Ebenacobius costalis ( Fåhraeus, 1844 ) Haran & Benoit & Procheş & Kergoat, 2022

Haran, Julien, Benoit, Laure, Procheş, Şerban & Kergoat, Gael J., 2022, Ebenacobius Haran, a new southern African genus of flower weevils (Coleoptera: Curculioninae: Derelomini) associated with dicotyledonous plants, European Journal of Taxonomy 818 (1), pp. 1-54 : 23-26

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5852/ejt.2022.818.1771

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scientific name

Ebenacobius costalis ( Fåhraeus, 1844 )

gen. et comb. nov.

Ebenacobius costalis ( Fåhraeus, 1844) gen. et comb. nov.

Figs 1E, I View Fig , 2E, 4I, 6E View Fig

Derelomus costalis Fåhraeus, 1844: 93 .

Derelomus rugosicollis Hesse, 1929: 530 . Syn. nov.

Differential diagnosis

Ebenacobius costalis gen. et comb. nov. can be distinguished from other species of the genus by the combination of basal ⅓ of first stria with a single row of at least slightly misaligned punctures ( Fig. 1E View Fig ) and by the rostrum moderately downcurved and only slightly longer than prothorax (1.1 ×) in lateral view ( Fig. 4I View Fig ).

Type material

Lectotype of Derelomus costalis Fåhraeus, 1844 (here designated) REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA • “ ♂ ” “ Cap. B. Spei. [ REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA, Western Cape Province]” “Drege” “3758. E91+” “Lectotype ♂; Derelomus . costalis ; Fåhraeus, 1844; Haran Des. 2022” “ Ebenacobius ; costalis ; ( Fåhraeus, 1844); Haran 2022”; NHRS.

Lectotype of Derelomus rugosicollis Hesse, 1929 (here designated) REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA • 1 ♂; “ Mfongosi; Zululand [REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA, KwaZulu-Natal Province]” “Zululand; Mfongosi; Apr 1923; W E Jones ” “ Derelomus ; rugosicollis ; Types Hesse” “Type [red label]” “Type; SAM/Ent; 4037 [red label]” “Lectotype ♂; Derelomus ; rugosicollis ; Hesse, 1929; Haran Des. 2022” “ Ebenacobius ; costalis ; ( Fåhraeus, 1844); Haran 2022”; SAMC.

Paralectotype of Derelomus costalis Fåhraeus, 1844 REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA • 1 ♀; same collection data as for lectotype of Derelomus rugosicollis excluding red type label; “Paralectotype ♀; Derelomus ; rugosicollis ; Hesse, 1929; Haran Des. 2022” “ Ebenacobius ; costalis ; ( Fåhraeus, 1844); Haran 2022”; SAMC .

Other material examined

REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA – Eastern Cape Province • 1 ♀; Kirkwood; 33°22′48.0″ S, 25°27′36.0″ E; 15 Jul. 2019; J. Haran leg.; on yellow Asteraceae ; JHAR02390_0101 ; CBGP GoogleMaps • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Alexandria Forest Station ; 33°43′ S, 26°23′ E; 3 Dec. 1987; Endrödy-Younga leg.; general collection; E-Y: 2549; TMSA GoogleMaps • 1 ♀; Little Karoo , Baviaanskloof ; 33°39′ S, 24°31′ E; 6 Dec. 1995; C.L. Bellamy leg.; beating; E-Y: 3172; TMSA GoogleMaps . – Kwazulu-Natal Province • 2 ♂♂; Pongolapoort; 27°25′15.7″ S, 31°55′10.3″ E; Oct. 2009; Ş. Procheş leg.; on Schotia brachypetala (Fabaceae) ; JHAR04161-62 ; CBGP. GoogleMaps – Western Cape Province • 1 ♀; Plettenberg Bay ; 34°03′ S, 23°23′ E; 13 Feb. 1990; V.M. Uys leg.; SANC GoogleMaps • 4 ♀♀; CT [Cape Town]; Nov. 1900; CleDoux leg.; acc67769; USNM.



BODY LENGTH. 3.0– 3.2 mm.

COLOUR. Body integument pale brown, head reddish-brown, prothorax with two large dark-brown areas on each side on the median line, elytra generally with a dense network of transverse dark shades on basal ⅔, sometimes reduced to transverse band on apical ⅔ or absent; dorsum (prothorax + elytra) with minute recumbent setae, not contiguous.

HEAD. Rostrum 1.1 × longer than prothorax in lateral view, moderately downcurved, slightly more near base; underside with row of setae, almost as long as 2 nd segment of funicle, integument forming small tubercle before apex; in dorsal view covered with recumbent non-contiguous setae; antennae inserted at ⅔ of length; head capsule coarsely punctate in dorsal view, with non-contiguous setae, setae slightly longer near dorsal margin on eyes; eyes convex, exceeding the lateral curve of head capsule in dorsal view; antennal funicle with segment 1 elongate, 1.5 × longer than wide, as long as 2–4, 3–7 wider than long.

PROTHORAX. Wider than long (W:L ratio: 1.3), widest near base, narrower there than elytra at humeral angles; sides subparallel in basal ¾, slightly and regularly converging apicad; apical constriction as long as width of funicle at apex; integument densely punctate, space between punctures smooth and shiny, narrower than or equal to diameter of punctures; setae in each puncture very short, recumbent, not exceeding in length the diameter of punctures; prosternal process reduced forming a small tubercle between the procoxae.

ELYTRA. Sides slightly convex, widest near middle of length (W:L ratio: 0.68); humeri raised; apex jointly rounded; striae made of one row of more or less misaligned punctures, at least misaligned on basal ⅓ of stria 1, narrower than interstriae; interstriae flat, 1-3-5 convex apically, 9 entirely convex; scutellar shield rounded, glabrous.

ABDOMEN. Underside covered with small non-contiguous whitish setae.

LEGS. Profemora strongly thickened near middle of length; protibiae with external margin straight, meso- and metatibiae curved outward in apical half; tibiae armed with small apical mucro; claws simple.

TERMINALIA. Body of penis elongate (W:L ratio: 0.32), as long as apodemes, sides slightly bisinuate in dorsal view, widest near apical ⅓, rounded and converging in apical ⅓, apex acuminate; in lateral view curvature stronger in basal ⅓, almost straight in apical ⅔, width slightly expanding apicad in basal ⅔ ( Fig. 6E View Fig ).

Sexual dimorphism

Females can be distinguished from males by their rostrum which is narrower and distinctly longer, 1.3 × longer than prothorax in lateral view (1.1 in ♂♂).


In the collection housed at NHRS, a male specimen with the labels “Cap. B. Spei.” and “Drège” and corresponding to the description of Derelomus costalis in all respects was located. This specimen is the unique individual available and the description does not refer to a specific holotype, it is therefore here designated as the lectotype of Derelomus costalis Fåhraeus, 1844 and was labeled accordingly. In the collections housed at SAMC, a male specimen with the labels “Mfongosi; Zululand” and “ Derelomus ; rugosicollis ; Types; Hesse [hand written]” was identified. The description only refers to an undetermined number of males and females forming the type series. In the absence of a specific holotype designated for this species, the male specimen reported above is here designated as the lectotype for Derelomus rugosicollis Hesse, 1929 and was labeled accordingly.A detailed examination of the external and internal morphology of this specimen revealed no differences with the lectotype of Derelomus costalis . The name Derelomus rugosicollis is therefore a junior synonym of Derelomus costalis . It should be noted that the lectotypes of both D. costalis and D. rugosicollis are young ill-sclerotized specimens and that their uniformly pale colour is not representative of the colour pattern of the species. A redescription of this species is provided to account for the patterns found on fully sclerotized specimens of this species. In some specimens from the western Cape and Kwazulu-Natal Provinces of the Republic of South Africa, striae 9 are not erased in basal 1/6, but subcontiguous or merged with striae of 10.

Life history

The host plant of E. costalis gen. et comb. nov. is unknown, adults have been sporadically collected on flowers of Asteraceae and Fabaceae , which are probably only used as shelters by this species. Adults were collected in February, July, October, November and December.


Republic of South Africa (Eastern Cape, Kwazulu-Natal and Western Cape Provinces).














Ebenacobius costalis ( Fåhraeus, 1844 )

Haran, Julien, Benoit, Laure, Procheş, Şerban & Kergoat, Gael J. 2022

Derelomus rugosicollis

Hesse J. C. 1929: 530

Derelomus costalis Fåhraeus, 1844: 93

Fahraeus O. I. 1844: 93
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