Traumatomutilla selligera ( Gerstaecker, 1874 )

Bartholomay, Pedro R., Williams, Kevin A., Cambra, Roberto A. & Oliveira, Marcio L., 2022, Revision of the Traumatomutilla indica species-group (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae), Zootaxa 5108 (1), pp. 1-97 : 67-72

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Traumatomutilla selligera ( Gerstaecker, 1874 )


Traumatomutilla selligera ( Gerstaecker, 1874)

( Figs 24A–B View FIGURES 24 , 25A–G View FIGURES 25 )

Mutilla selligera Gerstaecker, 1874: 319 , holotype, ♂, Columbia [sic] (ZMB), examined.

Ephuta (Traumatomutilla) selligera: André, 1902: 56 .

Traumatomutilla selligera: André, 1904: 40 .

Diagnosis. FEMALE. Mesonotum as wide as distance between pronotal spiracles; lateral face of propodeum predominantly unsculptured, smooth and shinning; anterolateral corners of pronotum sharply angulate in dorsal view; lateral face of propodeum with conspicuous sharp tubercle; anterolateral carinae of scutellar area virtually straight. MALE. Cuspis elongate, slender; mesopleuron tuberculate on dorsal half; meso and metatibial spurs yellowishwhite; axillar projections acute; scutellum gibbose with well-defined dorsal and posterior faces, dorsal face with straight transverse carina on posterior margin; penis valve without shelf-like outward projection on posterior margin.

Description. FEMALE. Body length 12–16 mm. Head. Posterior margin virtually straight. Occipital carina evenly arched and equally wide throughout. Vertex width 0.75 × pronotal width. Eye almost circular, its length in frontal view virtually equal to the distance from its ventral margin to mandibular condyle. Sculpture partially concealed by dense setae, densely and finely foveolate-punctate where visible; sculpture conspicuously sparser on gena and malar space. Genal carina present. Mandible oblique, tapering slightly towards apex, with small subapical tooth. Dorsal scrobal carina well-defined, reaching antennal tubercles and narrowly separated from lateral scrobal carina. Antennal tubercle coarsely punctate to irregularly rugose. Flagellomere 1 2.4 × pedicel length; flagellomere 2 1.5 × pedicel length. Mesosoma . Mesosoma 0.9 × as long as wide. Mesosomal dorsum sculpture partially concealed by dense setation, densely and coarsely areolate-punctate laterad; densely punctate mediad, with conspicuous medial longitudinal carina extending from anterior margin of mesonotum to scutellar area; dorsal face of propodeum with vestiges of similar carina posteriorly. Anterior face of pronotum defined, slightly longer than pronotal collar, indistinctly and coarsely striated longitudinally basad and with dense coarse and confused punctures dorsad; dorsal face rounded into anterior face in lateral view. Humeral carina well-defined, broadly separated from slightly projected and rounded epaulet, anterolateral corners of pronotum sharply angulate in dorsal view. Pronotal spiracle projected from lateral margin of pronotum, subacute. Lateral face of pronotum sparsely punctate with dense interspersed micropunctures and conspicuous subacute tubercle anteroventral in relation to pronotal spiracle; mesopleuron sculpture mostly concealed by dense setation, micropunctate anteriorly and densely foveolate-punctate to areolate-punctate along mesopleural ridge where visible; metapleuron sculpture partially concealed by dense setation, dorsal third completely asetose, smooth, unsculptured. Lateral face of propodeum sparsely foveolate-punctate, with broad unsculptured intervals. Ratios of width of humeral angles, pronotal spiracles, widest point of mesonotum, narrowest point of mesonotum and propodeum posterior to propodeal spiracles, 79:89:87:65:63. Lateral margin of mesonotum strongly constricted anterior to propodeal spiracle, strongly diverging anteriad. Propodeal spiracle projected from lateral margin of mesosoma; Scutellar scale present, well-defined, connected to anterolateral carinae; anterolateral carinae connected, thus forming single transverse carina extending to propodeal spiracles; scabrous intervals absent on scutellar area. Propodeum convex, dorsal face virtually as long as and rounded into posterior face. Metasoma. Ratios of width of T1, width of T2 and length of T2, 33:75:71. Disc of T2 densely and coarsely foveolate-punctate to punctate with dense interspersed micropunctures; foveolations sparser and micropunctures absent laterally and over integumental spots. T3–5 sculpture predominantly concealed by dense setation, densely and coarsely foveolate-punctate to simply punctate with interspersed micropunctures where visible; T6, except pygidial plate, densely and coarsely punctate. S1 surface cuneiform, densely, coarsely and confusedly foveolate-punctate around blunt longitudinal medial carina equally high throughout. S2 densely foveolate-punctate; sculpture sparser posteromediad; anteromedial crest-fold present. S3–5 sculpture mostly concealed by dense setation, densely and finely foveolatepunctate where visible with interspersed micropunctures; S6 densely and coarsely foveolate-punctate. Pygidial plate subpyriform, defined by lateral carinae at apical fourth of plate; surface with coarse and irregular rugosities; interstice granulose.

MALE. Body length 16–18 mm. Head. Transversely subrectangular with posterolateral angles rounded in dorsal view, 0.8 × as wide as pronotal width. Eye almost circular. Ocelli small; OOD 4.8 × DLO, IOD virtually equal to DLO. Occipital carina distinct. Head surface densely and finely punctate with sparse interspersed micropunctate; conspicuously denser and coarse on front. Gena ecarinate. Antennal scrobe concave to eye margin, with well-defined transverse dorsal scrobal carina. Clypeus concave laterally immediately below antennal insertion, conspicuously convex medially; densely and coarsely punctate; apical/ventral margin with a pair of medial subrounded subsessile teeth. Scape bicarinate. Flagellomere 1 1.8 × pedicel length; flagellomere 2 2.2 × pedicel length. Mandible obliquely tridentate apically, inner tooth larger than medial tooth; lacking dorsal or ventral projections. Mesosoma . Epaulets well-defined, virtually flat against anterior margin of pronotum, broadly separated from short humeral carina, anterolateral angles of pronotum subrounded. Anterior face of pronotum sparsely punctate with interspersed micropunctations laterally, simply micropunctate sublaterally, and virtually unsculptured smooth and shinning medially. Tegula convex, mostly glabrous and impunctate except for dense coarse punctures on along inner and anterior margins. Mesoscutum densely and coarsely foveolate-punctate, notaulus and parapsis present, reduced to posterior half of mesoscutum. Scutellum gibbose, densely and coarsely foveolate-punctate; with well-defined dorsal and posterior faces; dorsal face longitudinally elevated medially, not flat, ending in transverse straight carina at posterior margin. Axilla produced posterolaterally as short acute projection, with conspicuous flat coarsely and densely foveolate-punctate dorsal surface. Metanotum slightly wider laterally, its surface obscured by dense setation. Propodeal dorsum convex, densely areolate; lateral face virtually unsculptured on anterior margin; dorsal face rounded into and poorly distinguished from posterior face; slightly depressed laterobasally. Lateral face of pronotum sparsely punctate with dense interspersed micropunctures; mesopleuron with short blunt tubercle on dorsal half; mesopleural sculpture densely and coarsely areolate-punctate to foveolate-punctate with interspersed micropunctures; areolations/foveolations gradually sparser anteriad. Metapleuron sparsely micropunctate to smooth throughout, except for indistinct areolations on basal fourth and indistinct rugosities on apical fourth. Wings. Forewing with elongate sclerotized pterostigma; marginal cell elongated, truncate apically; three submarginal cells. Legs. Simply setose, no strong spines discernible dorsally; spurs finely serrate on margins. Metasoma. T1 0. 5 × as wide as T2. T2 length 0.9 × its width. Dorsal metasomal sculpture partially concealed by dense setation, densely and coarsely punctate with interspersed micropunctures where visible. Pygidial plate irregularly, transversely and indistinctly rugose, broader than long, weakly defined by parallel carinae apicolaterally, interstice apparently granulose. S1 longitudinally elevated medially, terminating in longitudinal carina with conspicuous subacute spine-like projection posteriorly. S2 coarsely and sparsely foveolate-punctate to punctate, with micropunctures laterally and conspicuous elongate setae filled pit posteromedially; longitudinal anteromedial crest-fold present. S3–6 sparsely and coarsely foveolate-punctate with sparse interspersed micropunctures; S7 densely foveolate-punctate with well-defined medial longitudinal unsculptured area; longer than broad, well-defined by lateral carinae throughout, posterior margin projected medially into a single tooth-like structure on posterior margin; apex of projections bilobate. Genitalia. Parapenial lobe not at all pronounced apically, subacute. Ratios of free length of paramere, cuspis and digitus, 64:48:14; paramere virtually straight in dorsal view, apex upcurved in lateral view and outcurved in dorsal view; with sparse setae ventrally at anterior half; cuspis thin, slender, elongate, equally wide throughout in dorsal view, slightly wider apically in lateral view; with scattered inconspicuous long setae apically and sparse inconspicuous short setae elsewhere; paracuspis well-developed, not sessile, virtually as long as wide, subrounded and with sparsely setose posterodorsal margin in lateral view; setae shorter than paracuspis; digitus short, slightly curved inward in dorsal view and upcurved in lateral view, sparsely setose basodorsally, apex somewhat expanded, subcapitate in lateral view; penis valve with inner surface strongly concave, and well-defined pair of short teeth posteroventrally; posterior tooth acute, subposterior tooth subacute; externolateral pocket greatly reduced; apical distance between teeth 0.1 × length of valve; dense setae present along subtruncate posterior margin; inconspicuous setae present at base of subposterior tooth on external surface.

Coloration and variations: FEMALES. Integument black, except basal half of mandibles and most antennal flagellomeres ventrally reddish-brown; T2 with four yellowish integumental spots. Body setae predominantly black: except the following areas with silvery-white setae varying in density: transverse arcuate band on vertex; ventral third of lateral pronotal face; ventral half of mesopleuron and metapleuron; postero-lateral corners of mesonotum; dorsal face of propodeum laterally; legs; integumental spots, lateral areas, lateral felt lines, and lateral margins of T2; fringe of T2–4 medially and laterally; fringe of T5–6 medially; S1–4, and fringes of S2–4. MALES. Integument black to brownish-black. Body setae predominantly silvery-white varying in density, except following areas with black setae varying in density: head, pronotum, mesoscutum, axillar projections, scutellum, metanotum laterally, mesopleuron dorsally, dorsal surface of femora, posterior two thirds of T2, fringe of T5–6 medially, T6 (except pygidial plate), fringe of S5–6, and S7. Tibial spurs yellowish-white. Wings light brown infuscated, except basal third hyaline, with faint purplish reflections on apical third.

Distribution. Colombia, Trinidad, Venezuela, and French Guyana.

Material examined. (124♀, 56♂) Type material. Holotype Mutilla selligera , ♂, Columbia [sic] ( ZMB). Additional material. COLOMBIA: 3♂ (IAvH); Magdalena: 3♂ (IAvH); PNN [Parque Nacional Natural] Tayrona Zaino, 11°20’N 74°02’W, 50m [above sea level], Malaise [trapa], M789 [sic], 1♀, 17.X–10.XI.2000, R. Henriquez ( EMUS); 10-15km E [east of] Santa Marta, 1♀, 04–05.XII.1976, M. Cooper ( NHM); PNN SN [Parque Nacional Natural Sierra Nevada], Santa Maria, Filo Cartagena, 1♂, 1994, R. Olmos (IAvH); Meta: 2♂ (IAvH); PNN [Parque Nacional Natural] Macarena, Borde Rio Guejar , 03°20’N 73°56’W, 460m [above sea level], M2609 [sic], Malaise [trap], 24–28.XII.2001, D. Campos ( EMUS); Meta: PNN [Parque Nacional Natural] La Macarena: Carretera, 580m [above sea level], 1♂, 18.X.1991, W.Cubillos (IAvH); Rio Guejar , 3°20’N 73°53’W, 580m [above sea level], 1♂, 12.XI.1991, W.Cubillos (IAvH); San Juan de Arama : 3°20’N 73°53’W, 750m [above sea level], 1♂, F. Fernandez (IAvH); 2♀, 13.VII.1988, W. Cubillos ( AMNH); 580m [above sea level], 1♂, 04.X.1991, Carret, W.C. ( EMUS); Rio Samsa , 3°20’N 73°53’W, 580m [above sea level], 1♂, 18.X.1991, W.Cubillos (IAvH); Puerto Lleras, Loma Linda, 03°18’N 73°22’W, 300m [above sea level], 2♀, R. Rondoh ( EMUS); Res. Nat. [Reserva Natural] El Cadu- GoogleMaps

ceo: 03°40’N 73°39’W, 1400’, HC, savanna, 1♀, 03–08.I.2012 ( EMUS) GoogleMaps ; 03°40’N 73°39’W, 1400’, MT, forest, 1♀, 03–08.I.2012 ( EMUS) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, 3.I.2012, K.A. Williams ( EMUS) ; Carimagua , 1♂, 8.III.1979, J. de Porre ( FSCA) ; Cord. [Cordillera] Macarena , 1♀, 15–28.II.1976, M. Cooper ( NHM) ; Arauca: Tame : 1♀, 17–18.VII.1976, M. Cooper ( NHM) ; 1♀, 01–07.VII.1976, M. Cooper ( NHM) ; 1♀, 21–29.VI.1976, M. Cooper ( NHM) ; 3♀, 08–17.VII.1976, M. Cooper ( NHM) ; TRINIDAD: 13 km S [ South of] Arima: 13♂, 22.VI.1993, S & J Peck ( EMUS) ; Farm Pecks , 1♂, 12– ( FSCA) ; 2km N [north of] Talparo, Quesnell Farm , rainforest FIT, 50m, 18♀, 22;VI– 08.VII.1993, S.J. Peck ( EMUS) ; 14 km S [ South of] Arima, 20♂, 12.VI.1993, S & J Peck ( EMUS) ; 11km SE [southeast of] Arima: 3♂, 28.VI.1993, S & J Peck ( EMUS) ; Arena For. Res. , 80m, 3♀ #, 28.VI–08.VII.1993, S & J Peck ( EMUS) ; 2♀, 13.VI–08.VII.1993, Pecks ( EMUS) ; 16♀, 12–22.VI.1993, Pecks ( EMUS) ; Arima Valley, Arena Forest Reserve : 1♀, 09.IV.1951 ( AMNH) ; 1♀, 19.VI.1991, H.L. Dozier ( FSCA) ; 2 km E [east of] San Rafael, Arena Forest Re- serve, 1♀, 01.VII.1999, G.B. Edwards ( FSCA) ; St. [Saint] George County, Arena Forest Preserve, 1♀, 05.VI.2000, M.E. Berres ( CMBC) ; Paria Matelot Trail , 1♀, 14.I.1999, Ann Berres ( CMBC) ; U.S. N.A.S. [sic], 1♀, 03.III.1943, S.G. Pederson ( UMSP) ; Couva-Tabaquite, Talparo : 1♀, 11.VI.1991, Byrd Dozier ( FSCA) ; 1♀, 10.VII.1988, H.L. Dozier ( FSCA) ; 1♀, 07.VII.1988, H.L. Dozier ( FSCA) ; 1♀, 13.VI.1991, H.L. Dozier ( FSCA) ; VENEZUELA: Barinas: 40km SE [southeast of] Socopo , 150m [above sea level], 1♀, 07.II.1970, S.L. Wood ( EMUS) ; 40 km E [east of] Canton , 1♀, 08.III.1970, S.L. Wood ( BYU) ; Socopo , 1♀, 07.II.1970, S.L. Wood ( BYU) ; Bolívar: 20 km W Guasipati , 1♂, 24.VI.1987, S & J Peck ( PMAE) ; Tumeremo , 20 km S [south of], 1♂, 24.VI.1987, S & J Peck ( PMAE) ; Suapure : 1♀, II–III.1999 ( EMUS) ; Caura River : 1♀, 14.VIII.1899, E.A. Klages ( EMUS) ; 1♀, 21.IX.1899, E.A. Klages ( EMUS) ; 1♀, 20.IX.1899, E.A. Klages ( EMUS) ; Monagas: Caripito : 2♀, 30.VIII.1942 ( AMNH) ; 2♀, 06.IV.1942 ( AMNH) ; Tachira: Santa Barbara , 1♀, VII.1981, Williner ( AMNH) ; Rubio , 1♀, X.1988, D. Havrenek ( FSCA) ; Zulia, Los Angeles del Tucuco , 1♂, 15.VI.1981, Hollenberg & Menke ( USNM) ; Caracas, Caracas , 1♀, Styrech ( ZMUC) ; Zamora, Libertad , 2♀, 1923, Mayeul Grisol ( MNHN) ; Rancho Grande, nr. [near] Maracay , 1♀, 22.VI.1946 ( AMNH) ; FRENCH GUYANA: Lunier River , 2♀, 1899, F. Geay ( MNHN) . An additional 38♀ from various localities in COLOMBIA, VENEZUELA and TRINIDAD were also examined ( MIUP).

Remarks. The sex association of T. selligera was based on couples collected in Trinidad, as well as large numbers of both sexes co-ocurring in various areas in the northern Amazon. There are several female specimens of T. selligera in various collections identified as T. aequinidialis by Mickel, PRB, and KAW. This was a name given by Mickel to the females of T. selligera , considered as a putative new species by the author at the time. The anterolateral angles of the pronotum and the sculpture of the lateral propodeal face in the females seem to be unique within the species-group and are only approximated by the females of T. guayaca which differ in the structure of the lateral pronotal face and scutellar armature. The males of T. selligera , on the other hand, are similar in structure to those of T. tristis , differing mainly in structure of the scutellum.


Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)


American Museum of Natural History


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology


University of Minnesota Insect Collection


Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen


Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle














Traumatomutilla selligera ( Gerstaecker, 1874 )

Bartholomay, Pedro R., Williams, Kevin A., Cambra, Roberto A. & Oliveira, Marcio L. 2022

Traumatomutilla selligera: André, 1904: 40

Andre, E. 1904: 40

Ephuta (Traumatomutilla) selligera: André, 1902: 56

Andre, E. 1902: 56

Mutilla selligera

Gerstaecker, A. 1874: 319