Aframomum sericeum Dhetchuvi & D.J.Harris, 2011

Dhetchuvi, Jean-Baptiste, Wortley, Alexandra H. & Harris, David J., 2011, A new species of Aframomum (Zingiberaceae) from Central Africa, Phytotaxa 28, pp. 31-34 : 31-33

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/phytotaxa.28.1.4

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4923850

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BE87A4-5719-3A6F-FF03-4229FBAA1297

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Aframomum sericeum Dhetchuvi & D.J.Harris
status

sp. nov.

Aframomum sericeum Dhetchuvi & D.J.Harris , sp. nov. ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 )

Aframomo sulcato similis sed pagina abaxiali foliorum dense tomentosa differt.

Aframomum sp. D in Harris (2002: 247).

Type :— GABON. Mpassa Forest Reserve, Makokou, 0° 34’ N, 12° 52’ E, 18 November 1994, M. M GoogleMaps . Dhetchuvi 1725 (holotype BR!, isotype WAG!) .

Clump-forming herbs to 6 m. Rhizomes to 15 mm in diameter, reddish-brown when dry. Stems often swollen up to 4 cm in diameter at base. Leaf sheaths with rounded and branched transverse and longitudinal ridges, glabrous, occasionally ciliate at edges. Ligules rounded, to 9 mm, bilobed towards tip, glabrous. Pseudopetioles to 10 mm, glabrous. Leaves narrowly elliptic, to 55 × 11 cm, base slightly asymmetric, apex caudate, acumen ca. 10 mm, margin glabrous, glabrous adaxially, tomentose abaxially, with erect, swollenbased trichomes to 0.5 mm long on laminae, midribs tomentose, secondary veins usually obscured by strands of free hypodermal sclerenchyma adaxially when dry, clearly visible abaxially. Inflorescences arising at or close to the leaf bases, occasionally on rhizomes to 40 cm away, usually branched, each branch bearing ca. 2 flowers, peduncles to 20 cm, borne at or below ground level for most of their length. Flowers trumpet-shaped, delicate. Calyx tubular, greenish to purple. Corolla tubular, dark reddish purple, dorsal petal to 7 cm, lateral petals ca. 4 cm. Labellum pale purple, to 7 × 5 cm, forming a tube with dorsal petal. Stamen included, anther crest to 5 mm, horns to 5 mm, sometimes forked at tips, anther thecae dehiscing for lower three-quarters of their length. Nectaries paired, free for most of their length. Fruits ellipsoid, to 6.0 × 3.5 cm, distinctly ridged, greenish, ripening bright red, persistent calyx forming beak to 3 cm long, persistent bracts at base, pulp sweet and acidic to taste. Seeds ellipsoid, to 5 × 3 mm, dark brown, smooth.

Etymology:—Named for the dense covering of hairs on the leaves abaxially.

Distribution:—Central and eastern Cameroon, central and northern Gabon, southern Central African Republic, northern Republic of Congo, on cleared land, around villages, fields and roads, occasionally in Gilbertiodendron dewevrei forests, at 350–620 m elevation.

Additional specimens examined:— CAMEROON. Mbalmayo, 3° 31’ N, 11° 30’ E, 24 March 1981, W. Meijer 15218 ( BR!, MO!, P!, WAG!); GoogleMaps Lomié , 3° 10’ N, 13° 38, E, 590 m, 18 November 1965, A. J.M. Leeuwenberg 6785 ( BR!, P!, WAG!); GoogleMaps River Ja , 3° 01’ N, 12° 21’ E, G GoogleMaps . L GoogleMaps . Bates s.n. ( BM!); Doumé , 4° 14’ N, 13° 26’ E, 11 September 1960, F GoogleMaps . J GoogleMaps . Breteler 225 ( P!, WAG!); 48 km S of Yaoundé, road to Mbalmayo , 3° 25’ N, 11° 30’ E, 22 November 1977, E GoogleMaps . Westphal & J . M .C. Westphal-Stevels 9754 ( WAG!); 15 km S of Mbalamayo , 3° 25’ N, 11° 30’ E, 25 November 1977, E GoogleMaps . Westphal & J . M .C. Westphal-Stevels 9760 ( WAG!); Yaoundé , cultivated, 17 December 1976, E . Westphal & J . M .C. Westphal-Stevels 9370 ( P!, WAG!); East of Yokadouma , road to Central African Republic, 3° 25’ N, 15° 10’ E, 17 March 1981, W GoogleMaps . Meijer 15133 ( MO!, WAG!); Nkolembembe , 65 km SE Akonolinga, 3° 15’ N, 12° 32’ E, 5 June 1981, J GoogleMaps . N GoogleMaps . Asonganyi 188 ( P!); 18 km from Yaoundé to Mbalmayo, 3° 41’ N, 11° 31’ E, 10 April 1973, R GoogleMaps . Letouzey 12247 ( P!, YA!) . GABON: Lopé, 0° 10’ S, 11° 35’ E, 8 November 1993, M GoogleMaps . M GoogleMaps . Dhetchuvi 1144 ( BR!, BRLU!), 1146 ( BRLU!), 1148 ( BR!); 9 November 1993, M . M . Dhetchuvi 1161 ( BRLU!); 12 November 1993, M . M . Dhetchuvi 1212 ( BR!, BRLU!); Lopé , 16 July 1997, J . Lejoly 93/141 ( BRLU!); Makandé , 0° 41’' S, 11° 54’ E, 17 November 1993, M . M . Dhetchuvi 1260 ( BRLU!); 11 November 1994, M. M. Dhetchuvi 1715 A ( C!) ; Lopé – Okanda Reserve , ca. 38 km WSW of Booué, 0° 15’ S, 11° 35’ E, September 1984, M. E. Rogers 151 ( E!), 152 ( E!); GoogleMaps Makokou , 0° 34’ N, 12 °52’ E, 500 m, 15 May 1985, L GoogleMaps . Dorr & Barnett 4277 ( K!, P!, WAG!); GoogleMaps Belinga , 1° 08’ N, 13° 12’ E, May 1982, C GoogleMaps . Tutin 5 ( K!); GoogleMaps Ogooué–Ivindo , 7 km on road from Makokou to Okondja, 0° 32’ N, 12° 55’ E, 550 m, 23 December 2001, J. J. Wieringa, C. C.H. Jongkind, J. G. Schoonhoven, & M. Mbombet 3527 ( WAG!) GoogleMaps . REPUBLIC OF CONGO: 55 km SW of Souanké , 1° 56’ N, 13° 54’ E, 25 November 1991, D. J GoogleMaps . Harris 3266 ( E!); 52 km SW Souanké, road to Garabinzam , 1° 56’ N, 13° 54’ E, 9 November 1991, D. W GoogleMaps . Thomas 8797 ( MO!); Souanké Airport, 2° 00’ N, 14° 10’ E, 2 December 1991, D. J GoogleMaps . Harris 3280 ( E!) . CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: Bayanga, 2° 55’ N, 16° 12’ E, 17 November 1997, D. J GoogleMaps . Harris 5633 ( E!), 5634 ( E!), 5635 ( E!); 2 December 1997, D. J . Harris 5653 ( E!); Babongo Stream , confluence with Sangha River, 2° 59’ N, 16° 13’ E, 10 November 1997, D. J GoogleMaps . Harris 5614 ( E!); Ndakan , 2° 21’ N, 16° 09’ E, 350 m, 9 October 1988, D. J GoogleMaps . Harris 1366 ( MO!); 2° 23’ N, 16° 09’ E, 350 m, 20 October 1988, D. J GoogleMaps . Harris 1444 ( MO!); 12 km S of Lidjombo , 2° 34’ N, 16° 05’ E, 350 m, 28 March 1994, D. J GoogleMaps . Harris 4851 ( E!) . EQUATORIAL GUINEA: Asoc Inselberg, 15 km from Mongomo, 1° 27’ N, 11° 20’ E, 620 m, 5 June 2002, I GoogleMaps . Parmentier & Esono 3725 ( BRLU!), 3688 ( BRLU!) .

Aframomum sericeum may be recognised in the field by its large leaves with erect hairs on the lamina and midrib below, dark red corolla and large, ridged fruits. In the herbarium additional useful characters for identification include free strands of hypodermal sclerenchyma cells ( Lock & Hall 1975) which can be observed using a ×10 lens on air-dried leaves, and transverse ridging of the leaf sheath.

There is some variability in vegetative characters within A. sericeum : occasionally the transverse ridges on the leaf sheath are absent and some specimens (e.g. Tutin 5 and Rogers 151), have almost sessile young leaves. The midrib can also become glabrous towards the base of the leaf with age.

M

Botanische Staatssammlung München

BR

Embrapa Agrobiology Diazothrophic Microbial Culture Collection

WAG

Wageningen University

W

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

MO

Missouri Botanical Garden

P

Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants

E

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

A

Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum

J

University of the Witwatersrand

G

Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

L

Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden University branch

BM

Bristol Museum

F

Field Museum of Natural History, Botany Department

S

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

N

Nanjing University

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

YA

National Herbarium of Cameroon

BRLU

Université Libre de Bruxelles

C

University of Copenhagen

K

Royal Botanic Gardens

I

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Liliopsida

Order

Zingiberales

Family

Zingiberaceae

Genus

Aframomum

Loc

Aframomum sericeum Dhetchuvi & D.J.Harris

Dhetchuvi, Jean-Baptiste, Wortley, Alexandra H. & Harris, David J. 2011
2011
Loc

Aframomum sp. D

Harris, D. J. 2002: 247
2002