Amazunculus Rafael, 1986

Marques, Dayse W. A., Skevington, Jeffrey H. & Rafael, José A., 2019, Revision of the genus Amazunculus Rafael (Diptera: Pipunculidae), with description of six new species, Zootaxa 4577 (3), pp. 439-472: 440-441

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Amazunculus Rafael, 1986


Amazunculus Rafael, 1986  

Dorilas (Eudorylas)   ; Hardy, 1950: 442, figs. 6 a–d (part.).

Eudorylas; Aczél, 1952: 242 (part.).

Pipunculus (Eudorylas)   ; Hardy, 1966: 3 (part.).

Amazunculus Rafael, 1986: 16   , figs 1–6; Rafael & Rosa, 1991: 343, figs 26–31, 35; De Meyer, 1996: 44 (cat.); Skevington &

Yeates, 2001: 429, figs 3I, 4A, 5H, 5J, 6H, 7E; Galinkin & Rafael, 2008: 517, figs 1–15; Rodriguez & Rafael, 2012: 14; Marques & Rafael, 2018. Type species: Dorilas (Eudorylas) platypodus Hardy, 1950   .

Diagnosis. Large bodied flies, body length 5.9–8.4 mm, wing length 7.0– 9.4 mm; eyes holoptic; postpedicel with obtuse to rounded apex; dorsocentral and scutellar setae diminutive; scutellum rugose on posterior third; propleura without setae; rows of ventral spines present on fore and mid femora; well-developed setae on posterior surfaces of all femora, longer and denser on mid femora; hind tarsi enlarged and flattened; pterostigma present; basal third of wing usually brown infuscated (only slightly infuscated in some species and completely hyaline in others); crossvein r-m placed near basal third of cell dm; crossvein dm-m curved; vein M 2 absent; abdomen wide and oval, with inconspicuous pilosity, pruinose; tergite 1 narrow, without long lateral setae; tergite 2 with lateral setae as long as setae on tergite 1; male terminalia with tergite 6 and sternite 7 visible dorsally; syntergosternite 8 with membranous area (except in A. duckei Galinkin & Rafael   ); epandrium swollen, partially visible dorsally on right side; surstyli symmetrical or subsymmetrical, fused or not with epandrium, with proximal, dorsal surface distinctively elevated; hypandrium invaginated at the fusion point with the subepandrial sclerite; membranous apodeme of the hypandrium/subepandrial sclerite present; phallic guide distinctly widened proximally; phallus single, apically swollen and membranous, usually with subapical protuberances; phallus with a paired process at base, usually large and surpassing posterior margin of hypandrium; sperm pump hemispherical; female ovipositor short and straight.

Distribution ( Fig. 184 View FIGURE 184 ). Based on the material examined in the revision by Galinkin & Rafael (2008), the genus has been recorded from the following countries: Colombia (Cauca, Amazonas) and Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas, Pará). New records reported herein are: Panama (Canal Zone), Venezuela (Amazonas), Ecuador (Napo), Peru (Madre de Dios) and extending the records from Brazil to Acre, Rondônia and Maranhão; additionally, to French Guiana (paper submitted to Zoosystema) based on a female specimen.












Amazunculus Rafael, 1986

Marques, Dayse W. A., Skevington, Jeffrey H. & Rafael, José A. 2019


De Meyer, M. 1996: 44
Rafael, J. A. & Rosa, M. S. S. 1991: 343
Rafael, J. A. 1986: 16

Pipunculus (Eudorylas)

Hardy, D. E. 1966: 3

Dorilas (Eudorylas)

Hardy, D. E. 1950: 442