Sphex pseudopraedator, Dörfel & Ohl, 2022

Dörfel, Thorleif H. & Ohl, Michael, 2022, The wasp genus Sphex in Sub-Saharan Africa (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 796 (1), pp. 1-170 : 109-114

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2022.796.1665

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:76C5C9C4-C6C1-4EDC-8FF8-9828A6EF2040

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6535884

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/12625520-0846-455C-9F27-1DF41BBC53C8

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:12625520-0846-455C-9F27-1DF41BBC53C8

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Sphex pseudopraedator
status

sp. nov.

Sphex pseudopraedator sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:12625520-0846-455C-9F27-1DF41BBC53C8

Figs 1 View Figs 1–6. 1–3 , 93, 98 View Figure 93–99. 93, 96

Differential diagnosis

Sphex pseudopraedator sp. nov. ( Fig. 93 View Figure 93–99. 93, 96 ) can easily be distinguished from other members of the group through its yellow-tinged cellular wing area.

Etymology

Pseudo- is a prefix derived from the Greek adjective ‘pseudḗs’ meaning ‘false’, ‘ pseudopraedator ’ thus refers to the fact that this species has been incorrectly identified in the past as the Oriental S. luteipennis Mocsáry, 1883 , which is a synonym of S. praedator F. Smith, 1858 .

Material examined

Holotype ZAMBIA – Copperbelt Province • ♀; 50 km W of Chingola; [12°25ʹ06.3ʺ S, 27°23ʹ50.9ʺ E]; 1–2 Jan. 2003; J. Halada; OÖLM. GoogleMaps

Paratypes AFRICA • 1 ♂; “ Baulen ” [?]; 1949; Albens leg.; MRAC 1 ♂; “ Tweene ” [?]; Feb. 1949; MRAC 2 ♀♀; Cape of Good Hope ; MNHN .

ANGOLA – Huíla Province • 1 ♀; 5 mi. NE of Negola; [14°04ʹ55ʺ S, 14°32ʹ52ʺ E]; 25 Mar. 1972; BMNH GoogleMaps .

CAMEROON – Centre Region • 1 ♂; Yaoundé ; [3°52ʹ N, 11°31ʹ E]; Sep. 1953; J.-P. Adam and J. Rageau leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; MNHN GoogleMaps .

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC – Kémo • 1 ♀; Sibut ; [5°44ʹ16ʺ N, 19°05ʹ12ʺ E]; MNHN GoogleMaps .

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO • 1 ♀; Katanga , N’Zenke ; Mar. 1925; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC. – Bas-Uele • 1 ♂; Bambesa ; [3°28ʹ N, 25°43ʹ E]; Aug. 1933; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 10 Sep. 1933; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 15 Sep. 1933; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but 20 Sep. 1933; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 25 Sep. 1933; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but 30 Oct. 1933; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♂♂; same locality as for preceding; 30 Aug. 1933; J.V. Leroy leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 4 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but 10 Oct. 1933; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Dec. 1934; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same locality as for preceding; Jun. 1937; J. Vrijdagh leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Haut-Katanga • 1 ♀; Elisabethville [now Lubumbashi] ; [11°40ʹ S, 27°29ʹ E]; Oct. 1924; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 12 Jun. 1949; USNM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but 21 Jun. 1949; USNM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but 5 Feb. 1953; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Haut-Uele • 1 ♀; Doruma ; [4°43ʹ N, 27°41ʹ E]; 1934; R.P. De Graer leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Ituri Province • 1 ♀; Mahagi-Niarembe ; [2°14ʹ49ʺ N, 31°06ʹ41ʺ E]; Sep. 1935; Ch. Scops leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Mahagi-Port ; [2°08ʹ16ʺ N, 31°14ʹ18ʺ E]; Oct. 1934; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Kwango • 1 ♂; Kimuanga ; 27 Jan. 1930; Mevr. Bequaert leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Lualaba • 1 ♀; Kolwezi ; [10°43ʹ S, 25°28ʹ E]; 5 Feb. 1953; L. Gilbert leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps South Kivu • 4 ♂♂; Kadjudju ; [2°09ʹ S, 28°54ʹ E]; 1932; G. Babault leg.; MNHN. GoogleMaps

KENYA – Embu County • 1 ♂; Kirimiri Forest ; 0.42563° S, 37.54660° E; 28 Apr.–12 May 2011; R. Copeland leg.; ICIPE GoogleMaps . – Kisii County • 1 ♂; Kisii District, S of Kavirondo; [0°40ʹ S, 34°45ʹ E]; 9–12 May 1911; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Trans-Nzoia County • 1 ♀; Kitale ; [1°01ʹ N, 35°00ʹ E]; 1932–1933; C. Arambourg, P.-A. Chappuis and R. Jeannel leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps .

LESOTHO – Berea District • 1 ♂; Mamathes ; [29°08ʹ S, 27°51ʹ E]; 9 Jan. 1952; C.F. Jacot-Guillarmod leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Leribe • 1 ♀; 3 Jan. 1932; C. Jacot-Guillarmod leg.; TMP .

MALAWI – Northern Region • 1 ♂; Nykia Plateau ; 10°35ʹ S, 33°48ʹ E; 26 Feb.–2 Mar. 2001; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps . – Southern Region • 1 ♂; Mlanje ; [16°01ʹ53ʺ S, 35°30ʹ E]; 17 Mar. 1913; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 7 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Mt Mulanje ; 15°55ʹ S, 35°32ʹ E; 6–11 Mar. 2001; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps .

MOZAMBIQUE – Manica Province • 1 ♂; near Andrada, Valee du Revoué ; [18°53ʹ41ʺ S, 32°51ʹ16ʺ E]; 1905; G. Vasse leg.; MNHN. – GoogleMaps Manicaland • 1 ♀; Vumba ; [19°06ʹ S, 32°47ʹ E]; 20 Feb. 1931; P.A. Sheppard leg.; TMP GoogleMaps .

NIGERIA – Gombe State • 1 ♀; Kenne ; [10°40ʹ08ʺ N, 11°27ʹ33ʺ E]; Sep. 1974; J.T. Medler leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Kaduna State • 1 ♂; 10 mi. SE of Soba; [10°52ʹ34ʺ N, 8°09ʹ27ʺ E]; 14 Sep. 1966; E.S. Ross and K. Lorenzen leg.; CAS GoogleMaps . – Taraba State • 1 ♂; Gashaka Gumti National Park , 30 km SE of Serti; 7°21ʹ N, 11°32ʹ E; 24 Apr.–8 May 2011; J. Halada leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps .

REPUBLIC OF CÔTE D’IVOIRE – Abidjan District • 2 ♀♀; Banco National Park ; [5°23ʹ N, 4°03ʹ W]; R. Paulian and C. Delamare leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps .

RWANDA – Western Province • 1 ♀; Ishwa, Lake Albert ; [2°23ʹ04ʺ S, 28°55ʹ58ʺ E]; Sep. 1935; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps .

SIERRA LEONE – Western Area • 1 ♂; Freetown ; [8°29ʹ04ʺ N, 13°14ʹ04ʺ W]; 29 Oct. 1989; G.G.M. Schulten leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps 3 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but 2 Nov. 1991; RMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; swamp near York; [8°20ʹ N, 13°04ʹ W]; 27 Oct. 1991; G.G.M. Schulten leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps .

SOUTH AFRICA • 1 ♂; Transvaal ; 1906; A.J. Cholmley leg.; BMNH. – Eastern Cape • 1 ♂; 5 km NE of Mount Frere, roadside ; [30°51ʹ32ʺ S, 29°01ʹ31.7ʺ E]; 13 Feb. 1974; A.B. Gurney leg.; USNM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Algoa Bay ; [33°50ʹ S, 25°50ʹ E]; 20 Mar. 1898; H. Brauns leg.; TMP GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Willowmore ; [33°17ʹ S, 23°29ʹ E]; Dec. 1919; H. Brauns leg.; TMP. – Gauteng • 2 ♂♂; E of Johannesburg; [26°12ʹ16ʺ S, 28°02ʹ44ʺ E]; Jan. 1951; H. Pinkney leg.; USNM GoogleMaps GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Johannesburg ; [26°12ʹ16ʺ S, 28°02ʹ44ʺ E]; Jan. 1906; G. Kobrow leg.; TMP GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; TMP GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Mogale’s Gate Biodiversity Centre ; 25°56ʹ S, 27°28ʹ E; 15 Feb. 2012; M. Ströhle leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; near Johannesburg; [26°12ʹ16ʺ S, 28°02ʹ44ʺ E]; 1906; A.J. Cholmley leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Pretoria City ; [25°43ʹ32ʺ S, 28°14ʹ38ʺ E]; 12 Feb. 2000; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM. – GoogleMaps KwaZulu-Natal • 1 ♀; “ Natal ”; v. Stuckrad leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 6 ♂♂; 20 km S of Bergville; [28°54ʹ49.2ʺ S, 29°21ʹ10.7ʺ E]; 5 Feb. 2001; M. Snižek leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; 20 km W of Port Shepstone; [30°46ʹ50.9ʺ S, 30°12ʹ38ʺ E]; 2 Feb. 2000; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Camperdown ; [29°44ʹ S, 30°32ʹ E]; 10 Mar. 1908; G.F. Leigh leg.; TMP GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Drakensberge, Royal Natal National Park ; 28°43ʹ S, 28°53ʹ E; 9 Feb. 1994; F. Koch leg.; THD-000-ZMB ; GenBank CO1 gene: MW538560 View Materials ; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding; THD-027-ZMB ; GenBank LWR gene: MW582290 View Materials ; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Durban, Yellowwood Park ; [28°55ʹ S, 30°56ʹ E]; 7 Mar. 1976; F.J. Herbst leg.; AMG GoogleMaps 1 ♂; near Eshowe; [28°53ʹ18ʺ S, 31°26ʹ54ʺ E]; 5–6 Jan. 2000; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Hilton ; [29°33ʹ S, 30°18ʹ E]; 3 Mar. 1966; J.S. Taylor leg.; USNM GoogleMaps 2 ♂♂; Hluhluwe Game Reserve ; 28°02ʹ S, 32°05ʹ E; 10 Feb. 1995; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 9–12 Feb. 1995; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Pinetown ; [29°49ʹ S, 30°51ʹ E]; 24 Jan. 1909; G.F. Leigh leg.; TMP GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Port Natal [now Durban] ; [29°53ʹ S, 31°03ʹ E]; NRS GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Richmond, Indaleni ; [29°54ʹ S, 30°15ʹ E]; 16 Jan. 1953; J.W. Hunt leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; J.W. Hunt leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; St Lucia Park ( Charter’s Creek ); 28°12ʹ S, 32°25ʹ E; 7 Feb. 1995; F. Koch leg.; ZMB. – GoogleMaps Limpopo • 1 ♀; Lekgalameetse Nature Reserve ; 24°12ʹ S, 30°20ʹ E; 26 Mar.–1 Apr. 2001; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Louis Trichardt ; [23°02ʹ37ʺ S, 29°54ʹ11ʺ E]; Apr. 1932; A. Mackie leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Mpumalanga • 6 ♂♂; 10 km SE of Middleburg; [25°50ʹ57.1ʺ S, 29°32ʹ51.7ʺ E]; 29 Jan. 2010; J. Halada leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Lydenburg [now Mashishing] ; [25°05ʹ45.6ʺ S, 30°26ʹ45.6ʺ E]; F. Wilms leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Waterval Boven ; [25°39ʹ S, 30°20ʹ E]; 10–11 Feb. 2000; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM. – GoogleMaps North West GoogleMaps 1 ♂; 5 km S of Brits; [25°41ʹ21.4ʺ S, 27°49ʹ32.8ʺ E]; 20 Jan. 2000; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM. – GoogleMaps Western Cape GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Cape Town ; [33°55ʹ S, 18°25ʹ E]; Oct. 1949; S. Straw leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps .

TANZANIA – Kilimanjaro Region • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Kilimanjaro, Kibonoto Kulturzone ; [3°05ʹ5.9ʺ S, 37°20ʹ38.5ʺ E]; 7 May 1905; Y. Sjöstedt leg.; NRS GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 12 May 1905; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; NRS GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 18 May 1905; NRS GoogleMaps . – Ruvuma Region • 1 ♂; Kigonsera ; [10°48ʹ S, 35°04ʹ E]; Konow leg.; DEI GoogleMaps .

TOGO – Centrale Region • 1 ♀; Bismarckburg [near Yégué] ; [8°10ʹ32.74ʺ N, 0°41ʹ09.42ʺ E]; 30 Jun.–3 Jul. 1893; L. Conradt leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps .

UGANDA – Central Region • 1 ♀; Bweya ; [0°11ʹ39ʺ N, 32°32ʹ59ʺ E]; 22 May 1913; C.C. Gowdey leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Entebbe ; [0°03ʹ N, 32°27ʹ36ʺ E]; 30 May 1913; C.C. Gowdey leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Eastern Region • 1 ♀; 10 mi. NW of Soroti; [1°50ʹ15ʺ N, 33°29ʹ44ʺ E]; 13 Oct. 1957; CAS GoogleMaps .

ZAMBIA – Copperbelt Province • 1 ♀; same collection data as for holotype; OÖLM. – GoogleMaps Lusaka Province • 1 ♀; 25 km E of Lusaka; 15°21ʹ S, 28°30ʹ E; 3 Mar. 1995; W.J. Pulawski leg.; CAS GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Lusaka International Airport ; 15°19ʹ S, 28°27ʹ E; 26 Mar. 1998; W.J. Pulawski leg.; CAS. – GoogleMaps Northern Province • 1 ♂; Senga Hill 40 mi. S of Abercorn; [9°21ʹ S, 31°13ʹ E]; 12 Feb. 1958; CAS. – GoogleMaps North- Western Province • 1 ♂; 60 km W of Solwezi ; [12°17ʹ17.3ʺ S, 25°49ʹ06.2ʺ E]; 4–6 Jan. 2003; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM. – GoogleMaps Western Province • 1 ♂; Lealui ; [15°13ʹ50ʺ S, 23°01ʹ40ʺ E]; 1919; V. Ellenberger leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps .

ZIMBABWE • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Sanyati Valley ; Sep.–Dec. 1925; R.H.R. Stevenson leg.; TMP 1 ♀; Vumba Mountains ; 29 Feb. 1938; NRS. – Bulawayo • 1 ♂; Bulawayo; [20°10ʹ12ʺ S, 28°34ʹ48ʺ E]; 14 Feb. 1924; R.H.R. Stevenson leg.; USNM. – GoogleMaps Bulawayo Province • 1 ♂; Feb. 1924; R.H.R. Stevenson leg.; TMP. – GoogleMaps Harare Province • 1 ♂; near Harare; [17°49ʹ45ʺ S, 31°03ʹ08ʺ E]; 20 Jan. 1998; Ma. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Salisbury [now Harare] ; [17°49ʹ45ʺ S, 31°03ʹ08ʺ E]; 1915; O’Neil leg.; TMP GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same locality as for preceding; Feb. 1978; A. Watsham leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Manicaland • 1 ♂; Mount Selinda ; [20°27ʹ S, 32°43ʹ E]; Marshall leg.; TMP. – GoogleMaps Mashonaland East • 1 ♀; Chishawasha, near Salisbury [now Harare]; [17°46ʹ14ʺ S, 31°15ʹ11ʺ E]; Mar. 1978; A. Watsham leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Mar. 1982; BMNH GoogleMaps .

Description

Female

SIZE. 25.1–28.9 mm.

COLOR. Black except for ferruginous stripe in center of mandible. Cellular wing area yellowish, apical margin of forewing fuscous.

VESTITURE. Appressed and erect setae on clypeus, paraocular area, collar and scutum black, appressed setae on propodeum black. Erect setae on propodeal enclosure black interspersed with golden ones, on posterior propodeal margin golden. Erect propodeal setae oriented posteriorly. Lower center of clypeus glabrous. Scutellum densely and coarsely pubescent.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin with two notches near borders of approximate central third of clypeus. Free margin not stepped medially, clypeus with slight indentation in lower center, without carina. Scutellum convex. Metanotum not raised, not bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins slightly proximal from interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure without any notable ridges. Foretarsomere I 3.1–3.5× length of antepenultimate spine. Petiole length 2.2–2.4 × its medial width.

Male

SIZE. 22.7–28.1 mm.

COLOR. Black except for ferruginous stripe in center of mandible. Cellular wing area of yellowish, apical margin of forewing fuscous.

VESTITURE. Appressed setae on clypeus and paraocular area silvery, on collar, scutum and propodeal enclosure black. Erect setae on clypeus, paraocular area, collar, scutum and propodeal enclosure black, erect setae towards posterior margin of propodeum golden or silvery. Erect propodeal setae oriented posteriorly. Lower center of clypeus glabrous. Scutellum densely and coarsely pubescent. Metasomal sterna III–VII with increasingly dense fringes of black setae.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin medially slightly emarginate. Scutellum convex. Metanotum not raised, not bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins markedly proximal from interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure without any notable ridges. Posterior margin of metasomal tergum VII convex. Posterior margin of metasomal sternum VII simple, of metasomal sternum VIII very slightly concavely emarginate. Petiole length 2.3–2.7 × its medial width. Flagellomeres IV–VI with broad placoids covering their entire length.

Variation

In males, the color of the erect mesosomal setae ranges from almost uniformly black with only a few golden ones at the posterior propodeal margin to the erect propodeal setae being predominantly silverygolden with a few darker ones in between and the erect setae on the collar, scutum, scutellum and metanotum being partially or mostly silvery as well.

Distribution

Widespread in Africa.

Remarks

This species’ female is similar to S. praedator , and its members have been repeatedly misidentified as S. luteipennis , a synonym of S. pradedator ( Hensen 1991) . However, as noted first by van der Vecht (1973), and later by Bohart & Menke (1976) and Dollfuss (2008), the specimens from Africa must be of a different species. Our study of the holotype of S. praedator and several specimens showed that they can be easily distinguished: in S. pseudopraedator sp. nov., the erect propodeal setae are uniformly oriented posteriorly and mostly straight, while in S. praedator , they are perpendicular or oriented slightly anteriorly, and the tips are often curved towards the anterior. This can best be seen on the anterior third of the propodeum. Moreover, the males of both species are very conspicuously different in their wing color, with S. pradedator having the wings markedly fuscous with a greenish iridescence, whereas those of S. pseudopraedator sp. nov. have a similar coloration as in the female, with the cellular area yellowish.

MRAC

Belgium, Tervuren, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale

MNHN

France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

TMP

Taiwan [Republic of China], Taipei, Taiwan Provincial Museum

CAS

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

RMNH

Netherlands, Leiden, Nationaal Natuurhistorische Museum ("Naturalis") [formerly Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie]

AMG

South Africa, Cape Province, Grahamstown, Albany Museum

NRS

Sweden, Stockholm, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet

DEI

Germany, Muencheberg, Deutsches Entomologisches Institut im ZALF

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

TMP

Transvaal Museum

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

AMG

Albany Museum

NRS

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet

DEI

Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Vespidae

Genus

Sphex