, coll. Liehtwardt (1♀, DEIC); Potsdam, (2♂, DEIC); Petzow, 1.ii.1905, (1♂, DEIC); Stromberg Hansrück Antrocknem Halm Riedel (1♂, CNCI); Schildhorn, 15.vii.1898, Oldenberg (1♂, DEIC); Spanwan (?), 24.viii.1902, coll. Liehtwardt (1♂, DEIC); Sülldorf, 5.x.1917, coll. Oldenberg (1♂, DEIC); Sachsen, Genthin, 9.ix.1896, P. Stein (1♀, ZMHU); Siebenb, Neustadt, Brunzhugel, 25.vi.1905, E.J. Lehmann (1♀, ZMHU). GREECE. Crete, 4km NW Plantanos, 25.iv.1980 (1♀, BMNH); Crete, W side of Hania and Elounda, 24.iv.1980 (2♂ 4♀, BMNH); Crete, Georgioupolis, 8.v.1986, D.M. Ackland (1♀, BMNH); Crete, Elounda, 7.v.1979, D.M. Ackland (18♂, BMNH); Macedonie, Struma Vall., iv.1974, Shannon and Hadjinicalacu (1♂, USNM); Samothrace, Therme, S.L. 17.viii.1963, Guichard and Harvey (5♂, BMNH). HUNGARY. Baja, 29.vi.1925, (2♂ 2♀, USNM); Maglod, 14.v.1895 (1♀, USNM); Pecel, det by Bischof (1♀, USNM); Szár, 15.vi.1902, coll. Liehtwardt (1♀, DEIC); Torbagy, Z. Szilady (1♂, USNM); Ungarn, (1♂ 1♀, DEIC); Vecs, 30.v.1928 and 13.v.1930 (2♀, USNM). ISRAEL. Latroun, 29.ii.1968, S. Bleszynski (1♀, CNCI); Kefar Shemuel, 12.iv.1968, S. Bleszynski (1♂, CNCI); Haifa, 30.v.1980, A. Freidberg (1♂, CNCI). ITALY. Sassuolo­Emilia, viii.1922, C. Minozzi (1♂, BMNH). JAPAN. Hirosaki C. Jyoto, 26.v.1974, S. Fukushi (1♂, BLKU); Mt. Iwaki, Sakurabayashi, 4.vii.1970, S. Fukushi (1♀, BLKU); Obihiro, S Takano, Ex: L.P. Mesnil Collection (1♀, CNCI); Sapporo, S. Matsumura (4♀, USNM). LATVIA. Kurland, ch. Siebert (1♀, DEIC); MOROCCO. Middle Atlas, 10.v.1961, P.N. Lawrence (1♀, BMNH). NORWAY. Eidskog, Norwegen Strand (1♂, CNCI). PALESTINE. Deir El­ Belah, 8m SW Gaza, 21.iv.1917, M.E.E. Austen (1♂, BMNH). POLAND. Bromberg, O. Meyer (1♂ 2♀, CNCI, AMNH); Ur. Mnichow, 9.7. 1961, A. Mońko (1♂, USNM); Schlesien, Letzner (2♂, DEIC); Urocz. Sokotowm D., 7.vii.1961, A. Mońko (1♀, USNM). Wölflsgrd, 13.ii.1905, (1♀, DEIC). PORTUGAL. Cascaes, 9.iii.1896 (3♀, BMNH); Lousa, 8.vii.1960, N.L.H. Krauss (1♀, USNM); Lisbon, 22.vii.1962 (1♀, BMNH). ROMANIA. Mehadia, 8.vi.1904, coll. Liehtwardt (3♂, DEIC); Mehadia, coll. Oldenberg (1♀, DEIC); Orsova, coll. Liehtwardt (1♂, DEIC); Valachie comana, X.C. Toulaudou (1♂, BMNH). SERBIA. Golubar (?), 21.iv.1925, N. Baranov (1♂, USNM). SLOVAKIA. Pöstyén, 24.v.1902, coll. Liehtwardt (2♀, DEIC). SPAIN. Lerida, 6 km NW Llavorsi, 30.vi and 1.vii. 1992, Tschorsnig (2♂ 1♀, DEBU); Caceres so Guadalupe, 8.vi.1989, Tschorsnig (1♀, DEBU). SWEDEN. Stockholm, 12.vii.1953, C.W. Sabrosky (1♀, USNM). SWITZERLAND. Wallis ob Pfynwald (1♀, CNCI). USSR ( RUSSIA). Siberia, Novosibirsk Region, Chany Lake Biological Station, on flowers, 1­5.vii.1991, S.A. Marshall (128♂ 25♀, DEBU, LACM); Primor'ye Ussuriysk Reserve 140­160m, Camp., 20.vii.1990, T. Saigusa (1♂ 1♀, BLKU). DOUBTFUL LOCALITIES: "Farley, 6.8.30" (1♀, AMNH); "Quy Fen, Cambs., 17.viii.1921, F.W.Edwards, Brit. Mus. 1922­33" (1♀, BMNH); "Nousy le Roi, 15.viii.1935, det by Mesnil" (1♀,CNCI); "Reuilbeaue, 24.vi.1941, det by Mensil" (1♀, CNCI); "Bagley Wood" 13.vii.1930 " (6♂ 3♀, AMNH); "Ex Coll. J.H.Wood. Brit.Mus 1948­560" (5♂ 1♀, BMNH); "Mqcerata 14.iv.1996, 7.v.1996, 27.vi.1995 " (3♂, USNM); "Lintofle (?), 25.vii.1915 " (1♂ 1♀, USNM); "Slyria, A.L. Melander's Collection 1961" (1♂,USNM); "Tizi­n­zou, Trib, B.L., 1,000 ­2,500 m, N of Source, 8.viii.1963, (1♀, BMNH)"; "Mqcuet, 9.iv.1896, (1♂, BMNH)"; "ex: Girschner Collection, C.J. Wainwright Coll., B.M. 1948­488, (5♂ 5♀, BMNH)".

HOSTS

Chilacis typhae (Perr.)  ( Hemiptera  , Lygaeidae  ): ­ (Hesse 1927­ Michalk 1935 ­ Dupuis 1963: 105 ­ Draber­Mońko 1965: 87).

Aethus nigritus (Fabr.)  ( Hemiptera  , Cydnidae  ): ­ (Michalk 1938 ­ Otten 1940: 324 ­ Dupuis 1963: 105 ­ Draber­Mońko 1965: 87).

Stollia inconspicua  (H.S.) ( Hemiptera  , Pentatomidae  ): ­ (Viktorov and Kozharina 1961: 53 ­ Dupuis 1963: 105).

Stollia aenea (Scopoli)  ( Hemiptera  , Pentatomidae  ): ­ (Viktorov and Kozharina 1961: 53 ­ Dupuis 1963;105).

Lyctocoris campestris  (F.) ( Hemiptera  , Anthocoridae  ): ­ ( Dupuis 1963: 105).

Anthocoris sarothamni Douglas and Scott  ( Hemiptera  , Anthocoridae  ): ­ ( Dupuis 1963: 105).

Anthocoris nemoralis  (F.) ( Hemiptera  , Anthocoridae  ): ­ ( Dupuis 1963: 105).

Nysius cymoides (Spinola)  ( Hemiptera  , Lygaeidae  ): ­ ( Dupuis 1963: 105).

Nysius lineatus  (Costa) ( Hemiptera  , Lygaeidae  ): ­ (Dupuis 1949: 223, 1963: 105 ­ Draber­Mońko 1965: 87).

Cymus grandicolor Hahn.  , ( Hemiptera  , Lygaeidae  ): ­ ( Dupuis 1963: 105 ­ Draber­ Mońko 1965: 87).

Kleidocerus ericae (Horv.)  , ( Hemiptera  , Lygaeidae  ): ­ ( Dupuis 1963: 105 ­ Draber­ Mońko 1965: 87).

Nysius jacobeae (Schill.)  ( Hemiptera  , Lygaeidae  ): ­ ( Dupuis 1963: 105 ­ Draber­ Mońko 1965: 87).

Bagrada hilaris (Burm.)  ( Hemiptera  , Pentatomidae  ): ­ (Anwar Cheema et al 1973 ­ Crosskey 1976: 291).

NOTES

Phasia pusilla  is distributed in Europe northwards to Scotland, middle Sweden and St. Petersberg, and is also recorded from Palestine, Transcaucasia, Kazakhstan, southern Siberia, Russian Far East, Mongolia and Japan ( Herting 1984: 170).

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tachinidae

Genus

Phasia

Loc

Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1824

Sun, Xuekui & Marshall, Stephen A. 2003
2003
Loc

Phasia (Hyalomyia) pusilla

Herting, B. & A. Dely-Draskovits 1993: 413
Herting, B. 1984: 170
1984
Loc

Alophora (Hyalomya) pusilla

Crosskey, R. W. 1976: 166
1976
Loc

Alophora (Hyalomyia) pusilla: Draber­Mońko 1965: 89

Draber-Monko, A. 1965: 89
1965
Loc

Hyalomyia

Dupuis, C. 1963: 105
1963
Loc

Parallophora pusilla:

Mesnil, L. P. 1953: 176
1953
Loc

Parallophora (Paralophora) pusilla: Day 1948: 41

Day, C. D. 1948: 41
1948
Loc

Parallophora pusilla

Wainwright, J. 1928: 244
1928
Loc

Alophora pusilla

Emden, F. I. Van 1954: 27
Rohdendorf, B. B. 1933: 712
Stein, P. 1924: 259
Baer, W. 1921: 127
1921
Loc

Alophora (Parallophora) pusilla: Bezzi and Stein 1907: 583

Bezzi, M & P. Stein 1907: 583
1907
Loc

Alophora (Paralophora) pusilla:

Rohdendorf, B. B. 1947: 86
Girschner, E. 1887: 38
1887
Loc

Hyalomyia chorea Robineau­Desvoidy, 1863: 266

Robineau-Desvoidy, J. B. 1863: 266
1863
Loc

Phasia vitripennis

Zetterstedt, J. W. 1859: 6169
1859
Loc

Hyalomyia carbonaria Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 300

Robineau-Desvoidy, J. B. 1830: 300
1830
Loc

Hyalomyia corinna Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 301

Robineau-Desvoidy, J. B. 1830: 301
1830
Loc

Phasia pusilla

Meigen, J. W. 1824: 198
1824
Loc

Phasia semicinerea

Meigen, J. W. 1824: 199
1824