Bolbapium quadrispinosum ( Luederwaldt, 1931 )

Carvalho, Edrielly Carolinne & Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Z., 2022, A taxonomic revision of Bolbapium Boucomont, 1910 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Geotrupidae), Journal of Natural History 56 (13 - 16), pp. 769-828 : 807-808

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222933.2022.2092429

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7017294

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B2C019-B10D-FFFF-F305-FDBAFC8D2AC3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Bolbapium quadrispinosum ( Luederwaldt, 1931 )
status

 

Bolbapium quadrispinosum ( Luederwaldt, 1931)

( Figures 4 View Figure 4 (a), 8(a), (b), (c), 12(b))

Bolboceras quadrispinosum Luederwaldt, 1931 (original description, key)

Bolboceras (Bolbapium) quadrispinosum: Boucomont 1932: 267 (key)

Bolboceras quadrispinosa: Blackwelder 1944: 220 (checklist)

Bolbapium quadrispinosum: Martínez 1976: 547 (checklist)

Diagnosis

Frons with tubercles connected by transversal carina between the eyes. Pronotum mesoanteriorly with robust pair of tubercles, connected at base and separate middle and apex region, behind the structure there is a depression in which the median groove begins ( Figure 4 View Figure 4 (a)).

Neotype. ‘ BRASIL: São Paulo./ Jaboticabal. Campus/ FCAV-UNESP, 21°14 ʹ 25’S/ 48° 17 ʹ 22”O, 605 m. / outubro de 2013. Atraído / por luz. Noite. HL Rainho. ♂ ” ( CEMT 74829 ). GoogleMaps

Redescription

Body size: Length: 4.32–6.16 mm. Width: 3.33–4.84 mm. Head: Frons with interocular tubercles connected by transversal carina; region between the frons and the clypeus with slope and weak points. Pronotum: Bituberculated structure split in half at the anterior part of the disc; region immediately lateral to the concave projection; behind the projection there is a depression in which the median groove begins. Disc sides with a few points unevenly distributed. Ventral region of the thorax: Metaventrite with a few unevenly distributed setae. Elytron: There are setae in the apical region of the external dorsal margin of the elytra (quantity varies among individuals). Male terminalia: In dorsal view, parallel and separate parameres ( Figure 8 View Figure 8 (a)). Parameres slightly curved in lateral view, forming an approximate angle of 45° in relation to the phallobase; posterior margin in lateral view with pointed and curved projection ( Figure 8 View Figure 8 (c)). Sexual dimorphism: Males have the anterior margin of the clypeus projected forward, the width is smaller, the setae are absent and the tubercles and central structure are more robust, while the females have the clypeus as wide as long and in the posterior region of the clypeus up to four setae, rough and carenaded clypeus surface, and the projection of the pronotum is lower compared to males.

Designation of type material. It was confirmed that the type of Bolbapium quadrispinosum was lost in the fire that occurred at the National Museum, Rio de Janeiro, in 2018, therefore, for confirmation of the taxon and so there are no further problems of identification,we propose to designate a neotype for the species. The specimen being proposed as a neotype originally belongs to the CEMT,and comes from the location closest to the type locality of the species. It will be deposited at the National Museum, Rio de Janeiro.

Differential diagnosis. Bolbapium quadrispinosum is morphologically similar to B. baeri , B. furtadoi sp. nov., B. limeirai sp. nov., B. luederwaldti sp. nov. and B. minutum in presenting the forehead with a transverse carina interconnected by tubercles. However, it is easily distinguished from the other species because presents the structure of the pronotum split in the middle.

Geographical distribution. Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Espirito Santo, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais and São Paulo) and Bolivia (Santa Cruz) .

Non-type material. 413 specimens.

BOLIVIA, Santa Cruz, Ichilo, Cam . Vivora , [16°58 ʹ 34”S, 64°10 ʹ 1”W], 15–17.x.1998, M. Gutierrez, L. Targara & P. Coro leg. (1♂ CEMT); GoogleMaps Same location, Buenavista , x.1949, coll A. Martínez. (2 COPL) ; Santa Cruz, 500 m, xii.1955, A. Reichenbach det. 2010, Zischka leg. (2 COPL). BRAZIL: Alagoas, Ibateguara, Serra Grande , [8°58 ʹ 90”S, 36°3 ʹ 53”W], 2. ii.2011, UFPE students leg. (1♂ 1♀ CEMT) GoogleMaps ; Same location, Usina Serra Grande – NI-5 TR 11–200, [8°58 ʹ 23”S, 36°3 ʹ 58”W /] 1.v.2011, B.K.C. Filgueiras leg. (1♀ CEMT) GoogleMaps . Bahia, Mucuri , [18°5 ʹ 0”S, 39°32 ʹ 59”W], 24.x.1997, Anjos & Silveira leg. (2♂ CEMT); GoogleMaps Caravelas , [17°44 ʹ 0”S, 39°15 ʹ 54”W], iii.1997, R.D. Silveira leg. (1♂ CEMT); GoogleMaps Itamarajú, Parc 9, 17° 1 ʹ 8”S, 39°27 ʹ 33”W, 5.iv.2011, pitfall, C.M.P. Leite leg. (1♀ CEMT); GoogleMaps Una, Eat . Exper . Lemos Maia , 15°17 ʹ 11”S, 39°5 ʹ 26”W, 18.x.1983, J. Beackey leg. (1♂ CEMT); GoogleMaps Poções , [14°31 ʹ 30”S, 40°21 ʹ 53”W], xi.1973, H. Alvarenga, Pereira det 1976. (1 COPL) GoogleMaps ; Encruzilhada , [15°31 ʹ 50”S, 40°54 ʹ 46”W], xii.2007, P. Grossi leg. (4 COPL). GoogleMaps Espirito Santo, Linhares, Flona de Goytacazes . Mata primária, 19°26 ʹ 10”S, 40°4 ʹ 24”W, 19. xi.2010, light, D.S. Martins leg. (1♂ CEMT); GoogleMaps Same location, 10.xi.2010, light, D.S. Martins leg. (2♂ CEMT); Same location, 09.xi.2010, light, D.S. Martins leg. (1♂ CEMT); Same location, 11 .xi . 2010, light, D .S . Martins leg . (1♂ CEMT); Same location, Flona de Goytacazes . Mata secundária, 19°25 ʹ 56”S, 40°4 ʹ 12”W, 9 .xi .2010, light, D .S . Martins leg . (36♂ 42♀ CEMT); Same location, Reserva Natural da Vale , [19°8 ʹ 14”S, 40° 3 ʹ 49”W], xi GoogleMaps .1988, J .S GoogleMaps . Santos leg . (15♂ 31♀ CEMT); Same location, 19°9 ʹ 4”S, 40° 4 ʹ 14”W, x GoogleMaps .88, light, J.R. Santos (4♀ 12♂ CEMT); Same location, xii .87, light, J.R. Santos (47♀ 127♂ CEMT); Same location, RFCVRD, 19°8 ʹ 39”S, 40°4 ʹ 13”W, xii GoogleMaps .1988, J . S GoogleMaps . Santos leg . (1♂ CEMT); Sooretama, Reserva Natural da Vale , [19°8 ʹ 39”S, 40°4 ʹ 2”W], xii GoogleMaps .1988, J .S GoogleMaps . Santos leg . (23♂ 23♀ CEMT) . Goiás, Niquelândia , [14°28 ʹ 1”S, 48° 27 ʹ 16”W], x GoogleMaps .1993 (1♀ CEMT); Luziânia , [16°31 ʹ 25”S, 48°0 ʹ 3”W], 12 GoogleMaps .i GoogleMaps .1992, Bello leg . (1♀ CEMT) . Mato Grosso, Tangará da Serra , [14°37 ʹ 11”S, 57°29 ʹ 15”W], 27 GoogleMaps .vi GoogleMaps .2018, M .V GoogleMaps . S. Silva leg . (1♂ CEMT); Same location, UNEMAT, [14°39 ʹ 7”S, 57°26 ʹ 2”W], 11 GoogleMaps .xi GoogleMaps .2011, light, G .A GoogleMaps .P. Neves leg . (1♂ CEMT); Água Boa, Rancho Araguaia , 13°56 ʹ 40”S, 52° 6 ʹ 10”W, 24 GoogleMaps .xii GoogleMaps .2017, Mota & Schutz leg . (1♂ CEMT); Diamantino, Vale da Solidão , 12°22”‘S, 56°7”‘W, 450 m, ii .2012, E . Furtado leg . (2♂ CEMT); Same location, 14° 22 ʹ 30”S, 56°7 ʹ 30”W, 500 m, 26 a 31 GoogleMaps .x GoogleMaps .2013, E . Furtado leg GoogleMaps . (7♂ 3♀ CEMT) . Mato Grosso do Sul, Dourados , [22°13 ʹ 24”S, 54°48 ʹ 55”W], 15 GoogleMaps .xi GoogleMaps .2007, L . Landefeldt leg GoogleMaps . (1♂ CEMT); Campo Grande , WC lab . Samid . Animal Embrapa , [20°26”‘S, 54°43 ʹ 7”W], 12 GoogleMaps . ii .2004, luz, W .W . Koller leg . (1♂ CEMT) . Minas Gerais, Sete Lagoas, Embrapa , 19° 26 ʹ 49”S, 44°10 ʹ 19”W, 25 GoogleMaps .xi GoogleMaps .2011, light trap, S .M GoogleMaps . Mendes leg . (1♀ CEMT); Frei Gaspar, Sítio Recanto Paraíso , 18°2 ʹ 6”S, 41°29 ʹ 10”W, 3 GoogleMaps .i GoogleMaps .2008, light trap, M .R GoogleMaps . Santos leg . (1♂ CEMT); Same location, 571 m, 30 .xii .2007, light trap, M.R. Santos (3♂ CEMT); Same location, 28 .xii .2007, light trap, M.R. Santos (2♂ CEMT) . São Paulo, Cerqueira César , [23°2 ʹ 18”S, 49°9 ʹ 57”W], xii GoogleMaps .1995, J . Carlos leg GoogleMaps . (1♂ CEMT); Batatais , [20°53 ʹ 10”S, 47° 35 ʹ 07”W], xi GoogleMaps .1948, coll A . Martínez, P GoogleMaps . Peeira leg. (1 COPL).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Bolboceratidae

Genus

Bolbapium

Loc

Bolbapium quadrispinosum ( Luederwaldt, 1931 )

Carvalho, Edrielly Carolinne & Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Z. 2022
2022
Loc

Bolbapium quadrispinosum: Martínez 1976: 547

Martinez A 1976: 547
1976
Loc

Bolboceras quadrispinosa:

Blackwelder RE 1944: 220
1944
Loc

Bolboceras (Bolbapium) quadrispinosum:

Boucomont A 1932: 267
1932