Charax leticiae Lucena, 1987,

Menezes, Naércio A. & de Lucena, Carlos Alberto S., 2014, A taxonomic review of the species of Charax Scopoli, 1777 (Teleostei: Characidae: Characinae) with description of a new species from the rio Negro bearing superficial neuromasts on body scales, Amazon basin, Brazil, Neotropical Ichthyology 12 (2), pp. 193-228: 207-209

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Charax leticiae Lucena, 1987


Charax leticiae Lucena, 1987 

Fig. 14View Fig

Charax leticiae Lucena, 1987: 140  (original description, type locality: Brazil, State of Pará, rio Tocantins, igarapé Urubu near Posto Trocará). -Oyakawa, 1996: 454-455 (listed in type catalog). - Lucena, 1989: 104 (in key to species). - Britski et al., 1999: 55, 2007: 75 (Pantanal de Mato Grosso, description). - Lucena & Menezes, 2003: 201 (maximum length; distribution). - Lopéz et al., 2003: 17 ( Argentina, listed). - Casciotta et al., 2003: 84 ( Laguna Iberiá, Argentina, listed). - Menni, 2004: 74 ( Argentina, listed).

Diagnosis. Charax leticiae  belongs in the species group having an orbital diameter 30.1-38.4% of HL as opposed to C. caudimaculatus  and C. notulatus  that have orbital diameter 25-28.5% of HL ( Fig. 4View Fig). Charax leticiae  can be distinguished from the other species of first group by having circumpeduncular scale rows (17-19) than C. apurensis  and C. macrolepis  (20-22), from C. michaeli  by the number of scale rows from the dorsal-fin origin to the lateral line (16-17 vs. 18-20), from C. niger  and C. gibbosus  by the humeral spot distance 38-44 vs. 34.7-37.8% of SL ( Fig. 3View Fig), the number of transverse scale rows between the humeral spot and the supracleithrum 8-10 vs. 5-6 in C. niger  and C. gibbosus  . Charax leticiae  differs from C. pauciradiatus  in having more scale rows from the dorsal-fin origin to the lateral line (16-17 vs. 13- 14). Charax leticiae  differs from C. hemigrammus  , C. condei  , and C. stenopterus  by having the lateral line complete (vs. lateral line incomplete), from C. rupununi  by the number of scales around the caudal peduncle (17-19 vs. 12) and from C. tectifer  , C. metae  , and C. delimai  by having the anal-fin origin always anterior to the vertical through the dorsal-fin origin (vs. anal-fin origin on, or slightly posterior to, the vertical through the dorsal-fin origin) and ectopterygoid teeth absent (vs. ectopterygoid teeth present).

Description. Morphometrics of examined specimens presented in Table 7. Body elongate, moderately large (33.5- 106 mm SL), compressed and moderately deep; greatest body depth slightly in advance of dorsal-fin origin. Dorsal profile of head and body slightly convex on tip of snout, straight from posterior border of posterior nostril to vertical line through posterior border of pupil, slightly concave from that point to base of supraoccipital spine, strongly convex from that point to dorsal-fin origin, nearly straight along dorsal-fin base and from end of dorsal-fin base to caudal peduncle and slightly concave along caudal peduncle. Ventral profile of head and body convex from tip of lower jaw to anal-fin origin, nearly straight along anal-fin base and slightly concave from end of anal-fin base to beginning of procurrent rays. Snout pointed. Lower jaw included in upper jaw when mouth closed. Maxilla extending slightly beyond vertical through middle of pupil.

Dorsal-fin rays ii, 9 in all specimens, posterior most ray unbranched. Adipose fin present. Unbranched anal-fin rays iv or v, usually iv, branched rays 43-53, 48.5. Pectoral-fin rays i, 12-16, 14.2. Tips of longest pectoral-fin rays reaching slightly beyond middle of pelvic-fin length. Pelvic-fin rays i, 7. Tips of longest pelvic-fin rays reaching to vertical between bases of second to seventh branched anal-fin rays. Principal caudalfin ray count 10/ 9 in all specimens.

Lateral line complete; perforated scales 54-62, 57.4. Horizontal scale rows from dorsal-fin origin to lateral line 16- 17, 16.8. Horizontal scale rows from pelvic-fin origin to lateral line 9-11, 10.5. Horizontal scale rows from anal-fin origin to lateral line 12-14, 13.1. Predorsal scales 47-72, 55.6. Scale rows around caudal peduncle 17-19, 18. Scale row along anal-fin base, extending for about two thirds of fin base.

Premaxillary with one anterior canine-like tooth followed by set of smaller conical teeth and another canine-like tooth followed by one or two small conical teeth. Total number of premaxillary teeth 9-15, 12.5. Maxillary teeth conical, 50-79, 65.1; larger specimens generally with higher counts. Dentary with one canine-like tooth followed by 3-7, 4 conical teeth, another canine-like tooth and a posterior row of 21-37, 30.4 conical teeth.

Vertebrae 34 in one specimen. Gill-rakers on lower limb of first gill-arch 7-9, 7.8. Branchiostegal rays 4; 3 rays originating from anterior ceratohyal and 1 from posterior ceratohyal.

Color in alcohol. Body pale to light yellow, slightly darker dorsally. Scattered chromatophores sometimes disposed along miosepta of epaxial and hypaxial muscles forming Vshaped patterns. Irregularly shaped vertically elongate, dark humeral blotch region extending about 4-5 scales horizontally and 5 to 7 vertically. Dorsal regions of head, snout and tip of lower jaw darker; dark coloration extending to median portion of lower jaw, fifth and sixth infraorbitals, between second and third infraorbitals as subocular blotch, ventrally over anterior portion of preopercle and dorsal part of opercle. Triangular dark blotch on caudal base, posterior chromatophores less densely concentrated and extending over basal portions of median caudal-fin rays. Inconspicuous clear lateral stripe extending from above upper posterior part of opercle to caudal blotch. All fins hyaline with dark chromatophores disposed mainly on interradial membranes. Inconspicuous clear stripe slightly below anal-fin base across total expanse of fin. First and second unbranched rays of dorsal, and first unbranched rays of pectoral and pelvic fins darker than remaining rays.

Remarks. Data from specimens collected in tributaries of the rio Paranaíba (upper rio Paraná basin in central Brazil) are not included since there is evidence that in recent years fishes from the rio Araguaia basin, where Charax leticiae  occurs have been released into tributaries of rio Paranaíba (Zawadzki et al. 2008).

No significant statistical differences in meristic and morphometric data were found through comparison of samples from the rios Tocantins/Araguaia and Paraguay basins.

Distribution. Charax leticiae  is widely distributed in tributaries of the rios Tocantins, Araguaia, Paraguay, and Aripuanã basins, Brazil ( Fig. 7View Fig).

Specimens examined. Brazil, Goiás: LIRP 7490View Materials, 3View Materials, 87-93 mm SL and LIRP 6679View Materials, 4View Materials, 73-87.5 mm SL, município de Paranaiguara, rio Mateira, tributary of rio Paranaíba, 18°51’21"S 50°38’10"W;GoogleMaps  MZUSP 89382View Materials, 19View Materials, 72-106 mm SL, between Crixás and Nova Crixás, córrego da Taboca, tributary of rio Crixás-Mirim , 14°19’27"S 50°12’32"W;GoogleMaps  MZUSP 52236View Materials, 1View Materials, 52 mm SL, road between Sandolândia and rio Verde, pools on banks of rio Água Fria , tributary of rio Tocantins, 12°32’00"S 49°55’00"W; MZUSP 43406View Materials, 1View Materials, 33.5 mm SL, TocantinsGoogleMaps  , Ilha do Bananal, Parque Nacional do Araguaia, lagoa Buritirama , 10°31’00"S 50°15’00"W; Pará:GoogleMaps  MZUSP 105299View Materials, 4View Materials, 58-88 mm SL, Marabá, rio Tocantins , 5°40’07"S 50°18’04"W; Mato Grosso:GoogleMaps  MZUSP 36428View Materials, 1View Materials, 51 mm SL, Corumbá, Nhecolandia, Fazenda Nhumirim, Baía dos Búfalos, 19°42’S 56°08"W; MZUSP 20470View Materials, 1View Materials, 96 mm SL, Cuiabá, Coxipó da Ponte , rio Coxipó da Ponte , 15°38’26"S 56°03’12"W; MZUSP 19994View Materials, 1, 100 mm SLGoogleMaps  , Ilha do Taiamã, rio  Paraguay, not precisely located; MZUSP 44377View Materials, 1View Materials, 83 mm SL, Cáceres , rio  Paraguay, 16°04’28"S 57°39’35"W; MZUSP 19236View Materials, 1View Materials, 80 mm SL, Poconé , rioGoogleMaps  Paraguay, 16°15’25"S 56°37’28"W; MZUSP 90188View Materials, 2View Materials, 74-78 mm SL, Cáceres, rio Sepotuba , tributary of rioGoogleMaps  Paraguay, 15°47’33"S 57°39’20"W;GoogleMaps  MZUSP 19806View Materials, 1View Materials, 91 mm SL, Campo do Jofre do rio Pixaim, Poconé, 16°14’S, 56°37’W; MZUSP 90271View Materials, 1View Materials, 72 mm SL, Cáceres , rio Sepotuba , tributary of rioGoogleMaps  Paraguay, 15°46’07"S 57°38’54"W; MZUSP 77276View Materials, 2View Materials, 63-66 mm SL, Panelas, Rio Roosevelt, above the water falls, approximately 9°17’47"S 60°43’15"W; Mato Grosso do Sul: MZUSP 59604View Materials, 1View Materials, 45 mm SL, Corumbá , Fazenda Xaraés , rio Vermelho , 18°02’48"S 52°40’44"W; MZUSP 36431View Materials, 1View Materials, 44 mm SL, Corumbá , Nhecolandia , Fazenda Nhumirim , 19°42’10"S 56°08’00"W; MZUSP 59799View Materials, 1View Materials, 45 mm SL, Aquidauana , bay near Fazenda Rio Negro , 20°00’16"S 55°33’50"W; MZUSP 19817View Materials, 1View Materials, 42 mm SL, Poconé , rio Pixaim , approximately 14°44’S 60°33’W; MZUSP 48293View Materials, 2View Materials, 50-53 mm SL, Fazenda Santo Antônio (Baía de Seda); MZUSP 59511View Materials, 20View Materials, 41-69 mm SL, Aquidauana , Fazenda Taboco , rio Taboco , 20°04’38"S 55°38’08"W; MZUSP 19896View Materials, 5View Materials 78-94 mm SL, município de Corumbá, rio Miranda , 17°55’06"S 56°52’43"W; MZUSP 59772View Materials, 2View Materials, 72-83 mm SL, Corumbá , rio Abobral , 19°27’37"S 57°01’54"W; MCP 44556View Materials, 3View Materials, 70-87 mm SL, Posto da Mata , on road BR-158 between Posto da Mata and AlôGoogleMaps  Brasil, 11°53’58"S 51°39’26"W; MCP 10735View Materials, 2View Materials, 78-80 mm SL), sanga about 20 km from Poconé, on road Transpantaneira, approximately 16°15’S 56°37’W. UNT 10279View Materials, 2View Materials, 76-95 mm SL, rio Alegre , Quirinópolis, 18º 46‘31"S 50º36‘31"W. Rio Grande do Sul: MCP 18389View Materials, 2View Materials, 71-116 mm SL, pond along rioGoogleMaps  Uruguai, on praia da Formosa, São Marcos; Minas Gerais: LIRP 6944View Materials, 1View Materials, 88 mm SL, Minas Gerais, município de Itaituba, rio Tijuco , tributary of rio Paranaíba , 18°48’18"S 49°51’14"W; LIRP 6603View Materials, 3View Materials, 74-82 mm SL, município de Itaituba, rio Tijuco , tributary of rio Paranaíba , 16°48’18"S 49°51’41"W. Tocantins: UNT 7041View Materials, 1View Materials, 56 mm SL, córrego Sabino (Alvorada farm), rio da Conceição, 11º28‘13"S 46º55‘17"W; UNT 409View Materials, 4View Materials, 76-81 mm SL, Rio Palmeiras , drenagem do rio Paranã GoogleMaps  .


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