Mardonia, Thorell

Deeleman-Reinhold, Christa, 2001, Forest Spiders of South East Asia With a revision of the sac and ground spiders (Araneae: Clubionidae, Corinnidae, Liocranidae, Gnaphosidae, Prodidomidae and Trochanteriidae)., Forest Spiders of South East Asia With a revision of the sac and ground spiders- Family Liocranidae, Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Leiden; Boston; Köln, pp. 400-505 : 401

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.814704

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5575597

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B3FE72-C93F-FFE6-643F-8886DC65FAB1

treatment provided by

Jeremy

scientific name

Mardonia
status

 

Genus Mardonia   Thorell, 1897 (Part I: figs 68-69)

Type and only species.— Mardonia fasciata Thorell 1897   , jv, 4l/ 2 mm, Palon, Burma.

No material labelled with this name was found in the MCSNG in Genova.

It is impossible to associate this species, described from an immature specimen and placed in the Phrurolithinae with any of the genera of Liocranidae   or Phrurolithinae. However, the description fully covers juvenile specimens of an as yet unidentified species of Seramba Thorell, 1887   ( Sparassidae   : Sparianthinae), a common spider in southwestern Thailand and part of Malaysia. Adults are rare, but juveniles are abundant and exhibit a superficial similarity to liocranids; they occur in the same habitat as phrurolithines, viz. leaf litter of moist forest. A striking feature is the black longitudinal double band on the carapace, continued in the eye region and extended over the whole length of the chelicerae and the abdomen, on the latter with an anterior curl. These black markings disappear in larger juveniles and in adult specimens, where the colour is dominantly dark brown.

Liocraninae s.l. incertae sedis.— Paratus Simon, 1898   ; Argistes Simon, 1897   .

Typical genera of Liocraninae inhabit the temperate Holarctic region. In tropical East Asia, Argistes Simon, 1897   and Paratus Simon, 1898   HNA, both endemics from Sri Lanka, are tentatively assigned to this subfamily. Both these genera differ from European genera Liocranum, Mesiotelus   , Agroeca   and Apostenus   and from Otacilia   and Sudharmia   by the absence of a retrocoxal window. In Paratus   , the median spinnerets in females are more rounded and bear 3 or more enlarged spigots with long thin shaft; females of Argistes   are unknown.

MCSNG

MCSNG

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Sparassidae

Loc

Mardonia

Deeleman-Reinhold, Christa 2001
2001
Loc

Mardonia fasciata

Thorell 1897
1897