Adelius Haliday

Shimbori, Eduardo M., Bortoni, Marco A., Shaw, Scott R., Souza-Gessner, Carolina Da S., Cerântola, Paula De C. M. & Penteado-Dias, Angélica M., 2019, Revision of the New World genera Adelius Haliday and Paradelius de Saeger (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Cheloninae: Adeliini), Zootaxa 4571 (2), pp. 151-200: 155-156

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4571.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EEF7A7F9-CDB3-4664-95FC-17AE60463A60

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C8D146-FFB7-9D30-FF19-FAE1FA4FFA96

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Adelius Haliday
status

 

Key to New World species of Adelius Haliday  

1. Vein r present, although usually short, veins 2RS and 3RSa connected to each other but not to the stigma ( Figs 11 View FIGURES 11–13 , 43 View FIGURES 43–47 , 69 View FIGURES 65–70 , 7 7 View FIGURES 5–10 ).................................................................................................... 2

- Vein r absent, veins 2RS and 3RSa apart from each other and directly connected to stigma ( Figs 6 View FIGURES 5–10 , 15 View FIGURES 14–15 , 22 View FIGURES 22–27 , 30 View FIGURES 28–33 , 85, 97)...... 8

2(3). Metapleuron, propodeum and hind coxae smooth and polished ( Figs 1, 3 View FIGURES 1–4 , 73 View FIGURES 71–75 )...................................... 3

- Metapleuron sculptured, at least partly striate or rugose ( Fig. 48 View FIGURES 48–51 , 112 View FIGURES 108–113 ); and/or propodeum rugose ( Fig. 41 View FIGURES 39–42 , 47 View FIGURES 43–47 ); and/or hind coxae rugose dorsally ( Fig. 53 View FIGURES 52–58 )........................................................................... 4

3(2). Hind tarsi and flagellum entirely brown ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1–4 ); anterior part of propodeum with one pair of lateral carinae ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1–4 ) ( Costa Rica).................................................................................. A. adeleae   sp. n.

- Hind basitarsus and tarsomere 5 brown, contrasting to whitish yellow tarsomeres 2–4, flagellum brown apically, basal 2–3 flagellomeres yellow ( Fig. 65 View FIGURES 65–70 ); anterior part of propodeum with one pair of lateral carinae plus one pair of sub-median carinae ( Fig. 66 View FIGURES 65–70 ) ( Costa Rica)...................................................................... A. gauldi   sp. n.

4(2). Wings hyaline ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 11–13 ) ( Bolivia)......................................................... A. boliviensis   sp. n.

- Wings banded or entirely infuscate, sometimes weakly so ( Figs 39 View FIGURES 39–42 , 77 View FIGURES 76–77 , 105 View FIGURES 105–107 )....................................... 5

5(4). Wings entirely infuscate ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 39–42 )......................................................................... 6

- Wings banded ( Fig. 77 View FIGURES 76–77 ) ( Brazil).......................................................................... 7

6(5). Face with mid-longitudinal carina ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 39–42 ); frons densely punctate ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 39–42 ); legs entirely dark brown ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 39–42 ) ( Ecuador)...................................................................................... A. ecuadoriensis   sp. n.

- Face without carina ( Fig. 54 View FIGURES 52–58 ); frons smooth and polished ( Figs 51 View FIGURES 48–51 , 55 View FIGURES 52–58 ); legs usually with distinct but narrow yellow bands at base of all femora ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 48–51 ) ( Colombia)....................................................... A. excelsus   sp. n.

7(5). Head and mesosoma black ( Fig. 76 View FIGURES 76–77 )......................................................... A. monteiroi   sp. n.

- Head and mesosoma honey yellow ( Fig. 105 View FIGURES 105–107 )............................................... A. sancticaroli   sp. n.

8(1). Wings hyaline (Figs 85, 88)............................................................................. 9

- Wings banded, frequently only faintly so ( Figs 71 View FIGURES 71–75 , 97 View FIGURES 97–100 ). Doubtful species are keyed both ways ( Fig. 15 View FIGURES 14–15 )................ 12 9(8). Propodeum mostly polished, anterior aspect about twice as long as posterior aspect ( Fig. 89 View FIGURES 86–91 ) ( U.S. A)............................................................................................. A. nigripectus Muesebeck   (in part)

- Propodeum rugose, anterior aspect less than twice as long as posterior aspect ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 5–10 , 20 View FIGURES 16–21 , 83) (Neotropical species)...... 10

10(9). Mesonotum and propodeum black (Figs 82, 83) ( Brazil)..................................... A. morretesiensis   sp. n.

- Mesonotum and propodeum light brown to honey yellow ( Figs 5 View FIGURES 5–10 , 14 View FIGURES 14–15 )........................................... 11

11(10). Antenna brown apically; tibia without subbasal white bands ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 14–15 ); face rugulose ( Fig. 16 View FIGURES 16–21 ) ( Brazil).................................................................................................. A. caatinga   sp. n. (in part)

- Antenna entirely yellow; all tibiae with a subbsal white band ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 5–10 ); face transversely striate ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 5–10 ) ( Colombia)............................................................................................ A. bolivariensis   sp. n.

12(8). Mesosoma including propodeum yellow ( Figs 14 View FIGURES 14–15 , 74, 75 View FIGURES 71–75 )..................................................... 13

- Mesosoma with dark brown markings to mostly dark brown ( Figs 29 View FIGURES 28–33 , 52 View FIGURES 52–58 , 64 View FIGURES 59–64 , 95 View FIGURES 92–96 ).................................. 14

13(12). Sternaulus finely crenulate ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 16–21 ); head mostly areolate-rugulose ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 16–21 ) ( Brazil).......... A. caatinga   sp. n. (in part)

- Sternaulus smooth ( Fig. 75 View FIGURES 71–75 ); head mostly smooth and polished ( Fig. 71 View FIGURES 71–75 ) ( Costa Rica).................... A. janzeni   sp. n.

14(12). Metapleuron and gena mostly smooth and polished ( Figs 95 View FIGURES 92–96 , 103 View FIGURES 101–104 ).............................................. 15

- Metapleuron rugose or rugose-costate (as in figure 112); gena usually imbricate or aciculate ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 34–38 ).................. 16

15(14). Hind coxa and metasoma dark brown ( Fig. 92 View FIGURES 92–96 ).............................................. A. panamensis   sp. n.

- Hind coxa yellow, metasoma brown with T2+3 white ( Fig. 101 View FIGURES 101–104 )................................... A. quiteriae   sp. n.

16(14). Scutellum centrally smooth and mostly devoid of setae, with scattered setae only along lateral margins, sometimes also posterior part of mesoscutum ( Fig. 25 View FIGURES 22–27 )........................................................................ 17

- Scutellum punctate, evenly and rather densely setose ( Figs 29 View FIGURES 28–33 , 98 View FIGURES 97–100 ).............................................. 18

17(16). Head with gena receding directly behind eyes—maximum width of head at mid-height of eyes ( Fig. 87 View FIGURES 86–91 ); head and mesonotum yellow ( Fig. 86 View FIGURES 86–91 ) ( U.S.A.).................................................... A. nigripectus Muesebeck   (in part)

- Head with gena not receding, distinctly convex—maximum width of head at gena ( Fig. 24 View FIGURES 22–27 ); body mostly reddish brown ( Fig. 22 View FIGURES 22–27 ) ( Canada)......................................................................... A. canadensis   sp. n.

18(16). Propodeum with distinct, roughly pentagonal areola, covering most of its length and not bisected by transverse carina ( Fig. 100 View FIGURES 97–100 ) ( Costa Rica).................................................................... A. pentagonalis   sp. n.

- Propodeum without pentagonal areola, if areola present then bisected by strong transverse carina ( Figs 54 View FIGURES 52–58 , 63 View FIGURES 59–64 )........... 19

19(18). Ovipositor sheaths narrow and acute apically ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 52–58 ); hind tarsi whitish yellow except tarsomere 5 brown ( Fig. 52 View FIGURES 52–58 ); first flagellomere 2.5× longer than apical width, apical flagellomere very short and nearly circular; head yellow with distinct concentric striation at frons and vertex ( Fig. 55 View FIGURES 52–58 ) (eastern U.S. A)................................ A. fasciipennis (Rohwer)  

- Ovipositor sheaths wider, rounded or lanceolate apically ( Figs 26 View FIGURES 22–27 , 59 View FIGURES 59–64 ); hind tarsi brown or dark brown ( Figs 34, 36 View FIGURES 34–38 , 65 View FIGURES 65–70 ); first flagellomere less than 1.6× longer than apical width, apical flagellomere longer and with short pointed apex; head usually darker, if yellow, then without concentric striations dorsally................................................... 20

20(19). Vertex partly to entirely striate; maxillary palpi with apical segment pale brown, sometimes entirely dark brown; T1 with deep and well defined mid-basal sulcus, sometimes areolate rugose ( Fig. 33 View FIGURES 28–33 ); color extremely variable, from nearly entirely black to mostly yellow with brown propodeum ( Figs 34, 36 View FIGURES 34–38 ) (Western USA, associated with nepticulid leafminer mostly on Rhamnaceae   and Quercus   spp.)............................................................ A. coloradensis Muesebeck  

- Vertex entirely covered with finely areolate-rugulose sculpturing ( Fig. 62 View FIGURES 59–64 ); maxillary palpi white ( Fig. 60 View FIGURES 59–64 ); T1 with shallow mid-basal sulcus ( Fig. 63 View FIGURES 59–64 ) (Florida, USA, associated with nepticulid leafminer on Hypericum   sp.)....... A. floridensis   sp. n.