Thaumasia senilis Perty, 1833

Cruz Da Silva, Estevam L. & Carico, James E., 2012, 3567, Zootaxa 3567, pp. 1-64: 7-9

publication ID

80BD7F09-06D8-4C00-84AC-FB487E676FF1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:80BD7F09-06D8-4C00-84AC-FB487E676FF1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C287CF-FFAE-FFFD-DDD4-76C9FEAFFC99

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Thaumasia senilis Perty, 1833
status

 

Thaumasia senilis Perty, 1833  

Figs. 1, 18, 26–33

Thaumasia senilis Perty, 1833: 192   , pl. 38, fig. 5.

Philodromus senilis   ; Walckenaer, 1837: 561.

Type. Male neotype, here designated, from Parque Nacional de Sete Cidades , Brasileira e Piracuruca, Piauí, Brazil [04°03’S, 41°43’W], 29. VI GoogleMaps   .2007, L. S. Carvalho ( MPEG 15589 View Materials )   .

Note. Since no original material of this species exists, due to the loss of Perty’s types after a bombing during the World War II ( Naturhistorisches Museum de Burgergemeinde Bern and Zoologische Staatssammlung München ( ZSM), confirmed by the curators Dr. Christian Kropf and Dr. Roland Melzer, respectively), we here designate a neotype from specimens collected in the type locality (Piauí, Brazil), which is within the area of its natural distribution, to clarify the taxonomic status of the species and for nomenclatural stability   .

Diagnosis. The males of T. senilis   resemble those of T. oriximina   sp. nov. ( Fig. 152) in the rounded apex of the median apophysis (MA), but can be distinguished by the grooved apex of the median apophysis (MA) ( Figs 30, 31), by the presence of a rounded, flattened area on the middle of the EnB ( Figs 32, 33) and by the presence of a notch dividing the apex of the MA in two parts ( Figs 30, 31). The females resemble those of T. oriximina   sp. nov. in the projected middle field of epigynum (MF) ( Fig. 154) and by the excavation on the lateral portion at the anterior margin of the epigynum ( Fig. 154), but can be distinguished by the enlarged end of the second copulatory duct (CD2) ( Fig. 27).

Description. Male (Neotype, Piauí, Brazil, MPEG 15589). Total length 10.24. Carapace 5.32 long, 4.78 wide, light brown. Clypeus light brown, 0.70 high. Anterior eye row procurved ( Fig. 18), 1.00 wide; posterior recurved, 1.86 wide. Eye diameters, interdistances, and median ocular quadrangle: AME 0.18, ALE 0.12, PME 0.30, PLE 0.15; AME-AME 0.18, AME-ALE 0.14, PME-PME 0.32, PME-PLE 0.44, OQA 0.44, OQP 0.88, OQH 0.60. Chelicerae light brown, paturon with a lateral tuft of small white bristles ( Fig. 18). Sternum yellow, with scattered bristles; 2.15 long, 2.57 wide. Labium light brown, 0.66 long, 0.83 wide. Legs light brown, unmarked; relative length: IV-I-II-III, I—femur 8.37/ patella-tibia 10.90/ metatarsus 6.65/ tarsus 2.92/ total 28.84; II—7.98/ 10.10/ 6.25/ 2.90/ 27.23; III—6.65/ 8.11/ 5.32/ 2.53/ 22.61; IV—8.64/ 11.03/ 7.04/ 3.32/ 30.03. Ventral pairs of macrosetae on tibiae: I-4; II-4; III-4; IV-3. Abdomen 5.05 long, light brown, with a group of small dark brown bristles at the anterior portion; with one pair of sigillae. Venter whitish, with scattered bristles. Palpus with irregular grooves at the apex of the median apophysis (MA) ( Figs 30, 31), ental branch of RTA (EnB) with a median sulci; ectal branch of RTA (EcB) with a rounded and concave apex ( Figs 32, 33).

Female (Piauí, Brazil, MPEG 15588). Total length 9.97. Carapace 5.32 long, 4.65 wide, colour as in male. Clypeus light brown, 0.50 high. Anterior eye row slightly procurved, 0.96 wide; posterior recurved, 1.80 wide. Eye diameters, interdistances, and median ocular quadrangle: AME 0.18, ALE 0.14, PME 0.26, PLE 0.21; AME-AME 0.18, AME-ALE 0.14, PME-PME 0.38, PME-PLE 0.34, OQA 0.54, OQP 0.86, OQH 0.56. Chelicerae light brown. Sternum yellow, 2.32 long, 2.26 wide. Labium as in male, 0.71 long, 0.77 wide. Legs light brown, unmarked; relative length: IV-I-II-III, I—femur 6.91/ patella-tibia 9.31/ metatarsus 5.45/ tarsus 2.66/ total 24.33; II—6.78/ 8.51/ 5.05/ 2.63/ 22.97; III—5.71/ 6.78/ 4.38/ 2.26/ 19.13; IV—7.44/ 8.77/ 6.11/ 3.19/ 25.51. Ventral pairs of macrosetae on tibiae: I-4; II-4; III-3; IV-4. Palpus claw with six teeth ( Fig. 28). Abdomen 5.58 long, colouration as in male. Epigynum with a laterally excavated middle field (MF) and conspicuous hood (H) ( Fig. 26). Copulatory ducts (CD1, CD2) developed and curved ( Fig. 27); base of spermathecae (BS) enlarged and head of spermathecae small (HS) ( Fig. 27).

Natural history. The male was reported to exhibit a nuptial gift behavior, as in Pisaura mirabilis   (see Bilde et al. 2007; Nitzsche, 2011), to court the female during the reproductive period (Paulo Motta, unpublished data).

Other material examined. JAMAICA, Castleton [18°02’N, 76°49’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, II.1905, A. Petrunkevitch ( YALE)   . DOMINICA, Cafe [18°23’N, 77°21’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 16.X.1964, P. J. Spangler ( USNM)   . COSTA RICA, Heredia: Puerto Viejo de Sarapiqui, Finca La Selva [10°27’N, 84°00’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 27.I.1986, J. A. Coddington ( USNM)   ; Puntarenas: Esparta [11°27’N, 83°00’W] GoogleMaps   , 3 ♂, 26. VI.1967, P. J. Spangler ( USNM)   . PANAMA, Canal Zone: Barro Colorado Island [08°59’N, 79°32’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 15.III.1936, unknown collector ( AMNH)   , 1 ♂, 30.VII-01.IX.1928, unknown collector ( AMNH)   , 1 ♂, VIII.1928, A. M. Chickering ( AMNH)   . COLOMBIA, Magdalena: Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta [10°52’N, 73°43’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 15. VI.1968, B. Malkin ( AMNH)   ; Amazonas: Leticia [04°11’S, 69°55’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 12.VII.1977, R. M. Shelley ( MCZ)   . GUYANA, Kaietur [05°12’N, 59°28’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 22.VIII.1911, F. E. Lutz ( AMNH)   . SURINAME, Paramaribo [05°49’N, 55°10’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, VIII.1962, V. Doesburg ( AMNH)   ; Kabelstation [04°54’N, 55°08’W] GoogleMaps   , 2 ♀, 21.IX.1938, unknown collector ( AMNH)   ; Brokopondo Lake [04°47’N, 55°04’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, II.1968, Bennet & Zwolfer ( AMNH)   . ECUADOR, Napo: Limoncocha [00°58’S, 77°49’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 02.IV.1983, L. Avilés ( MECN 8328 View Materials )   , Cuyabeno, Rio Tarapuy [00°44’S, 78°06’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 25.VII.1985, L. Avilés ( MECN 83106 View Materials )   . PERU, Loreto: Rio Yarapa [04°13’S, 74°13’W] GoogleMaps   , 2 ♀, VI.1986, J. K. Ribardo ( CAS)   , Parinari Canyon, Rio Samiria   , 1 ♀, XI.1942, Blueschli ( AMNH)   , Aquaitia   , 1 ♂, 5 ♀, 01.IX.1946, Q. Woytkowski ( AMNH)   ; Huanuco: Divisoria [09°55’S, 76°14’W] GoogleMaps   , 11 ♀, 23.IX-03.X.1946, F. Woytkowski ( AMNH)   ; Madre de Dios: National Park Rio Manu, Cocha-Cashu [12°13’S, 70°27’W] GoogleMaps   , 9 ♀, 19.VIII.1974, W. A. Foster ( AMNH)   , Zona Reservada Tambopata [12°50’S, 69°17’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 05. VI.1988, J. A. Coddington ( USNM)   ; Ucayali: Colonia Calleria, Rio Calleria [09°49’S, 73°05’W] GoogleMaps   , 3 ♀, 01-16.X.1961, B. Malkin ( AMNH)   ; San Martín, Moyobamba, Morro Calzada [06°01’S, 77°02'W], elevation 960m GoogleMaps   , 5 ♂, 12 ♀, 17.09.2008 W. Paredes & C. Albujar ( MUSM 505336, 505348, 505352, 505353)   . BRAZIL, Pará: Usina Hidrelétrica Tucuruí [03°49’S, 49°38’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 03-08.XII.1984, Knizyak & Costa ( IBSP 4164 View Materials )   ; São Manoel [01°51’S, 48°39’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, XI.1952, Hoge & João ( IBSP 4170 View Materials )   ; Melgaço, Caxiuanã, Estação Científica Ferreira Penna , FLONA [01°44’S, 51°27’W] GoogleMaps   , 2 ♂, 1 ♀, no date, unknown collector ( MPEG 15596 View Materials )   , ♂, no date, unknown collector ( MPEG 15597 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, no date, unknown collector ( MPEG 15595 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, no date, unknown collector ( MPEG 15594 View Materials )   , 1 ♂, 08. VI.2004, A. B. Bonaldo ( MPEG 9588 View Materials )   ; Novo Progresso, Serra do Cachimbo, Campo de Provas Brigadeiro Velloso [09°21’S, 54°54’W] GoogleMaps   , 2 ♂, 1 ♀, 22.III.2004, J. Ricetti ( MPEG 5537 View Materials )   ; Amazonas: Manaus, Igapó Tarumã-Mirim [03°06’S, 60°01’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 02.X.1987, H. Höfer ( INPA)   , Ilha da Marchantaria, Rio Solimões   , 1 ♂, 16.XII.1987, A. A. Lise ( MCN 18262 View Materials )   , 2 ♀, VIII.1999, A. J. Santos ( IBSP 39922 View Materials )   , 2 ♀, 1994, E. M. Venticinque ( IBSP 6284 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, VIII.2006, A. J. Santos ( IBSP 80060 View Materials )   , 1 ♂, 14.VII.1987, H. Höfer ( SMNK)   , 1 ♀, 17.III.1987, H. Höfer ( SMNK)   ; Arquipélago de Anavilhanas, Rio Negro [02°15’S, 61°02’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, VII.2000, A. J. Santos ( IBSP 38160 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, VIII.1999, A. J. Santos ( IBSP 36141 View Materials )   ; Ilha Terra Nova, Lago Samauna [03°04’S, 59°43’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 25.X.2001, T. Gasnier ( IBSP 87510 View Materials )   ; Paraná, Ilha de Curari   , 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 03.VIII.1979, J. Adis ( IBSP 17317 View Materials )   ; Miracutu, Jaú [10°40’S, 68°43’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 1995, Ermelinda ( IBSP 6612 View Materials )   ; Presidente Figueiredo, Usina Hidrelétrica de Balbina [02°02’S, 60°01’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 1987-1988, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 10831 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, 1987-1988, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 10867 View Materials )   ; Lago Grande, Rio Purus [03°25’S, 57°56’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 30.IV.1986, F. Peralta ( MCTP 1495 View Materials )   ; Acre: Rio Branco, Lago Catuaba [09°58’S, 67°48’W] GoogleMaps   , 3 ♂, 4 ♀, 09.IV.1996, A. D. Brescovit & A. B. Bonaldo ( IBSP 15381 View Materials )   , 3 ♂, 7 ♀, 09.IV.1996, A. D. Brescovit & A. B. Bonaldo ( IBSP 15384 View Materials )   , 3 ♂, 8 ♀, 09.IV.1996, A. D. Brescovit & A. B. Bonaldo ( IBSP 15384 View Materials )   , 4 ♂, 3 ♀, 09.IV.1996, A. D. Brescovit & A. B. Bonaldo ( IBSP 15386 View Materials )   , 3 ♂, 3 ♀, 09.IV.1996, A. D. Brescovit & A. B. Bonaldo ( IBSP 15385 View Materials )   , 2 ♂, 6 ♀, 09.IV.1996, A. D. Brescovit & A. B. Bonaldo ( IBSP 15383 View Materials )   , 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 09.IV.1996, Equipe IBSP / SMNK ( SMNK 1975 View Materials )   ; Roraima: Caracaraí, Estação Ecológica Niquiá [01°49’N, 61°07’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, no date, L. Mestre ( IBSP 43102 View Materials )   , 1 ♂, X.2001, L. Mestre ( IBSP 43076 View Materials )   ; Tocantins: Palmas, margem direita do Rio Tocantins [10°09’S, 48°20’W] GoogleMaps   , 2 ♀, I.2002, D. M. Cândido & S. Vieira ( IBSP 40456 View Materials )   ; Miracema, Usina Hidrelétrica Luís Eduardo Magalhães [09°45’S, 48°22’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 11- 22.X.2001, R. Bertani & W. I. Toledo ( IBSP 31525 View Materials )   , 2 ♀, 05.I.2002, D. M. Cândido & S. Vieira ( IBSP 40353 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, 09.I.2002, D. M. Cândido & S. Vieira ( IBSP 40366 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, 10.I.2002, D. M. Cândido & S. Vieira ( IBSP 40563 View Materials )   , 6 ♀, 07.I.2002, D. M. Cândido & M. Costa ( IBSP 40500 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, 05.I.2002, D. M. Cândido & M. Costa ( IBSP 40500 View Materials )   , 2 ♂, 5 ♀, 12.I.2002, D. M. Cândido & M. Costa ( IBSP 40370 View Materials )   ; Goiás: Mineiros [17°34’S, 52°32’W] GoogleMaps   , 3 ♀, 10.XII.2003, F. Queiroga ( DZUB 3395)   ; Santa Rosa, 1 ♀, 18. V.2003, P. C. Motta ( DZUB 2338)   ; Santa Isabel, Ilha do Bananal, Rio Araguaia [15°17’S, 49°25’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 15-29.VII.1957, B. Malkin ( AMNH)   ; Luziânia, Barragem de Corumbá IV [16°20’S, 48°13’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 22.XI.2005, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 79094 View Materials )   ; Distrito Federal: Planaltina [15°37’S, 47°40’W] GoogleMaps   , 4 ♂, 3 ♀, no date, R. B. Pereira ( DZUB EX-5163)   ; Mato Grosso: Rio Tuatuari [12°40’S, 56°53’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 3 ♀, 29.VII.1946, B. Malkin ( AMNH)   ; Alto Xingu, Posto Indígena Capitão Vasconcelos, Rio Tuatuari [11°59’S, 54°00’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 29.VII.1957, B. Malkin & S. Bunell ( AMNH)   ; Vale São Domingos, Pontes e Lacerda , Usina Hidrelétrica de Guaporé [15°17’S, 59°04’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 3 ♀, X.1999, Equipe Resgate ( IBSP 41433 View Materials )   ; Mato Grosso do Sul: Santa Rita do Rio Pardo [21°41’S, 52°25’W], 24.IV.2001, R. Bertani & E. K. Kashimata ( IBSP 39524 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 02-05.VII.2001, D. F. Candiani & F. Cini ( IBSP 37882 View Materials )   ; Bataguassu, Fazenda Orelha de Onça [21°42’ 52°25’W]   , 2 ♀, 14. VI.2001, E. K. Kashimata & P. G. Guizze ( IBSP 38179 View Materials )   ; Anaurilândia, Usina Hidrelétrica Engenheiro Sérgio Motta [22°10’S, 52°43’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 12.18. III.2001, F. S. Cunha & C. A. R. Souza ( IBSP 38547 View Materials )   , 7 ♀, 15.XI.-23.XII.1998, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 23473 View Materials )   , 3 ♂, 3 ♀, 15.XI.-23.XII.1998, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 23371 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, 12-19.III.2001, F. S. Cunha & C. Augusto ( IBSP 38019 View Materials )   ; Minas Gerais: Uberlândia, Capim Branco, Araguari [18°55’S, 48°16’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, no date, R. Matavelli ( IBSP 71137 View Materials )   ; Marliéia, Parque Estadual do Rio Doce [19°48’S, 42°38’W], 01-10.IX.2003, Equipe BIOTA ( IBSP 12526 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Piauí: Brasileira e Piracuruca, Parque Nacional de Sete Cidades [04°03’S, 41°43’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 30.XI.2006, D. F. Candiani & N. F. Lo-Man-Hung ( MPEG 15590 View Materials )   , 1 ♂, 3 ♀, 04.XII.2006, L. S. Carvalho ( MPEG 15589 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, 30.XI.2006, F. M. Oliveira-Neto ( MPEG 15591 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, 29. VI.2007, L. S. Carvalho ( MPEG 15588 View Materials )   , 3 ♂, 04.XII.2006, L. S. Carvalho ( MPEG 15587 View Materials )   , 3 ♂, 04.XII.2006, L. S. Carvalho ( MPEG 15587 View Materials )   , 1 ♂, 05.XII.2006, L. S. Carvalho ( MPEG 15586 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, X-XI.2006, L. S. Carvalho ( MPEG 15592 View Materials )   , 1 ♀, X-XI.2006, A. B. Bonaldo ( MPEG 15593 View Materials )   ; Castelo do Piauí, Fazenda Bonito   , 1 ♀, 06.XII.2005, F. M. Oliveira-Neto ( MPEG 15601 View Materials )   ; Sergipe: Santa Luzia do Itanhy, Mata do Castro [10°40’S, 37°25’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 14-20.IX.1999, A. D. Brescovit ( IBSP 125323 View Materials )   ; São Paulo: Presidente Epitácio [21°47’S, 52°09’W] GoogleMaps   , 3 ♀, 20-25.III.2001, J. P. Giandanucci & R. Bertani ( IBSP 37926 View Materials )   , Caraguatatuba [23°37’S, 45°24’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 10.III.2004, Prefeitura de Caraguatatuba ( IBSP 43004 View Materials )   ; Peruíbe, Estação Ecológica da Juréia [24°19’S, 46°59’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♀, 17-21.III.1997, A. D. Brescovit et al. ( IBSP 9756 View Materials )   ; Primavera / Rosana, Usina Hidrelétrica Engenheiro Sérgio Motta [20°33’S, 48°34’W] GoogleMaps   , 20 ♀, XI. XII.1998, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 28364 View Materials )   , 8 ♀, I-II.2000, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 29660 View Materials )   , 2 ♂, 4 ♀, 16.II.1999, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 23131 View Materials )   , 10 ♀, I-II.2000, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 29759 View Materials )   , 1 ♂, 10 ♀, XI-XII.1998, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 28631 View Materials )   , 4 ♂, 12 ♀, XI-XII.1998, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 29658 View Materials )   , 8 ♂, 5 ♀, XI-XII.1998, Equipe IBSP ( IBSP 28632 View Materials )   ; Santa Catarina: Garopaba, Praia de Siriú [27°58’S, 48°38’W], 28-30.X.1994, G. F. Grey ( MCN 26148 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . PARAGUAY, Aregua [25°17’S, 57°24’W] GoogleMaps   , 1 ♂, 09.VIII.1980, D. Clowie ( USNM)   .

Distribution. Jamaica, Dominica, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay ( Fig. 1).

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

MCN

McNeese State University

SMNK

Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkunde Karlsruhe (State Museum of Natural History)

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Chromista

Phylum

Ochrophyta

Class

Phaeophyceae

Order

Fucales

Family

Fucaceae

Genus

Thaumasia

Loc

Thaumasia senilis Perty, 1833

Cruz Da Silva, Estevam L. & Carico, James E. 2012
2012
Loc

Philodromus senilis

Walckenaer, C. A. 1837: 561
1837
Loc

Thaumasia senilis

Perty, M. 1833: 192
1833