Sennius bondari ( Pic, 1929 )

Viana, Jéssica Herzog & Ribeiro-Costa, Cibele Stramare, 2013, Bruchines (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) associated with Senna neglecta (Vogel) H. S. Irwin and Barneby (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae): a new host plant for the subfamily, Journal of Natural History 48 (1 - 2), pp. 57-85: 68-72

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222933.2013.791882

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4743012

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B287A3-FFCB-5231-FE11-724F0442ED20

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Sennius bondari ( Pic, 1929 )
status

 

Sennius bondari ( Pic, 1929)  

( Figure 3 View Figure 3 A–I)

Bruchus bondari Pic 1929, p. 28   . (original description, distribution); Bondar 1936, p. 40 (redescription, host, distribution); Zacher 1952, p. 461 (host).

Acanthoscelides bondari: Blackwelder 1946, p. 759   (catalogue, distribution); Costa Lima 1955, p. 245 (host); Silva et al. 1968, p. 372 (host, distribution).

Sennius bondari: Johnson and Kingsolver 1973, p. 72   (citation); Johnson 1984, p. 62 (host, distribution); Udayagiri and Wadhi 1989, p. 100 (catalogue, distribution, host); Kingsolver & Silva 1991, p. 412 (citation); Macêdo et al. 1992, pp. 331, 334 (host, distribution); Pimentel 1997 (biology, host); Ribeiro-Costa and Reynaud 1998, p. 245 (catalogue, distribution, host); Ribeiro-Costa 1998, p. 66 (biology); Silva et al. 2003, p. 269 (citation); Linzmeier et al. 2004, p. 351 (biology); Caron et al. 2004, p. 4 (egg description); Koller and Nunes 2006, p. 6 (host).

Redescription

Dimension. Length (Pronotum-elytra) 1.96–2.60 mm. Width 1.28–1.64 mm.

Integument colour. Black body ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ), except labrum, maxillary and labial palps dark brown to black ( Figure 3C View Figure 3 ). Antennae orange-red, some specimens with seven apical segments dark brown ( Figure 3B View Figure 3 ). Legs light to dark brown ( Figure 3B View Figure 3 ).

Pubescence. Head with dense tuft of white pubescence posterior to the postocular lobe ( Figure 3C View Figure 3 ). Ocular sinus, postocular lobe and mandibles with white pubescence moderately dense. Labrum with scattered golden pubescence, denser at the apex ( Figure 3C View Figure 3 ). Pronotum with intermixed white and golden pubescence, moderately white pubescence distributed in small tufts in lateral third and at midline of basal lobe ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ). Scutellum with dense white pubescence ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ). Elytron with white, golden and black intermixed pubescence, white pubescence densely distributed as follows: in a continuous line at first striae interval, in small tufts at bases of the third and fifth striae intervals; wide semicircular macula almost covering the base and apex of second striae interval at its smaller width, and reaching its greatest width over middle of fifth striae interval; in small, short and transversal band in the submedian region that covers part of the sixth to ninth striae interval, sometimes dense tuft in seventh and / or ninth striae interval ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ). Pygidium with intermixed sparse white and golden pubescence; macula of dense white pubescence in the median-basal region and moderately dense in the lateroanterior corners ( Figure 3D View Figure 3 ). Ventral surface with white pubescence denser at base of mesepimeron, posterior margin of metepisternum, distal region of hind coxa, and at base of first abdominal ventrite ( Figure 3B View Figure 3 ).

Head with coarse punctuation, except median line of frons with fine punctuation; labrum smooth, frons convex, frontal carina and transverse sulcus absent; ocular sinus deep, more than half an eye length ( Figure 3C View Figure 3 ). First and third antenna segments filiform, second and fourth moniliform, fifth to tenth wider than long, and eleventh globular with pointed apex ( Figure 3B View Figure 3 ). Pronotum moderately convex ( Figure 3B View Figure 3 ); disc with basal lobe not sulcate ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ). Scutellum subquadrate, slightly wider than long ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ). Fourth striae of elytron with denticle at base ( Figure 3E View Figure 3 ). Hind femur with a prominent tooth (0.01–0.06 mm) on ventral margin slightly microserrate ( Figure 3F View Figure 3 ). Hind tibia with lateroventral carina extending half its length ( Figure 3G View Figure 3 ), lateral, dorsomesal and ventral carinae long, ending near coronal denticles ( Figure 3F, G View Figure 3 ); mucro about 1.8 times longer than the opposite coronal denticle ( Figure 3F, G View Figure 3 ). Last abdominal ventrite of male emarginate at middle, rounded in female. Pygidium not concealed by elytra, lateral margins slightly curved, with rounded apex in males, more acuminate in females ( Figure 3B, D View Figure 3 ).

Male genitalia. Median lobe about 5.2 times longer than the width at its middle, expanded at apex; ventral valve with convex lateral margins and truncate apex; hinge sclerites long and wide, with external margin moderately concave and sinuous ( Figure 3H View Figure 3 – HS). Internal sac trilobate, basal region without spines ( Figure 3H View Figure 3 – BR), submedian region ( Figure 3H View Figure 3 – SMR) with small spicules in two irregular dense clusters; subapical region ( Figure 3H View Figure 3 – SAR) with lateral clusters of large spicules not aligned at bases of lateral lobes; apexes of lateral lobes with minute spicules; apical region ( Figure 3H View Figure 3 – AR) of middle lobe with denticles near the gonopore sclerite ( Figure 3H View Figure 3 ). Tegmen with lateral lobes separated by deep emargination, about 0.7 times the length of lateral lobes ( Figure 3I View Figure 3 ).

Type material

It was possible to compare the type deposited in BMNH only by photos. Labels: “ Type ” “ Brazil | Bahia | 1928 | Dr. G. Bondar. | 1233 [right vertical label]” “Pres. by | Imp. Bur. Ent. | Brit. Mus. | 1928-504” “[unreadable]” “ Bruchus   | bondari   | n sp.” Note: In the original description, Pic (1929) did not mention the number of specimens studied, however, the information on labels of the photographed material correspond to those described in that work, therefore this is probably type material   .

Additional specimens

COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca: 10 km W Cali , 17 / VII / [19]82, C.D. Johnson col., in seeds of Senna pistacilfolia   , 4 specimens ( USNM)   and 11 specimens ( TAMU)   . Palmira : 5 km E.[Leste], 16 / VII / [19]82, C.D. Johnson col., in seeds of Senna pendula var. advena   , 7 specimens ( TAMU)   ; BRAZIL: Piauí: Teresina : VIII / 1852, A.K. Oliveira col., no host plant, 1 specimen ( MNRJ)   . Rio Grande do Norte: Natal : III / 1950, M. Alvarenga col., no host plant, 1 specimen ( MNRJ)   . Mato Grosso: Nova Chavantina : Rio das Mortes, VII / 1952, Alvarenga & Oliveira col., no host plant, 1 specimen ( USNM)   . Porto Esperança : 2 / II / 1941, F. Lane col., no host plant, 2 specimens ( DZUP)   . Bahia: no date, G. Bondar col., in leguminosae, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   . Itaparica : 1 / III / [19]91, C.S. Ribeiro-Costa col., no host plant, 17 specimens ( DZUP)   . Distrito Federal: Brasília : VII / 1960 -[19]86, Exp. Formosa col., 1 specimen ( MNRJ)   . Minas Gerais: Viçosa : 1 / V / 33, E.J. Hambleton col., no host plant, 1 specimen ( USNM)   ; 10 / VI / 33, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   . Espírito Santo: Baixo Guandu : 23–30 / IX / 1971, C. Elias col., no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   . Guarapari : IX / 1960, M. Alvarenga col., no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   . Mato Grosso do Sul: Campo Grande : 20 / VIII / 1987, no collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   . Jardins : V-VI / 2007, A.C.V. Pires et al. col., in Senna occidentalis   , 5 specimens ( DZUP)   . Rio de Janeiro: Arraial do Cabo : 10 / X / 1987, L.R.C. Souza col., in Senna bicapsularis   , 3 specimens ( DZUP)   . Barra de Maricá : III-VI / 1996, Pimentel col., in Senna australis   , 3 specimens ( DZUP)   . Maricá : III-VI / 1996, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   . Teresópolis : P.N. Serra dos Órgãos, VI / 2006, J.H. Viana col., in Senna neglecta var. oligophylla   , 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; VII / 2006, same collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 05 / VII / 2006, same collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 22 / VIII / 2006, same collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 05 / IX / 2006, same collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   . São Paulo: São Paulo: 10 / XII / 1973   , V.N. Alin col., no host plant, 1 specimen ( USNM)   . Campinas : 12–17 / VII / 1987, C.S. Ribeiro-Costa col., in Senna   sp., 2 specimens ( DZUP)   . Paraná: Cianorte : 14 / X / 1985, F. Giacomel col., in Senna   sp., 11 specimens ( DZUP)   . Arapongas : 22 / VII / [20]03, A. Menezes Jr. col., in Senna occidentalis   , 9 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 22 / VII / [20]03, same collector, in Senna   sp., 4 specimens ( DZUP)   . Curitiba : XI / XII [no year], L.C. Haenle col., in Senna macranthera   , 16 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 2 / XI / 1986, C.S. Ribeiro-Costa col., in Senna   sp., 3 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 02 / VI / 1987, same collector, in Senna neglecta var. neglecta   , 9 specimens ( DZUP)   ; IX / 1987, C. Vargas col., in Senna   sp., 33 specimens ( DZUP)   ; IX / 1987, same collector and no host plant, 4 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 10 / VIII / 1988, C.S.Ribeiro-Costa col., in Senna   sp., 20 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 22 / XI / 1995, same collector, in Senna multijuga   , 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 25 / X / 1996, same collector, in Senna macranthera var. macranthera   , 19 specimens ( DZUP)   ; XI / 1996, same collector and host plant, 2 specimens ( DZUP)   ; Ed. Física – UFPR, 8 / V / 1997, same collector, in Senna neglecta var. neglecta   , 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; Ed. Física – UFPR, 13–18 / VI / 97, same collector and host plant, 3 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 4 / VIII / 1997, same collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 6 / VI / 1997, same collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 4 / VIII / 1997, same collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 11 / VII / 1997, same collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 18 / VII / 1997, same collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 23 / VII / 1997, same collector and host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 13 / VIII / 1997, same collector and host plant, 3 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 22 / VIII / 1997, same collector and host plant, 3 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 15 / V / [19]98, same collector and host plant, 6 specimens ( DZUP)   ; Rua Artur Loyola , XI-I (1998–1999), no collector, in Senna macranthera   , 8 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 20 / IX / 2001, E. Caron col., no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 28 / IX / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 7 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 08 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 3 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 09 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 10 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 3 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 11 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 9 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 12 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 8 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 15 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 7 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 16 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 18 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 3 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 19 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 22 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 5 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 23 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 3 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 24 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 25 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 2 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 26 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 6 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 27 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 30 / X / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 05 / XI / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 2 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 06 / XI / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 07 / XI / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 18 / XI / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 2 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 24 / XI / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 1 specimen ( DZUP)   ; 26 / XI / 2001, same collector and no host plant, 2 specimens ( DZUP)   ; 15 / VII / 2008, C.S. Ribeiro-Costa col., in Senna neglecta var. neglecta   , 13 specimens ( DZUP)   . Guaratuba: Pontal do Itararé , 6 / IV / 2008, 1200 m, 25 ◦ 52 ′ 54 ′′ S, 48 ◦ 57 ′ 56 ′′ W, P.S. Grossi Col., no host plant, 2 specimens ( DZUP)   . Ponta Grossa : 29 / VI / 2000, A. Linzmeier col., in Senna macranthera   , 16 specimens ( DZUP)   ; IAPAR, 29 / VI / 2000, C.S. Ribeiro-Costa col., in Senna macranthera   , 47 specimens ( DZUP)   .

Distribution

Colombia (Valle del Cauca)   , Venezuela (Carabobo)   , Bolivia (Santa Cruz)   , Brazil (Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná)   .

New records – Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte, Piauí, Distrito Federal, Espírito  

Santo).

Host plants

Fabaceae   : Caesalpinioideae   : Senna pistaciifolia   , S. pendula   , S. occidentalis   , S. bicapsularis   , S. macranthera   , S. multijuga   , S. surattensis   , S. splendida   , S. alata   .

New record. Fabaceae   : Caesalpinioideae   : Senna neglecta var. oligophylla   , S. neglecta var. neglecta   , S. appendiculata   (= S. australis   ).

Note: Koller and Nunes (2006) found a few specimens of S. bondari   in seed capsules of Memora peregrina   ( Bignoniaceae   ), however, it is unclear whether the larvae really consume its seeds. Hence, because of the scarce information of Koller and Nunes (2006) and the unusual Bignoniaceae   as a host of Sennius   , we will not consider it as a record for S. bondari   until more information is added.

Discussion

Sennius bondari   differs from Sennius nappi   mainly by black integument of elytron with white pubescence forming a semicircle at the midline, and a dense tuft of white pubescence on basal half of pygidium. Belongs to the abbreviatus   group of Sennius   established by Johnson and Kingsolver (1973) that has three subgroups: subgroup 1, with Sennius abbreviatus (Say 1824)   and Sennius rufomaculatus (Motschoulsky 1874)   ; subgroup 2 with Sennius medialis ( Sharp, 1885)   and Sennius durangensis Johnson and Kingsolver 1973   ; subgroup 3, with Sennius lebasi (Fähraeus 1839)   , Sennius leucostaurus Johnson and Kingsolver 1973   , and Sennius trinotaticollis (Pic 1930)   . It shares with these species the same male genitalia pattern, with internal sac trilobate, submedian region with small spicules, and large lateral clusters of spicules not aligned in subapical region at base of lateral lobes. Sennius bondari   is more similar to the species of subgroup 3, in particular to Sennius leucostauros   by sharing with it a horizontal band of white pubescence on elytra, and hinge sclerites of middle lobe larger than those seen in the other species of the subgroup. Sennius bondari   has elytra with sparse golden pubescence and pygidium with dense macula of white pubescence in median basal region not extending to apex, whereas in Sennius leucostauros   the golden pubescence is denser at the first and second striae intervals, pygidium with dense white pubescence on median side extending to apex. In male genitalia, Sennius bondari   has hinge sclerites wider than those of Sennius leucostauros   , and the internal sac of Sennius bondari   has clusters with large spicules aligned in the subapical region, as in Sennius leucostauros   they are absent.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

TAMU

Texas A&M University

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Chrysomelidae

Genus

Sennius

Loc

Sennius bondari ( Pic, 1929 )

Viana, Jéssica Herzog & Ribeiro-Costa, Cibele Stramare 2013
2013
Loc

Sennius bondari

: Johnson and Kingsolver 1973: 72
1973
Loc

Acanthoscelides bondari:

Blackwelder 1946: 759
1946
Loc

Bruchus bondari

Pic 1929: 28
1929