Hydraena manulea, Perkins, 2011

Perkins, Philip D., 2011, New species (130) of the hyperdiverse aquatic beetle genus Hydraena Kugelann from Papua New Guinea, and a preliminary analysis of areas of endemism (Coleoptera: Hydraenidae) 2944, Zootaxa 2944 (1), pp. 1-417: 26-27

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2944.1.1

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5291379

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B087E5-5B7C-FF89-FF79-F1FFFC15F82E

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Hydraena manulea
status

new species

Hydraena manulea   , new species

( Figs. 22 View FIGURE 22 , 24, 280–283 View FIGURES 280–285 , 389 View FIGURES 388–391 , 439 View FIGURES 439–442 )

Type Material. Holotype (male): Morobe Province: Lae, Buins Creek , muddy gravel banks of large slow river, [GE est.] 10–30 m, 6° 43' S, 146° 59' E, 27 xii 1964, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 122) ( NHM)) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes (880): East Sepik Province: Prince Alexander Mts., Wewak –Maprik, 100 m, 3° 43.013' S, 143° 37.665' E, 21 iv 2006, Balke ( PNG 47) (1 ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; Eastern Highlands Province: Bottom of Kassem Pass , [GE est.] 1600–1700 m, 6° 18' S, 145° 52' E, 6 ix 1975, R. W. Hornabrook (5 NMNZ) GoogleMaps   ; Madang Province: 4 km SW Gogal River & Lae Highway Crossing , [GE est.] 50–100 m, 4° 58' S, 145° 47' E, 10 iii 1991, D. Larson (1 MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; Aiome area , 130 m, 5° 10.593' S, 144° 42.8' E, 11 iii 2007, Kinibel ( PNG 156) (11 MCZ, NHM, NMW, PNG, ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; Gogal Valley , 6 km S Baru, [GE est.] 300–500 m, 5° 43' S, 146° 32' E, 10 iv 1991, D. Larson (2 MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; Highway near   Madang, ford, 80 m, 5° 24.405' S, 145° 38.213' E, 26 xi–3 xii 2006, Binatang Boys ( PNG 117) (27 MCZ, NHM, NMW, PNG, ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; Keki, Adelbert Mts. , 400 m, 4° 43.058' S, 145° 24.437' E, 29 xi 2006, Binatang Boys ( PNG 119) (6 MCZ, NHM, NMW, PNG, ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; Madang, Ohu Village , 160 m, 5° 13.923' S, 145° 40.763' E, 30 iv 2006, Balke & Sagata ( PNG 49) (3 ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; Ramu Valley , 2 km SE Brahman, [GE est.] 130–150 m, 5° 43' S, 145° 22' E, 18 iv 1991, D. Larson (23 MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; Ramu Valley , 4–5 km SW Yagumbu, [GE est.] 400–600 m, 5° 38' S, 145° 31' E, 15 iv 1991, D. Larson (1 MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; Ramu Valley, Mum River at Brahman , [GE est.] 130–150 m, 5° 42' S, 145° 22' E, 16 iv 1991, D. Larson (3 MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; Ramu Valley, Sare River , 4 km N Brahman, [GE est.] 130–150 m, 5° 39' S, 145° 22' E, 16 iv 1991, D. Larson (4 MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; Sepik Ramu Basin, Kojé Creek , unshaded creek, small to medium cobbles, gravel and fine sand (the latter in areas of slack water), filamentous algae on stony substrates, small accumulations of leaf litter, 160 m, 5° 33' S, 145° 23' E, 1 vii–30 viii 1988, D. Dudgeon (118 NMW) GoogleMaps   ; Sepik-Ramu Basin, Mom Creek , substrate of smooth cobbles set in coarse sand, loosely packed, 20% shaded, water shallow, 170 m, 5° 45' S, 145° 20' E, 1 vi–30 vii 1988, D. Dudgeon (1 NMW) GoogleMaps   ; Morobe Province: 3 miles Bulolo – Lae road, ex mud banks of small stream, [GE est.] 50–150 m, 6° 42' S, 146° 57' E, 29 xii 1964, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 128) (5 NHM) GoogleMaps   ; 5 miles W of Lae, Buins Creek , ex sand and gravel banks of clear fast river, [GE est.] 10–40 m, 6° 43' S, 147° 2' E, 28 xii 1965, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 121) (150 NHM) GoogleMaps   ; Bulolo River, east of Wau , 900 m, 7° 8' S, 146° 37' E, 15 x 1964, W. L. & J. G. Peters (2 CAS) GoogleMaps   ; Busu River , c. 5 m. N of Lae, ex muddy gravel banks of large river, [GE est.] 80–200 m, 6° 38' S, 147° 0' E, 21 i 1965, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 154a) (30 NHM) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 21 i 1965, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 154) (31 NHM) GoogleMaps   ; c. 7 mi. Lae – Bulolo road, ex gravel and grass roots on bank of small stream, [GE est.] 10–30 m, 6° 41' S, 146° 54' E, 30 xii 1964, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 120) (14 NHM) GoogleMaps   ; Huon Pen., road to Kwapsanek , 250 m, 6° 30.27' S, 146° 59.581' E, 31 iii 2006, Balke & Sagata ( PNG 24) (2 ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; Kassam Pass, Sing Sing Creek , [GE est.] 1300– 1500 m, 6° 12' S, 146° 1' E, 14 vi 1979, W. G. Ullrich (33 MHNG) GoogleMaps   ; Kassam Pass, Yung Creek , [GE est.] 1300– 1500 m, 6° 12' S, 146° 0' E, 8 v 1979, W. G. Ullrich (4 MHNG) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 14 vi 1979, W. G. Ullrich (23 MHNG) GoogleMaps   ; Lae, Buins Creek , muddy gravel banks of large slow river, [GE est.] 10–30 m, 6° 43' S, 146° 59' E, 27 xii 1964, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 122) (20 NHM) GoogleMaps   ; Lae–Bulolo road, ex gravel banks of small, clear stream, much algae, [GE est.] 900–1100 m, 6° 50' S, 146° 37' E, 30 xii 1964, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 131) (1 NHM) GoogleMaps   ; Lae–Bulolo road, ex muddy gravel bank of small shaded stream, [GE est.] 900–1100 m, 6° 52' S, 146° 37' E, 28 xii 1964, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 125) (15 NHM) GoogleMaps   ; Lae–Bulolo road, ex stones and gravel bank of large river, [GE est.] 900–1100 m, 6° 52' S, 146° 37' E, 28 xii 1964, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 124) (164 NHM) GoogleMaps   ; Lae–Bulolo road, Peracles Creek , ex gravel banks of small steam, [GE est.] 900–1100 m, 6° 50' S, 146° 37' E, 30 xii 1964, M. E. Bacchus (MEB 132) (5 NHM) GoogleMaps   ; Lae, Umg. [=environs of] Gebensis , Gorogias River , [GE est.] 20–30 m, 6° 44' S, 147° 0' E, 14 vi 1979, W. G. Ullrich (1 MHNG) GoogleMaps   ; Lae, Umg. [=environs of] Oomsis , Buang River , [GE est.] 20–30 m, 6° 53' S, 146° 57' E, 14 vi 1979, W. G. Ullrich (10 MHNG) GoogleMaps   ; Oro Province: Northern District, tributary Musa , in open river bed backwater, 300 m, 9° 20' S, 148° 55' E, 21 viii 1975, R. W. Hornabrook (6 NMNZ) GoogleMaps   ; Sandaun Province: Mianmin , river, 990 m, 4° 54.57' S, 141° 35.49' E, 23 x 2008, S. Ibalim ( PNG 192) (3 ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; Western Highlands Province: Jimi Valley, Sendiap Station , 500–600 m, 5° 20.728' S, 144° 27.401' E, 5 iii 2007, Kinibel ( PNG 146) (13 MCZ, NHM, NMW, PNG, ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; Sepik River Basin, Kil Stream , montane forest, 1800 m, 5° 40' S, 144° 42' E, 16 viii 1988, D. Dudgeon (2 NMW) GoogleMaps   .

Differential Diagnosis. Very similar to H. manuloides   in habitus, size, and shape of the male protibia ( Figs. 22 View FIGURE 22 , 23 View FIGURE 23 ). Reliable determinations will be based on close examination of the male genitalia ( Figs. 24, 25); in H. manulea   there is a finger-like process on the dorsal surface, none on the ventral surface, and the hook-like apical process is small compared with the lobe it emerges from; whereas in H. manuloides   there are two finger-like processes, one dorsal and one ventral, and the hook-like process is larger compared with the lobe (among other detail differences). The ventral structures and the very complicated leg chaetotaxy are illustrated with SEMs ( Figs. 280–283 View FIGURES 280–285 ).

Description. Size: holotype (length/width, mm): body (length to elytral apices) 1.41/0.60; head 0.23/0.34; pronotum 0.35/0.44, PA 0.37, PB 0.38; elytra 0.84/0.60. Dorsum of head piceous; pronotum light brown to testaceous in front of and behind piceous fascia, ratios of color bands, as measured in midline, ca. 5/16/3; elytra dark brown; legs and maxillary palpi light brown, tip of palpus not darker.

Frons punctures ca. 1xef, slightly larger near eyes than medially; interstices shining, 1–5xpd. Clypeus microreticulate laterally, very finely sparsely punctate medially. Mentum and postmentum very sparsely very finely punctulate, shining. Genae raised, shining, without posterior ridge. Pronotum cordiform, median 2/3 of anterior margin emarginate; punctures on disc ca. 1xpd those of frons, interstices shining, 1–3xpd, punctures slightly larger and denser at anterior and posterior; PF1 absent; PF2 very shallow, obsolete; PF3 deep; PF4 absent.

Elytra with summit of posterior declivity at or very near midlength; lateral explanate margins moderately wide; on basal 1/3 punctures ca. 1xpd largest pronotal punctures, punctures becoming gradually smaller toward posterior. Intervals not raised, shining, on disc ca. 1–2xpd, as are interstices between punctures of a row, a few punctures subserial. Apices in dorsal aspect weakly separately rounded, in posterior aspect margins forming shallow angle with one another.

Ratios of P2 width and plaque shape (P2/w/l/s) ca. 2/2/7/2. P1 laminate; median carina sinuate in profile. P2 raised, l/w ca. 3/1, sides converging toward blunt apex. Plaques moderately wide, converging very slightly anteriorly, weakly raised, located at sides of deep, median depression, each plaque tapering slightly from posterior to anterior. Metaventrite without midlongitudinal ridge. AIS width at straight posterior margin ca. 2x P2. All legs moderately long and slender. Profemur (male) with small, sharply pointed tubercle next to trochanter; protibia slightly arcuate, distal 1/3 widened on anterior surface, medial margin apically with cluster of very short spines. Meso- and metatibia straight. Abdominal apex symmetrical; last tergite (male) notched. Aedeagus as illustrated ( Fig. 24). Female tergite X, gonocoxite, and spermatheca as illustrated ( Fig. 389 View FIGURES 388–391 ).

Etymology. "Long sleeve, hence with cuff"; named in reference to the shape of the male protibia.

Distribution. A widely distributed and rather commonly collected species, known from Areas 1–6 and 8; elevation range 10–1800 m, with most records below 1100 m ( Fig. 439 View FIGURES 439–442 ).

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

NMNZ

Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

NMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Hydraenidae

Genus

Hydraena