Halipeurus kermadecensis

Palma, Ricardo L., 2011, New taxa, new synonymies and new host records in the louse genus Halipeurus (Insecta: Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) parasitic on petrels (Aves: Procellariiformes), Zootaxa 3017, pp. 1-45: 29-31

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.278615

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EA8C4725-1A81-45A3-A928-D403C34E35A9

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5678816

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BFF404-FFFB-FFCA-FF66-0443BBC97C4D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Halipeurus kermadecensis
status

 

Halipeurus kermadecensis   ( Johnston & Harrison, 1912)

Lipeurus kermadecensis   Johnston & Harrison, 1912: 365, fig. 1. Type host: Pterodroma neglecta neglecta (Schlegel, 1863)   . Holotype nymph in MONZ.

Lipeurus diversus   var. excavatus   Johnston & Harrison, 1912: 366, fig. 2. Type host: Pterodroma neglecta (Schlegel, 1863)   . Two syntypes Ƥ in MONZ.

Halipeurus kermadecensis   ; Hopkins & Clay, 1952: 164.

Halipeurus kermadecensis   ; Timmermann, 1960: 327, fig. 8.

Halipeurus (Halipeurus) kermadecense   (sic); Edwards, 1961: 150, figs 3 Q– 7 Q.

Halipeurus (Halipeurus) kermadecensis   ; Timmermann, 1965: 137, fig. 87.

Halipeurus kermadecensis   ; Watt, 1971: 236, fig. 5.

Halipeurus kermadecensis   ; Emerson, 1972: 80.

Halipeurus (Halipeurus) kermadecensis   ; Price et al., 2003: 187.

MATERIAL EXAMINED

Types

Ex Pterodroma neglecta neglecta   : Holotype nymph of Lipeurus kermadecensis, Kermadec Is   , New Zealand, 1907–1908, W.R.B. Oliver ( MONZ); 13, 1 Ƥ, syntypes of Lipeurus diversus excavatus, Kermadec Is   , New Zealand, 1907–1908, W.R.B. Oliver ( MONZ).

Non-types

Ex Pterodroma neglecta neglecta   : 43, 1 Ƥ, Rapa I., Austral Group (Tubuai Is) French Polynesia, Feb. 1922, R.H. Beck ( MONZ); 1 Ƥ, Ducie I., Pitcairn Group, South Pacific Ocean, 3 Jan. 1935, E.J. Gerberg, “Crocker Expedition” ( KCEM); 43, 4 Ƥ, Kermadec Is, N.Z., 6 Aug. 1944, N o 52 ( CMNZ; NHML); 23, 4 Ƥ, Raoul I., Kermadec Is, N.Z., 20 Aug. 1944, J.H. Sorensen, DM 11376 ( MONZ); 13, 2 Ƥ, Meyer I., Kermadec Is, N.Z., 30 Oct. 1962, G.A. Samuelson, 210 ( NHML); 13, 3 Ƥ, Meyer I., Kermadec Is, N.Z., 17 Mar. 1963, C.M. Clark ( BPBM; NHML); 243, 20 Ƥ, Meyer I., Kermadec Is, N.Z., 29–31 Dec. 1966, D.E. Crockett & J.C. Watt ( NZAC; MONZ; RLCP; NHML); 13, 1 Ƥ, Meyer I., Kermadec Is, N.Z., 20 Jan. 1967, D. Merton ( MONZ); 83, 8 Ƥ, North Meyer I., Kermadec Is, N.Z., 23 Mar. 1973, J. Ireland ( NZAC; MONZ; RLCP); 93, 10 Ƥ, Baixo do Sueste, Trindade I., Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean, 28 Dec. 1975, S.L. Olson, USNM 503731 ( MONZ); 13, 3 Ƥ, Cuvier I., N.Z., 27 Jan. 1976, S.M. Reed ( MONZ); 113, 11 Ƥ, Chanter I., Kermadec Is, N.Z., 13 Oct. 1976, A.N. Baker ( MONZ); 63, 6 Ƥ, Raoul I., Kermadec Is, N.Z., 1983, A.W. Blundell ( MONZ); 43, 3 Ƥ, Omamari (35 o 52 ’S- 173 o 40 ’E), Northland, N.Z., 22 Mar. 1986, G. Carlin ( MONZ); 83, 8 Ƥ, Henderson I., Pitcairn Group, South Pacific Ocean, 20 Jul. 1991, J.N. Jolly, E 176251 ( MONZ); 13, 3 Ƥ, Raivavae I., Austral Group (Tubuai Is) French Polynesia, Jul. 1992, G. McCormack ( MONZ); 13, New Zealand, no date ( MONZ); 13, Bass Rocks, Tubuai Is, French Polynesia, no date ( AMNH). Ex Pterodroma neglecta juana Mathews, 1935: 13   , 3Ƥ, Santa Clara I., Juan Fernández Is, Chile, 27 Feb. 2004, P. Scofield ( MONZ); 13, 1 Ƥ, Masatierra I., Juan Fernández Is, Chile, no date, RLE 28 ( NHML, 1954 - 251); 53, 4 Ƥ, Masatierra I., Juan Fernández Is, Chile, no date ( AMNH).

Ex Pterodroma neglecta   (not identified to subspecies): 2 Ƥ, Pacific Ocean, 24 Nov. 1964, POBSP 2044 ( USNM); 23, 3 Ƥ, Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands, Pacific Ocean, no date ( AMNH).

Ex Pterodroma externa (Salvin, 1875   ): 63, 15 Ƥ, Pacific Ocean, 21–22 Jul. 1964, POBSP 1762-1767 ( KCEM; USNM); 13, 1 Ƥ, Pacific Ocean, 8 Aug. 1964, POBSP 1907 ( USNM); 13, 2 Ƥ, Pacific Ocean, 23–24 Nov. 1964, POBSP 2043, 2045 ( USNM); 13, Pacific Ocean, 13 o07’N- 170 o 20 ’W, 11 Dec. 1964, POBSP 3989 ( USNM); 43, 4 Ƥ, Pacific Ocean, off Chile, 5 Apr. 1965, Watson & Angle POBSP 3802 ( KCEM; USNM); 13, 2 Ƥ, at sea, Pacific Ocean, 9 o07’N- 150 o 34 ’W, 9 Jun. 1965, POBSP 3822 ( USNM); 43, 4 Ƥ, at sea, Pacific Ocean, 8 o 12 ’N- 162 o 12 ’W, 13 Jun. 1965, POBSP 4030 ( USNM); 23, 2 Ƥ, at sea, Pacific Ocean, 8 o 54 ’N- 162 o 58 ’W, 13 Jun. 1965, POBSP 4033 ( USNM); 13, 9 o N- 155 o W, 5 Jul. 1965, POBSP 4212 ( USNM); 73, 5 Ƥ, North Pacific Ocean, 8 o02’N- 174 o00’W, 21 Nov. 1965, POBSP 503358 ( MONZ); 3 Ƥ, off Masafuera I., Juan Fernández Is, Chile, 25 Nov. 1965, P.C. Harper, DM 12608 ( MONZ); 13, Central Pacific Ocean, 26 Nov. 1965, P.C. Harper ( MONZ); 2 Ƥ, Juan Fernández Is, Chile, Mar. 1966, R.F. Cressey ( USNM); 33, 2 Ƥ, Ngahinapouri, South Auckland, N.Z., 22 Oct. 1971, D.G. Berrett, A.M. Av.1072.1 ( MONZ); 43, 4 Ƥ, Waimanalo, Oahu I., Hawaiian Is, U.S.A., 27 Jul. 1991 ( MONZ; BPBM, 178481); 23, 3 Ƥ, Daimon-cho, Moriyama-shi, Siga Prefecture, Japan, 5 Aug. 2004, S. Kobayashi ( MONZ; YIOJ). Ex Pterodroma arminjoniana arminjoniana (Giglioli & Salvadori, 1869)   : 23, 6 Ƥ, Trindade I., Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean, 3 Jan. 1906 ( MONZ); 13, Trindade I., Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean, 28 Jul. 1910, E.A. Wilson, “British Antarctic Expedition”, NMNZ 18657 ( MONZ); 793, 86 Ƥ, (ex 64 birds) Trindade I. (several locations), Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean, Jun. 2006 – Apr. 2007, L. Bugoni ( MONZ; MZSB); 73, 13 Ƥ, Trindade I., Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean, no date ( NHML, Thompson Collection 1980 - 40; Meinertzhagen Collection 12590 & 12598).

Ex Pterodroma phaeopygia sandwichensis (Ridgway, 1884)   : 73, 7 Ƥ, on board ship “ Townsend Cromwell ”, 22 o 20 ’N- 151 o W, 21 Jul. 1964, D. Au ( BPBM; MONZ); 103, 5 Ƥ, Haleakala Crater, Maui I., Hawaiian Is, U.S.A., May 1973, USNM 512636 ( MONZ); 33, 5 Ƥ, Haleakala Crater, Maui I., Hawaiian Is, U.S.A., 20 May 1976, BBM- X 148358 ( BPBM; MONZ). New host record.

DISCUSSION: The new host-louse record of Halipeurus kermadecensis   from Hawaiian petrels –referred to as Pterodroma phaeopygia sandwichensis   by Dickinson (2003: 74) —is further evidence that the Galápagos and the Hawaiian petrels are different species and not subspecies, as shown by Browne et al. (1997) with a study of the genetic diversity and divergence of those petrels based on allozyme electrophoresis. The Galápagos petrel, Pterodroma phaeopygia phaeopygia   , is host to Halipeurus noctivagus   (see below), a louse species extremely different from H. kermadecensis   .

Halipeurus kermadecensis   has been found parasitising two species of Pterodroma   petrels on Trindade Island, situated off the coast of Brazil in the South Atlantic Ocean: Pt. neglecta   and Pt. arminjoniana arminjoniana   . That is, if the identification by Imber (2004: 36) of a specimen kept in the USNM collection (Reg. 503731) as Pt. neglecta   is accepted as valid; see Hammer et al. (2010) and discussion under H. heraldicus   below.

MONZ

Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa - Entomology

CMNZ

Canterbury Museum

NHML

Natural History Museum, Tripoli

BPBM

Bishop Museum

NZAC

New Zealand Arthropod Collection

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

NMNZ

Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Phthiraptera

Family

Philopteridae

Genus

Halipeurus

Loc

Halipeurus kermadecensis

Palma, Ricardo L. 2011
2011
Loc

Halipeurus (Halipeurus) kermadecensis

Price 2003: 187
2003
Loc

Halipeurus kermadecensis

Emerson 1972: 80
1972
Loc

Halipeurus kermadecensis

Watt 1971: 236
1971
Loc

Halipeurus (Halipeurus) kermadecensis

Timmermann 1965: 137
1965
Loc

Halipeurus (Halipeurus) kermadecense

Edwards 1961: 150
1961
Loc

Halipeurus kermadecensis

Timmermann 1960: 327
1960
Loc

Halipeurus kermadecensis

Hopkins 1952: 164
1952
Loc

Lipeurus kermadecensis

Johnston 1912: 365
1912
Loc

Lipeurus diversus

Johnston 1912: 366
1912