Manota williamsi, Kurina & Hippa & Amorim, 2019

Kurina, Olavi, Hippa, Heikki & Amorim, Dalton De Souza, 2019, Notes on Manota Williston (Diptera: Mycetophilidae) from Australia and Papua New Guinea, with description of two new species, Zootaxa 4555 (3), pp. 385-395: 386-387

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4555.3.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:68497AFC-53E4-4D29-9FD1-AE1CEA86D42B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B2D944-FFE0-E950-FF7D-7955FBE7FC74

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Manota williamsi
status

sp. n.

Manota williamsi   sp. n.

Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 A–C, 2A –F

Male. Colour. Head brown, face somewhat paler. Antenna light brown, including scape and pedicel. Clypeus and mouthparts yellowish. Thorax brown to dark brown, medial part of scutum and scutellum somewhat darker due to their curvature on slide. Legs yellowish, mid- and hind femora basally infuscated. Wing with brownish tinge because of microtrichia; halter mostly yellow, with blackish knob. Abdomen brown to dark brown, tergites laterally and sternites lighter. All setosity pale, yellowish or brownish, thicker setae darker than finer ones. Head. Fourth antennal flagellomere 1.0–1.2 times as long as wide. Palpomere 3 of maxillary palpus with apicomesial thumb-like extension, with 3 curved apical sensillae; palpomere 4 with parasegment; palpomere 5 ca. 1.5 times longer than palpomere 4. Number of strong postocular setae 11. Thorax. Anepisternum with 11–17 setae; anterior basalare and laterotergite non-setose; preepisternum 2 with 11–18 setae; metepisternum with 19-28 setae. Legs. Mid tibial organ present, extending over about one third of tibial length ( Fig. 1B View FIGURE 1 ). Hind tibial organ absent. Wing. R 1 meeting C within basal half of costal margin; sclerotized part of M 2 extending to level of tip of R 1; wing length 1.8–2.1 mm. Hypopygium ( Figs. 1C View FIGURE 1 , 2 View FIGURE 2 A–F). Sternite 9 tapering, laterally free from gonocoxa, posteriorly blunt, extending to about middle between the bases of gonocoxa and gonostylus, anterior margin with deep and narrow V-shaped medial incision dividing sternite almost into two halves, anterior part non-setose, setae on posterior part similar to those on ventral side of gonocoxa. Parastylar lobe small, finger-like, with 2–3 setae apically. Paraapodemal lobe not observed. Ventral and dorsal medial margins of gonocoxa simple, both slightly bulging medially. Ventrally from dorsal medial margin of gonocoxa an anterior finger-like lobe with 5–6 apical setae and a large posterior lobe that is posteromedially drawn out, bearing ca. 30 apically curved setae. Dorsal setae on anterior half of gonocoxa similar to those on ventral side; dorsal setae on posterior half of gonocoxa somewhat longer. Two juxtagonostylar setae present, a flattened, sub-apically geniculate megaseta, with a sub-apical medially directed whip-like branch and a weak and shorter normal seta, both arising from a common basal body shorter than the megaseta. Gonostylus elongate-oval, setigerous, with 1–2 sub-apical, medially directed stronger setae. Aedeagus wide, with prominent lateral shoulders, apex curved ventrad. Hypoproct posteriorly extending near base of gonostylus, ventral part (sternite 10) with ca. 40 scattered setae on each half. Cerci medially separate, elongated, apically widening, with setae apically and medially.

Female. Unknown.

Etymology. The species is named after Geoff Williams, the owner of Lorien Wildlife Refuge and Conservation Area, northeast of Taree, New South Wales. Geoff Williams is an authority on the natural history of the northern New South Wales, and has been recognized nationally for his service to conservation as an ecologist, biologist, author and wildlife refuge custodian.

Discussion. In having a setose anepisternum and a non-setose laterotergite, Manota williamsi   sp. n. resembles M. gemella Hippa, 2007   (from Maluku Ultra, Indonesia) — into which it would run in the key by Hippa (2007). However, it differs in details of the male hypopygium as follows: (1) dorsal medial margin of gonocoxa with anterior finger-like lobe and large posterior lobe at a more ventral level (with small subapical lobe only in M. gemella   ); (2) juxtagonostylar megaseta flattened, with a subapical, medially directed whip-like branch (simple, without branch in M. gemella   ); (3) gonostylus elongate-oval, with 1–2 sub-apical setae stronger (with two small medial lobes in M. gemella   ); (4) hypoproct wide, with ca. 40 scattered ventral setae on each half (narrow, with ca. 8 ventral setae on each half); (5) aedeagus wide, with prominent lateral shoulders (narrow with weak lateral shoulders in M. gemella   ). The presence of the mid tibial organ in M. williamsi   resembles the group of five species from New Zealand (cf. Jaschhof & Jaschhof 2010). Some characters in the male hypopygium of M. williamsi   are also typical to the New Zealand species, e.g., sternite 9 laterally free from the gonocoxa and dorsal medial margin of the gonocoxa with anterior and posterior lobes (= positions I and II by Jaschhof & Jaschhof 2010). However, M. williamsi   has the gonostylus elongate-oval without lobes, instead of being composed of several lobes as in New Zealand’s species. The similarities between M. williamsi   and the New Zealand species could be homoplastic, although a similar distribution pattern is known from some other sciaroid groups, e.g., the keroplatid genus Arachnocampa Edwards   ( Baker et al. 2008).

Type material. Holotype. Male , AUSTRALIA, N.S.W., Carrai State Forest, 30°54’33’’S 152°16’26’’E, 1075m, E. Tasker 3.xii–8.xii.1997, sticky trap on Eucalyptus saligna   , CS-CR-127-2 (on slide, AMSA: K377226 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes. 1 male, AUSTRALIA, N.S.W., Taree , Lorien Wildlife Refuge, 3 Km N of Landsdowne, sclerophyll forest, Malaise trap, 1–14.xi.2011, 31° 45’ 04” S, 152° 32’ 03” E. G. & B. Williams col. (on slide # 5, MZUSP) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 14–31.xii.2011 (on slide # 4, MZUSP) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 17.i–4.ii.2012 (on slide # 6, MZUSP) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, AUSTRALIA, N.S.W., Carrai State Forest , 30°54’35’’S 152°16’26’’E, 1090m, 3.xii– 8.xii.1997, sticky trap on Eucalyptus obliqua E. Tasker   leg., CC-FK-127-3 ( AMSA: K377230 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, AUSTRALIA, N.S.W., Carrai State Forest , 31°00’19’’S 152°16’24’’E, 940m; E. Tasker 3.xii–8.xii.1997; sticky trap on Eucalyptus campanulata   , CS-GP-127-3 (on slides, AMSA: K377228 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, AUSTRALIA, N.S.W., E. Kunderang Rd OWRNP, 30°49’19’’S 152°02’9’’E, 6.xi–14.xi. 2015, 850 m, pitfall trap SR1 (open eucalypt forest on ridge, westerly aspect), Bray, Lamb, Nzama & Smith leg., (on slide, AMSA: K379411 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Additional material studied (all in alcohol). 5 males, AUSTRALIA, N.S.W., Carrai State Forest , 31°54’19’’S 152°17’36’’E, 1055m, 3.xii–8.xii.1997, sticky trap on E. cameronii, E. Tasker   leg., CS-DP-127-6 ( AMSA: K377135 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 30°54’33’’S 152°16’28’’E, 1075m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CC-CR-127-6 (K377206, in AMSA) GoogleMaps   ; 2 male s, same data except CC-CR-127-5 ( AMSA: K377208 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 30°54’35’’S 152°16’26’’E, 1090m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CC-FK-127-2 ( AMSA: K377209 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 30°54’19’’S 152°17’36’’E, 1055m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , CS-DP-127-5 ( AMSA: K377210 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°59’45’’S 152°16’23’’E, 930m, 11.i–16.i.1998; sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CS-FZ-018-4 ( AMSA: K377211 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 31°00’19’’S 152°16’24’’E, 940m, CS- GP-018-6 ( AMSA: K377213 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 3.xii–8.xii.1997, CS-GP-127-6 ( AMSA: K377212 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°59’45’’S 152°16’23’’E, 930m, 3.xii–8.xii.1997, sticky trap on E. saligna   , CS-FZ-127- 1 ( AMSA: K377215 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except CS-FZ-127-2 ( AMSA: K377218 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 30°0’19’’S 152°16’24’’E, 940m, 3.xii–8.xii.1997, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CS-GP-127-1 ( AMSA: K377221 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°58’48’’S 152°17’0’’E, 975m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , CS-RO-127-5 ( AMSA: K377223 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 30°54’33’’S 152°16’26’’E, 1075m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CS-CR-127-2 ( AMSA: K377226 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 30°58’48’’S 152°17’6’’E, 975m, sticky trap on E. viminalia   , CS-RO-127-1 ( AMSA: K377229 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°54’35’’S 152°16’26’’E, 1090m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CC-FK-127-6 ( AMSA: K377231 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 30°54’19’’S 152°17’36’’E, 1055m, 11.i– 16.1.1998, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CC-DP-018-2 ( AMSA: K377232 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 30°54’19’’S 152°17’36’’E, 1055m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , CC-DP-018-4 ( AMSA: K377235 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°58’48’’S 152°17’6’’E, 975m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CS-RO-018-2 ( AMSA: K377236 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 30°58’48’’S 152°17’36’’E, 975m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , CS-RO-018-5 ( AMSA: K377239 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°58’48’’S 152°17’6’’E, 975m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CS-RO-018-1 ( AMSA: K377243 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 31°00’19’’S 152°16’24’’E, 940m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CS-GP-018-5 ( AMSA: K377244 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 30°59’45’’S 152°16’23’’E, 930m, sticky trap on E. saligna   , CS-FZ-018-3 ( AMSA: K377246 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 30°54’33’’S 152°16’28’’E, 1075m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CC-CR-018-1 ( AMSA: K377250 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 30°59’45’’S 152°16’23’’E, 930m, sticky trap on E. saligna   , CS-FZ-018-5 ( AMSA: K377252 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°58’48’’S 152°17’6’’E, 975m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , CS-RO-018-4 ( AMSA: K377256 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 30°59’45’’S 152°16’23’’E, 930m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CS-FZ-018-6 ( AMSA: K377257 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 31°00’19’’S 152°16’24’’E, 940m, sticky trap on E. saligna   , CS-FZ-018-3 ( AMSA: K377258 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 30°59’45’’S 152°16’23’’E, 930m, sticky trap on E. saligna   , CS-FZ-018-1 ( AMSA: K377264 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°59’45’’S 152°16’23’’E, 930m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CS-FZ-018-2 ( AMSA: K379008 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°54’33’’S 152°16’26’’E, 1090m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CC-FK-018-1 ( AMSA: K379010 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 30°54’33’’S 152°16’28’’E, 1075m, 3.xii–8.xii.1997, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , CC-CR-127-3 ( AMSA: K377248 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except CC-CR- 127-4 ( AMSA: K377249 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°58’48’’S 152°17’6’’E, 975m, sticky trap on E. viminalia   , CS-RO-127-3 ( AMSA: K377251 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 30°54’35’’S 152°16’26’’E, 1090m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , CC-FK-127-9 ( AMSA: K379013 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 30°58’48’’S 152°17’6’’E, 975m, sticky trap on E. viminalia   , CS-RO-127-2 ( AMSA: K379016 View Materials SA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 31°00’19’’S 152°16’24’’E, 940m, sticky trap on E. saligna   , CS-GP-127-2 ( AMSA: K379017 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°59’49’’S 152°16’23’’E, 930m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CS-FZ-127-3 ( AMSA: K379105 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 6 males, same data except 30°54’33’’S 152°16’28’’E, 1075m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , CS-CR-127-1 ( AMSA: K379106 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 30°54’19’’S 152°17’36’’E, 1055m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CC-DP-127-4 ( AMSA: K379107 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 5 males, same data except 31°00’19’’S 152°16’24’’E, 940m, sticky trap on E. saligna   , CS-GP-127-5 ( AMSA: K379110 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 5 males, same data except 30°58’48’’S 152°17’6’’E, 975m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , CS-RO-127-6 ( AMSA: K379111 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, N.S.W., Werrikimbe NP 31°16’42’’S 152°5’5’’E, 1040m; E. Tasker 1.xii–7.xii.1997; sticky trap on E. obliqua   , WS-GB-127-4 ( AMSA: K377207 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 31°16’50’’S 152°3’19’’E, 1045m, sticky trap on E. viminalis   , WS-FC-127-4 ( AMSA: K377216 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 31°16’42’’S 152°5’6’’E, 1040m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , WS-GB-127-5 ( AMSA: K377220 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 31°16’50’’S 152°3’19’’E, 1045m, WS-FC-127-1 ( AMSA: K377222 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 31°11’24’’S 152°9’39’’E, 1030m, 29.i–4.ii.1998, sticky trap on E. nobilis   , WC-WT-018-5 ( AMSA: K377225 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 4 males, same data except 31°16’50’’S 152°3’19’’E, 1045m, 3.xii–7.xii.1997, sticky trap on E. saligna   , WC-FC-127-6 ( AMSA: K377227 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 4 males, same data except 31°11’56’’S 152°10’23’’E, 1025m, 29.i–4.ii.1998, sticky trap on E. saligna   , WC-WN- 018-03 ( AMSA: K377233 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 31°11’24’’S 152°9’39’’E, 1030m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , WC-WT-018-04 ( AMSA: K377234 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 31°11’56’’S 152°10’23’’E, 1025m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , WS-WIN-018-06 ( AMSA: K377237 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 31°16’42’’S 152°5’5’’E, 1040m, sticky trap on E. dives   , WS-GB-018-06 ( AMSA: K377238 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 31°16’50’’S 152°3’19’’E, 1045m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , WS-FC-018-1 ( AMSA: K377240 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 31°12’0’’S 152°9’0’’E, 1060m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , WC-MR-018-2 ( AMSA: K377241 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 8 males, same data except 31°10’23’’S 152°9’46’’E, 1060m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , WS-KF-018-4 ( AMSA: K377242 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 31°10’23’’S 152°9’45’’E, 1060m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , WC-KF-018-2 ( AMSA: K377245 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, same data except 31°12’0’’S 152°9’0’’E, 1060m, sticky trap on E. nobilis   , WC-MR-018-6 ( AMSA: K377247 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 31°16’42’’S 152°5’5’’E, 1040m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , WS- GB-018-1 ( AMSA: K377253 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 31°12’0’’S 152°5’5’’E, 1060m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , WS-GB-018-1 ( AMSA: K377254 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 31°10’23’’S 152°9’45’’E, 1060m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , WS-KF-018-5 ( AMSA: K377255 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 14 males, same data except 31°11’24’’S 152°9’39’’E, 1030m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , WS-WT-018-1 and WS-WT-018-3 ( AMSA: K377259 View Materials , K377260 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 31°12’0’’S 152°9’0’’E, 1060m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , WC-MR-018-3 ( AMSA: K377261 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 4 males, same data except 31°11’56’’S 152°10’23’’E, 1025m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , WC- WIN-018-3 ( AMSA: K377262 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 5 males, same data except 31°10’23’’S 152°9’45’’E, 1060m, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , WS-KF-018-3 ( AMSA: K377263 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 31°10’23’’S 152°9’45’’E, 1060m, sticky trap on E. nobilis   , WS-KF-018-6 ( AMSA: K377265 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, same data except 31°16’50’’S 152°3’19’’E, 1045m, sticky trap on E. obliqua   , WS-FC-018-2 ( AMSA: K379011 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, same data except 31°16’42’’S 152°5’5’’E, 1040m, sticky trap on E. dives   , WS-GB-018-4 ( AMSA: K379015 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 5 males, same data except 31°16’50’’S 152°3’19’’E, 1045m, 1.xii–7.xii.1997, sticky trap on E. campanulata   , WS-FC-127-3 ( AMSA: K379104 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 4 males, same data except 31°16’50’’S 152°3’19’’E, 1045m, 1.xii–7.xii.1997, sticky trap on E. saligna   , WS-FC-127-5 ( AMSA: K379108 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, Werrikimbe NP, Gunny Bag, 31°16’42’’S 152°5’6’’E, 1040m, E. Tasker & R. German 29.i–4.ii.1998, sticky trap, WS-GB-018-2 ( AMSA: K379012 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

AMSA

Albany Museum

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Mycetophilidae

Genus

Manota