Letheobia unitaeniata (Peters)

Wallach, Van, 2007, A review of East and Central African species of Letheobia Cope, revived from the synonymy of Rhinotyphlops Fitzinger, with descriptions of five new species (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), Zootaxa 1515, pp. 31-68: 55

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.177278

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B587D9-FF8D-380A-90A8-FCDAF268FEDF

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Letheobia unitaeniata (Peters)
status

 

Letheobia unitaeniata (Peters)  

( Fig 8 View FIGURE 8 A)

Yellow-striped blind-snake

Typhlops (Letheobia) unitaeniatus Peters 1878   , Mber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1878: 205, Pl. 2, Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 . Type locality: Taita [Hills, Kenya] (ca. 03° 25 ’S, 38 ° 25 ’E), collected by J. M. Hildenbrandt, holotype ZMB 9246.

Typhlops unitaeniatus   – Boulenger 1893: 55, 1896: 590, 1909: 309, 1912: 331, 1915b: 616; Tornier 1896: 66; Sternfeld 1908 b: 242; Werner 1921: 331 (part); Calabresi 1923: 160 (part); Scortecci 1930: 15 (part); Gans & Laurent 1965: 59; Gans & Taub 1965: 107.

Typhlops unitaeniatus unitaeniatus   – Loveridge 1936: 227, 1942: 258, 1957: 243.

Rhinotyphlops unitaeniatus   – Roux-Estève 1974: 241, Fig. 180 (part), 1975: 445 (part); Spawls 1978: 2; Hahn 1980: 36 (part); Hoevers & Johnson 1982: 183; Lanza 1983: 219, 1990: 430 (part); Lambert 1985: 66 (part); Largen & Rasmussen 1993: 322; Wallach 1994: 219; Flemming & Bates 1999: 420; McDiarmid et al. 1999: 88; Spawls et al. 2006: 91.

Description. Snout very prominent, with an acutely angular horizontal keratinised edge on rostral, rostral very large, longer than broad and extending well beyond the lovel of the eyes, ventrally rostral more than half width of head at level of nostrils; frontal crescentic, separated from the nasal by two supraoculars, the lower with its lateral apex between nasal and preocular; eye visible beneath the upper anterior edge of the nasal; nasal suture arising from the second labial; SIP X (N 1, P, O, O). Scale rows usually 26 - 24 - 24; MD 467–586 (mean 501.26). L/D ratio 38–77. Dark brown to black dorsally, slightly lighter below, with a bright yellow vertebral stripe, three to five scales wide, running from the back of the head to about 1 cm before the tail tip.

Size. Largest specimen ( MZUF 27528 –– Balad, Somalia) 435 mm in total length.

Habitat. Mainly Acacia- Commiphora deciduous bushland and thicket, but also entering coastal mosaic. Sympatric with Letheobia ataeniata   on the sandy levees on the west bank of the Juba River ( Hoevers & Johnson 1982).

Distribution. Southern Somalia, eastern Kenya and northeastern Tanzania, 20–1600 m. ( Fig. 12).

Localities. SOMALIA. Alessandra Island, Gelib MZUF 2222; Balad MZUF 27528; Dinsor MZUF 24678 - 79; Gelib to Bidi NHCL 1535, MSNM 1960 ( Calabresi 1923); Lugh Ferrandi BMNH 98.1.28.13; Mareri (Juba Sugar Project: Hoevers & Johnson 1982) CAS 151202, 225263- 65; MZUF 27167 - 70; Merca [Marka] ( Scortecci 1930) MZUT 1744. KENYA. Garissa & Garsen ( Spawls 1978); Gede NMK 2266; Ithumba BMNH 1963.433 - 34; Jombeni USNM 22091; Kibwezi BMNH 93.11.21.42; MCZ 18175 View Materials ; Kinna, Lali Hills & Makueni ( Spawls 1978); Malindi MCZ 40081 View Materials ; NMK 2677; Mombasa BMNH 90.1.20.2; Namanga NMZB 17116; Saka BMNH 1952.1.6.46; Taita ZMB 9246 (holotype); Taru BMNH 97.11.17.18; Voi MCZ 40079 View Materials - 80; Watamu ( Spawls et al. 2002, photo). TANZANIA. Amboni Estate MCZ 48058 View Materials ; Maji Kunuinua Mtn, Mkomazi Game Res. ( Flemming & Bates 1999) NMBO 7941; Tanga BMNH 1960.1.6.29; MNHN 1895.132.

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

MZUF

Museo Zoologico La Specola, Universita di Firenze

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

MZUT

Museo di Zoologia, Instituto di Zoologia e Anatomia Comparata Universita di Torino

NMK

National Museums of Kenya

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

NMZB

National Museum of Zimbabwe

NMBO

National Museum, Bloemfontein

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Reptilia

Order

Squamata

Family

Typhlopidae

Genus

Letheobia

Loc

Letheobia unitaeniata (Peters)

Wallach, Van 2007
2007
Loc

Rhinotyphlops unitaeniatus

Spawls 2006: 91
Flemming 1999: 420
Wallach 1994: 219
Largen 1993: 322
Lambert 1985: 66
Lanza 1983: 219
Hoevers 1982: 183
Hahn 1980: 36
Spawls 1978: 2
Roux-Esteve 1974: 241
1974
Loc

Typhlops unitaeniatus unitaeniatus

Loveridge 1936: 227
1936
Loc

Typhlops unitaeniatus

Gans 1965: 59
Gans 1965: 107
Scortecci 1930: 15
Calabresi 1923: 160
Werner 1921: 331
Sternfeld 1908: 242
Tornier 1896: 66
Boulenger 1893: 55
1893