Phasia hemiptera ( Fabricius, 1794 ),

Sun, Xuekui & Marshall, Stephen A., 2003, Systematics of Phasia Latreille (Diptera: Tachinidae), Zootaxa 276 (1), pp. 1-320: 84-87

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http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.276.1.1

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scientific name

Phasia hemiptera ( Fabricius, 1794 )
status

 

3.4.9 Phasia hemiptera ( Fabricius, 1794) 

(Figures I­23, II­9.4)

Syrphus hemipterus Fabricius 1794: 284  .

Syrphus affinis Fabricius 1794: 284  .

Syrphus subcoleoptratus (Linnaeus)  of Fabricius 1775: 764 (misident.).

Thereva subcoleoptratus: Panzer, 1800: 13  , 14 (misident.).

Alophora obscuripennis Meigen, 1838: 217  .

Alophora orthoptera Rondani, 1861: 217  .

Alophora obscura Girschner, 1887: 384  (as Alophora hemiptera  var.).

Alophora vittata Girschner, 1887: 384  (as Alophora hemiptera  var.).

Alophora eximia Girschner, 1887: 385  (as Alophora hemiptera  var.).

Alophora (Alophora) hemiptera  : ­ Girschner, 1887: 10 ­ Rohdendorf 1947: 86 ­ Emden 1954: 27 ­ Draber­Mońko 1965: 127 (redescription).

Alophora hemiptera  : ­ Brauer et Bergenstamm, 1889: 149 ­ Stein 1924: 258 ­ Rohdendorf 1933: 712 ­ Belanovskij 1951: 138 ­ Dupuis 1963: 107 (host) ­ Draber­Mońko 1964: 121.

Allophora (Allophora) hemiptera: Bezzi et Stein 1907: 577  .

Allophora daimio Matsumura, 1916: 398  ­ Takano 1958: 1692, 4873.

Allophora hemiptera: Baer 1921: 127  ­ Lundbeck 1927: 92 ­ Wainwright 1928: 244 ­ Dupuis 1963: 106 (host).

Phasia hemiptera: Townsend 1938: 65  .

Alophora (Allophora) hemiptera  : ­ Day 1948: 41.

Phasia (Phasia) hemiptera: Herting 1984: 168  (catalog) ­ Herting and Dely­Draskovits 1993: 410 (catalog).

DESCRIPTION

Body length: 8­13 mm.

MALE: HEAD. Head compressed anteriorly. Eyes separated by a distance as wide as ocellar triangle. Fronto­orbital plate black with grey pruinosity; 10­13 rows of hairs laterally. Frontal vitta parallel, reddish brown. Frontal vitta at base of antennae 0.3 times as wide as fronto­orbital plate anteriorly. Ocellar setae present but fine; outer vertical setae absent; inner vertical setae absent. Face yellow or brown, yellow pruinose. Parafacial lower part yellow, upper part brown to black, grey or yellow pruinose, haired (on upper part), 5­6 times as wide as first flagellomere. Lower margin of face perpendicular, not projecting, orange yellow, yellow pruinose. Vibrissa not differentiated; intervibrissal distance 0.8 times distance between vibrissa and eye on same side; facial ridge with bristles on lower 1/2. Gena yellow or brown, yellow pruinose; hairs white; height 0.25 times eye height. Lunule black and shining; sublunular bulla indistinct. Antenna black; first flagellomere 1.1 times as long as pedicel; arista thickened on basal 0.25. Length of oral opening 1.2 times its width. Occiput flattened, white pruinose; hairs white. Palpus brown to black.

THORAX. Mesoscutum pruinose, with fine black hairs. 0(1)+1 acrostichal seta; 1+2 dorsocentral setae, or various; 0 postpronotal seta; presutural supra­alar seta present, strong; 0 postsutural intra­alar seta; 2 notopleural setae; 1 supra­alar seta; 2 postalar setae. Pleuron thinly grey pruinose; densely white or yellow hairs, and without scale­like setae. Anepimeral setae hair­like, brown. 0 katepisternal seta. Scutellum yellow (basal line black); grey pruinose, with two pairs of marginal setae; apical setae present and distinct; discal setae randomly arranged, not in rows. Subscutellum not very prominent. WING. Lower calypter white with light brown infuscation. Wing base without scale­like setae. Tegula black. Basicosta black. Wing pictured; various patterns, broad; petiole of apical cell 0.15­0.18 times as long as preceding section of R 4+5; M meeting R 4+5 at acute angle. Halter yellow or brown. LEGS. Fore femur black; ventrally and laterally with whitish yellow hairs, dorsally with black hairs. Fore tibia black, with 1 p, apically with 1 pv, 1 p and 1 d. Fore tarus normal, or flattened, black. Fore claws black; 1.1­1.4 times as long as fifth tarsomere. Pulvilli brown. Mid femur black; ventrally and laterally with whitish yellow hairs, dorsally with black hairs. Mid tibia black, with 1 ad and 2 p, apically with 1 ad, 1 a, 1 av, 1 pv, 1 p and 1 v. Hind femur yellow (apical 1/3 black); whitish yellow hairs, or hairs black; scale­like setae absent. Hind tibia brown to black, with 6 ad and 4 pd.

ABDOMEN. Abdominal tergites with yellow spot or area (various patterns); pruinosity absent (only outer side with grey pruinosity). Relative length of abdominal tergites I+II:III:IV: V = 1.1:1:1:1.1; relative width I+II:III:IV: V = 0.3:1:0.9:0.8. Hair spots of tergites IV, V indistinct. TERMINALIA. Syncercus broad, with a wide and shallow notch posteriorly. Surstylus slender, slightly downward, longer than cercus. Ejaculatory apodeme small, knob­like. Hypandrium shorter than phallapodeme. Epiphallus well developed. Pregonite triangular. Postgonite broad, longer than pregonite, haired ventrally, outer angle pointed. Phallus broad, slightly longer than hypandrium, with dense hairs dorsally. Distiphallus strongly bent dorsally, hook like, partly sclerotized.

FEMALE. Usually smaller than male. Wing hyaline. Eyes separated by a distance narrower than or as wide as ocellar triangle, not touching. Mesoscutum with brown hairs. Anterior spine­like setae of hind tibia present. Dorsum of tergites black, shiny. Sternite VII (sheath) longer than sternite VI; ox­horn like; narrow apically; bent, apex directed dorsally; sternite VII with linear wrinkles ventrally. Ovipositor bent upward.

TYPE MATERIAL

Syrphus hemipterus Fabricius 1794  . Holotype ♀ [but holotype is male according to Herting 1984:168, collected from England] (Copenhagen or lost, Townsend 1938: 65, not examined).

Alophora hemiptera obscura Girschner, 1887  . Syntype, 1♂, "Girschner Collection, C.J. Wainwright, B.M. 1948­488" [no data] (BMNH, examined).

Alophora hemiptera vittata Girschner, 1887  . Syntype, 1♂, "Girschner Collection, C.J. Wainwright, B.M. 1948­488' [no data] (BMNH, examined).

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED

AUSTRIA. Kaltenleutgeben, 19.viii.1918, Gurti (3♂ 3♀, DEIC); Manhartsberg, Nied, Österr (1♂, ZMHU). CHINA. Beijing, Xiaolongman, 27.viii.1991, Y. Shi (2♂, IZAS); Heilongjiang, Guyuan, 15.vii.1970, (1♂, IZAS). CORSICA. La Foce de Vizzavone, 8.vi­ 13.vii.1893, Yerbury (6♂ 4♀, BMNH). ENGLAND. Lyndhurst, 22.7.1894, (C.J.Wainwright Collection, B.M. 1948­488)" (1♂, DEIC); Cornwall SX105912View Materials, Valency, 8.vii.1983, I.M. White (1♂, BMNH); Lynton, 17.viii.1941 and 7.viii.1895, (C.J.Wainwright Collection, B.M. 1948­488) (2♀, BMNH); New Forest, 1906 (2♂, BMNH); Sussex, Shefeield Pk., 25.vi.1943 (1♂, CNCI); Hants, New Forest, 16.vii.1907, A.J. Chitty (1♀, CNCI). FRANCE. Versailles, 12.v.1943 (1♂, CNCI); Forét and Marly, 11.viii.1935 (1♀, CNCI). GERMANY. [?], 18.v.1944, auf Weissen Umbelliferen Blüten (1♂, CNCI); Bayrisch Wald, Freyung, 19.27. v.1935, H.Köller (1♂, DEIC); Frankenhausen A. Kyffn. viii.1950, K.Ermisch (1♂, DEIC); München, Fränk Mus., (in Würzburg) 1938 (1♂ 1♀, DEIC); Frankenhausen, Kyffhaeuser, 14.vii­ 8.viii.1952, Dr. Feige (9♂, DEIC); Eisleben, 23.vii.1947 and 31.vii.1953, Dr. Feige (4♂ 1♀, DEIC); Bavaria, Berchtesgaden, G.Heinrich (1♂, CNCI); Brohltd Rhelnprov, 9.viii.1936 (1♂, CNCI); BM, Stromberg Hafnerhaslach, 22.v.1991, Tschorsnig (1♂, DEBU); B.M. [no more data], (1♂, BMNH); Stromberg, Häfnerhaslach, 7.viii.1988, Tschorsnig (1♂ 1♀, DEBU); Coburg, Mährenhausen, 27.vii.1989, Tschorsnig (1♀, DEBU); Tauberbischofsh Böttigheim, 16.viii.1987, Tschorsnig (1♀,DEBU); mer.occ. /Württemberg /Schönbuch Bei Tübingen/ Bebenhausen. 5.v.1963 (3♂ 3♀, CNCI); Thal. Thüring, vii and viii.1894, (6♂ 3♀, DEIC); mer.occ. Schwäbische Alb, w.­Rd., Eierbachtal bei Pfullingen: Wasserteien, 570­620m, 6.viii.1963 (2♂ 1♀, CNCI). ITALY. Montebeld, 3.x.1965, (1♂, CNCI). JAPAN. Hokkaido, Mts. Daisetsu, Aizankei, Yukomanbetsu and Ten'ninkyô, 23.vi.1986, 12 and 19.vii.1986, F.C. Thompson (3♂, BLKU). RUSSIA [USSR]. Siberia, Altai Region, Teletskoya Lake Biological Station, Artebash near station, hunting cabin 40 km SE Artebash, 1500m; 9­12 and 10­15.vii.1991, S.A. Marshall (45♂ 47♀, DEBU, LACM). SWITZERLAND. Aigle, 14.v.1910, C.J. Wainwright (2♂ 1♀, BMNH); Delémont, 1­6.v.1969, Herting and Wood (5♂ 1♀, CNCI); Delémont, 16.viii. 1971, 20­23.viii.1972, L.P. Mesnil and W. Pschorn (4♂ 8♀, CNCI); Genolier, 30.vii.1945 (1♂, CNCI). SPAIN. [no more data], BM. 1927­84, (2♂, BMNH). SWITZERLAND. Aigle, 13.v.1910, C.J. Wainwright, ex: C.J. Wainwright Collection (11♂ 8♀, BMNH); Lucelle, Schweizer Jura, 4.8.1960, D.Schröder (1?, DEBU). YUGOSLAVIA. [northern part], 13.viii. 1960 (1♂, BMNH). DOUBTFUL LOCALITIES. "? (Europe) (7♂ 1♀, CNCI)"; "Reuiebeau, 12.ix.1940 (2♂, CNCI)"; "(data unreadable) (22♂ 18♀, DEIC [1♂, BMNH])"; "Nicht­Baltikum, coll. Siebert (3♂ 1♀, DEIC)"; "Kissingen, 11.vii.1910, P. Stein (1♀, ZMHU)"; "Girschner Collection, C.J. Wainwright, B.M. 1948­488 (77♂ 34♀, BMNH)".

HOSTS

Tropicoris rufipes  (L.) ( Hemiptera  , Pentatomidae  ): ­ (Dupuis 1960: 1746, 1963: 107 ­ Draber­Mońko 1965: 133).

Palomena prasina  (L.) ( Hemiptera  , Pentatomidae  ): ­ (Dupuis 1960: 1746, 1963: 107 ­ Draber­Mońko 1965: 133).

Pentatoma metalifera (Motshulsky.)  ( Hemiptera  , Pentatomidae  ): ­ ( Draber­Mońko 1965: 133).

NOTES

Phasia hemiptera (Fabricius)  is a Palaearctic species with many morphological forms, especially in males ( Draber­Mońko 1965: 127­137).

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tachinidae

Genus

Phasia

Loc

Phasia hemiptera ( Fabricius, 1794 )

Sun, Xuekui & Marshall, Stephen A. 2003
2003
Loc

Phasia (Phasia) hemiptera:

Herting, B. & A. Dely-Draskovits 1993: 410
Herting, B. 1984: 168
1984
Loc

Allophora daimio

Takano, S. 1958: 1692
1958
Loc

Alophora (Allophora) hemiptera

Day, C. D. 1948: 41
1948
Loc

Alophora hemiptera

Dupuis, C. 1963: 107
Rohdendorf, B. B. 1933: 712
Stein, P. 1924: 258
1924
Loc

Allophora hemiptera:

Dupuis, C. 1963: 106
Wainwright, J. 1928: 244
Baer, W. 1921: 127
1921
Loc

Allophora (Allophora) hemiptera:

Bezzi, M & P. Stein 1907: 577
1907
Loc

Alophora obscura

Girschner, E. 1887: 384
1887
Loc

Alophora vittata

Girschner, E. 1887: 384
1887
Loc

Alophora eximia

Girschner, E. 1887: 385
1887
Loc

Alophora (Alophora) hemiptera

Draber-Monko, A. 1965: 127
Emden, F. I. Van 1954: 27
Rohdendorf, B. B. 1947: 86
Girschner, E. 1887: 10
1887
Loc

Alophora obscuripennis

Meigen, J. W. 1838: 217
1838
Loc

Thereva subcoleoptratus:

Panzer, G. W. F. 1800: 13
1800
Loc

Syrphus hemipterus

Fabricius, J. C. 1794: 284
1794
Loc

Syrphus affinis

Fabricius, J. C. 1794: 284
1794