Horismenus missouriensis (Ashmead)

Hansson, Christer, Kenyon, Sarah G. & Benrey, Betty, 2019, Species of Horismenus Walker (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) associated with bruchid beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae), including five new species, Zootaxa 4585 (1), pp. 168-188: 186-187

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4585.1.10

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:934CA17E-9BEF-4353-9F6B-EDCF87DFA9EE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B57660-FFAE-FFA4-FF0F-836AFD633E02

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Horismenus missouriensis (Ashmead)
status

 

Horismenus missouriensis (Ashmead)  

Figs 48–51 View FIGURES 48–55 , 60–63 View FIGURES 60–67 .

Holcopelte missouriensis Ashmead, 1888:101   . Lectotype female in USNM, designated by Burks (1971), examined.

Holcopelte popenoei Ashmead, 1888:101   . Lectotype female in USNM, designated by Burks (1971), examined. Synonymized by Girault (1934).

Horismenus missouriensis (Ashmead)   , Schmiedeknecht (1909).

Diagnosis. Antennal scrobes joining below frontal suture (as in Figs 56, 57 View FIGURES 56–59 ); first gastral tergite with posterior 2/3 reticulate with isodiametric meshes and with punctures, or predominantly with punctures; female flagellomeres short and stout ( Figs 50 View FIGURES 48–55 , 62 View FIGURES 60–67 ), e.g. first flagellomere 1.7× as long as wide; male scape 2.8× as long as wide ( Fig. 51 View FIGURES 48–55 ); forewing speculum open below; propodeum with median carina with sides parallel and with anterior part blunt ( Fig. 63 View FIGURES 60–67 ); petiole with median carina; female gaster short and ovate, MM/LG = 1.1. Similar to bruchophagus   but with head and mesosoma bright metallic and male scape less swollen and with basal ½ pale; and to productus   but first gastral tergite partly or completely with punctures in posterior part.

Distribution. Argentina ( Hansson 2009), Belize ( Hansson 2009), Brazil ( De Santis 1980, Sari et al. 2002), Colombia ( Hansson 2009), Costa Rica ( Hansson 2009), Honduras ( Hansson 2009), Mexico ( Hansson & Aebi 2004), Peru ( Hansson 2009), Trinidad & Tobago ( Hansson 2009), U.S.A. ( Ashmead 1888) (from New York and southward (Burks 1971)).

Hosts. Acanthoscelides   sp. on Phaseolus   spp. ( Hansson & Aebi 2004), A. floridae Horn ( Peck 1963)   , A. submuticus (Sharp) ( Peck 1963)   , Amblycerus robiniae (Fabricius) ( Peck 1951)   , Ctenocolum crotonae (Fåhraeus) ( Sari et al. 2002), Gibbobruchus   sp. ( Burks 1971). All hosts are Chrysomelidae   : Bruchinae ( Coleoptera   ). New records: Acanthoscelides   sp. on Mimosa pigra   ; bruchid in Acacia farnesiana   ; bruchid in Sesbania   sp. ( Fabaceae   ); Etiella zinchenella   ( Lepidoptera   : Pyralidae   ) on pigeon pea ( Cajanus cajan   , Fabaceae   ); Leucaena leucocephala   ( Fabaceae   ); seeds of Symplocos limon   ( Symplocaceae   ); seed pods of Acacia   and Prosopis   ( Fabaceae   ). This species is a parasitoid on larvae of bruchids ( Coleoptera   : Chrysomelidae   : Bruchinae), other records need confirmation.

Material examined. Type material: Lectotype female of H. missouriensis   labeled “ Missouri ”, “Type no. 41369 U.S. N.M.” (USNM); lectotype female of H. popenoei   labeled “ Mar. 15 ”, “Riley Co Ks F. Marlatt”, “149”, “1274”, “Type no. 41370 U.S. N.M.” (USNM). Additional material: As accounted for in Hansson (2009).

Molecular data. Horismenus missouriensis   equals “HM3” in Kenyon et al. (2015) and molecular data associated with “HM3” is accounted for in that paper.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eulophidae

Genus

Horismenus

Loc

Horismenus missouriensis (Ashmead)

Hansson, Christer, Kenyon, Sarah G. & Benrey, Betty 2019
2019
Loc

Holcopelte missouriensis

Ashmead, W. H. 1888: 101
1888
Loc

Holcopelte popenoei

Ashmead, W. H. 1888: 101
1888