Argulus nattereri Heller, 1857

Tavares, Luiz E. R., 2017, A new species of Argulus (Crustacea, Branchiura, Argulidae) from the skin of catfish, with new records of branchiurans from wild fish in the Brazilian Pantanal wetland, Zootaxa 4320 (3), pp. 447-469: 458-460

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4320.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D883949F-9Aae-4596-81Ae-445C40B07Bbe

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CB87CA-FFCD-A003-FF59-98E0920C3BAE

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Argulus nattereri Heller, 1857
status

 

Argulus nattereri Heller, 1857  

( Figure 8 View FIGURE 8 )

A. nattereri   : HELLER (1857): 103 –106, PL. II, fIGS. 4–12; KRøyER (1863): 23 –25, 29, PL. I, fIGS. 3A –D; THORELL (1864): 60; WILSON (1902): 720, PL. XXII, fIG. 63; THIELE (1904): 23 –25, fIGS. 43–52; MOREIRA (1913): 8, PL. II, fIG. 1; Argulus silvestrii   LAHILLE, 1926: LAHILLE (1926): 10 –11, 16, fIG. 3; Argulus salminei   KRøyER, 1863: PART MEEHEAN (1940): 502; A. nattereri   : RINGUELET (1943): 57 –62, PL. III, fIGS. 1–6; WILSON (1944): 552, 573–574, PL. 24, fIGS. 74–78; LEMOS DE CASTRO (1985): 10, fIGS, 11– 13; THATcHER (2006): 393, 395, 398, fIG. 9.5

Type host. Hydrocyon brevidens   (= Salminus brasiliensis   [Cuvier 1816]) ( Heller 1857)

Type locality. Undefined location in Brazil ( Heller 1857).  

Other hosts and localities. Salminus brevidens   (= S. brasiliensis   ), state of Mato Grosso, Brazil ( Moreira 1912, 1913); P. corruscans   , S. brevidens   (= S. brasiliensis   ), Parana River in Zona de San Pedro, Argentina ( Ringuelet 1943); Pimelodus albicans (Valenciennes, 1840)   , P. corruscans, Ysoró Stream   , municipality of Cuatro Bocas, province of Corrientes, and in the Parana River, province of Entre Ríos, both in Argentina ( Barzanti 1976; Chemes & Takemoto 2011); P. tigrinum   and Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum (Linnaeus, 1766)   , Beni and Ichilo Rivers Bolívia, (Mamani et al. 2004).

Material deposited. 3 vouchers: 1 adult female ZUEC-CRU 3516, in ethanol 70%, 3 June 2004, Salminus brasiliensis   , skin, Paraguay River, Corumbá-MS, Brazil (18°59'53.17"S, 57°36'44.43"O) GoogleMaps   ; 1 adult male ZUEC- CRU 3517, in ethanol 70%, and 1 adult male INPA 2307 View Materials , in Hoyer’s medium, 4 July 2008, skin, Pseudoplatystoma corruscans, Cuiabá River, Parque Nacional   do Pantanal Matogrossense (17°49′37.77″ S, 57°22′53.38″ W) GoogleMaps   .

Measurements. Based on 2 males and 1 female. Total length (mm) 4.54 (3.7–5.3) in males, 4.5 in females. Carapace length 4.55 (2.6–4.5) in males, 4.6 in female; maximum carapace width 3.5 (2.6––4.4) in males, 4.6 in female. Carapace posterior sinus length 1.3 (1.2–1.35) in males, 1.1 in female; width 1 (0.9–1.1) in males, 1.2 in female. Cephalothorax length 2.2 (1.8–2.6) in males, 2.5 in female; anterior width 2.1 (1.7–2.5) in males, 2.5 in female. Abdomen length 0.9 (0.8–1) in males, 0.5 in female; width 0.7 (0.6–0.75) in males, 0.5 in female. Abdomen posterior sinus length 0.2 (0.15–0.3) in males, 0.13 in female; width 0.13 (0.11–0.15) in males, 0.04 in female. Eyes diameter (µm) 175 left and 225 right in one male, 150 left and 182 right in female; transverse distance between eyes (µm) 800 in one male, 800 in female. First maxillae outer diameter (µm) 837 left (675–1000) and 899.4 right (724–1075) in males, 1300 left and 1250 right in female; inner diameter 650 left (525–775) and 616 right (508–725) in males, 1075 left and 975 right in females. Number of support rods in suction cups 64–70 in males, 66–69 in female; number of sclerites per support rod 6–9 in males, 7–9 in female.

Remarks. Among the species of Argulus   from freshwater environments of South America, only A. nattereri   ( Figs. 8A –B View FIGURE 8 ) and Argulus juparanaensis Lemos de Castro, 1950   have the carapace alae covering all four legs, although males of A. pestifer   also display this characteristic ( Heller 1857; Lemos de Castro 1950; Ringuelet 1943), as do females of A. salminei   according to Meehean (1940) but not according to Ringuelet (1943).

The morphology of the sclerites of rods of the suction cups of A. nattereri   and A. pestifer   , is similar, although as well as being smaller in A. nattereri   , there is variation in numbers, with 8–10 in specimens of A. nattereri   ( Figs. 8E –F View FIGURE 8 ) and just two in A. pestifer   ( Fig. 9E View FIGURE 9 ). Specimens of A. nattereri   exhibit a strong chitin plate from the dorsal to the second antennae, which narrows and runs laterally and forwards ( Thiele 1904) ( Fig. 8D View FIGURE 8 ). This structure is also present in A. pestifer   , although in this species these plates are also in the frontal and median region of the cephalothorax ( Ringuelet 1948). The preoral stylet, which was observed in its inverted state ( Fig. 8G View FIGURE 8 ), and the presence of flagellum on the first two pairs of legs ( Figs. 8K –L View FIGURE 8 ) in both males and females, differentiates A. nattereri   from A. pestifer   . The presence of ventral spines along the length of the carapace alae ( Figs. 8M, 8D View FIGURE 8 ) is also an important diagnostic characteristic of A. nattereri   , as these spines are absent in A. pestifer ( Ringuelet 1948)   and are limited to the frontal region, more specifically to the anterolateral sinuses, in A. juparanaensis (Lemos de Castro 1950)   . Additionally, the morphology of the antenna, antennules, postantennal spines, and the robust and acute spine, which emerges from the carapace towards the basal segment of the antennae ( Fig. 8D View FIGURE 8 ), the socket on the 3rd leg and the peg on the 4th legs of males ( Fig. 8M View FIGURE 8 ) allow identification of A. nattereri   . Nevertheless, A. nattereri   is distinguished from all species above by the presence of naked setae regularly scattered at the dorsal side of cephalothorax and carapace alae ( Figs. 8A, 8C View FIGURE 8 ), structures which are absent in A. salminei   , A. pestifer   and A. juparanaensis   ( Heller 1857; Lemos de Castro 1950; Ringuelet 1943, 1948; Thiele 1904).

We observed some morphological differences in our specimens of A. nattereri   comparing with the description of other authors. The morphology of the carapace alae of the female was in accordance with Heller (1857) ( Figs. 8O –P View FIGURE 8 ) but differed from Wilson (1944), because the posterior lobes of the carapace did not overlap. The number of sclerites of the suction cup was lower, with 6–9 sclerites per support rod in males and 7–9 in females, whereas 9–10 ( Ringuelet 1943) and 14–16 ( Wilson 1944), have been previously recorded. Coarse-pectinate scales were observed by Thiele (1904), but the sensilla on the mouth tube ( Figs. 8I, J View FIGURE 8 ), similar to those previously observed in Argulus yucatanus Poly, 2005   from Mexico ( Poly 2005), were also observed in the A. nattereri   of the present study. We observed, as indicated by Ringuelet (1943), two pairs of small, thick and blunt accessory spines ( Fig. 8H View FIGURE 8 ), although Wilson (1944) has stated that this structure was missing for this species. We also observed that the endopods and exopods of the third and fourth legs were of similar size, rather than the longer exopods viewed by Ringuelet (1943). We observed smaller endopods only on the first and second legs, in accordance with Thiele (1904), although we did not see the 3-segmented extension of the first endopod, as per Ringuelet (1943). A finger-like papillae, resembling the tactile papillae of some females such as those of Argulus americanus Wilson, 1902   ( Wilson 1904), was observed rooted at the base of the natatory lobes of the fourth leg of the male of A. nattereri   ( Fig. 8N View FIGURE 8 ). While tactile papillae are situated on either side of the opening of the oviduct between the bases of the posterior legs of females and are not found in males, we observed a differently located structure. Ventrally, erect coarse pectinate scales cover the thorax, abdomen and legs of A. nattereri   ( Fig. 8Q View FIGURE 8 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Maxillopoda

Order

Arguloida

Family

Argulidae

Genus

Argulus

Loc

Argulus nattereri Heller, 1857

Tavares, Luiz E. R. 2017
2017
Loc

A. nattereri

THATcHER 2006: 393
WILSON 1944: 552
RINGUELET 1943: 57
MEEHEAN 1940: 502
LAHILLE 1926: 10
MOREIRA 1913: 8
THIELE 1904: 23
WILSON 1902: 720
THORELL 1864: 60
KRoyER 1863: 23
HELLER 1857: 103
1857