Neoxyphinus axe Abrahim and Brescovit

Abrahim, Naiara, Brescovit, Antonio D., Rheims, Cristina A., Santos, Adalberto J., Ott, Ricardo & Bonaldo, Alexandre B., 2012, A Revision of the Neotropical Goblin Spider Genus Neoxyphinus Birabén, 1953 (Araneae, Oonopidae), American Museum Novitates 2012 (3743), pp. 1-76: 22-27

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1206/3743.2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CE9E1B-6C6D-5076-FEA5-FE19FD01454D

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Neoxyphinus axe Abrahim and Brescovit
status

new species

Neoxyphinus axe Abrahim and Brescovit   , new species

Figures 12, 16, 28, 35, 46, 52, 65–102; map 3

TYPES: Male holotype from Estação Ecológica do Una (15°17′48″S 39°04′28″W), Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil, 14 Apr 1998, A.D. Brescovit et al. ( PBI _ OON 14304 View Materials , IBSP 18418 View Materials ). Female allotype from the same locality, Oct 1999 – Sep 2000, M.F. Dias ( PBI _ OON 14305 View Materials , IBSP 64390 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name refers to the Axé music, a popular genre autochthonous to the Brazilian state of Bahia. Axé   is originally an expression from the Afro-Brazilian religion Candomblé, meaning sacred force of nature.

DIAGNOSIS: Both males and females can be recognized by the carapace with six long posterior spikes and three radiating rows of blunt tubercles (figs. 69–71, 97).

MALE (holotype): Total length 2.44. Carapace dark red-brown, posterolateral surface with 3 pairs of large spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica and sides smooth, with radiating rows of blunt tubercles; lateral margin with blunt tubercles. Clypeus margin slightly Map 3. Records of Neoxyphinus axe   (triangles) and N. keyserlingi   (circles).

Figs. 65–76. Neoxyphinus axe   , new species, male. 65, 66. Habitus, dorsal view. 67. Same, lateral view. 68. Carapace, anterior view. 69. Same, lateral view. 70. Same, posterior view. 71. Same, dorsal view. 72. Sternum and mouthparts, ventral view. 73. Abdomen, anterior view. 74. Same, dorsal view. 75. Same, lateral view. 76. Same, ventral view.

rebordered, straight in frontal view. Eyes: ALE separated by less than their ratio. Sternum longer than wide, dark red-brown, median concavity absent, microsculpture absent, furrows deep, smooth, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, setae evenly scattered, originating from large tubercles. Chelicerae, endites, and labium orange-brown. Book lung covers large, ovoid. Pedicel tube long. Dorsal scutum dark red-brown, surface of middle and sides smooth, anterior half with very small, blunt denticles. Postepigastric scutum dark red-brown. Legs orange-brown. Spine formula: tibia I v5-3-1, metatarsus I v2-3-0; tibia II v2-3-1, metatarsus II

Figs. 77–85. Neoxyphinus axe   , new species, male. 77. Right palp, prolateral view. 78. Same, ventral view. 79. Same, retrolateral view. 80, 83. Left palp, embolus, prolateral view. 81, 84. Same, apical view. 82, 85. Same, retrolateral view.

Figs. 86–93. Neoxyphinus axe   , new species, male. 86. Carapace, dorsal view. 87. Same, lateroposterior view. 88. Sternum, ventral view. 89. mouthparts, posterior view. 90–92. Abdomen, lateral view. 93. Epigastric scutum, ventral view.

Figs. 94–102. Neoxyphinus axe   , new species, female. 94. Habitus, dorsal view. 95. Same, lateral view. 96. Carapace, anterior view. 97. Same, lateral view. 98. Same, posterior view. 99. Abdomen, ventral view. 100. Same, lateral view. 101. Same, anterior view. 102. Epigynum, dorsal view.

v1-1-2. Genitalia: sperm pore situated at level of anterior spiracles. Palp proximal segments, cymbium, and bulb pale orange. Embolus with narrow prolateral prong and sharp prolateral lamella; apical process indistinct (figs. 77–85).

FEMALE (allotype): Total length 2.65. Book lung covers elliptical, anterolateral edge tuberculate. Dorsal scutum anterior half without projecting denticles. Spine formula: tibia I v4-4-2, metatarsus I v2-2-2; tibia II v4-4-0, metatarsus II v3-3-0; tibia III p1-1-0, v0-1-0, metatarsus III p1-0-1, v0-1-0. Epigynal atrium narrow, with tubular median element, placed anteriorly in our preparations (fig. 102).

DISTRIBUTION: Known only from southeastern state of Bahia, Brazil (map 3).

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: BRAZIL: Bahia: Lafaiete Coutinho : no specific locality, Aug. 2006 – June 2007, J. Romão ( PBI _ OON 11218 View Materials , IBSP 92685 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11974 View Materials , IBSP 92712 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11975 View Materials , IBSP 92698 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11976 View Materials , IBSP 92682 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11978 View Materials , IBSP 92677 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11981 View Materials , IBSP 92690 View Materials ), 5♂, 1♀   . Ipiaú: No specific locality, Jan. 2007, C. Máximo ( PBI _ OON 11215 View Materials , IBSP 92767 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11216 View Materials , IBSP 92763 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11217 View Materials , IBSP 92759 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11219 View Materials , IBSP 92765 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11220 View Materials , IBSP 92762 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11977 View Materials , IBSP 92761 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11982 View Materials , IBSP 92766 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11983 View Materials , IBSP 92760 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11984 View Materials , IBSP 92764 View Materials ), 6♂, 3♀   . Boa   Nova: No specific locality, Oct. 2003 – Mar. 2004, E.M. Neto ( PBI _ OON 11980 View Materials , IBSP 66313 View Materials ), 1♂   . Coaraci: Fazenda Boa Esperança, Jan.   28, 1971, no collector ( PBI _ OON 11221 View Materials , MNRJ 2092 View Materials ), 1♀   . Itabuna : CEPLAC, 14°38′S 39°18′W, 100 m, Jan. 26, 1995, D. Agosti ( PBI _ OON 14575 View Materials , AMNH), 1♂ GoogleMaps   . Ilhéus : CEPLAC, 14°47′22″S 39°02′57″W, Apr. 07, 1998, A.D. Brescovit et al. ( PBI _ OON 11970 View Materials , IBSP 19221 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11972 View Materials , IBSP 19297 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11973 View Materials , IBSP 19371 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14306 View Materials , IBSP 19377 View Materials ), 4♂ GoogleMaps   , Apr. 11, 1998, same ( PBI _ OON 14307 View Materials , IBSP 19210 View Materials ), 1♀   , Apr. 12, 1998, same ( PBI _ OON 14338 View Materials , IBSP 18887 View Materials ), 1♀   , Feb. 27, 2007, P.P. Santos, collected in Nasutitermes   ’s nest ( PBI _ OON 11979 View Materials , IBSP 98034 View Materials ), 1♂   . Una: Estação Ecológica do Una , Apr. 14, 1998, A.D. Brescovit ( PBI _ OON 11897 View Materials , IBSP 18085 View Materials ), 1♂   ; Estação Ecológica do Una , 15°11′46″S 39°3′34″W, Jan. 31, 1995, D. Agosti ( PBI _ OON 14574 View Materials , AMNH), 1♂ GoogleMaps   ; Estação Ecológica do Una , 15°17′31″S 39°04′07″W, 2003, M.F. Dias ( PBI _ OON 11861 View Materials , IBSP 62530 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11862 View Materials , IBSP 62534 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11869 View Materials , IBSP 62535 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11878 View Materials , IBSP 62522 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11880 View Materials , IBSP 62536 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11881 View Materials , IBSP 62533 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11888 View Materials , IBSP 62527 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11892 View Materials , IBSP 62542 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11918 View Materials , IBSP 62539 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11924 View Materials , IBSP 62538 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11925 View Materials , IBSP 62531 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11928 View Materials , IBSP 62524 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11934 View Materials , IBSP 62523 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11941 View Materials , IBSP 62529 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11949 View Materials , IBSP 62537 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11964 View Materials , IBSP 62528 View Materials ), 7♂, 9♀ GoogleMaps   ; Estação Ecológica do Una , 15°17′48″S 39°04′28″W, Oct. 1999 – Sept. 2000, M.F. Dias ( PBI _ OON 11856 View Materials , IBSP 64325 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11857 View Materials , IBSP 64386 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11858 View Materials , IBSP 64343 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11859 View Materials , IBSP 65076 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11860 View Materials , IBSP 65286 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11863 View Materials , IBSP 65196 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11864 View Materials , IBSP 65506 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11866 View Materials , IBSP 64204 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11867 View Materials , IBSP 65516 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11868 View Materials , IBSP 65344 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11870 View Materials , IBSP 65497 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11871 View Materials , IBSP 65205 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11872 View Materials , IBSP 64323 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11873 View Materials , IBSP 65084 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11874 View Materials , IBSP 64227 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11875 View Materials , IBSP 65241 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11876 View Materials , IBSP 64197 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11877 View Materials , IBSP 64435 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11879 View Materials , IBSP 65108 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11882 View Materials , IBSP 64225 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11883 View Materials , IBSP 64229 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11884 View Materials , IBSP 65120 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11885 View Materials , IBSP 64222 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11886 View Materials , IBSP 65165 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11887 View Materials , IBSP 65466 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11889 View Materials , IBSP 65273 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11890 View Materials , IBSP 65488 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11891 View Materials , IBSP 65449 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11893 View Materials , IBSP 65202 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11894 View Materials , IBSP 65322 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11895 View Materials , IBSP 65227 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11896 View Materials , IBSP 64261 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11898 View Materials , IBSP 64260 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11899 View Materials , IBSP 64547 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11900 View Materials , IBSP 64314 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11901 View Materials , IBSP 65236 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11902 View Materials , IBSP 65487 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11903 View Materials , IBSP 65189 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11904 View Materials , IBSP 65097 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11905 View Materials , IBSP 64178 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11906 View Materials , IBSP 65257 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11907 View Materials , IBSP 64371 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11908 View Materials , IBSP 63909 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11909 View Materials , IBSP 64514 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11910 View Materials , IBSP 64232 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11911 View Materials , IBSP 65149 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11912 View Materials , IBSP 65444 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11913 View Materials , IBSP 65494 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11914 View Materials , IBSP 64392 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11915 View Materials , IBSP 64278 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11916 View Materials , IBSP 65102 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11917 View Materials , IBSP 64398 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11919 View Materials , IBSP 65267 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11920 View Materials , IBSP 64337 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11921 View Materials , IBSP 65122 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11922 View Materials , IBSP 65134 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11923 View Materials , IBSP 65471 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11926 View Materials , IBSP 65087 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11927 View Materials , IBSP 65245 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11929 View Materials , IBSP 65376 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11930 View Materials , IBSP 65331 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11931 View Materials , IBSP 65094 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11932 View Materials , IBSP 65381 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11933 View Materials , IBSP 64399 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11935 View Materials , IBSP 64356 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11936 View Materials , IBSP 65274 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11937 View Materials , IBSP 64444 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11938 View Materials , IBSP 65269 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11939 View Materials , IBSP 65136 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11940 View Materials , IBSP 65140 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11942 View Materials , IBSP 64526 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11943 View Materials , IBSP 64439 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11944 View Materials , IBSP 65271 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11945 View Materials , IBSP 64535 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11946 View Materials , IBSP 64488 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11947 View Materials , IBSP 65456 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11948 View Materials , IBSP 64214 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11950 View Materials , IBSP 64359 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11951 View Materials , IBSP 64189 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11952 View Materials , IBSP 65250 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11953 View Materials , IBSP 64246 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11954 View Materials , IBSP 65486 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11955 View Materials , IBSP 64480 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11956 View Materials , IBSP 64513 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11957 View Materials , IBSP 64420 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11958 View Materials , IBSP 65478 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11959 View Materials , IBSP 64476 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11960 View Materials , IBSP 65513 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11961 View Materials , IBSP 65315 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11962 View Materials , IBSP 65503 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11963 View Materials , IBSP 64383 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11965 View Materials , IBSP 64421 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11966 View Materials , IBSP 64248 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11967 View Materials , IBSP 64450 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11968 View Materials , IBSP 65282 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 11969 View Materials , IBSP 65451 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14308 View Materials , IBSP 64345 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14309 View Materials , IBSP 64269 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14310 View Materials , IBSP 65177 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14311 View Materials , IBSP 65427 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14312 View Materials , IBSP 65362 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14313 View Materials , IBSP 65124 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14314 View Materials , IBSP 64508 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14315 View Materials , IBSP 64429 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14327 View Materials , IBSP 65203 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14544 View Materials , IBSP 64242 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14339 View Materials , IBSP 18106 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14316 View Materials , IBSP 64321 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14317 View Materials , IBSP 65258 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14318 View Materials , IBSP 64381 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14319 View Materials , IBSP 65224 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14320 View Materials , IBSP 66815 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14321 View Materials , IBSP 64336 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14322 View Materials , IBSP 64474 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14323 View Materials , IBSP 65208 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14324 View Materials , IBSP 64391 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14325 View Materials , IBSP 64529 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14326 View Materials , IBSP 65325 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14328 View Materials , IBSP 65259 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14329 View Materials , IBSP 64433 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14330 View Materials , IBSP 65166 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14331 View Materials , IBSP 65254 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14332 View Materials , IBSP 64296 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14333 View Materials , IBSP 64436 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14334 View Materials , IBSP 64500 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14335 View Materials , IBSP 64502 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14336 View Materials , IBSP 65491 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14337 View Materials , IBSP 65109 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14341 View Materials , IBSP 63933 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14342 View Materials , IBSP 64446 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14344 View Materials , IBSP 65161 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14545 View Materials , IBSP 64344 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14340 View Materials , IBSP 62540 View Materials ; PBI _ OON 14343 View Materials , IBSP 62532 View Materials ) 93♂, 60♀ GoogleMaps   ; Porto Seguro: No specific locality, 16°26′59″S 39°03′53″W, 1998, no collector ( PBI _ OON 11971 View Materials , IBSP 36904 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps   .

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Oonopidae

Genus

Neoxyphinus