Charax Scopoli, 1777,

Menezes, Naércio A. & de Lucena, Carlos Alberto S., 2014, A taxonomic review of the species of Charax Scopoli, 1777 (Teleostei: Characidae: Characinae) with description of a new species from the rio Negro bearing superficial neuromasts on body scales, Amazon basin, Brazil, Neotropical Ichthyology 12 (2), pp. 193-228: 195

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1590/1982-0224-20130175

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2CFAB1CE-D283-483B-8C2B-87D95AEADE70

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C4D938-3478-3F40-FEA9-FC66FD7A61A4

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Charax Scopoli, 1777
status

 

Charax Scopoli, 1777 

Charax  ” Gronow, 1763: 123 (Non-binominal nomenclature, article 5 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature).

Charax Scopoli, 1777: 445  (type species: Salmo gibbosus Linnaeus, 1758  , by subsequent designation of Eigenmann, 1910:444).

Characinus Lacépède, 1803: 269  (type species: Salmo gibbosus  by subsequent designation of Jordan, 1917: 66.

Epicyrtus Müller & Troschel, 1844: 92  (type species: Salmo gibbosus  , by monotypy).

Anacyrtus Günther, 1864: 345 (new name to replace Epicyrtus Müller & Troschel  , preoccupied in Insecta, Dejean, 1833  . Type species: Salmo gibbosus  , by original designation).

Asiphonichthys Cope, 1894: 67  (type species: Asiphonichthys stenopterus Cope  , by monotypy).

Moralesia Fowler, 1943: 36  (type species: Anacyrus tectifer Cope, 1870  , by original designation).

Charaxodon Fernandez-Yepez, 1947: 1  (type species: Charax metae Eigenmann, 1922  , by original designation).

Moralesicus Fowler, 1958: 9  (type species: Anacyrtus tectifer Cope, 1870  , by original designation. Name erroneously proposed to replace Moralesia Fowler  ).

Diagnosis. In a recent phylogenetic analysis of characters of the genera of the Characinae, Mattox & Toledo-Piza (2012)  demonstrated that Charax  is the sister-group of Roeboides  , with the exclusive members of the tribe Characini  . Charax  can be distinguished not only from Roeboides  , but from all other characid genera by the presence of a notch on the posteroventral portion of the cleithrum originating a posteriorly directed spiniform projection (Lucena, 1987: 68, figs. 15; 69, fig. 16). This uniquely derived synapomorphy used in combination with the following non-exclusive characters are useful for diagnosing Charax  .

1 - Rhinosphenoid absent (Mattox & Toledo-Piza, 2012: 837, fig. 17A).

2 - Anterodorsal branch of laterosensory canal absent on infraorbital 6 (Mattox & Toledo-Piza, 2012: 841, fig. 19A).

3 - Jaws without external teeth.

4 - Humeral dark blotch present, inconspicuous in Charax stenopterus  and closer to vertical through dorsal-fin origin than to posterior border of opercle in some species.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Actinopterygii

Order

Characiformes

Family

Characidae

Loc

Charax Scopoli, 1777

Menezes, Naércio A. & de Lucena, Carlos Alberto S. 2014
2014
Loc

Charax

Scopoli 1777: 123
1777
Loc

Charax

Scopoli 1777: 445
1777
Loc

Salmo gibbosus

Linnaeus 1758
1758