Sinezona cingulata, Sin.

Nolt, Jaya M., 2008, A new species of Scissurella from the Azores with discussions on Sinezona semicostata Burnay & Rolán, 1990 and Sinezona cingulata (O. G. Costa, 1861) (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Scissurellidae), Zootaxa 1678, pp. 51-62: 58-59

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.180366

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Sinezona cingulata, Sin.


Comparisons of Sinezona cingulata, Sin.   fayalensis, Sin.   depressa   and Sin. crossei  

Sinezona cingulata   is applied to a Mediterranean species with type locality Sardinia Island, Italy. The whereabouts of the holotype is unknown. Burnay & Rolán (1990) argued that Costa’s (1861) description did not match the cited figure (here shown in Fig. 5 A View FIGURE 5. A ) and that Thiele (1912: figs. 6, 7; here shown in Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5. A B) noted a different figure in Costa referring to Sin. cingulata   . They concluded that Sin. cingulata   is a nomen dubium and should be referred to by the first available name to which it is usually applied, Sin. crossei   (Folin, 1896) with designated neotype ( Burnay & Rolán 1990), type locality São Vincente, Cape Verde Islands. However taking into account the microscope technology of that time, the original description matches the figure; with 11–12 strong axial cords on the teleoconch, open umbilicus and semi oval aperture ( Fig. 5 A View FIGURE 5. A ). The shorter teleoconch II and open slit in the original figure are characteristic of a juvenile specimen. That the figure in Thiele (1912) was an error and did not contain the strong axial cords of Costa’s original description has no relevance to the identity of Costa’s species. Costa’s original figure of Sin. cingulata   corresponds with the Mediterranean species to which that name has usually been applied. Sinezona crossei   as its neotype illustrated by Burnay & Rolán (1990: pl. 1, figs 3–5) compared to Sin. cingulata   ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 B) from Spain show differences in numbers of axial cords (protoconch 18 vs. 17, teleoconch I 14 vs. 12, teleoconch II 16 vs. 13) and spiral lines (7 vs. 5). These differences in amounts are insignificant and can be accounted for by intraspecific variation.

Three syntypes of Sin. depressa   ( BMNH 1911.17.21– 23, one shown here in Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 C), type locality Madeira, and seven specimens of Sin. fayalensis   ( MNHN, one is shown in Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 C) from Santa Maria Island, Azores where examined. The neotype of Sin. crossei   could not be located in the MNHN collections (Geiger pers. obs. 4 / 2005), but was adequately illustrated by Burnay & Rolán (1990: pl. 1, figs 3–5). One type specimen of Sin. fayalensis   is in Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen in Brussels (T. Backeljau pers. comm. 10 / 2006), but was not available for examination, hence near topotypical specimens were used in this study. Specimens of Sin. fayalensis   from the Azores tended to display fewer axial ribs and have a smoother sculpture than specimens from the Mediterranean. One syntype of Sin. depressa   was smoother due to erosion. Comparisons of these species with Sin. cingulata   are given in Table 2.

Sculpture and shape are the same. All the specimens have no apertural varix and an open umbilicus. The nominal taxa differ in the number of axial cords (protoconch 16–17 and teleoconch I 12–17) and axial lines (teleoconch II 15–16 and base 12–16). These differences are not sufficient to justify recognition as separate species and can be accounted for by intraspecific variations. A radula of Sin. cingulata   from Spain in Figure 6 View FIGURE 6 shows features typically seen in members of Scissurellidae   s.s., including serrated rachidian, with 5 serrated laterals, lateral 5 enlarged and serrated marginals ( Geiger 2003). In Figure 6 View FIGURE 6 B the rachidian is triangular with 5 denticles the central on being the largest. The first three laterals have three denticles on the outer margin, the innermost is largest. The fourth lateral tooth is hook shaped. The fifth is broad with about 10 denticles.

TABLE 2. Comparisons of Sin. cingulata, Sin. fayalensis and Sin. depressa.

        0.25 whorls, 16 axial lines, 5 weak spiral lines, irregular lamellae  
        0.25 whorls, 15 axial lines, 8 weak spiral lines, irregular lamellae  
        0.25 whorls, 16 axial lines, 4 weak spiral lines, irregular lamellae  

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle












Sinezona cingulata, Sin.

Nolt, Jaya M. 2008


Folin 1896