Solomonius foetidus (Signoret, 1861)

WALL, MICHAEL A., 2007, A revision of the Solomonius-group of the stinkbug tribe Halyini (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae: Pentatominae), Zootaxa 1539 (1), pp. 1-84: 64-66

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1539.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:96A2269C-3D7C-498F-914E-0446D52F9988

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CA8F0F-915D-7709-FF1D-7F29D848FB5E

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Solomonius foetidus (Signoret, 1861)
status

comb. nov.

Solomonius foetidus (Signoret, 1861)   comb. nov.

( Figs. 29A View FIGURE 29 , 30 View FIGURE 30 D-F, 33B, 36B, 15)

Acanthidium foetidum Montrouzier, 1858: 252   (not described).

Spudaeus foetidum Signoret, 1861   in: Montrouzier, 1861: 63.

Coctoteris foetidus Stål, 1865: 167–168   (misdetermination, description, synonymy); Stål 1876: 45 (synonymy); Kirkaldy, 1909: 195 (synonymy)

Spudaeus variabilis Tryon, 1892: 18   ; Lethierry & Severin, 1893: 95. (list)

Coccoteris [sic] foetidus: Lethierry & Severin, 1893: 100   . (synonymy)

Coctotheris [sic] foetidus: Schouteden, 1907: 109   . (type, misdetermination (see comments below))

Bromocoris foetidus: Horváth, 1915: 235   , 238–239, figs. 8a, b. (description, keyed); Leston, 1957: 188 (synonymy)

Diagnosis. Olivaceous in color with spinose lateral angles on the pronotum. Labium reaching fourth abdominal sternite (third visible). Profemora with ventral series of tubercles. Ventral rim of pygophore with large quadrate process. Medial penile plates curving and narrowed distally and 5–6x longer than broad. Eighth gonocoxae of female large triangular with undulating posterior margin.

Redescription. Body 2X longer than broad ( Fig. 29A View FIGURE 29 ). Head broader than long; juga shorter than the tylus. Pronotum with anterior margin concave; anterolateral angle entire; anterolateral margins serrate, slightly carinate; lateral angles spinose; posterior margin slightly concave. Scutellum with lateral margins becoming briefly parallel prior to apex. Bucculae with anteroventral angle acute, produced dorsally. Labium reaching fourth abdominal sternite (third visible); ratios of labial segments 1:1.6:1.5:0.9. Peritreme 2/3 as long as distance from ostiole of metathoracic scent gland to lateral margin of metapleuron. Episternal ridge located 4/5 of distance between ostiole of metathoracic scent gland and lateral margin of metapleuron. Third through fifth abdominal sternites (second through fourth visible) sulcate. Profemora with ventral row of small stout tubercles; dorsal surface unarmed. Mesofemora with row of small ventral tubercles. Metafemora unarmed.

Color. Ground color testaceous to pale olivaceous with black to metallic markings and punctations. Antennal segment I dorsolaterally testaceous; segments II–V with distal half castaneous. Pronotum marked with four dark triangular maculations on the posterior margin. Scutellar bulge with dark maculations on the posterolateral portion; anterolateral excavations black; median longitudinal ridge straminous with lateral dark maculations. Forewing with mottling of ground color and darker maculations; membrane testaceous. Labium straminous to testaceous, apical portion of labial segment IV castaneous. Legs of ground color; tubercles or profemora castaneous. Tibiae appearing to have three (premedial, postmedial, and distal) castaneous bands on exterior surface; tarsi distally and ventrally dark. Venter of abdomen with lateral markings forming a wide continuous castaneous band.

Male. Pygophore constricted dorsolaterally around bases of dorsolateral lobes ( Fig. 30D–F View FIGURE 30 ). Ventral rim with large quadrate median process ( Fig. 30D View FIGURE 30 ). Anterior flange of dorsolateral lobes auriculate; concavity oriented entad; posterior lobes slightly produced as stout heavily sclerotized acute tubercles, directed ectad; posteroventral lobe absent ( Fig. 30D–F View FIGURE 30 ). Medial penile plates narrow, 5–6X longer than broad, curving and narrowing distally ( Fig. 33B View FIGURE 33 ).

Female. Laterotergites of eighth segment slightly longer than broad with pair of narrowly acute subtriangular lobes. Gonocoxa of eighth segment large, triangular with undulating posterior margin. Gonocoxa of ninth segment hidden by gonocoxa of eighth segment. Laterotergites of ninth segment elongate, triangular ( Fig. 36B View FIGURE 36 ). Secondary thickening of vagina intima compressed, elongate, 6–7X longer than broad, acuminate, curved; pore to ductus recepticali at apex.

Measurements. Males (n=6): body length 15.4 SD 0.4 (14.7–16.1), anterior pronotal width 3.2 SD <0.1 (3.2–3.4), humeral width 9.1 SD 0.1 (9.1–9.5), scutellar length 5.7 SD 0.1 (5.5–6.0), medial length of sixth sternite (fifth visible) 0.8 SD 0.1 (0.7–1.0), medial length of seventh sternite (sixth visible) 2.8 SD 0.1 (2.7– 3.1). Females (n=4): body length 16.9 SD 0.5 (16.1–17.5), anterior pronotal width 3.4 SD 0.1 (3.3–3.5), humeral width 9.7 SD 0.2 (9.5–10), scutellar length 6.6 SD 0.1 (6.5–6.7), medial length of sixth sternite (fifth visible) 1.3 SD 0.1 (1.2–1.5), medial length of seventh sternite (sixth visible) 2.1 SD <0.1 (2.0–2.2). Appendages in Table 5.

Specimens examined. PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Central Province , 12 mi. E Port Moresby, [9° 28' S, 147° 11’ E], 1 February 1969, coll. R. Lossin - 1 ♂ ( AM) GoogleMaps   ; Bisianumu, E. of Port Moresby, elev. 500 m, [8° 43' S, 147° 25’ E], 22 September 1955, coll. J.L. Gressitt - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; Iorabaiwa, Urikiteer , [9° 16' S, 147° 30’ E], 21 June 1921, coll. E. Pockley - 1 ♀ ( AM) GoogleMaps   ; Mamai Plt’n nr Port Glasgow , elev. 60 m, [10° 18' S, 149° 32’ E], 1–31 January 1965, coll. P. Shanahan - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 1–31 January 1965, coll. P. Shanahan - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; Otomata Plantation, 1m [i], E. of Moresby , [9° 27' S, 147° 11’ E], 2 November 1960, coll. J.L. Gressitt - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; Owen Stanley Range; Goilala: Loloipa , [8° 26' S, 146° 56’ E], 1–15 January 1958, coll. W. W. Brandt - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; Port Moresby, elev. 30 m, [9° 28' S, 147° 11’ E], 27 February 1964, coll. J. Sedlacek - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 2 January 1969, coll. R. Lossin - 1 ♂ ( AM) GoogleMaps   ; SE: Brown River , [9° 15' S, 147° 4’ E], 23 October 1960, coll. J.L. Gressitt - ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 12–23 October 1968, coll. Tawi Mena - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; SE: Vanapa River , [9° 5' S, 146° 58’ E], 29 February 1960, coll. J. Sedlacek - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; Sogeri , elev. 600 m, [9° 25' S, 147° 25’ E], 27 October - 3 November 1968, coll. Tawi Mena - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; St. Joseph’s River , [8° 50' S, 146° 34’ E], coll. W. Macgregor - 2 ♀♀, 7 ♂♂ ( AM) GoogleMaps   ; Milne Bay Province, Bupuleta , [10° 15' S, 150° 25’ E], 29 June 1970, coll. B. Gray - 1 ♂ ( BMNH) GoogleMaps   ; Dogura , [10° 6' S, 150° 4’ E], 28 December 1954, coll. E. Cassidy - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; Esa’ala , [9° 43' S, 150° 48’ E], 30 July 1960, coll. A. Mann - 1 ♂ ( BMNH) GoogleMaps   ; Milne Bay, [10° 22' S, 150° 30’ E], 14–23 February 1969, coll. J. Sedlacek - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; Woodlark I. (Murua); Kulumadau Hill , [9° 3' S, 152° 43’ E], 3 February - 12 March 1957, coll. W. W. Brandt - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; Northern Province, between Buna and Gona , [8° 36' S, 148° 23’ E], 1 March 1943 - 1 ♀, 1 ♂ ( AMNH) GoogleMaps   ; Mt. Lamington , [8° 56' S, 148° 10’ E], 1 January - 28 February 1929, coll. C, McNamara - 1 ♀, 1 ♂ ( AM) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 1–30 June 1966, coll. S. Lippert - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; Sangara , [8° 48' S, 148° 14’ E], 19 March 1956, coll. E. Brown - 1 ♂ ( BMNH) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 1–30 June 1966, coll. S. Lippert - sex not recorded ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   ; Sanduan Province, NE: Torricelli Mts.; Wantipi Vill. , [3° 19' S, 141° 57’ E], 30 November - 8 December 1958, coll. W. W. Brandt - 1 ♂ ( BPBM) GoogleMaps   .

Distribution. New Guinea, primarily Papuan peninsula ( Fig. 15 View FIGURE 15 ).

Comments. As it possesses reduced parameres which are fused with the proctiger, as well as elongate median penile plates which are fused together, Bromocoris foetidus   is transferred to Solomonius   . The remaining species of the genus Bromocoris Horváth   remain in that genus because they possess relatively well-developed claspers which are free from the proctiger.

Signoret’s (1861 in: Montrouzier, 1861) original description of S. foetidus   does not designate a type specimen. Schouteden (1907) later implies that a specimen now held in Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Brusseles (IRSNB) is the 'type' of S. foetidus   . The Schouteden specimen has a 'type' label with no determiner given. It is assumed the type label was placed by Schouteden because the label places it in the genus, Coctotheris [sic], a genus not used by Signoret and Montrouzier in the original description. Horváth (1915) redescribes the species and comments on the type which he looked at in the Naturhistorisches Museum Wien. The specimen referred to by Horváth in Vienna bears the label " foetidus   det. Signoret." Both specimens have labels indicating they are from "Woodlark," and no other data. The Schouteden specimen does not fit the original description or subsequent descriptions of S. foetidus   . Given that the Vienna specimen bears a Signoret determination label and that the specimen matches with the original description, it is here considered to be part of the original material upon which Signoret based his description. The specimen deposited in Naturhistorische Museum Wien which bears the labels “Woodlark” and " foetidus   det. Signoret" is here designated as the lectotype of S. foetidus (Signoret)   .

AM

Australian Museum

BPBM

Bishop Museum

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Pentatomidae

Genus

Solomonius

Loc

Solomonius foetidus (Signoret, 1861)

WALL, MICHAEL A. 2007
2007
Loc

Bromocoris foetidus: Horváth, 1915: 235

Leston, D. 1957: 188
Horvath, G. 1915: 235
1915
Loc

[sic] foetidus:

Schouteden, H. 1907: 109
1907
Loc

[sic] foetidus:

Lethierry, L. & Severin G. 1893: 100
1893
Loc

Spudaeus variabilis

Lethierry, L. & Severin G. 1893: 95
Tryon, H. 1892: 18
1892
Loc

Coctoteris foetidus Stål, 1865: 167–168

Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 195
Stal, C. 1876: 45
Stal, C. 1865: 168
1865
Loc

Spudaeus foetidum

Montrouzier, P. 1861: 63
1861
Loc

Acanthidium foetidum

Montrouzier, P. 1858: 252
1858