Sphex abbotti nivarius, Dörfel & Ohl, 2022

Dörfel, Thorleif H. & Ohl, Michael, 2022, The wasp genus Sphex in Sub-Saharan Africa (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 796 (1), pp. 1-170 : 104-106

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2022.796.1665

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:76C5C9C4-C6C1-4EDC-8FF8-9828A6EF2040

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6535878

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/CBE2E9E4-17B4-46AA-8751-D8D095806598

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:CBE2E9E4-17B4-46AA-8751-D8D095806598

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Sphex abbotti nivarius
status

subsp. nov.

Sphex abbotti nivarius subsp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:CBE2E9E4-17B4-46AA-8751-D8D095806598

Figs 14 View Figs 13–18 , 89, 92 View Figs 85–92. 85–86 (blue)

Differential diagnosis

Having a deep incision on the posterior margin of sternum VIII, males of this subspecies are wellcharacterized and can only be confused with those of S. abbotti abbotti ( Fig. 20 View Figs 19–24. 19–20 ). The most notable difference between the two taxa is that male S. abbotti nivarius subsp. nov. have the erect (and in some cases additionally the appressed) propodeal setae silvery ( Fig. 89 View Figs 85–92. 85–86 ) instead of black ( Fig. 88 View Figs 85–92. 85–86 ).

Females are more difficult to distinguish and greatly resemble those of S. schoutedeni schoutedeni , with which they share the silvery erect propodeal setae. Because their geographical distribution is roughly the same, assigning the females to the males was quite difficult. The only trait that separates them and simultaneously coincides with that of the respective male is the color of the appressed propodeal setae, which is black in S. schoutedeni schoutedeni and silvery in some females of S. abbotti nivarius subsp. nov., though it is black in others. The most reliable way to identify females with uniformly black appressed propodeal setae is the ratio of petiole length to width, which is around 2.0 in S. abbotti nivarius subsp. nov. and smaller than 1.7 in S. schoutedeni schoutedeni . Despite the similarities in the respective females, the male genitalia and sterna leave no doubt that S. schoutedeni and S. abbotti are clearly two definite species.

Etymology

‘ Nivarius ’ is a Latin adjective meaning ‘snowy’, which refers to the silvery-white setae on the propodeum that distinguish this subspecies.

Material examined

Holotype ZAMBIA – North-Western Province • ♂; E of Mufumbwe, NW of Kasempa; [13°22ʹ37ʺ S, 25°20ʹ52.1ʺ E]; 15 Nov. 2005; M. Snižek leg.; THD-016-OOLM ; GenBank CO1 gene: MW538559 View Materials ; OÖLM. GoogleMaps

Paratypes ANGOLA – Huíla Province • 1 ♀; 16 mi. W of Paiva Couceiro; [14°49ʹ S, 14°33ʹ E]; 9 Dec. 1966; E.S. Ross and K. Lorenzen leg.; CAS GoogleMaps .

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO – Bas-Uele • 1 ♀; Bambesa ; [3°26ʹ44.2ʺ N, 25°41ʹ27ʺ E]; 4 Oct. 1937; J. Vrydagh leg.; IRSN GoogleMaps . – Haut-Katanga • 1 ♀; Elisabethville [now Lubumbashi] ; [11°40ʹ S, 27°29ʹ E]; 4 Feb. 1937; H.-J. Brédo leg.; IRSN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 26 May 1937; IRSN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 24 Dec. 1937; IRSN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; Apr. 1928; M. Bequaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same locality as for preceding; Dec. 1923; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Lusinga ; [8°55ʹ55ʺ S, 27°12ʹ20ʺ E]; 1–8 Dec. 1947; G.F. de Witte leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps . – Haut-Lomami • 1 ♀; Kamina ; [8°44ʹ S, 25°00ʹ E]; 1930; R. Massart leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kaniama ; [7°31ʹ S, 24°11ʹ E]; 1931; R. Massart leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps . – Lualaba • 2 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; Kapanga ; [8°21ʹ S, 22°34ʹ E]; Oct. 1932; F.G. Overlaet leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Sandoa ; [9°41ʹ S, 22°53ʹ E]; Nov. 1931; F.G. Overlaet leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps .

ZAMBIA – North-Western Province • 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀; 150 km SW of Solwezi; 13°02ʹ S, 25°45ʹ E; 15 Nov. 2005; M. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; 30 km E of Solwezi; 12°21ʹ S, 27°01ʹ E; 8 Nov. 2005; M. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; 80 km SSW of Solwezi; 12°45ʹ S, 26°02ʹ E; 13 Nov. 2005; M. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Solwezi , 90 km E of Chisasa; [12°11ʹ S, 26°24ʹ E]; 9 Sep. 2005; M. Snižek leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; near Solwezi; [12°11ʹ S, 26°24ʹ E]; 1–3 Dec. 2002; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps .

Description

Female

SIZE. 23.5–31.6 mm.

COLOR. Black except for basal half of mandible and free clypeal margin, which are ferruginous. Wings uniformly fuscous, with violet-bluish iridescence.

VESTITURE. Appressed setae on clypeus silvery-golden, black towards center, on paraocular area silvery, on collar and scutum black, on propodeal enclosure black, near posterior margin silvery or black. Erect setae on clypeus, paraocular area, collar and scutum black, on propodeal enclosure silvery. Erect

propodeal setae oriented posteriorly. Lower center of clypeus glabrous. Scutellum densely and coarsely pubescent.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin medially with two broad, indistinct processes, not stepped above. Clypeus with indentation in lower center, without longitudinal carina. Scutellum convex. Metanotum not raised, not notably bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins markedly proximal from interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure without any notable ridges. Foretarsomere I 2.8–3.3× length of antepenultimate spine. Petiole length 1.8–2.1 × its medial width.

Male

SIZE. 25.5–29.7 mm.

COLOR. Black except for the following, which are ferruginous: basal half of mandible, tergum VII and sterna VII–VIII. Wings slightly infuscate, with violet-bluish iridescence.

VESTITURE. Appressed setae on clypeus and paraocular area brassy, anteriorly on collar, on scutum predominantly and anteriorly on propodeal enclosure black, posterolaterally on scutum and posteriorly on propodeum silvery. Erect setae on clypeus, paraocular area, collar and scutum black, on propodeal enclosure silvery. Erect propodeal setae oriented posteriorly. Free clypeal margin glabrous. Scutellum densely and coarsely pubescent. Metasomal sterna II–VII with increasingly dense fringes of black setae.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin medially with very indistinct process emerging from inner side. Scutellum convex. Metanotum not raised, not bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins markedly proximal from interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure without any notable ridges Posterior margin of metasomal tergum VII convex. Posterior margin of metasomal sternum VII deeply incised, of metasomal sternum VIII semicircular. Penis valvae fused, apical third dorsally open, with several anteriorly-oriented fin-like processes. Petiole length 1.7–2.0× its medial width. Flagellomeres IV–VI with broad placoids covering their entire length.

Variation

Males can have the appressed facial setae pale silvery instead of brassy, or the appressed propodeal setae uniformly silvery instead of predominantly black.

Distribution

Central Africa.

MRAC

Belgium, Tervuren, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

IRSN

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Vespidae

Genus

Sphex