Eugenia neoriedeliana M.C.Souza & Giaretta

Giaretta, Augusto, Lucas, Eve & Sano, Paulo Takeo, 2021, Taxonomic monograph of Eugenia sect. Schizocalomyrtus (Myrtaceae: Myrteae), a group within Eugenia with unusual flowers, Phytotaxa 524 (3), pp. 135-177 : 159-161

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/phytotaxa.524.3.1

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5699046

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B5878D-6546-877E-7AC6-09F49888F846

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Eugenia neoriedeliana M.C.Souza & Giaretta
status

 

6. Eugenia neoriedeliana M.C.Souza & Giaretta (in Giaretta et al. 2018: 285).

Mitranthes riedeliana O. Berg (1859: 595) . Chytraculia riedeliana (O.Berg) Kuntze (1891: 238) . Calyptrogenia riedeliana (O.Berg) Burret (1941: 546) . Neomitranthes riedeliana (O.Berg) Mattos (1990: 6) , not Eugenia riedeliana O. Berg (1857: 261) . Type:— BRAZIL. Rio de Janeiro: Habitat in silvis prope Madiocca, s.d., Riedel & Langsdorff s.n. (lectotype designated by Giaretta et al. (2018): K! [000331528]; isolectotypes: F [72823 negative number-photo!], LE! [6 sheets], M [0146828-photo!], NY [00405349-photo!], P! [00723175, 00723176, 00723177], S [herbarium number S-R-9472-photo!], OXF! [00071623, 00071645]). ( Figures 1E View FIGURE 1 , 15 View FIGURE 15 ).

Shrubs or trees 3 to 12 m tall. Young leaves with whitish trichomes up to 0.1 mm long, appressed, sparse abaxially, glabrous adaxially, glabrescent. Leaves with petioles 7–10 × 1–1.5 mm; blades 6.5–14 × 2.5–4.5 cm, obovate, elliptic or narrow-elliptic; base acute; apex abruptly acuminate, 1–2 cm long, or less often narrowly-acute; midvein canaliculate adaxially; secondary veins 7–10 per side; marginal veins two, the innermost 3–6 mm from the margin, the outermost 1–1.5 mm from the margin. Inflorescence terminal or axillar, fasciculiform; bracts 0.5–1 × 0.5–1.2 mm, wide-ovate; rachis 1–5 mm long, puberulent, terete, brownish; 1–4 pairs of flowers, pedicels 5–18 × 0.5–1 mm; up to three rachises sharing an axil; bracteoles 1–2 × 1 mm, ovate or wide-ovate, puberulent, persistent after anthesis. Flower buds 4–6 × 3.5–4.5 mm, obovate or elliptic, apiculate, calyx lobes partially fused and nearly closed leaving four vestigial free lobes at the tip, tearing transversely at the calyx base resulting in a calyptra-like structure, 4–5 mm diameter, puberulent, dense on hypanthium, brownish outside; petals 2–3 × 1.5–3 mm, wide-ovate or oblong, occasionally two petals fused at the base; stamens straight in the bud, filaments up to 6 mm long, anthers 0.4–0.6 mm long; staminal whorls flat, 5–6 mm diameter, rounded, not tearing at anthesis; style 5–6.5 mm long; ovary 2–locules, 9–15 ovules per locule. Fruit not seen.

Etymology:— The neo preceding the specific epithet means “new” from Greek in reference to the replacement name assigned to the species.

Distribution and habitat:— Eugenia neoriedeliana occurs in Southeastern Brazil (Rio de Janeiro), known from the Serra do Mar at elevations between 20 to 600 m ( Figure 16 View FIGURE 16 ). It is usually a shrub but can also be a tall tree, both forms are mainly distributed on forest slopes or less often, on lowland coastal forest, within Ombrophilous Dense Forest in the Atlantic forest.

Phenology:— Flowers of Eugenia neoriedeliana have been collected from September to November ( Figure 6 View FIGURE 6 ), the fruiting period is unknown.

Conservation status:— Eugenia neoriedeliana is endemic to Rio de Janeiro, known from two protected areas (APA Floresta do Jacarandá and REBIO do Tinguá) and non-protected areas in well preserved and disturbed sites with a restricted EOO of 1,570.7 km ². Although populations are under well preserved and protected areas, fragmented populations in the understory persist in other locations (Pão de Açúcar and Urca) experiencing historical and present anthropogenic pressure, leading to reduction in habitat quantity and quality. Likelihood of regional extinction is increased by invasion of exotic species, fire and human occupancy. Extinction risk re-evaluation is necessary and urgent to update threat status. Thus, it is suggested that this species should be rated as Endangered [EN B1ab(i, iii, iv)].

Comments:— Uncertainty surrounding the circumscription of Eugenia neoriedeliana was likely motivated by the bud dehiscence misleading Berg (1859) who assigned it to Mitranthes riedeliana , later combined with Neomitranthes riedeliana . The current circumscription within Eugenia is supported by straight stamens in the bud (vs. strongly curved in Myrcia s.l. and Pliniinae ) and confirmed its placement in Eugenia sect. Schizocalomyrtus by a molecular phylogeny ( Giaretta et al. 2019b). Eugenia neoriedeliana is often confused with E. tenuipedunculata and E. vattimoana but is easily distinguished by the bud tearing transversely at the calyx base resulting in a calyptra-like structure (vs. flower tearing in regular and irregular lobes, respectively).

Specimens Examined:— BRAZIL. Rio de Janeiro: Magé, 18 October 1984, fl., H . C . de Lima 2244 ( GUA!, INPA!, K!, RB!), 2 October 1984, fl., G . Martinelli 9905 ( CEPEC!, R!, RB!), 24 October 1984, fl., H . C . de Lima 2302 ( GUA!, K!); Nova Iguaçú , 16 September 2006, fl., L . M . Versieux 292 ( SPF!); Rio de Janeiro, 3 February 2015, fl., A . Giaretta 1489 ( K!, SPF!), 30 November 1976, fl., P . Occhioni 7981 ( RFA!) .

H

University of Helsinki

C

University of Copenhagen

GUA

DIVEA, DEP, FEEMA

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

K

Royal Botanic Gardens

RB

Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro

G

Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

CEPEC

CEPEC, CEPLAC

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

L

Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden University branch

M

Botanische Staatssammlung München

SPF

Universidade de São Paulo

A

Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum

P

Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants

RFA

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Myrtales

Family

Myrtaceae

Genus

Eugenia

Loc

Eugenia neoriedeliana M.C.Souza & Giaretta

Giaretta, Augusto, Lucas, Eve & Sano, Paulo Takeo 2021
2021
Loc

Neomitranthes riedeliana (O.Berg)

Mattos 1990: 6
1990
Loc

Calyptrogenia riedeliana (O.Berg)

Burret 1941: 546
1941
Loc

Chytraculia riedeliana (O.Berg)

Kuntze 1891: 238
1891
Loc

Mitranthes riedeliana

O. Berg 1859: 595
1859
Loc

Eugenia riedeliana

O. Berg 1857: 261
1857