Phasia aeneoventris ( Williston, 1886 )

Sun, Xuekui & Marshall, Stephen A., 2003, Systematics of Phasia Latreille (Diptera: Tachinidae), Zootaxa 276 (1), pp. 1-320: 63-68

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http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.276.1.1

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scientific name

Phasia aeneoventris ( Williston, 1886 )
status

 

3.4.1 Phasia aeneoventris ( Williston, 1886)  

(Figures I­1, II­9.2)

Hyalomyia aeneoventris Williston, 1886: 286   .

Hyalomyia umbrifera Wulp, 1892: 186   , syn. nov. ­ Townsend, 1893: 166.

Hyalomyia umbrosa Wulp, 1892: 186   , syn. nov.

Alophora opaca Coquillett, 1897: 44   , syn. nov.

Alophoropsis alaskensis Brooks, 1945: 663   , syn. nov.

Alophoropsis occidentalis Brooks, 1945: 664   , syn. nov.

Oedematopteryx opaca   : ­ Brooks 1945: 666 (redescription).

Alophorella polita Brooks, 1945: 669   , syn. nov.

Alophorella aeneoventris   : ­ Brooks 1945: 670 (redescription) ­ Sabrosky and Arnaud 1965: 967 (catalog) ­ Arnaud 1978: 4, 59 (host catalog) ­ Clancy and Pierce 1966: 855, 857 (host).

Alophorella aeneoventris robertsonii: Brooks 1945: 671   (in part).

Alophorella alaskensis   : ­ Sabrosky and Arnaud 1965: 967 (catalog).

Alophorella occidentalis   : ­ Sabrosky and Arnaud 1965: 968 (catalog).

Alophorella opaca   : ­ Sabrosky and Arnaud 1965: 968 (catalog) ­ Arnaud 1978: 4, 59 (host catalog).

Alophorella umbrifera   : ­ Guimarães 1971: 13 (catalog).

Hyalomya umbrosa   : ­ Guimarães 1971: 13 (catalog).

DESCRIPTION

Body length: 4­11 mm.

MALE: HEAD. Head spherical or nearly so. Eyes separated by a distance as wide as ocellar triangle. Fronto­orbital plate black, yellow or grey pruinose, 4­5 rows of hairs laterally. Frontal vitta black. Frontal vitta at base of antennae 0.9­1.0 times as wide as frontoorbital plate anteriorly. Dorsal facets of eye larger than ventral facets. Ocellar setae present but fine; outer vertical setae present (fine); inner vertical setae absent. Face black with grey pruinosity. Parafacial black with grey pruinosity, bare, 1.2 times as wide as first flagellomere. Lower margin of face projecting, visible in profile, brown to black with grey pruinosity. Vibrissa well differentiated; intervibrissal distance 1.2­1.3 times distance between vibrissa and eye on same side; facial ridge with bristles on lower 1/3­2/5. Gena black with grey pruinosity; hairs white; height 0.15­0.18 times eye height. Lunule black and shining; sublunular bulla indistinct. Antenna black; first flagellomere 1.1 times as long as pedicel; arista thickened on basal 0.4­0.5. Length of oral opening 1.8­2.0 times its width. Occiput flattened, white pruinose; hairs black. Palpus yellow, or brown.

THORAX. Mesoscutum thinly pruinose, with fine black hairs. 0+1 acrostichal seta; 0+1 dorsocentral seta; 1­2 postpronotal setae; presutural supra­alar seta present, strong; 1­ 2 postsutural intra­alar setae; 2 notopleural setae; 1 supra­alar seta; 2 postalar setae. Pleuron thinly grey pruinose; hairs black. Anepimeral setae medium size; black. 1 katepisternal seta. 5­11 meral setae. Scutellum black with grey pruinosity (thinly), with two pairs of marginal setae; apical setae present and distinct; discal setae randomly arranged, not in rows. Subscutellum not very prominent. WING. Lower calypter white with light brown infuscation. Wing base without scale­like setae. Tegula black. Basicosta brown. Wing hyaline or pictured; if pictured, various colour patterns, narrow or broad; petiole of apical cell 0.25­0.30 times as long as preceding section of R 4+5; M meeting R 4+5 almost at right angle. Halter brown. LEGS. Fore femur black; ventrally and laterally with whitish yellow hairs, dorsally with black hairs. Fore tibia black, without bristles, apically with 0­1 v, 1 pv and 1 d. Fore tarus black. Fore claws brown, apex black; 1.0­1.1 times as long as fifth tarsomere. Pulvilli black. Mid femur black; ventrally and laterally with whitish yellow hairs, dorsally with black hairs. Mid tibia black, with 1 ad, 0­1 p and 1 v, apically with 1 ad, 0­1 a, 1 p, 1 pd, 1 v and 1 d. Hind femur black, with whitish yellow hairs ventrally and laterally, and black hairs dorsally. Hind tibia black, with 3­5 ad and 4­8 pd.

ABDOMEN. Abdominal tergites black; pruinosity usually present (silvery or yellow); longitudinal vitta absent; if pruinosity absent, dorsum of tergites shining, purple. Relative length of abdominal tergites I+II:III:IV: V = 1.2:1:1:1.05; relative width I+II:III:IV: V = 0.4­0.5:1:1:0.8. Syntergite I+II shiny, not pruinose, or thinly pruinose. Pruinosity of tergite III absent, or present evenly. Pruinosity of tergites IV, V absent, or present (yellow); hair spots distinct. TERMINALIA. Syncercus broad, shorter than surstylus, with an indistinct notch posteriorly. Surstylus slender; straight, slightly broadened on apical half, longer than cercus. Ejaculatory apodeme small, knob­like. Hypandrium almost as long as phallapodeme. Epiphallus well developed. Pregonite pointed, as long as postgonite. Phallus 1.2­1.3 times as long as hypandrium, with fine white hairs dorsally, both dorsolateral process and ventrolateral process straight, and well sclerotized.

FEMALE. Usually smaller than male. Wing always hyaline. Eyes separated by a distance as wide as ocellar triangle; Anterior spine­like setae of hind tibia well developed (2­ 3 rows). Syntergite I+II shiny, tergites III, IV, V always with grey or yellow pruinosity. Sternite VII (sheath) longer than sternite VI, tapered, pointed apically, not bent; apex straight; sternite VII with linear wrinkles ventrally. Ovipositor bent upward.

TYPE MATERIAL

Hyalomyia aeneoventris Williston, 1886   . Lectotype ♂, [ USA], W.T. [Washington Territory], (SEMC, examined).

Hyalomyia umbrifera Wulp, 1892   . Holotype ♂, [ MEXICO], Guerrero, 8,000ft, July, H.H. Smith (BMNH. head missing, examined); paratypes, 4?, same as holotype, (BMNH, head all missing, examined).

Hyalomyia umbrosa Wulp, 1892   . Holotype ♂, [ MEXICO], Guerrero, Omilteme, 8,000ft, July, H.H. Smith (BMNH, examined).

Alophora opaca Coquillett, 1897   . Holotype ♂, [ USA], "Eastern Washington ", collected by Prof. Piper (USNM, type no. 3519, examined).

Alophoropsis alaskensis Brooks, 1945   . Holotype ♂, [ USA], Alaska, Matanuska, 27.viii.1943 (USNM, examined); allotype ♀, [ USA], Alaska, Matanuska, 27.viii.1943, R.T. Blossom (USNM, no. 57268, examined); paratypes 1♂ 3♀, same data as holotype (USNM, examined);

Alophoropsis occidentalis Brooks, 1945   . Holotype ♂, [ USA], " New Mexico, White Mts., NFK Ruidoso, about 8,200ft, on flowers of Solidago trinervata   , 8­17, Townsend" (USNM, examined); 4♂ 1♀ paratypes as follows: 1♂, same data as holotype (USNM, examined); 1♂, [ CANADA], Alberta, Lethbridge, 10.vii.1922, H.L. Seamans (CNCI, examined); 1♂, [ CANADA], Alberta, Waterton, vii.1923, H.L. Seamans (CNCI, examined); 1♂ 1♀, [ CANADA], British Columbia, Vernon, 20.ix.1918, M.K. Ruhmann (USNM, examined).

Alophorella polita Brooks, 1945   . Holotype ♂, [ USA], New Mexico, NFK Ruidosa, White Mts., about 8,200ft, on flowers of Solidago trinervata   , 8.17, Townsend (USNM, examined); Allotype ♀, same as holotype (USNM, examined); 14♂ 12♀? paratypes as follows: 4♂ 6♀, same as holotype except the data is 8.3­20. (USNM, BMNH, examined); 1♂ 1♀, [ USA], Montana, Gallatin Co., Bozeman, 1.vii.1916 and 1.viii.1917 (CNCI, examined); 1♂ 1♀, [ USA], Idaho, Moscow, J.M. Aldrich (USNM, examined); 1♀, [ USA], North Dakota, Minot, vi.18.1918, J.M. Aldrich (USNM, examined); 1♂, [ CANADA], Alberta, Lethbridge, vi.18.1926, H.L. Seamans (CNCI, examined); 1♀, [ CANADA], Alberta, Slave Lake, viii.15, 1924 (assigned as metatype of Alophora nitida Coq.   by Curren, CNCI, examined); 1♂, [ CANADA], Alberta, Edmonton, 27.vii.1925, O. Bryant (USNM, examined); 1♀, [ USA], North Dakota, Minot, 18.vi.1918, J.M. Aldrich (USNM, examined); 1♂, [ CANADA], British Columbia, 12.viii.1917, M.Ruhmann (CNCI, examined); 1♂, [ USA]. New Mexico, Tahique, 25.vi.1941, E.L. Todd (USNM, examined); 2♂, [ USA], Colorado, Boulder, Univ. of Colorado, 2.x.1917 (USNM, examined); 1♂ 1♀, [ USA], Colorado, Boulder, vi.8.1932, M.T. James (CNCI, examined); 1♂, [ USA], Colorado, Colorado Springs, vii. Townsend (USNM, examined).

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED

CANADA. Alberta: Bilby, 22.vi.1924, O. Bryant (1♀, CASC); Calgary, 26.vii.1925, O. Bryant (1♀, CASC); Edmonton, 17.x.1936, F.O. Morrison (1♂, AMNH); Fairview, 12.vii.1982, E. Lippert (1♀, DEBU); Kananaskis, For. Exp. Sta. Seebe, 24.vii.1968, H.J. Teskey (1♀, CNCI); Lethbridge, 25.vi.­5.vii.1956, E.E. Sterns (1♂ 7♀, CNCI); Morinville, 1­29.vi.1983, 20.vi. and 3.viii.1984, G.C.D. Griffiths (3♂ 3♀, DEBU); Red Deer River at Hwy. 876 (W. Dinosaur Prov. Pk.), v.28­29.1984, J.E. O'Hara (1♀, CNCI); Slave Lake, 14.viii.1924, O. Bryant (2♂ 2♀, CASC); Waterton Lakes National Park, 7­12.vii.1980, H.J. Teskey (1♂, CNCI); Waterton, 10.vii.1923, H.L. Seamans (1♂, CNCI). British Columbia: Ft. Nelson, 27.viii.1948, W.R. Mason (3♂, CNCI); Gagnon Rd., 6mi W Terrace, 20.vi­9.vii.1960, C.H. Mann, J.G. Chillcott, G.E. Shewell (9♂ 7♀, CNCI); Hope (5mi E), 11.vii.1973, H.J. Teskey (1♂,CNCI); Lakelse Lake, Bog, nr.Terrace, 27.vi­1.viii. 1960, R. Pilfrey, W.R. Richard and C.H. Mann (3♂ 2♀, CNCI); Roffal Oak, 13.ix.1917, W. Downes (assigned as homotype of Hyalomyia aeneoventris   by D.M. Wood in 1966)(1♂, CNCI); Shames, 18mi SW Terrace, 17.vii.1960 (2♂ 1♀, CNCI); Shields, 4.ix.1961, H.R. Foxlee (1♀, CNCI); Spring Creek, Terrace, 11.vi.1960, B.S. Heming and W.W. Moss (2♂, CNCI); Squamish, Diamond Head Trail 4,600ft, 28.viii.1953, W.R.M. Mason (1♂, CNCI); Summerland, 15.ix.1930, A.A. Dennys (1♀, CNCI); Terrace, 8.vi­25.vii. 1960, W.R. Richards, R. Pilfrey and B. Heming (4♂ 6♀,CNCI); Terrace (7mi E), Remo, 13.vi.1960, R. Pilfrey (1♀, CNCI); Terrace (32mi SW), 4­6.vi.1960, 5.vii.1960, B. Heming G.E. Shewell (2♂ 1♀, CNCI); Terrace on Hwy.25 (25km SW), 7­8.vii.1984, J.E. O'Hara (25♂ 16♀, CNCI); Terrace (54mi NE), near Woodcock, 25.vii.1960 (1♀, CNCI); Terrace (6mi W), Gagnon Rd., 20.vi­9.vii.1960, J.G. Chillcott, C.H. Mann (2♂, CNCI); Trinity Valley, 27.vii.1937, K. Giaham (1♂, CNCI); Vernon, 20.x.1918, M.H. Ruhmann (1♂, TAMU); Vernon, 9.ix.1927, I.J. Ward (1♀, CNCI). Yukon Territory: Dempster Hwy, Klondike R. Bridge, 2.viii.1980, Wood and Lafontaine (33♂ 7♀, CNCI); Kluane Lake, 1.viii.1963, G. and D.M. Wood (1♀, CNCI). USA: Alaska: Matanuska, 23.v.­27.ix.1943 /44/45, J.C. Chamberlin (23♂ 17♀, USNM); Palmer, Montgomery, 1.vii. 1955 (1♂ 1♀, USNM); Richard Hwy, 290mi, 19.vi.1951, J.R. McGillis (1♂, CNCI). Arizona: Catalina Mts., Htchk. Hwy. 19mi., 18.vii.1955, F.G. Werner and G.D.Butler (2♂ 2♀, CNCI); Cochise Co., Rustler Park, 8,500ft, Chiricahua Mts., 4.ix.1959, D.D. Linsdale (1♂, CASC); Cochise Co., Southwestern Research Station, 24.x.1964, P.H. Arnaud, Jr (1♂, CASC); Cochise Co., Chiricahua, 14.iii.1917, V.W. Owen (1♀, CASC); Cochise Co., Turkey Ck. Cn., 24.iii.1967, D.M. Wood (2♂,CNCI); Cochise Co., Chiricahua Mts., 8,000ft, 21.viii.1964, J.G. and B.L. Rozen (1♂, AMNH); Cochise Co., Sierra Vista, 4,590ft., 15­30.v.1966 and 3.iv.1967, R.F. Sternitzky (2♂, CNCI); Cochise Co., 12km S Sierra Vista, Ramsey Cyn., 1,700m, 6.vi.1987, B. V. Brown (1♂ 6♀, CNCI); Cochise Co., 22.x.1964, P.H. Arnaud Jr.(1♀, CASC); Cochise Co., Southwest Res. Stn., 1­2.vi.1991, J.E. Swann (1♂, DEBU); Cochise Co., Turkey Ck., Cn., 24.iii.1967, D.M. Wood (1♀, CNCI); Phoenix, 8.viii.1917, R.C. Shannon (1♀, CUIC); Cochise Co., 9.iii.1917 (3♂ 1♀, CASC); Coconino Co., Coconino Nat. For., 2km W.Sunset Crater Nat.Mon., 2,100m, 22­23.viii.1982, J.E. O'Hara (3♂ 2♀, CNCI, DEBU); Huachuca Mts., Ramsey, 5,000 ­5,200 ft, 22.iii.1956, 11.ii.1967, Sternitzky, G. Butler (12♂ 5♀, CNCI); Huachuca Mts., Ramsey, 5,700ft, 2. v.1967, D.M. Wood (2♂, CNCI). Graham Co., 2.4 km W on Hwy 666, 1,160m, 27­28.v.1991, malaise trap, J. E. O'Hara (1♀, CNCI); Gila Co., Pinal Mtns., Pinal Peak, 15 mi SW Globe, 7,500ft, 23­ 24.viii.1993, J.E. O'Hara (2♀ 5♂, CNCI); Huachuca Mts., Sierra Vista, 1.ix.­1.x.1965, R.F. Sternitzky (1♂,CNCI); Pinal Co., Oracle (7mi S), 28­30.iv.1967, D.M. Wood (1♂ 1♀, CNCI); Portal, 4.ix.1959, A.L. Melander (1♂, USNM); S Catalina Mts., Mt. Lemon, vii.27.1917, R.C. Shannon (1♂ 1♀, CUIC). California: 7­Oaks, 19.ix.1953, A.L. Melander (1♀, USNM); Alameda, 19.vi.1932, E.P. van Duzee (1♀, CASC); Atascadero, 25.vi.1962, D.W. Clancy (1♀, USNM); Angelus Camp, 22.viii­3.ix.1953, A.L. Melander (2♂ 4♀,USNM); Claremont, Baker (1♀, USNM); El Dorado Co., Echo Lake, 13.vii.1961, 7,500ft, B.H. Poole (1♀, CNCI); Humboldt Co., Blocksburg, 23.vi.1935, B.P. Bliven (1♂, CASC); Mt., Shasta, 20.vii.1936 (1♀, CASC); Marin Co., Alpine Lake, 1,500ft, D.D. Munroe (1♂, CNCI); Mt. Shasta, McBridge Spr., Cpgd., 5,200ft, 20.vii.1968, D.D. Munroe (1♂, CNCI); Pinehurst, 7.vi.1935, A.L. Melander (1♂, USNM); San Bernardino Co., Mt. Home Can., 15.v.1947, 20­29.ix.1955, A.L. Melander (3♂ 2♀, USNM); San Bernardino Co., Mill Cr., Cn., 25.ix.1923, F.R. Cole (1♀, CNCI); Sequoia Nat.Park, Giant Forest, 22.viii.1917, R.C. Shannon (1♂, CNIC); Tehama Co., Lassen Nat. For. Lost Creek, 4,500ft, 10.viii.1966, H.G. Real (1♀, CASC); Trinity Co., Varrville, 2,400 ­2,500 ft, 30.v.1934, G.E. Bohart (1♂, CASC); Tuolumne Co., Mather Site, 1970­1971, A.R. Moldenke (1♀, CASC); Up Sta Ana.Riv. 7.vii.1957, A.L. Melander (1♂,USNM); Vacaville, 1.vi.1932, M.A. Cazier (1♂, USNM). Colorado: Boulder, 5,500ft, 31.v.­10.vi.1961, C.H. Mann, B.H. Poole (4♂ 6♀, CNCI); Boulder, Valmont Butte, 5,300ft, 7.vi.1961, W.R.M.Mason (2♀,CNCI); Campus University of Colorado, 21.ix, (1♂, AMNH); Clear Creek Co., Chicago Cr., 8,800ft, 2.viii.1961, C.H. Mann (1♀, CNCI); Electra Lake, 28.vi­ 1.vii.1919, (1♀, AMNH); Estes Park, 13.vii.1934 and 14.viii.1961, A.L. Melander and B.H. Poole (2♀, USNM, CNCI); Ft. Collins, 27.ix.1889 and 18.x.1940, J. Swink etc. (2♂, CNCI); Glenwood Springs, 22­29.xii.1919, 5,800ft (1♀, AMNH); Gunnison Co., Meanders of East Riv. S Gothic, 9,200ft, 4.vii.1971, D.E. Breadlove (1♀, CASC); Jackson Co., Muddy Pass., 15.viii.1961, B. Poole (2♀, CNCI); Mineral Co., Wolf Creek Pass, 10,850ft, 15.viii.1983, P.H. Arnaud, Jr (1♂ 1♀, CASC); Mt. Vernon Cn., nr. Golden, 31.vii.1961, 7,200ft, C.H. Mann (1♂, CNCI); Mt. Evans, Doolittle Ranch, 9,800ft, 10.viii.1961, S.M. Clark (1♀, CNCI); Pingree Park, 17.viii.1934 (1♂, CNCI); Rio Grande, The South Fork, 8,500ft, 17.vi.1919 (1♀, AMNH). Idaho: Chatcolet, 15.viii.1961, A.L. Melander (2♂, USNM); Idaho Co., Whitebird summit, 22.vii.1964, R.L. Westcott (1♂, CNCI); Moscow, 1.ix.1908, 31.vii.1910, J.M. Aldrich (1♂ 2♀, USNM); Waha, 12.viii.1923, A.L. Melander (1♂,USNM). Montana: Granite Co., Roadside above Georgetown Lake, 7.viii.1990, J.E. Swann (1♀, DEBU); Missoula, 23.viii.1904, (1♀, USNM). New Mexico: Lincoln Co., Bonita lake region, 8.vii.1988, malaise trap, N. Jorgensen (1♀, CNCI); Mora Co., W Ocate, Lefebres Cyn., 7,500ft, 10­11.ix.1993, J.E. O'Hara (1♂, CNCI); Mora Co., Ocate (4 mi W), 22.vi.1988, malaise trap, N. Jorgensen (1♂, CNCI); Otero Co., Penasco River, 8 mi W Mayhill, 15.vi.1988, N. Jorgensen (1♂ 1♀, CNCI); San Miguel Co., 5 mi W Sapello, 27.v.1976, N. Jorgensen (1♀, CNCI); Soccoro Co., Mt. Withington, 25 mi SW Magdalena, 14.vii.1988, malaise trap, N. Jorgensen (1♂, CNCI); Torrance Co., Manzano Mtns, 8 mi W Tajique, 7,500ft, 11­12.viii.1993, J.E. O'Hara (25♂ 20♀, CNCI); Torrance Co., Red Canyon Camp Ground, 6 mi W manzano, 12.vi.1988, malaise trap, N. Jorgensen (9♂ 8♀, CNCI); Cloudcroft, 8,500 ­9,000 ft, 6.ix.1963, H. V. Weens, Jr. (3♂, CNCI); Grant Co., Gila Nat. For., 2,250m, 29­31.vii.1982, J.E. and W.M. O'Hara (1♂, DEBU); NFK Ruidosa, White Mts., about 8,200ft, on flower of Solidago trinervata   , 8.17, Townsend (8♂ 5♀, USNM, BMNH); Las Cruces, 6.3. Townsend (1♂, BMNH); Hidalgo Co., (11mi N), Rodeo, 1.v.1969, Rozen and Favreau (1♀, AMNH). Oregon: Benton Co., Macdonal Forest Oak Cr. 30.vi.1971 (1♀, USNM); Baker Co., Melhorn's Mill Near Halfway, 7­5­23, W.J. Chamberlin (1♀, USNM); Jackson Co., Pinehurst, 3,400ft, 24.vi.1971, G. Steyskal (1♂ 2♀, USNM); Sutherlin, 15.vi.67, C.W. Sabrosky (1♀, USNM). South Dakota: Custer, 15.vii.1924, (1♂, USNM). Utah: Duchesne Co., Helper (20km N), 18.vii.1988, W.N. and D. Mathis (1♂, USNM); Hanksville (24mi S), 7,500ft, Henry Mts., 29.vii.1968, J.E.H. Martin (1♀, CNCI). Washington: Adams Co., Washtucna, 14.x.1960 (1♂, CNCI); Almota, 1961, A.L. Melander (1♂, USNM); Benton Co., Hanford Site, 5.iv,9.vi, 10.x.1994, R.S. Zack (4♂ 3♀, CNCI); Clallam Co., Forks, 2.vii.1920, E.P. van Duzee (4♂ 1♀, CAS, TAMU); Mt., Baker Lodge, 436ft, Hwy 542, 24.vii.1968, B. V. Peterson (1♂, CNCI); Orcas Is., North Beach, 19.viii.1925, A.L. Melander (1♀, USNM); Pullman, 11.x.1901, 27.viii.1913 and 16.vi.1912, A.L. Melander (2♂ 1♀, USNM); Seattle, 19.vi.1920, E.P. van Duzee (1♀, CASC); Spanaway, 2.vii.1933, J. Wiloox (3♂ 2♀, CNCI); Walla Walla, Klicker Bros., 29.xi.1949 (1♂, USNM); Wawawai, 7.v.1966. C.W. Sabrosky (1♂, USNM); Wenatchee, 2.vi.1915, E.J. Newcomer (2♂, USNM). MEXICO: Catemaco, Ver 1,100ft, 16­18.vi.1969, W.R.M. Mason (1♂, CNCI); Durango (11mi W), Dgo, 7,000ft, 23.vi.1964, J.F. McAlpine (1♂, CNCI); Orizaba V. C. 9­16.i.1892, H. Osborn (1♂, USNM).

HOST

Lygus hesperus Knight   ( Hemiptera   , Miridae   ): ­ USA (CA) ( Arnaud 1978: 59).

NOTES

Morphological variation is extensive in this species. In the male, wing patterns ranges from hyaline to totally pictured, and wing size range from narrow to broad; tergites vary from shining to totally grey pruinose. Females have much less morphological variation than males.

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tachinidae

Genus

Phasia

Loc

Phasia aeneoventris ( Williston, 1886 )

Sun, Xuekui & Marshall, Stephen A. 2003
2003
Loc

Alophorella umbrifera

Guimaraes, J. H. 1971: 13
1971
Loc

Hyalomya umbrosa

Guimaraes, J. H. 1971: 13
1971
Loc

Alophorella alaskensis

Sabrosky, C. W. & P. H. Arnaud, Jr. 1965: 967
1965
Loc

Alophorella occidentalis

Sabrosky, C. W. & P. H. Arnaud, Jr. 1965: 968
1965
Loc

Alophorella opaca

Arnaud, P. H., Jr. 1978: 4
Sabrosky, C. W. & P. H. Arnaud, Jr. 1965: 968
1965
Loc

Alophoropsis alaskensis

Brooks, A. R. 1945: 663
1945
Loc

Alophoropsis occidentalis

Brooks, A. R. 1945: 664
1945
Loc

Oedematopteryx opaca

Brooks, A. R. 1945: 666
1945
Loc

Alophorella polita

Brooks, A. R. 1945: 669
1945
Loc

Alophorella aeneoventris

Arnaud, P. H., Jr. 1978: 4
Clancy, D. W. & H. D. Pierce 1966: 855
Sabrosky, C. W. & P. H. Arnaud, Jr. 1965: 967
Brooks, A. R. 1945: 670
1945
Loc

Alophorella aeneoventris robertsonii: Brooks 1945: 671

Brooks, A. R. 1945: 671
1945
Loc

Alophora opaca

Coquillett, D. W. 1897: 44
1897
Loc

Hyalomyia umbrifera

Wulp, F. M. 1892: 186
1892
Loc

Hyalomyia umbrosa

Wulp, F. M. 1892: 186
1892
Loc

Hyalomyia aeneoventris

Williston, S. W. 1886: 286
1886