Amazunculus manauara Marques, Skevington & Rafael

Marques, Dayse W. A., Skevington, Jeffrey H. & Rafael, José A., 2019, Revision of the genus Amazunculus Rafael (Diptera: Pipunculidae), with description of six new species, Zootaxa 4577 (3), pp. 439-472: 460-462

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Amazunculus manauara Marques, Skevington & Rafael

sp. nov.

Amazunculus manauara Marques, Skevington & Rafael   , sp. nov.

Figs 124–137 View FIGURES 124–128 View FIGURES 129–137 1CC5E0E8-AD60-4654-BA22-3A4455DC3296

Diagnosis. Antenna dark brown. Wing base slightly darkened. Epandrium not inflated. Surstyli symmetrical, long in ventral view, almost as long as epandrium, with rounded apex and fused with epandrium. Phallic guide short, with parallel sides in ventral view. Basal processes of phallus very long, surpassing the hypandrium width. Phallus with two very short and pointed apical projections.

Description of male. Body length 6.7 mm. Head ( Fig. 124 View FIGURES 124–128 ). Eyes contiguous for a distance of eighteen facets. F, EM, V = 0.7 mm, 0.5 mm, 0.4 mm. Frontal triangle black, grey-brown pruinose. Face grey pruinose. Postcranium dark, brown pruinose dorsally and grey pruinose laterally and ventrally. Antennae ( Fig. 125 View FIGURES 124–128 ) with scape dark brown; pedicel dark brown, with three dorsal and five ventral bristles; postpedicel brown with obtuse apex. LPP/WPP = 1.8. Labellum yellowish brown. Thorax. Postpronotal lobe brown, grey-brown pruinose. Scutum and scutellum black with brown pruinescence. Notopleuron concolorous with the scutum, mostly grey pruinose. Mesopleuron dark brown to black, grey pruinose; katatergite and anatergite grey pruinose; mediotergite black, grey-brown pruinose. Wing ( Fig. 126 View FIGURES 124–128 ). Length 7.4 mm. LW/MWW = 3.6. LTC/LFC = 1. Membrane mostly hyaline except by base slightly darkened. Halter with stem yellowish brown and knob brown. Legs ( Fig. 124 View FIGURES 124–128 ). All legs dark brown to black, with articulations and bases of the tibiae yellow; all femora and tibiae with dense grey pruinescence on the posterior face. Pulvilli yellow. Abdomen ( Fig. 127 View FIGURES 124–128 ). Slightly longer than wide. Dark brown to black with brown pruinescence, all tergites with interrupted bands of grey pruinescence posterolaterally. Tergite 6 and sternites 6 and 7 as in Fig. 129 View FIGURES 129–137 . Syntergosternite 8 grey-brown pruinose; about 0.7× length of tergite 5 ( Fig. 127 View FIGURES 124–128 ), with a large circular membranous area ( Figs 130–131 View FIGURES 129–137 ). Terminalia. Epandrium yellowish brown, not distinctly inflated ( Fig. 131 View FIGURES 129–137 ). Surstyli ( Fig. 131 View FIGURES 129–137 ) yellowish brown, symmetrical, long in dorsal view, almost as long as epandrium, with rounded apex and fused with epandrium; in lateral view, not elongated ventrally, with distinct curvature near base ( Figs 132–133 View FIGURES 129–137 ). Phallic guide ( Figs 134–136 View FIGURES 129–137 ) short, almost as long as hypandrium; with somewhat parallel sides in ventral view. Basal processes of phallus very large, surpassing hypandrium width ( Fig. 134 View FIGURES 129–137 ). Phallus ( Figs 134, 136–137 View FIGURES 129–137 ) with two sclerotized very small and pointed projections apically ( Fig. 137 View FIGURES 129–137 ). Ejaculatory apodeme as in Fig. 136 View FIGURES 129–137 .

Female. Unknown.

Type material. HOLOTYPE ♂: “ BRASIL, AM [azonas], Manaus, ZF2, Km-14, 02°35'21"S, 60°06'55"W, 16– 30.ix.2016, Malaise grande 18 m na torre, J. A. Rafael & F. F. Xavier-Filho ” “ D. Marques Specimen #00605” “DW0359” “ Holotype ♂, Amazunculus manauara Marques, Skevington & Rafael   ” ( INPA) ( Fig. 128 View FIGURES 124–128 ). GoogleMaps  

Holotype condition. Left wing detached, mounted on microslide. Right hind leg glued on label. Terminalia placed in a microvial with glycerin.

Etymology. The specific epithet ‘ manauara   ’ refers to people born in the city of Manaus, the type-locality.

Geographical distribution. This species is known only from the type locality, Amazonas, Brazil ( Fig. 183 View FIGURES 183 ).

Habitat. This species was collected in a tropical rainforest reserve in Central Amazon, with a Malaise trap mounted at 18 m height in a metallic tower.


Australian Museum


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia