Amazunculus, Rafael, 1986

Marques, Dayse W. A., Skevington, Jeffrey H. & Rafael, José A., 2019, Revision of the genus Amazunculus Rafael (Diptera: Pipunculidae), with description of six new species, Zootaxa 4577 (3), pp. 439-472 : 441-442

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4577.3.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E935D0FF-BECD-4981-BAED-CAE1053B041B

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5932618

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B987A5-5269-FFFB-FF2D-3A52FA4EFE84

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Amazunculus
status

 

Key to the Amazunculus   species

1 All legs yellow ( Fig. 93 View FIGURES 93–97 ); syntergosternite 8 without membranous area ( Fig. 99 View FIGURES 98–107 ).............. A. duckei Galinkin & Rafael  

- All legs mostly dark brown to black (c.f. Figs 1 View FIGURES 1–5 , 46 View FIGURES 46–50 ); syntergosternite 8 with membranous area (c.f. Figs 7 View FIGURES 6–15 , 37 View FIGURES 36–45 )........... 2

2 Apex of phallic guide trifid ( Fig. 43 View FIGURES 36–45 )........................................................ A. bethoi   sp. nov.

- Apex of phallic guide simple (c.f. Figs 13 View FIGURES 6–15 , 27 View FIGURES 20–30 )............................................................... 3

3 Apex of phallus without lateral apical projections ( Fig. 149 View FIGURES 143–152 ).................................. A. panamensis   sp. nov.

- Apex of phallus with lateral apical projections (c.f. Figs 15 View FIGURES 6–15 , 28 View FIGURES 20–30 )................................................ 4

4 Apex of phallus elongated, ending well beyond the two desclerotized apical projections and with small spiniform projections on the medial surface ( Figs 28, 29 View FIGURES 20–30 )............................................................. A. besti Rafael  

- Apex of phallus shortened, with sclerotized apical projections (c.f. Figs 15 View FIGURES 6–15 , 59 View FIGURES 51–61 , 75 View FIGURES 67–77 )................................. 5

5 Surstyli not elongated ventrally when seen in lateral view (c.f. Figs 132 View FIGURES 129–137 , 175 View FIGURES 172–181 )...................................... 6

- Surstyli elongated ventrally when seen in lateral view (c.f. Figs 10 View FIGURES 6–15 , 55 View FIGURES 51–61 , 161 View FIGURES 157–167 )....................................... 7

6 Surstyli almost as long as epandrium ( Fig. 131 View FIGURES 129–137 ); with apex somewhat rounded in lateral view ( Figs 132, 133 View FIGURES 129–137 )................................................................................................ A. manauara   sp. nov.

- Surstyli much shorter than epandrium ( Fig. 174 View FIGURES 172–181 ); with apex distinctly acute in lateral view ( Figs 175, 176 View FIGURES 172–181 )................................................................................................... A. psilalarius   sp. nov.

7 Cerci distinctly arched ( Fig. 70 View FIGURES 67–77 ); phallic guide with a distinct expansion at apex ( Fig. 74 View FIGURES 67–77 ); phallus with two large somewhat rounded projections apically when seen in lateral view ( Figs 75, 76 View FIGURES 67–77 )................... A. cordigaster Galinkin & Rafael  

- Cerci only slightly arched ( Figs 9 View FIGURES 6–15 , 85 View FIGURES 83–92 ); phallic guide simple without apical expansion; phallus with two narrow and pointed projections apically (c.f. Figs 15 View FIGURES 6–15 , 166 View FIGURES 157–167 )..................................................................... 8

8 Phallic guide with base distinctly expanded dorsally when seen in lateral view with apex elongated ( Fig. 165 View FIGURES 157–167 )................................................................................................ A. platypodus (Hardy)  

- Phallic guide without distinct dorsal expansion and with short apex when seen in lateral view (c.f. Fig. 15 View FIGURES 6–15 )............... 9

9 Syntergosternite 8 with very small membranous area ( Fig. 114 View FIGURES 113–123 ); surstyli distinctly wider ventrally when seen in lateral view ( Figs 117, 118 View FIGURES 113–123 )......................................................................... A. francyae   sp. nov.

- Syntergosternite 8 with relatively large membranous area ( Figs 7 View FIGURES 6–15 , 84 View FIGURES 83–92 ); surstyli subequal dorsally and ventrally or wider dorsally than ventrally when seen in lateral view (c.f. Figs 10 View FIGURES 6–15 , 86 View FIGURES 83–92 )................................................. 10

10 Surstyli when seen in lateral view wider dorsally than ventrally, distinctly projected ventrally towards epandrium ( Figs 86, 87 View FIGURES 83–92 ); phallic guide elongated, somewhat conical in dorsal and ventral views ( Figs 88, 89 View FIGURES 83–92 )...... A. deargentatus Galinkin & Rafael  

- Surstyli when seen in lateral view subequal in width dorsally and ventrally, not projected towards epandrium ( Figs 10 View FIGURES 6–15 , 55 View FIGURES 51–61 ); phallic guide relatively short ( Figs 15 View FIGURES 6–15 , 59 View FIGURES 51–61 )................................................................. 11

11 Phallic guide subparallel-sided when seen in ventral view ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 6–15 ); nearly straight in lateral view, without subapical concavity ( Fig. 15 View FIGURES 6–15 )............................................................................. A. acreanus   sp. nov.

- Phallic guide sinuous in ventral view ( Fig. 58 View FIGURES 51–61 ), with a pronounced subapical concavity in lateral view ( Fig. 59 View FIGURES 51–61 )......................................................................................... A. claripennis Rafael & Rosa