Sphex fumicatus Christ, 1791

Dörfel, Thorleif H. & Ohl, Michael, 2022, The wasp genus Sphex in Sub-Saharan Africa (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 796 (1), pp. 1-170 : 35-43

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2022.796.1665

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:76C5C9C4-C6C1-4EDC-8FF8-9828A6EF2040

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6535784

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C20928-FFB3-FF89-4247-15C438D40839

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Sphex fumicatus Christ, 1791
status

 

Sphex fumicatus Christ, 1791

Figs 48–49, 53 View Figs 41–48. 41–42, 45 View Figs 49–56. 49

Sphex fumicatus Christ, 1791: 295 , sex not stated (holotype or syntypes: origin unknown, destroyed).

Sphex albifrons Fabricius, 1793: 207 , sex not stated, junior primary homonym of Sphex albifrons de Villers, 1789 (holotype: ♀, Guinea, ZMUC, not examined). Synonymized with Sphex metallicus by van der Vecht 1961: 29.

Sphex metallicus Taschenberg, 1869: 414 , ♀, ♂ (syntypes: Sudan, Khartoum State, Khartoum, HALLE, not examined). Synonymized with Sphex fumicatus by van der Vecht 1973: 344.

Sphex magrettii Gribodo, 1894: 136 , ♀ (syntypes: 1 ♀, Mozambique, Inhambane Province, Inhambane River, Mus. Zool. Univ. Bologna; 1 ♀, Tanzania, Mjini Magharibi Region, Zanzibar, lost. Not examined).

Sphex erebus W.F. Kirby, 1900: 15 , sex not stated (syntypes: Yemen, Socotra Governorate, Hadibu [Hadiboh] Plain, BMNH, not examined). Synonymized with Sphex umbrosus by Kohl 1906: 199.

Chlorion davisi Fernald, 1907: 267 , ♀ (holotype: ♀, Argentina, Córdoba Province, Córdoba, in Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA), but locality label in error ( Menke 1962: 63), not examined). Synonymized with Sphex metallicus by Menke 1962: 63.

Differential diagnosis

This species can easily be distinguished from other members of the argentatus group, characterized by their bituberculate metanotum, through the combination of notably infuscate forewing bases, black erect propodeal setae and uniformly silvery erect clypeal and paraocular setae ( Figs 49, 53 View Figs 49–56. 49 ), though some of the erect facial setae can occasionally have darkened tips. Sphex taschenbergi shares the fuscous wing base and is very similar ( Fig. 52 View Figs 49–56. 49 ), but most or all of its erect clypeal and paraocular setae are entirely black in both sexes ( Fig. 54 View Figs 49–56. 49 ).

Material examined

AFRICA • 1 ♂; N of Boucle du Niger; Aug. 1910; J. Vuillet leg.; MNHN .

ANGOLA – Benguela Province • 1 ♂; Lobito ; [12°21ʹ51ʺ S, 13°32ʹ09ʺ E]; 19–20 Mar. 1972; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Lobito Bay ; [12°21ʹ51ʺ S, 13°32ʹ09ʺ E]; 19–20 Jul. 1931; W.P. Cockerell leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Luanda Province • 1 ♀; Luanda; [8°50ʹ18ʺ S, 13°14ʹ04ʺ E]; 30 Nov. 1966; E.S. Ross and K. Lorenzen leg.; CAS GoogleMaps .

BENIN – Zou Department • 2 ♂♂; Zangnanado, Ouémé River ; [7°12ʹ59.2ʺ N, 2°28ʹ20.3ʺ E]; 15 Apr. 2000; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps .

BOTSWANA – Central District • 1 ♂; Makarikari Pans ; 20°08ʹ S, 25°32ʹ E; 22–23 Apr. 1972; BMNH GoogleMaps . – North-West District • 1 ♀; Island Safari Lodge, Maun ; [19°55ʹ27.7ʺ S, 23°30ʹ31.2ʺ E]; Jan. 1997; M. Snižek leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kasane ; 17°52.331ʹ S, 25°14.167ʹ E; 23 Mar. 2013; M. Heunis and A. Heunis leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps .

CAMEROON • 1 ♀; M. Boulard leg.; MNHN .

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC • 1 ♀; M. Boulard leg.; MNHN .

CHAD – N’Djamena Region • 1 ♀; Fort Lamy [now N’Djamena]; [12°06ʹ24ʺ N, 15°02ʹ39ʺ E]; 1 Oct. 1955; BMNH GoogleMaps .

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO • 1 ♂; “ Libengi ”; Mertdagh leg.; MRAC 1 ♀; “ Terr. Kasongo , Riv. Lumami ”; Sep. 1959; P.L.G. Benoit leg.; MRAC 1 ♀; “ Ubangi : Nzali ”; 3–4 Feb. 1932; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC 2 ♀♀; “ Ubangi : Tongu ”; 4 Feb. 1932; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC 1 ♀; Gilson leg.; MRAC 1 ♀; Katanga , Kikva; Apr. 1931; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC 1 ♀; Katanga , Luilu; Dec. 1925; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC. – Bas-Uele • 2 ♀♀; Api ; [3°40ʹ N, 25°27ʹ E]; Nov. 1909; Laplume leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Bali ; [2°51ʹ N, 24°53ʹ E]; 26 May 1912; Christy leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Bambesa ; [3°28ʹ N, 25°43ʹ E]; Nov. 1930; J. Vrijdagh leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Oct. 1937; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same locality as for preceding; 30 Oct. 1933; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but Dec. 1933; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; 9 May 1938; P. Henrard leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Haut-Katanga • 1 ♂; Elisabethville [now Lubumbashi]; [11°40ʹ S, 27°29ʹ E]; Aug. 1958; J. Pasteels leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Mwema ; [8°13ʹ S, 27°28ʹ E]; Jul. 1927; A. Bayet leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Pweto ; [8°28ʹ S, 28°54ʹ E]; Oct. 1926; A. Bayet leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Haut-Lomami • 1 ♀; Kanonga (675 m), P.N.U. [Upemba National Park] ; [9°09ʹ S, 26°05ʹ E]; 14–23 Feb. 1949; G.F. de Witte leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Mabwe (Lac Ubemba, R.E.) , P.N.U. [Upemba National Park] ; [8°39ʹ10ʺ S, 26°30ʹ32ʺ E]; 6 Mar. 1949; G.F. de Witte leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Mar. 1949; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Haut-Uele • 1 ♀; “P.N.G., Miss. H. De Saeger” [Garamba National Park ]; [4°00ʹ N, 29°15ʹ E]; 11 Nov. 1951; H. De Saeger leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 1 Mar. 1952; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Faradje ; 3°40ʹ N, 29°40ʹ E; Apr. 1911; Lang and Chapin leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but Dec. 1912; AMNH GoogleMaps 4 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but Jan. 1913; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Gangala-na-Bodio , Station élevage Elephants ; [3°40ʹ47ʺ N, 29°08ʹ05ʺ E]; Nov. 1956; M. Poll leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♂♂; Garamba National Park ; 4°10ʹ N, 29°40ʹ E; Jun.–Jul. 1912; Lang and Chapin leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Vankerkhovenville ; [3°18ʹ N, 29°26ʹ E]; Degreef leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Ituri Province • 1 ♀; Lac Albert , Kasenyi; [1°23ʹ31ʺ N, 30°26ʹ24ʺ E]; 15 May 1935; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Jun. 1935; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Mahagi ; [2°17ʹ59ʹ N, 30°59ʹ30ʺ E]; 1931; Ch. Scops leg.; MRAC 1 ♂; Mahagi-Port ; [2°08ʹ16ʺ N, 31°14ʹ18ʺ E]; Oct. 1934; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but Oct. 1935; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Kasaï • 2 ♀♀; Luebo ; [5°20ʹ S, 21°24ʹ E]; 1 Apr. 1959; F. François leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 3 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Tshikapa ; [6°24ʹ S, 20°48ʹ E]; Mar. 1939; Mevr. Bequaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Apr. 1939; MRAC GoogleMaps 3 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but Apr.–May 1939; MRAC – GoogleMaps Kasaï-Central • 1 ♀; Kasai , Tshisaka; [6°15ʹ02ʺ S, 22°16ʹ30ʺ E]; Apr. 1939; Mevr. Bequaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Apr.–May 1939; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Luluabourg [now Kananga]; [5°53ʹ46ʺ S, 22°24ʹ59ʺ E]; 14 Apr. 1933; J.J. Deheyn leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; 7–18 Mar. 1935; Gillardin leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 6 ♂♂; same locality as for preceding; 17 May 1919; P. Callewaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Kasaï-Oriental • 1 ♂; Gandajika ; [6°45ʹ S, 23°57ʹ E]; 31 Jan. 1951; P. de Francquen leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 1952; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Dec. 1953; MRAC GoogleMaps 4 ♂♂; same collection data as for preceding but 1956; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Station de Gandajika ; [6°45ʹ S, 23°57ʹ E]; 1957; P. de Francquen leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Kinshasa • 1 ♀; Kinshasa ; 4°20ʹ S, 15°20ʹ E; 27 May 1915; Lang and Chapin leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 2 ♂♂; Leopoldville [now Kinshasa]; [4°19ʹ39ʺ S, 15°18ʹ48ʺ E]; 1933; A. Tinant leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; 24 Mar. 1912; A. Dubois leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀; Limete (Léo); [4°19ʹ39ʺ S, 15°18ʹ48ʺ E]; 1958; A. Froidebise leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Kongo Central • 2 ♂♂; Banana ; 6° S, 12°20ʹ E; Aug. 1915; Lang and Chapin leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but Sep. 1915; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Banana ; [6°01ʹ S, 12°24ʹ E]; Apr. 1918; R. Verschueren leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 3 ♂♂; Boma ; [5°51ʹ S, 13°03ʹ E]; 1937; Schlesser leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; 24 Mar. 1913; Styczynski leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same locality as for preceding; 19 Jun. 1915; J. Bequaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; 16 Jan. 1946; J. Vrydagh leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀; Boma ; 6°00ʹ S, 13°00ʹ E; 14 Jun. 1915; Lang and Chapin leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but 16 Jun. 1915; AMNH GoogleMaps 4 ♂♂; same collection data as for preceding but 17 Jun. 1915; AMNH GoogleMaps 13 ♂♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 18 Jun. 1915; AMNH GoogleMaps 2 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but 19 Jun. 1915; AMNH GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Kanzi (Boma); [5°52ʹ S, 12°38ʹ E]; May 1933; Dartevelle leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kimbanza ; [4°50ʹ S, 14°19ʹ E]; Dec. 1934; P. Henrard leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Lemfu ; [5°17ʹ56ʺ S, 15°13ʹ21ʺ E]; Dec. 1945; P.L. De Beir leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Matadi ; 6°00ʹ S, 13°30ʹ E; 9 Jun. 1915; Lang and Chapin leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Matadi ; [5°49ʹ S, 13°27ʹ E]; 24 Apr. 1946; Schlesser leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same locality as for preceding; 22 Jul. 1957; E.S. Ross and R.E. Leech leg.; CAS GoogleMaps 4 ♂♂; same locality as for preceding; Mar. 1937; Dartevelle leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 4 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; Mayidi ; [5°11ʹ13ʺ S, 15°09ʹ17ʺ E]; 1942; R.P. Van Eyen leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Moanda ; [5°56ʹ S, 12°21ʹ E]; 24 Aug. 1920; H. Schouteden leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Kwango • 1 ♀; Kasongo- Lunda ; [6°28ʹ42ʺ S, 16°49ʹ02ʺ E]; Mar. 1971; V. Van Haelst leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Kingunda ; [6°34ʹ S, 16°58ʹ E]; 17 Jan. 1939; Mevr. Bequaert leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Kwilu Province • 1 ♀; “ Kwango : Atene ”; Charlier leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Ipamu ; [4°07ʹ S, 19°37ʹ E]; 1922; P. Vanderijst leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Mwilambongo (Idiofa); [4°56ʹ36ʺ S, 19°48ʹ18ʺ E]; 1947; Soeur Imelda leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Lomami • 1 ♀; Kabinda Terr. ; [6°08ʹ S, 24°29ʹ E]; Dec. 1934; Gillardin leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Kanda-Kanda ; [6°56ʹ S, 23°37ʹ E]; 19 Dec. 1925; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Penge ; [5°18ʹ36ʺ S, 24°20ʹ24ʺ E]; Jan. 1926; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Tshaba ; [6°46ʹ S, 24°28ʹ E]; Dec. 1925; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Mai- Ndombe Province • 1 ♀; Bena Bendi ; [4°18ʹ S, 20°22ʹ E]; May 1915; R. Mayné leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 3 ♀♀; Bumbuli ; [3°24ʹ S, 20°31ʹ E]; Jan.–Apr. 1915; R. Mayné leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kunungu , Nkele; [2°6′S, 16°26′E]; 1938; Schouteden leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Kwamouth ; [3°10ʹ57ʺ S, 16°12ʹ E]; 6 Jun. 1913; J. Maes leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Kwamouth ; 3°20ʹ S, 16°10ʹ E; 24 May 1915; Lang and Chapin leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Lake Leopold II [now Lake Mai-Ndombe]; [2°00ʹ S, 18°20ʹ E]; Van Hollebeke leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Tolo ; [2°57ʹ14ʺ S, 18°34ʹ08ʺ E]; Dec. 1913; J. Maes leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Maniema • 3 ♀♀; Nyangwe ; [4°13ʹ37ʺ S, 26°11ʹ E]; 14 May 1920; J. Ghesquière leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Mongala Province • 2 ♀♀; Bumba ; [2°11ʹ N, 22°28ʹ E]; 1940; R.P. Lootens leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Lisala ; [2°09ʹ N, 21°30ʹ E]; 1949; Leontowitch leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Nord-Ubangi • 2 ♀♀; Bosobolo ; [4°11ʹ23ʺ N, 19°52ʹ59ʺ E]; 8–11 Jan. 1932; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 3 ♀♀; Yakoma ; [4°05ʹ53ʺ N, 22°26ʹ45ʺ E]; 5–17 Feb. 1932; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC. – North Kivu GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Beni ; [0°29ʹ N, 29°28ʹ E]; Borgerhoff leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Province of Équateur • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Coquilhatville [now Mbandaka]; [0°03ʹ N, 12°57ʹ E]; 1946; Ch. Scops leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 3 ♀♀; Eala ; [0°02ʹ30ʺ N, 18°20ʹ06ʺ E]; Nov. 1931; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♂♂; same collection data as for preceding but Mar. 1932; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; Jun. 1932; A. Corbisier leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Sankuru • 1 ♀; Inkongo , Lusambo; [4°53ʹ S, 23°18ʹ E]; 1929; Wilson leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Komi (Lodja); [3°23ʹ S, 23°46ʹ E]; 27 Jan. 1930; J. Ghesquière leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kondue ; [4°58ʹ S, 23°16ʹ E]; 1934; Puissant leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but Leonhard leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Lusambo ; [4°58ʹ S, 23°27ʹ E]; Jan. 1926; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Niengele ; Jan. 1926; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC. – South Kivu • 3 ♀♀; Uvira ; [3°24ʹ S, 29°08ʹ E]; Sep. 1958; J. Pasteels leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same locality as for preceding; 24–28 Dec. 1952; P. Basilewsky leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but 16–23 Mar. 1953; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; Oct. 1927; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Sud-Ubangi • 5 ♀♀; Binga ; [2°22ʹ N, 20°29ʹ E]; 5–12 Mar. 1932; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 5 ♀♀; Motenge-Boma ; [3°14ʹ N, 18°39ʹ E]; 14 Dec. 1931; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Tanganyika • 1 ♀; Albertville [now Kalemie]; [5°56ʹ50ʺ S, 29°11ʹ40ʺ E]; Dec. 1918; R. Mayné leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kabalo ; [6°03ʹ S, 26°55ʹ E]; 1 Jul. 1947; M. Poll leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Katompe ; [6°11ʹ55ʺ S, 26°21ʹ28ʺ E]; 20 Dec. 1923; M. Bequaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kiambi ; [7°19ʹ26ʺ S, 28°00ʹ50ʺ E]; 23 Apr. 1931; G.F. de Witte leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but 27 Apr. 1931; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but May 1931; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Lukombe ; [5°41ʹ33ʺ S, 28°45ʹ55ʺ E]; 7 Oct. 1908; A. Koller leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Moba ; [7°04ʹ S, 29°46ʹ E]; Apr. 1954; H. Bomans leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Mpala ; [6°43ʹ56ʺ S, 29°31ʹ28ʺ E]; Jul.– Aug. 1953; H. Bomans leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Nyunzu ; [5°57ʹ S, 28°01ʹ E]; Jan.–Feb. 1934; H. De Saeger leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Vallée Lukuga ; [5°39ʹ31ʺ S, 26°54ʹ53ʺ E]; Nov. 1911; Schwetz leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Tshopo • 1 ♀; Kamunionge ; 1° N, 26°50ʹ E; 24 May 1915; Lang and Chapin leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Stanleyville [now Kisangani]; 0°30ʹ N, 25°10ʹ E; Feb. 1915; Lang and Chapin leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Apr. 1915; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 10 Apr. 1915; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 15 Apr. 1915; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 17 Apr. 1915; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Stanleyville [now Kisangani]; [0°30ʹ55ʺ N, 25°11ʹ27ʺ E]; Apr. 1915; J. Bequaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; 1 Aug. 1932; J. Vrydagh leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Yalikanda ; [0°23ʹ N, 24°47ʹ E]; 20 Feb. 1971; M. Isy- Schwart leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Yangambi ; [0°46ʹ N, 24°27ʹ E]; May 1960; J. Decelle leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Tshuapa • 1 ♀; Bokuma ; [0°06ʹ S, 18°41ʹ E]; Jan.–Feb. 1952; R.P. Lootens leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Bokungu ; [0°41ʹ S, 22°19ʹ E]; 1950; M. Dupuis leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Ikela ; [1°11ʹ S, 23°16ʹ E]; 1955; R.P. Lootens leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but 1956; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; Mar.–Jun. 1956; R. Deguide leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps .

ETHIOPIA – Harari Region • 1 ♀; Harrar ; [9°18ʹ49ʺ N, 42°07ʹ05ʺ E]; May 1911; R.E. Turner leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

GABON • 1 ♂; Theorin leg.; NRS. – Estuaire Province 1 ♀; Libreville; [0°23ʹ24.36ʺ N, 9°27ʹ15.84ʺ E]; 1936; MNHN GoogleMaps .

GHANA – Brong-Ahafo Region • 1 ♂; Sunyani , Ashanti; [7°20ʹ23ʺ N, 2°19ʹ36ʺ W]; 8 Jun. 1913; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Greater Accra Region • 1 ♂; Accra ; [5°33ʹ21ʺ N, 0°11ʹ48ʺ W]; Dec. 1940; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but Aug.–Sep. 1941; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Labadi ; [5°34ʹ12ʺ N, 0°09ʹ21ʺ W]; 12 Mar. 1941; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Savannah Region • 2 ♀♀; Yapi [Yapei]; [9°09ʹ08ʺ N, 1°08ʹ52ʺ W]; Nov. 1916; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

KENYA – Kitui County • 2 ♂♂; E of Mwingi; [0°56ʹ S, 38°03ʹ E]; 14 May 2007; M. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Mwingi, Kangonde vadi ;[0°56ʹ S, 38°03ʹ E]; 18Apr. 2007; M. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps .– Lamu County • 1 ♀; Boni Forest area, near Mangai Village; 1.74872° S, 41.17820° E; 10–12 Jun. 2013; J. Bukhebi and R. Copeland leg.; ICIPE GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Uchweni Forest ; [2°21ʹ57ʺ S, 40°30ʹ29ʺ E]; 1–2 Mar.1912; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Taita-Taveta County • 1 ♀; Sagalla Swamp ; [3°30ʹ34ʺ S, 38°34ʹ34ʺ E]; 1947; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; near Voi (Tsavo); [3°23ʹ26ʺ S, 38°34ʹ37ʺ E]; 22 Nov.–2 Dec. 1996; Mi. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps .

MALAWI – Central Region • 2 ♀♀; Nkhotakota; [12°56ʹ S, 34°18ʹ E]; 2 Jan. 2002; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Salima, Lake Malawi ; 13°45ʹ S, 34°29ʹ E; 4 Mar. 2001; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂; near Sani, beach ; 13°01ʹ53ʺ S, 34°19ʹ47ʺ E; 4–8 Mar. 2008; J. Oehlke leg.; coll. Jacobs. GoogleMaps Southern Region • 1 ♀; Mlanje ; [16°01ʹ53ʺ S, 35°30ʹ E]; 10 Feb. 1914; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 13 Feb. 1914; BMNH GoogleMaps .

MALI • 1 ♂; inundation zone of Niger River , Koundé-Saré; 20 Aug. 1945; BMNH. – Mopti Region • 1 ♂; 10 km S of Mopti; [14°22ʹ11.4ʺ N, 4°08ʹ56.3ʺ W]; 20 Aug. 1991; M. Schwarz leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps .

MOZAMBIQUE – Manica Province • 2 ♂♂; 45 km NW of Chimoio; [18°59ʹ14.7ʺ S, 33°02ʹ54.1ʺ E]; 12–20 Dec.2003; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps . – Maputo Province • 1 ♂; Inhaca , hotel ; [26°01ʹ S, 32°57ʹ E]; 28 Jan. 1979; H.R. Feijen leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps 5 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Maputo; [25°58ʹ S, 32°35ʹ E]; 12 Feb. 1994; G.G.M. Schulten leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps . – Sofala Province • 2 ♂♂; Beira ; [19°50ʹ37ʺ S, 34°50ʹ20ʺ E]; 2 Oct. 1939; A.H. N. leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 3 ♂♂; same locality as for preceding; 3 Oct. 1954; L.F. Brown leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

NAMIBIA – Kavango East • 1 ♂; 30 km E of Rundu; [17°56ʹ42.2ʺ S, 20°04ʹ24.4ʺ E]; 23 Jan. 1993; J. Gusenleitner leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 4 ♀♀; Kaudom-Camp ; 18°31ʹ S, 20°43ʹ E; 22–25 Nov. 1992; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Mahango Game Reserve ; 18°17ʹ S, 21°43ʹ E; 4 Mar. 1997; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Rundu ; [17°55ʹ S, 19°46ʹ E]; 17 Jan. 1993; J. Gusenleitner leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 19 Jan. 1993; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but 22 Jan. 1993; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but 23 Jan. 1993; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 29 Jan. 1993; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but 30 Jan. 1993; OÖLM GoogleMaps . – Kunene Region • 1 ♀; Kunene, Epupa Falls ; 17°00ʹ S, 13°15ʹ E; 23 Feb. 1995; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps . – Oshikoto Region • 1 ♂; Namutoni, Etosha National Park ; [18°48ʹ S, 16°59ʹ E]; 23 Jan. 1993; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps . – Otjozondjupa Region • 1 ♀; 100 km NE of Grootfontein ; [18°56ʹ32.9ʺ S, 18°47ʹ52.3ʺ E]; 28 Jan. 1993; J. Gusenleitner leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; 35 km S of Outjo; [20°25ʹ33.8ʺ S, 16°06ʹ26.6ʺ E]; 25 Mar. 1979; J.G. Rozen leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Okahandja ; [21°59ʹ S, 16°55ʹ E]; 2–4 Feb. 1972; BMNH GoogleMaps .

NIGER – Tillabéry Region • 1 ♀; Say ; [13°02ʹ08ʺ N, 2°13ʹ16ʺ E]; 10 Oct. 1976; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

NIGERIA – Niger State • 1 ♀; Izom ; [9°14ʹ36ʺ N, 7°00ʹ26ʺ E]; 11 Dec. 1958; R.W. Crosskey leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Osun State • 1 ♀; Ile-Ife ; [7°28ʹ56ʺ N, 4°33ʹ37ʺ E]; 28 Nov. 1968; J.T. Medler leg.; USNM GoogleMaps . – Oyo State • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Ibadan ; [7°22ʹ39ʺ N, 3°54ʹ21ʺ E]; “x/ vii/1947 ”; L.T. Davey leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; BMNH GoogleMaps .

OMAN – Dhofar Governorate • 1 ♀; Raysut ; [16°57ʹ N, 53°58ʹ02ʺ E]; 20 Aug. 1981; A.R. Pittaway leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

REPUBLIC OF CÔTE D’IVOIRE – Gôh Region • 1 ♀; Gagnoa ; [6°07ʹ54ʺ N, 5°57ʹ02ʺ E]; 2–4 Mar. 1984; M. Matthews leg.; BMNH. – Vallée du Bandama District GoogleMaps 4 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Bouaké ; [7°41ʹ N, 5°01ʹ W]; Jun. 1977; P.M. Elsen leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps .

REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO • 1 ♂; Route du Nord, km 17; 4 Nov. 1977; C. Morin leg.; MNHN. – Brazzaville Department 1 ♀; near Brazzaville; [4°16ʹ04ʺ S, 15°17ʹ31ʺ E]; 1984; D. Bernaud leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps . – Kouilou Department • 1 ♀; Zambi ; 6° S, 12°50ʹ E; 27 Jun. 1915; Lang and Chapin leg.; AMNH. – Pool Department GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Foulakori River near Kinkala; [4°21ʹ41ʺ S, 14°45ʹ52ʺ E]; 18 Jan. 1973; J.F. Cornic leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kintelé ; [4°09ʹ S, 15°20ʹ32ʺ E]; 9 Jan. 1977; G. Onore leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Masa ; [3°45ʹ26ʺ S, 15°30ʹ45ʺ E]; 6 Jan. 1976; G. Onore leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Voka ; [4°40ʹ16ʺ S, 14°40ʹ25ʺ E]; 11 Nov. 1976; G. Onore leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps .

SENEGAL • 1 ♀; Oct. 1976; G. Couturier leg.; MNHN. – Dakar Region 1 ♀; Dakar; [14°41ʹ34ʺ N, 17°26ʹ48ʺ W] GoogleMaps ; Sep. 1967; A. Villiers leg.; MNHN. – Fatick Region 2 ♀♀; G. de Bandiala ; [13°39ʹ40ʺ N, 16°34ʹ26ʺ W]; 8–12 Dec. 1997; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

SOUTH AFRICA – Eastern Cape • 1 ♀; 10 km SE of Alexandria, National Park ; [33°44ʹ14.9ʺ S, 26°28ʹ5.9ʺ E]; 28–31 Jan. 2000; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps . – KwaZulu-Natal • 1 ♂; Durban ; [29°53ʹ S, 31°03ʹ E]; J. Bequaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 4 ♂♂; Maputaland , SW of Manguzi; [27°00ʹ48.5ʺ S, 32°43ʹ24.1ʺ E]; 29 Jan. 2003; M. Snižek leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Ndumo Game Reserve ; 26°55ʹ S, 32°19ʹ E; 1 Feb. 1995; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 2 Feb. 1995; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Sodwana Bay National Park ; 27°37ʹ S, 32°41ʹ E; 1 Feb. 1994; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 5 ♂♂; same collection data as for preceding but 4 Feb. 1995; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 25 Feb. 1997; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; St Lucia Estuary ; [28°22ʹ58.8ʺ S, 32°25ʹ1.2ʺ E]; 4–6 Dec. 1966; J.G. Rozen and D.J. Brothers leg.; AMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; St Lucia Park ( Charter’s Creek ); 28°12ʹ S, 32°25ʹ E; 7 Feb. 1995; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps . – Limpopo • 3 ♀♀; 35 km W of Hoedspruit; 24°23ʹ S, 30°40ʹ E; 19 Dec. 2009; J. Halada leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Farm “Sericea”, Nylstroom [now Modimolle]; 24°43ʹ S, 28°39ʹ E; 20–27 Mar. 2006; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Lekgalameetse Nature Reserve ; 24°12ʹ S, 30°20ʹ E; 18 Dec. 1995; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps . – Northern Cape • 1 ♀; Vioolsdrif, Orange River ; [28°46ʹ30ʺ S, 17°37ʹ30ʺ E]; 9 Jan. 1993; F. Koch leg.; THD-007-ZMB ; GenBank CO1 gene: MW538580 View Materials ; GenBank EF-1α gene: MW558245 View Materials ; ZMB GoogleMaps . – Western Cape • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Bontebok National Park, Swellendam ; [34°04ʹ06.8ʺ S, 20°28ʹ06.6ʺ E]; 2–3 Jan. 1993; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Franschhoek ; [33°54ʹ36.3ʺ S, 19°07ʹ33.7ʺ E]; 17 Mar. 1988; H. Malicky leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps .

SOUTH SUDAN – Greater Upper Nile Region • 1 ♀; Malakal ; [9°32ʹ N, 31°39ʹ37ʺ E]; 1 Dec. 1960; B. Hocking leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

SUDAN – Al Qadarif • 1 ♀; Showak ; 14.24° N, 35.52° E; 6 Sep. 1946; C.E. Wilson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

TANZANIA • 1 ♂; Meru lowland ; 1 Dec. 1905; Y. Sjöstedt leg.; NRS. – Dodoma Region • 1 ♀; 35 km E of Dodoma; 5°54ʹ S, 35°45ʹ E; 14 Dec. 2006; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; 70 km N of Dodoma; 5°40ʹ S, 35°48ʹ E; 16 Dec. 2006; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM. – GoogleMaps Iringa Region • 1 ♀; 100 km NE of Iringa; 7°37ʹ S, 36°17ʹ E; 9 Jan. 2007; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; 50 km NW of Iringa; 7°41ʹ S, 35°22ʹ E; 7 Jan. 2007; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM. – GoogleMaps Kigoma Region • 1 ♀; Kasoge, Mahali Peninsula ; [6°09ʹ S, 29°46ʹ E]; 20 Sep. 1959; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Mjini Magharibi Region • 2 ♀♀; Zanzibar; NRS GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Zanzibar, near M’nazi Moya; [6°09ʹ42ʺ S, 39°11ʹ28ʺ E]; 20 Aug.–Sep. 1924; H.J. Snell leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Morogoro Region • 1 ♀; 50 km SW of Morogoro; 6°50ʹ S, 37°15ʹ E; 12 Jan. 2007; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but M. Kadlecová leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; NE of Mikumi, Camp ; 7°23ʹ24ʺ S, 37°01ʹ45ʺ E; 26–27 Feb. 2008; J. Oehlke leg.; coll. Jacobs. – GoogleMaps Pwani Region • 1 ♀; 15 km E of Utete; 8°03ʹ S, 35°53ʹ E; 16 Jan. 2007; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; 15 km W of Kibiti; 7°47ʹ S, 38°49ʹ E; 15 Jan. 2007; M. Kadlecová leg.; OÖLM. – GoogleMaps Rukwa Region • 3 ♀♀; Rukwa; [8°00ʹ S, 31°25ʹ E]; Sep. 1952; F.O. Albrecht leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Ukia, Rukwa Rift ; [7°44ʹ S, 31°47ʹ E]; 30 May 1950; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Shinyanga Region • 1 ♀; 100 km NWW of Kahama; 3°25ʹ S, 31°47ʹ E; 24 Dec. 2006; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but M. Kadlecová leg.; OÖLM. – GoogleMaps Tanga Region • 1 ♀; 4 Jun. 1905; Y. Sjöstedt leg.; NRS GoogleMaps .

TOGO – Maritime Region • 1 ♂; Lake Togo, Kpené ; [6°15ʹ N, 1°25ʹ E]; 23–30 Nov. 1980; G.G.M. Schulten leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps . – Savanes • 1 ♀; Sansanné-Mango ; [10°21ʹ20ʺ N, 0°28ʹ32ʺ E]; 1896–1902; Thierry leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps .

UGANDA – Eastern Region • 1 ♂; Mbale–Kumi Road, 3700 ft S of Lake Salisbury; [1°33ʹ33ʺ N, 33°57ʹ15ʺ E]; 15–17 Aug. 1911; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; SE shore of Lake Kioga; [1°12ʹ43ʺ N, 33°26ʹ09ʺ E]; alt. 3400 ft; 21 Aug. 1911; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Northern Region • 2 ♂♂; Zaipi , E Madi District ; [3°24ʹ N, 31°59ʹ E]; 2 Jun. 1927; G.D. Hale Carpenter leg.; OUMNH GoogleMaps . – Western Region • 1 ♂; Butiaba ; [1°49ʹ N, 31°19ʹ E]; 20 Sep. 1937; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂; valley of Kafu River , Unyoro ; alt. 3400 ft; 23–28 Dec. 1911; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH .

UNION OF THE COMOROS • 1 ♀; Scientific Institute , Mohéli; [12°15ʹ S, 43°45ʹ E]; Mar. 1960; R. Legrand leg.; MNHN. – GoogleMaps Grande Comore • 3 ♂♂; La Galawa H.; [11°22ʹ45ʺ S, 43°18ʹ26ʺ E]; 22 Apr. and 5 May 1991; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; La Grille ; [11°27ʹ S, 43°20ʹ E]; 23 Apr.–3 May 1991; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

YEMEN – Abyan Governorate • 2♂♂; 21May1967; K.M.Guichard leg.; BMNH .– Aden Governorate • 1 ♀; Aden; [12°46ʹ46ʺ N, 45°02ʹ12ʺ E]; 1930; E.B.C. Betts leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Al Huseini , near Lahej; [12°46ʹ40ʺ N, 45°02ʹ E]; 26–29 Nov. 1937; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Socotra Governorate • 1 ♀; Goba [Gubba] S.L. ; [12°36ʹ27ʺ N, 53°47ʹ04ʺ E]; 25 Mar. 1967; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Hadibo ; [12°39ʹ N, 54°01ʹ10ʺ E]; 21 Feb. 1953; G. Popov leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Hadibo Plain ; [12°39ʹ N, 54°01ʹ10ʺ E]; alt. 0–300 ft; 16Apr.1967; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Hadibo Plain , S.L.; [12°39ʹ N, 54°01ʹ10ʺ E]; 19 Mar. 1967; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 7 Apr. 1967; BMNH GoogleMaps .

ZAMBIA – Central Province • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; 70 km NE of Kapiri Mposhi; 13°41ʹ S, 29°18ʹ E; 21 Nov. 2005; M. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps . – Muchinga Province • 2 ♂♂; “ Mid. Chambezi Valley, Chinsali distr. ”; alt. 4000 ft; 20 Apr. 1908; S.A. Neave leg.; OUMNH . – Southern Province • 1 ♀; 30 km W of Livingstone; [17°46ʹ45ʺ S, 25°33ʹ17ʺ E]; 19–22 Dec. 2002; M. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps .

ZIMBABWE • 1 ♀; Victoria Falls ; Feb. 1935; NRS. – Matabeleland North • 1 ♀; Hwange National Park, Dete ; [18°37ʹ08ʺ S, 26°51ʹ33ʺ E]; 11 Dec. 1997; J. Plass leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps .

Description

Female

SIZE. 25.1–32.0 mm.

COLOR. Black except for basal half of mandible, which is ferruginous. Cellular wing area hyaline, base of fore- and hindwing infuscate. Forewing with fuscous spot beyond marginal cell.

VESTITURE. Appressed and erect setae on clypeus and paraocular area silvery. Appressed setae on collar both silvery and black, erect setae black, appressed and erect setae on scutum and propodeal enclosure black. Erect propodeal setae crimped, oriented perpendicularly. Clypeus without glabrous stripe. Scutellum densely and finely pubescent.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin with short, broad, notched tooth, not stepped medially. Clypeus without indentation or carina. Scutellum convex. Metanotum raised, notably bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure without any notable ridges. Foretarsomere I 2.3–2.6× length of antepenultimate spine. Petiole length 2.0–2.1× its medial width.

Male

SIZE. 17.4–26.2 mm.

COLOR. Black. Cellular wing area hyaline, base of fore- and hindwing infuscate. Forewing with fuscous spot beyond marginal cell.

VESTITURE. Appressed and erect setae on clypeus and paraocular area silvery. Appressed setae on collar both silvery and black, erect setae black, appressed and erect setae on scutum and propodeal enclosure black. Erect propodeal setae crimped, oriented perpendicularly. Clypeus without glabrous stripe. Scutellum densely and finely pubescent.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin simple. Scutellum slightly convex. Metanotum raised, notably bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure without any notable ridges. Posterior margin of metasomal tergum VII convex. Posterior margin of metasomal sternum VII simple, of metasomal sternum VIII triangular. Penis valvae without conspicuous modifications. Petiole length 2.2–2.3× its medial width. Flagellomeres V + VI with broad placoids, covering entire length of flagellomere V and proximal four-fifths of flagellomere VI.

Variation

In some specimens, the legs are dark ferruginous to a varying degree.

Distribution

Very widespread in Africa; also occurs in the eastern Mediterranean region.

Remarks

Despite not having examined type material, we are certain that our interpretation of S. fumicatus is correct. The species occurs all over the African continent and is found on the Arabian Peninsula as well. It is one of, if not the most commonly collected Sphex from the Afrotropical region. Its diagnostic characters are easy to see and therefore commonly included in descriptions, which makes synonymization possible even for works from authors that are not especially knowledgeable about this genus.

MNHN

France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

CAS

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

ZMB

Germany, Berlin, Museum fuer Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universitaet

MRAC

Belgium, Tervuren, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale

AMNH

USA, New York, New York, American Museum of Natural History

NRS

Sweden, Stockholm, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet

ICIPE

ICIPE

RMNH

Netherlands, Leiden, Nationaal Natuurhistorische Museum ("Naturalis") [formerly Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie]

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

OUMNH

United Kingdom, Oxford, University Museum of Natural History

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

NRS

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Vespidae

Genus

Sphex

Loc

Sphex fumicatus Christ, 1791

Dörfel, Thorleif H. & Ohl, Michael 2022
2022
Loc

Chlorion davisi

Menke A. S. 1962: 63
Menke A. S. 1962: 63
Fernald H. T. 1907: 267
1907
Loc

Sphex erebus W.F. Kirby, 1900: 15

Kohl F. F. 1906: 199
Kirby W. F. 1900: 15
1900
Loc

Sphex magrettii

Gribodo G. 1894: 136
1894
Loc

Sphex metallicus

Van der Vecht J. 1973: 344
Taschenberg E. L. 1869: 414
1869
Loc

Sphex albifrons

Van der Vecht J. 1961: 29
Fabricius J. C. 1793: 207
1793
Loc

Sphex fumicatus

Christ J. L. 1791: 295
1791