Sphex hades, Dörfel & Ohl, 2022

Dörfel, Thorleif H. & Ohl, Michael, 2022, The wasp genus Sphex in Sub-Saharan Africa (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 796 (1), pp. 1-170 : 65-66

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2022.796.1665

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:76C5C9C4-C6C1-4EDC-8FF8-9828A6EF2040

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6535856

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/6F6FF34B-032A-457F-A32A-1B83A1337A51

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:6F6FF34B-032A-457F-A32A-1B83A1337A51

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Sphex hades
status

sp. nov.

Sphex hades sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:6F6FF34B-032A-457F-A32A-1B83A1337A51

Figs 62 View Figs 57–62. 57, 60–61 (purple), 66

Differential diagnosis

What separates this species from all other African Sphex is the fact that its males have the appressed clypeal setae black. Regarding other characters, S. hades sp. nov. ( Fig. 66 View Figs 63–71. 63, 67 ) resembles S. victoria sp. nov. ( Fig. 74 View Figs 72–78. 72 ) in having the hindtibia and a substantial part of the mandible ferruginous, and the erect mesosomal setae as well as the wings being dark.

Etymology

‘ Hades ’ is an Ancient Greek noun in apposition and the name of the mythological Greek god of the underworld.

Material examined

Holotype BURKINA FASO – Cascades Region • ♂; Tourni ; [10°46ʹ N, 5°09ʹ W]; 25 May 1968; J. Hamon leg.; MNHN. GoogleMaps

Paratypes BENIN – Atakora Department • 1 ♂; Gorgoba ; [10°16ʹ3.2ʺ N, 1°39ʹ37.6ʺ E]; 13 Jul. 1969; J. Hamon leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps .

BURKINA FASO – Cascades Region • 1 ♂; same collection data as for holotype; MNHN. – GoogleMaps Centre- Ouest Region • 1 ♂; Tiaré ; [11°46ʹ N, 2°13ʹ W]; Jun. 1953; MNHN GoogleMaps .

SENEGAL – Kaolack Region • 1 ♂; Saboya, Nioro ; [13°37ʹ10ʺ N, 16°04ʹ58ʺ W]; 1 Aug. 1967; MNHN GoogleMaps .

Description

Female

Unknown.

Male

SIZE. 19.5–22.6 mm.

COLOR. Black except for the following, which are ferruginous: basal half of mandible and hindtibia. Wings fuscous, with cyan-violet iridescence.

VESTITURE. Appressed setae on clypeus, collar, scutum and propodeal enclosure black, on paraocular area silvery. Erect setae on clypeus, paraocular area, collar, scutum and propodeal enclosure black. Erect propodeal setae oriented perpendicularly, slightly curved towards anterior. Lower center of clypeus glabrous. Scutellum densely and coarsely pubescent.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin medially with tooth emerging from inner side. Scutellum convex. Metanotum slightly raised, not notably bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins slightly proximal from interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure without any notable ridges. Posterior margin of metasomal tergum VII convex. Posterior margin of metasomal sternum VII simple, of metasomal sternum VIII triangular. Penis valvae without conspicuous modifications. Petiole length 2.0–2.6 × its medial width. Flagellomere V with moderately broad placoid covering its proximal fourfifths, flagellomere VI with moderately broad placoid covering between its proximal fifth and its proximal two-thirds.

Variation

Unknown.

Distribution

Western Africa.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Vespidae

Genus

Sphex