Gasteruption bertae, Macedo, 2011

Macedo, Antonio Carlos Cruz, 2011, A revision of Gasteruption Latreille (Hymenoptera: Gasteruptiidae) in the Neotropical Region 3030, Zootaxa 3030 (1), pp. 1-62: 12-18

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3030.1.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AF5828-A855-8F38-FDA5-AC4A9E055D71

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Gasteruption bertae
status

n. sp.

Gasteruption bertae   n. sp. ( Figs. 4 View FIGURE 4 , 27a View FIGURE 27 )

Etymology. The epithet for this species is in honor of Dr. Carolina Berta   , curator of Hymenoptera, Fundación Miguel Lillo.  

Diagnosis. Differs from other Neotropical species by the following combination of characters: head longer than wide, with posterior ocellus inserted behind the level of upper eye margin ( Fig. 4a View FIGURE 4 ); metacoxa without striae ( Fig. 27a View FIGURE 27 ); hind tarsus yellow basally; ovipositor sheath longer than metasoma ( Fig. 4e View FIGURE 4 ); and fore wing discal cell absent.

Description. Female ( Fig. 4e View FIGURE 4 ). Length: 11.4 mm (7.1–13.4 mm) (n=13); ovipositor sheath length 0.83 (0.73– 0.95) × body length.

Head. Subtrapezoidal in dorsal view, longer than wide ( Fig. 4a View FIGURE 4 ), imbricate; mandible pre-apical tooth distinct; malar space short, almost separated from gena; posterior ocellus inserted behind the level of upper eye margin; occipital carina relatively wide dorsally and laterally ( Fig. 4b View FIGURE 4 ). Head length 1.49 (1.36–1.67) × eye length; eye length 21.12 (15.50–26.50) × malar space; distance from posterior ocellus to occipital margin 1.98 (1.67–2.50) × distance between posterior ocelli; 1 st flagellomere 1.08 (1.00–1.33) × as long as scape, 1.26 (1.10–1.50) × as long as pedicel, 0.50 (0.36–0.79) × as long as 2 nd flagellomere. Color: black, clypeus with anterior portion lighter than remaining, antenna black to dark brown.

Mesosoma. Propleuron imbricate; pronotal process distinct; pronotum imbricate to punctate, area between lobes crenulate; mesonotum rounded in lateral view ( Fig. 4d View FIGURE 4 ); mesoscutum and mesoscutelum punctate to sparsely punctate ( Fig. 4c View FIGURE 4 ); mesepisternum imbricate dorsally and imbricate or rugulose ventrally; mesepimeron scrobiculate to rugulose; metapleuron rugulose or areolate, ventral region rugulose; propodeum areolate, longitudinal carina distinct ( Fig. 27a View FIGURE 27 ); metacoxa without transversal striae. Mesosoma (excluding propleuron) 2.26 (2.01–2.53) × as long as high; propleuron 2.55 (2.07–3.28) × longer than its largest wide, 1.32 (1.21–1.43) × pronotum length; metacoxa 2.80 (2.55–3.00) × as long as wide; metatibia 4.41 (4.06–4.68) × as long as wide, 1.45 (1.36–1.54) × as long as femur, 3.17 (2.69–3.51) × as long as 1 st tarsomere. Fore wing discal cell absent; hind wing with 3 hamuli, not or almost equidistant. Color: black; fore and middle legs with coxa, trochanter, femur and tibia yellow brown to dark brown, tibia with or without a yellow longitudinal stripe, tarsus yellow, with apical tarsomeres gradually darker than basal ones; hind leg with coxa and trochanter black to dark brown, femur and tibia dark brown, subbasal portion of tibia yellow (yellow part inconspicuous in some specimens), tarsus dark brown, with base of 1 st tarsomere yellow.

Metasoma. Imbricate, 2.83 (2.56–3.09) × as long as mesosoma; subgenital sternun notched, Y-shaped; ovipositor sheath 1.41 (1.24–1.66) × as long as metasoma. Color: terga dark brown, with posterior regions lighter; ovipositor sheath black to dark brown, with apex yellow brown.

Male. Similar to female.

Geographic distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Mendoza, Neuquén, Salta)   , Brazil (Santa Catarina), Paraguay   .

Material examined. Holotype, female ( IMLA): ARGENTINA Catamarca: Los Nacimíentos de Abajo, Malaise , 16–30.XI.1968, A. Willink, A. Terán & L.A. Stange.  

Paratypes: ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires: unspecified locality, 1968, J.B. Daguerre, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; Catamarca: 6 km N Belén, 1240 m, Malaise , 16–30.XI.1968, A. Willink, A. Terán & L.A. Stange, 2♀ ( IMLA)   ; La Ciénaga , 21–22.XI.1967, A. Terán & L.A. Stange, 1♂ ( IMLA)   ; Los Nacimíentos de Abajo , 16–31.X.1968, 16– 30.XI.1968, 16–31.XII.1968, 16–31.I.1969, A. Willink, A. Terán & L.A. Stange, 4♀, 2♂ ( IMLA)   ; Mendoza: Las Vegas , 10 km Potrerillos, 20.II.1966, L.A. Stange, 1♀ ( IMLA)   ; Uspallata , Haquarará, A. Willink, 1♀ ( IMLA)   ; Neuquén: Collón Curá , 19.I.1980, A. Willink, Fidalgo, Dominguez & Claps, 2♀, 1♂ ( IMLA)   ; Salta: Yacochuia, Cafayete , 1950 m, 16–31.XII.1968, A. Willink, A. Terán & L.A. Stange, 1♂, 1 unknown gender ( IMLA)   ; BRA- ZIL   : Santa Catarina: Nova Teutônia , 4.XI.1955, F. Plaumann, 1♀, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; PARAGUAY: Departamento Central: Areguá , XI.1980, D.C. Lowrie, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; Paraguarí: Caballero , 24.XI.1971, L.E. Peña, 1♀ ( AEIC)   .

Gasteruption bispinosum Kieffer, 1904   ( Figs. 1a, 1c–e View FIGURE 1 , 5 View FIGURE 5 , 27b View FIGURE 27 )

Gasteruption bispinosum Kieffer, 1904: 17   (description); Kieffer, 1912: 238 (in key), 310–311 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 34 (catalog); De Santis, 1980: 297 (catalog); Macedo, 2009: 7 (cladistic analysis).

Gasteruption fallaciosum Szépligeti, 1903: 374–375   (description) [name preoccupied by G fallaciosum Semenow, 1892   ]; Enderlein, 1906: 245 (male record).

Gasteruption fallax Kieffer, 1909   (new name for G. fallaciosum Szépligeti   ) [name preoccupied by G. fallax Schletterer, 1890   ].

Gasteruption fallens Kieffer, 1911b: 213   (new name for G. fallaciosum Szépligeti   ); Kieffer, 1912: 238–239 (in key); 308 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 35 (catalog). New synonymy

Gasteruption fiebrigi Schrottky, 1907: 73–74   (description); Kieffer, 1912: 238 (in key), 307 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 35 (catalog); Rasmussen et al., 2009: 26 (catalog). New synonymy

Gasteruption Strandi Kieffer, 1910a: 74–75   (description). New synonymy

Gasteruption strandi: Kieffer, 1912: 238–239   (in key), 311 (redescription); Strand, 1912: 27–28 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 36 (catalog).

Gasteruption bihamatum Kieffer, 1911b: 190   (in key), 192–193 (description); Kieffer, 1912: 235 (in key), 297–298 (description, incorrectly recorded in Southern China); Hedicke, 1939: 34 (catalog); Pasteels, 1958a: 175 (incorrectly keyed to Palearctic region), 202–204 (redescription). New synonymy

Gasteruption leptodomum Kieffer, 1911b: 192   (in key), 210–211 (description); Kieffer, 1912: 244 (in key), 340 (description); Hedicke, 1939: 35 (catalog). New synonymy

Gasteruption montivagum Kieffer, 1911b: 192   (in key), 209 (description); Kieffer, 1912: 239 (in key), 314 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 36 (catalog). New synonymy

Diagnosis. Differs from both G. brachychaetum   and G. amputatum   by the longer ovipositor sheath (0.41–0.66 times as long as metasoma); and the subgenital sternun notched, Y-shaped. Differs from other Neotropical species by the shorter ovipositor sheath; and the fore wing discal cell present ( Fig. 1a View FIGURE 1 ).

Redescription. Female ( Figs. 1a View FIGURE 1 , 5e View FIGURE 5 ). Length: 14.9 mm (10.5–16.0 mm) (n=40); ovipositor sheath length 0.36 (0.26–0.42) × body length.

Head. Subtrapezoidal in dorsal view, as long as wide ( Fig. 5a View FIGURE 5 ), punctulate; mandible pre-apical tooth distinct; malar space short, almost separated from gena; posterior ocellus inserted at the level of upper eye margin; occipital carina relatively wide dorsally and laterally ( Fig. 5b View FIGURE 5 ). Head length 1.26 (1.19–1.35) × eye length; eye length 18.93 (10.83–25.67) × malar space; distance from posterior ocellus to occipital margin 1.90 (1.63–2.15) × distance between posterior ocelli; 1 st flagellomere 1.27 (1.08–1.47) × as long as scape, 1.83 (1.45–2.25) × as long as pedicel, 0.75 (0.56–0.91) × as long as 2 nd flagellomere. Color: black, clypeus with anterior portion lighter than remaining, antenna black to dark brown (or apical flagellomeres lighter).

Mesosoma. Propleuron rugulose dorsally, sparsely punctate laterally; pronotal process distinct; pronotum ventral lobe imbricate rugulose, dorsal and posterior lobes imbricate, area between lobes crenulate; mesonotum rounded in lateral view ( Fig. 5d View FIGURE 5 ); mesoscutum sparsely to densely punctate ( Fig. 5c View FIGURE 5 ); mesoscutelum imbricate, with sparse punctation; mesepisternum imbricate dorsally and areolate ventrally; mesepimeron scrobiculate; metapleuron areolate, ventral region with a reduced smooth portion; propodeum areolate, longitudinal carina indistinct ( Fig. 27b View FIGURE 27 ); metacoxa finely striate. Mesosoma (excluding propleuron) 1.65 (1.50–1.79) × as long as high; propleuron 1.68 (1.51–1.96) × longer than its largest wide, 1.11 (0.99–1.26) × pronotum length; metacoxa 3.07 (2.64–3.56) × as long as wide; metatibia 5.10 (4.69–5.80) × as long as wide, 1.36 (1.26–1.45) × as long as femur, 2.68 (2.51– 3.09) × as long as 1 st tarsomere. Fore wing discal cell subtrapezoidal, subtriangular, or petiolate ( Figs. 1c–e View FIGURE 1 ); hind wing with 3 hamuli (rarely 2 or 4), not equidistant. Color: propleuron and mesonotum black; pronotum red brown; mesopleuron and metapleuron red brown (with some black areas in several specimens); propodeum red brown (mesosoma, except for legs, can be entirely black or entirely red brown in some specimens); fore and middle legs with coxa, trochanter, femur and tibia red brown to dark brown, tibia with a yellow longitudinal stripe, tarsus yellow; hind leg with coxa, trochanter, femur and tibia dark brown, subbasal portion of tibia yellow, 1 st tarsomere yellow, with base dark brown, 2 nd yellow, 3 rd –5 th dark brown.

Metasoma. Imbricate, 3.09 (2.83–3.42) × as long as mesosoma; subgenital sternun notched, Y-shaped; ovipositor sheath 0.57 (0.41–0.66) × as long as metasoma. Color: dark brown to black (rarely yellow brown); ovipositor sheath dark brown, with apex yellow brown.

Male. First record. Similar to female; hind tarsus usually entirely dark brown.

Geographic distribution: Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones, Salta, Tucumán)   , Bolivia, Brazil (Distrito Federal, Espírito Santo, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Pará, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo)   , Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guyana, Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Veracruz)   , Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.

Material examined. Gasteruption bispinosum   , syntype female ( MNHN). BRAZIL: Goiás: Jataí. Label information of locality is the same of the type locality.

Gasteruption fallaciosum Szépligeti   , syntype female ( HNHM). BRAZIL: São Paulo: São Paulo   .

Gasteruption strandi   , 3 syntypes ( ZMHB): PARAGUAY: Cordillera: San Bernardino, K. Fiebrig   , 1 female, 1 male; COLOMBIA: San Benito, Micholitz   , 1 female.

Gasteruption bihamatum   , syntype female ( BMNH no. 3a 204): BRAZIL: “ Fleuve des Amazones ”   .

Gasteruption leptodomum   , syntype male ( BMNH no. 3a 212): GUYANA: Muso   .

Gasteruption montivagum   , syntype male ( BMNH no. 3a 200): MEXICO: Guerrero: Sierra Colorada , 666 m   ,

H.H. Smith.

Other material. ARGENTINA: Corrientes: Ca. Virasoro, Lãs Marias , 10–15.XI.1969, C. Porter, 1♀ ( IMLA)   ; Misiones: San Pedro , 16.XI.1973, A. Willink & Tomsic, 1♂ ( IMLA)   ; Reserva de la Vida Silvestre Uruguaí, 25.58ºS 54.07º, 400 m, Malaise , 10.XII.2003, B. Brown & G. Kung, 1♂ ( HIC)   ; Iguazú Nat. Park , 10– 11.IV.1974, C. R. Vardy, 1♀ ( BMNH)   ; Salta: Tartagal , I.1972, M. Fritz, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Tucumán: Burruyacú, Far-  

allón Blanco , 7.II.1961, R. Golbach, 1♂ ( IMLA)   ; Burruyacú, V. Padre Monti , 17.I–7.II.1948, R. Golbach, 3♀ ( IMLA)   ; Quebrada de Lules , 14.IV.1966, L.A. Stange, 1♂ ( IMLA)   ; Raco , 18.I.1973, L.A. Stange, 1♀ ( IMLA)   ; S. Pedro de Colalao , 1200 m, J.M. Arnau, 1♂ ( CNCI)   ; Tafi, Horco Molle , IV.1941, Girard, 1♀ ( IMLA)   ; Tafi, Horco Molle , 22.XII.1965, 26.XII.1965, L.A. Stange, 1♀, 2♂ ( IMLA)   ; Tafi, Horco Molle , 26.XII.1965, 1.I.1966, 18.I.1966, 9.I.1966, H. & M. Townes, 27♀, 4♂ ( AEIC)   ; Tafi, Horco Molle, Malaise , 4–12.I.1966, 8–14.V.1966, L.A. Stange, 6♀, 2♂ ( IMLA)   ; Tafi, Horco Molle , 19.I.1966, 26.III.1966, 29.III.1966, 4.III.1975, L.A. Stange, 5♀, 5♂ ( IMLA)   ; Tafi, Horco Molle , 20–27.I.1966, 28.I–3.II.1966, 7–13.III.1966, L.A. Stange, 6♂ ( AEIC)   ; Tafi, Horco Molle 2–9.X.1969, 9.II.1970, 4.IV.1970, C. Porter, 1♀, 2♂ ( IMLA)   ; Tafi, Horco Molle , XII.1978, C. Porter, 2♀ ( CNCI)   ; Villa Nougués , XII.1928, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; Villa Nogués , 23.XII.1965, 1.I.1966, 3–17.I.1966, 3–17.I.1966, H. & M. Townes, 7♀, 2♂ ( AEIC)   ; Villa P. Monti, 1.II.1948, R. Golbach, 1♀ ( IMLA)   ; BOLIVIA: Beni: 40 km E San Borja, Estacion Biologica Beni, Palm Camp at Rio Curiraba , 6–15.IX.1987, R. J. McGinley, 1♂ ( USNM)   ; Cochabamba: Villa Tunari , 16º54'55''S 65º22'06''W, 1♀ ( CNCI) GoogleMaps   ; La Paz: Alto Beni, S. Inicua, 1100 m, 15–18.I.1976, L.E. Peña, 2♂ ( AEIC)   ; Santa Cruz: Estac. Experimental General Saavedra , 9.VII.1972, C. Porter & L.A. Stange, 3♂ ( IMLA)   ; Rio Mamore, 2 km N mouth of Rio Chapare , 20–31.VII.1965, J.K. Bouseman, 1♀ ( AMNH)   ; BRA- ZIL: Distrito Federal: Brasília, Res. Ecol. IBGE, BR 251, km 0, 22–26.XII.1978, 1♀, 1♂ ( DIVE)   ; Espírito Santo: Domingos Martins, Mata Pico do Eldorado, 20 o 22’17”S 40 o 30’29”W, Malaise , 03–10.XII.2004, M. T. Tavares & equipe, 1♀ ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   ; Goiás: Goiás Velho , 4.VII.1981, 1♂ ( DIVE)   ; Maranhão: Imperatriz, Ribeirãozinho, Malaise , 5–10.VIII.1989, F.F. Ramos, 1♀ ( MPEG)   ; Minas Gerais: Barbacena , 14–16.I.1962, M. Alvarenga, 1♀ ( DZUP)   ; São Gonçalo Rio Abaixo, Est. Amb. Peti Cemig , 18–25.X.2002, A.F. Kumagai, 1♀ ( MZSP)   ; Mato Grosso: Corumbá, Serra do Urucum , 25.XI.1960, K. Lenko, 1♂ ( MZSP)   ; Cáceres , XI.1984, M. Alvarenga, 6♀ ( AEIC)   ; Chapada dos Guimarães , 800 m, VII.1983, M. Alvarenga, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; Sinop , 12º31'S 55º37'W, X.1974, M. Alvarenga, 1♀, 14♂ ( AEIC) GoogleMaps   ; 12 o 50'S 51 o 47'W, 10.X.1968, O.W. Richards, 1♂ ( BMNH) GoogleMaps   ; Pará: Belém, Mocambo , 9.XI.1991, 1♀ ( MPEG)   ; Óbidos, Ramal do Benedito, Prox. Lagoa Curumu , 01º49'22''S 55º07'01''W, 29–31.VIII.2001, J.A. Rafael & J. Vidal, 1♀ ( INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Serra Norte, Est. da Serraria, Malaise , 10–15.IX.1983, F.F. Ramos, 1♀ ( MPEG)   ; Paraná: unspecified locality, 03.XII.2003, A. Menezes Jr., 1♀ ( UEL)   ; 8 km NW Antonina, Rio Catitu , PR 405, 15. VI.2001, G.A. R. Melo, 1♀ ( DZUP)   ; Caviúna , XII.1945, IX.1947, A. Maller, 3♀, 1♂ ( AMNH)   ; Jundiaí do Sul, Fazenda Monte Verde , 11.VIII.1986, 18.VIII.1986, 13.X.1986, 3♀ ( DZUP)   ; Morretes, Malaise , 29.X–5.XI.1984, 04–11.III.1985, 2♀ ( DZUP)   ; Morretes, Alto da Serra , 6.II.1966, H. & M. Townes, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; Pedra do Indaiá , 1.II.2004, A. Menezes Jr., 1♀, 1♂ ( UEL)   ; Ponta Grossa, Vila Velha, Reserva IAPAR, Malaise , 01.IX.1986, 15.IX.1986, 06.X.1986, 20.X.1986, 2.XI.1987, 1.XII.1987, 4.I.1988, 11.I.1988, 4.IV.1988, 18.IV.1988, Lev. Ent. Profaupar, 7♀, 6♂ ( DZUP)   ; Porto Cabral , 1–25.IV.1944, Exp.Dep.Zool., 1♂ ( DZUP)   ; Telêmaco Borba, Reserva Samuel Klabin, Malaise , 18.VIII.1986, 15.IX.1986, 15.XII.1986, 22.XII.1986, 29.XII.1986, 02.II.1987, 02.III.1987, 09.III.1987, 09.III.1987, 13.IV.1987, 27.IV.1987, 01.VIII.1987, 17.VIII.1987, 31.VIII.1987, 21.IX.1987, 5.X.1987, 12.X.1987, 19.X.1987, 2.XI.1987, 21.XI.1987, 14.XII.1987, 28.XII.1987, Lev. Ent. Profaupar, 12♀, 26♂ ( DZUP)   ; Rio de Janeiro: Estrada Rio - São Paulo , km 47, 15.XI.1948, J.F. Zikán, 1♀ ( MNRJ)   ; Itatiaia , I.1974, F. Lane, 1♀ ( MZSP)   ; Itatiaia , 700 m, 1.IV.1941, J.F. Zikán, 1♀, 1♂ ( FIOC)   ; Rio Grande do Sul: Tenente Portela, Parguedo Turvo , 02–05.XII.1985, J.Q. Cure, 1♀ ( DZUP)   ; Santa Catarina: Nova Teutônia , 22.III.1936, 24.III.1936, 25.III.1936, 25.II.1937, 26.II.1937, 7.IV.1937, VI.1937, 3.II.1938, 14.II.1938, 12.IX.1938, 8.XI.1938, 24.XI.1938, 12.XII.1938, 24.I.1939, 3.II.1939, 4.II.1939, 9.II.1939, F. Plaumann, 16♀, 3♂ ( BMNH)   ; Nova Teutônia , 21.III.1941, 24.III.1941, 1.VIII.1941, 18.III.1948, 25.IV.1948, 29.IV.1948, 12.III.1951, 23.III.1951, 27.III.1951, 25.III.1952, 13.IV.1952, 21.IV.1952, 3.V.1952, 26.IX.1952, 10.X.1952, 22.X.1952, 3.XII.1952, 27.XII.1952, 17.I.1956, IV.1968, VI.1970, X.1970, F. Plaumann, 13♀, 12♂ ( AEIC)   ; Nova Teutônia , 1.IX.1948, 12.III.1951, 14.I.1960, 23.III.1960, 5.IV.1960, 13.IV.1960, 23.IV.1960, 1.II.1961, 1.VI.1961, 1962, V.1966, XI.1968, F. Plaumann, 10♀, 7♂ ( CNCI)   ; Nova Teutônia , III.1977, X.1977, F. Plaumann, 4♀ ( DZUP)   ; São Paulo: Araçatuba , X.1961, J. Lane & Rabello, 15♂ ( MZSP)   ; Barueri , 25.VIII.1955, K. Lenko, 1♀ ( MNRJ)   ; Cajuru, Faz. Rio Grande, 21º12'S 47º09'W, Malaise branca, 18.XII.1999 – 10.I.2000, G.A. R. Melo & Nascimento, 3♀ ( DZUP) GoogleMaps   ; Campinas, Bairro Cidade Universitária, Malaise , 29.IX–13.X.1986, A. Ruszczyk, 2♀ ( DZUP)   ; Campinas, Bosque dos Jequitibás, Malaise , 15.VII–01.VIII.1986; 16–29.IX.1986, 13–28.X.1986 0– 24.XI.1986, 24.XI– 11.XII.1986, 05–19.I.1987, A. Ruszczyk, 7♀, 4♂ ( DZUP)   ; Campinas, Reserva Municipal de Santa Genebra, Malaise , 1–15.XI.1990, 21.III–07.IV.1991, A. Ruszczyk, 2♀, 1♂ ( DZUP)   ; Esperança do Sul, 28.IV.1968, K. Lenko, 1♀ ( MZSP)   ; Ribeirão Preto , EERP-MST, 21 o 13’33”S 47 o 51’21”, 02.II.2009, G. Biffi & E.A. Nascimento, 1♂ ( MZSP); Rio Claro, FEENA, Malaise, 10.IX–01.X.2005, J. T. Dias, 1♀ ( MZSP); Salesópolis, Est. Biológica de Boracéia, 23º39'0,1"S 45º53'51,0", Malaise, 18–28.IV.2003, A. P. Aguiar & F. M. Rodrigues, 2♀ ( MZSP)   ; Salesópolis, Est. Biológica de Boracéia, 23 o 38’17”S 45 o 51’13”W, Malaise , 30.iii–13.iv.2008, Nihei, Figueiredo & Andrade, 1♀ ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   ; São José do Barreiro, Serra da Bocaina, 1650 m, XI.1968, M. Alvarenga & Seabra, 2♀, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Teodoro Sampaio , XI.1977, M. Alvarenga, 3♀, 19♂ ( AEIC)   ; Teodoro Sampaio , XI.1985, F.M. Oliveira, 3♀, 8♂ ( AEIC)   ; Ubatuba, P. Est. Serra do Mar, N. Picinguaba , 23º17'56.4"S 44º47'49.2"W, 600 m, 24.I.2002, N.W. Perioto, 1♀ ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   ; Ubatuba, P. Est. Serra do Mar, N. Picinguaba, 23º17'56.4"S 44º47'49.2"W, 600 m, Malaise , 20– 23.I.2006, E.F. Santos & C.P. Scott-Santos, 2♀ ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   ; COLOMBIA: Magdalena: PNN Tayrona Cañaveral , 11 o 20`N 74 o 2`W, 30 m, 15.XII.2000 – 2.I.2001, 30.VIII. 19.IX.2000, R. Henriquez, 2♀ ( IAVH) GoogleMaps   ; Valle del Cauca: 15 km NW Cali, Rio Cauca com Rio Amaíme , 5.IX.1975, L.A. Stange, 1♀ ( IMLA)   ; COSTA RICA: Alajuela: 5 km W San Ramón , 1200 m, VII.1997, O. Castro & P. Hanson, 1♀ ( MUCR)   ; Est. Biol. San Ramón , 900 m, IV– V.2000, P. Hanson, 2♀ ( MUCR)   ; P.N. Arenal, San Carlos, La Fortuna, Cmno a Estacíon , 600 m, 27. VI.2001, G. Garballo, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; P.N. Arenal, San Carlos, La Fortuna, Send. Mena, 600 m, 16.VII.2001, G. Garballo, 1♂ ( INBC)   ; Pena Blanca , 700 m, 7.VII.1987, E. Cruz, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; R. B. San Ramón, 800 m, Malaise , IV.1997, G. Garballo, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; San Ramón , Res. Biol. A. Brenes, 900 m, V.2000, P. Hanson, 1♀ ( MUCR)   ; Cartago: Dulce Nombre, Veveiro Linda Vista , 1300 m, VIII–X.1993, P. Hanson, 1♀ ( MUCR)   ; Quebrada Segunda, P.N. Tapanti , 1150 m, V.1994, G. Mora   , 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Quebrada Segunda, P.N. Tapanti , 1250 m, X.1992, G. Mora   , 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Turrialba, Tayutic, P.N. Barbilla, Sector el Jardin , 1400 m, 9. VI.2002, E. Leon, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Guanacaste: 6 km NE Queb. Grande de Libéria , 700 m, II.1992, III curso Parataxon, 1♂ ( INBC)   ; Est. Los Almendors , 300 m, 6–20.I.1995, E.E. Lopez, 1♂ ( INBC)   ; Est. Cacao, lado NW del Volcan Cação, 1000–1400 m, Malaise , III–VIII.1990, 2♀ ( INBC)   ; Est. Cacao, lado noroeste del Volcan Cação, 1000–1400 m, Malaise , IX.1989, R. Blanco & C. Chaves, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Est. Pitilla, 9 km S Cecília, P. N. Guanacaste, 700 m, Malaise , 19. V –3. VI.1993, C. Moraga, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Est. Pitilla, P.N. Guanacaste , 680 m, XI.1988, I. Gauld & Mitchell, 1♀ ( MUCR)   ; Est. Pitilla, Sta Cecília, 700 m, Malaise , 1– 15.VII.1992, P. Rios, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; P.N. Santa Rosa, 50 m, I. Gauld, 1♀ ( MUCR)   ; P.N. Santa Rosa, Hacienda 4–C, 1♀ ( MUCR)   ; Santa Rosa Park, Riparian , 17. V.1976, D.H. Janzen, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Heredia: Est. El Ceibo, P.N.Bráulio Carrillo, 400–600 m, II.1990, C. Chaves, 1♂ ( INBC)   ; La Selva, OEC, Pto. Viejo , 100 m, IV.1991, P. Hanson & C. Godoy, 1♀ ( MUCR)   ; Limón: Valle de la Estrela, R. B. Hitory Cerere, Sendero Bobócara, 300 m, 18–30.XI.2000, F. Umana, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Puntarenas: Fca. Cafrosa, Send. al Progresso , 1.5 km NE de Progresso, Rede de Golpe , 11.IX.1997, A. Picado, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; San Vito, Estac. Biol. Las Alturas, 1500 m, I.1992, II.1992, III.1992, P. Hanson & C. Godoy, 3♀ ( MUCR)   ; San José: Escazú , 20. V.1987, H. & M. Townes, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; San José, 3.X.1927, H. Schmidt, 1♀ ( DEIC)   ; San José, Bosquecito , UCR, 15.X.1983, 1♀ ( MNCR)   ; Zurquí de Moravia , 1600 m, II.1995, VI.1995, VIII.1995, P. Hanson, 3♀ ( MUCR)   ; ECUADOR: Azuay: Banos , 1900 m, 8.V.1937, 7.VI.1937, W. Clarke & MacIntryre, 1♀, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Manabí: Garrapata, W Sto. Domingo, 28.VII.1970, L.E. Peña, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Napo: Res. Ethnica Waorani, 1 km S Onkone Gare Camp., Camp.Trans.Ent., 00 o 39´10"S 076 o 26`W, 220 m, Insectidal fogging, 6.X.1994, T. L. Erwin, 1♀ ( USNM) GoogleMaps   ; Tena: Libertad , 10–13. V.1963, L.E. Peña, 1♀ ( CNCI)   ; MEX- ICO: unspecified locality, 1♀ ( ANSP)   ; unspecified locality, 1867, O. Sichl., 2♀, 1♂ ( MNHN)   ; Chiapas: Palenque , 100 m, 2–23.VII.1983, S. & J. Peck, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Oaxaca: 6 mi S Valle Nacional , 18. V.1971, H. Howden, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; Veracruz: Cordoba, Crawford , 2♀, 2♂ ( USNM)   ; S. Lucrecia, Crawford, 1♂ ( USNM)   ; PANAMA: Darién: P.N. Darién, Pirre Est. Rancho Frio, 80 m, Malaise , 21.III–04.IV.2000, 16.IX.2000 – 17.I.2001, R. Cambra, A. Santos & Bermudez, 2♀ ( GBFM)   ; Veraguas: P.N. Coíba, Isla Coíba, Cerrola Torre, 270 m, Malaise , 7– 13.III.1998, R. Cambra & A. Santos, 1♀ ( GBFM)   ; PARAGUAY: Sommerfield , IV.1960, Andrade, 1♀ ( IMLA)   ; Cordillera: Colonia Pirareta , 23.XII.1971, 24.XII.1971, L.E. Peña, 2♂ ( AEIC)   ; Itapúa: Pirapó , 29.XII.1971, L.E. Peña, 1♀, 2♂ ( AEIC)   ; PERU: Cusco: Machu Piccho , 28.XI.1965, H. & M. Townes, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; Santa Isabel, River Ceosnipata, Rain Forest , 7.XII.1951, Woytkowski, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; Quincemil , IX.1972, L.E. Peña, 1♀, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; La Liberdad: Samne , 40 km NE Trujillo, 7 o 9'S 78 o 41'W, 1500 m, 12–17.VII.1975, C. Porter & L.A. Stange, 1♀ ( IMLA) GoogleMaps   ; Loreto: Avispas, nr. Marcapata , IX.1972, L.E. Peña, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; Pucallpa , 17.IV.1962, J.M. Schunke, 1♀ ( BMNH)   ; SURINAME: 45 km S Paramaribo , 24–26.IX.1963, D.C. Geijskes, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; TRINI- DAD AND TOBAGO: 8 km N Arima, Simla Res. Sta. , 240 m tropical for., 6–10. VI.1993, S. & J. Peck, 1♀, 1♂ ( CNCI)   ; Balandra Bay , 12–15.VIII.1969, F. Bennett, 1♂ ( CNCI)   ; Maracas, Valley above Loango , 600 m, montane rainforest, 9–22. VI.1993, S. & J. Peck, 1♀, 3♂ ( CNCI)   ; Morne Bleu , 4.VIII.1969, H. & A. Howden, 2♀ ( CNCI)   ; Morne Bleu , 7–28.VIII.1969, H. & A. Howden, 10♀, 5♂ ( AEIC)   ; St. George, St. Augustine , VIII.1976, F.D. Bennett, 3♀ ( BMNH)   ; Verdant Vale , 28–30.X.1918, Urich & Morrison, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; VENEZUELA: Aragua: El Límon, 480 m, 16–22.IV.1973, C.J. Rosales, 1♂ ( MIZA)   ; Rancho Grande N.P., 1100 m, cloud for., Maxinet 18.VIII–3.IX.1992, L. Masner, 1♀ ( CNCI)   ; Rancho Grande , 1100 m, 25.VIII.1955, 1♀ ( MIZA)   ; Rancho Grande , 1100 m, 22. VI.1972, A. Montagne, 1♀ ( MIZA)   ; Rancho Grande, La Toma, 1100 m, Maxinet 23. VI.1994, J. L. García & A. Chacon, 1♀ ( MIZA)   ; Tiara, 1200 m, Malaise , 13–20. V.1996, A. Chacón, 1♂ ( MIZA)   ; Villa de Cura, Est. Exp. Cataurito , 18.III.1981, J.L. García, 1♀ ( MIZA)   ; Barinas: Barinas , I.1943, P. Anduza, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Cojedes: El Pao. Higuerotal , 9 o 49'27"N 68 o 2'50"W, 376 m, 10–17. V.1995, A. Alemán, 1♀, 3♂ ( MIZA) GoogleMaps   ; Táchira: Pregonero, Camp. Siberia, Hospital , 1280 m, Malaise , 10–31.VII.1989, S. & J. Peck, 1♀ ( AEIC)   .

Comments. The holotype female of Gasteruption fiebrigi   was not found, and presumably was lost with part of Schrottky’s collection ( De Santis 1996; Rasmussen et al. 2009). The locality data cited by Schrottky (1907) in the description is PARAGUAY: Cordillera: San Bernardino, K. Fiebrig (the same as G. strandi Kieffer   ). Several specimens identified by H.K. Townes and C.B. de Fernandez as G. fiebrigi   are identical to the paratype of G. bispinosum   .

Gasteruption bihamatum   was incorrectly included by Kieffer (1912) and Pasteels (1958a) with the Palearctic fauna, whereas the label data shows that the syntype is from “Fleuve des Amazones ”.

IMLA

Fundacion e Instituto Miguel Lillo

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

ZIL

Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute

AEIC

American Entomological Institute

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

HIC

Hymenoptera Institute Collection, University of Kentucky

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

IBGE

Reserva Ecológica do IBGE

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

FIOC

Fundacao Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

IAVH

Instituto de Ivestigacion de los Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt

MUCR

Museo de Insectos

INBC

Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio)

MNCR

Museo Nacional de Costa Rica

ANSP

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

GBFM

Universidad de Panama

MIZA

Museo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola Francisco Fernandez Yepez

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Gasteruptiidae

Genus

Gasteruption

Loc

Gasteruption bertae

Macedo, Antonio Carlos Cruz 2011
2011
Loc

Gasteruption strandi: Kieffer, 1912: 238–239

Hedicke, H. 1939: 36
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 239
Strand, E. 1912: 27
1912
Loc

Gasteruption fallens

Hedicke, H. 1939: 35
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 238
Kieffer, J. J. 1911: 213
1911
Loc

Gasteruption bihamatum

Pasteels, J. J. 1958: 175
Hedicke, H. 1939: 34
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 235
Kieffer, J. J. 1911: 190
1911
Loc

Gasteruption leptodomum

Hedicke, H. 1939: 35
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 244
Kieffer, J. J. 1911: 192
1911
Loc

Gasteruption montivagum

Hedicke, H. 1939: 36
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 239
Kieffer, J. J. 1911: 192
1911
Loc

Gasteruption Strandi Kieffer, 1910a: 74–75

Kieffer, J. J. 1910: 75
1910
Loc

Gasteruption fiebrigi

Rasmussen, C. & Garcete-Barrett, B. R. & Goncalves, R. B. 2009: 26
Hedicke, H. 1939: 35
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 238
Schrottky, C. 1907: 74
1907
Loc

Gasteruption bispinosum

Macedo, A. C. C. 2009: 7
De Santis, L. 1980: 297
Hedicke, H. 1939: 34
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 238
Kieffer, J. J. 1904: 17
1904
Loc

Gasteruption fallaciosum Szépligeti, 1903: 374–375

Enderlein, G. 1906: 245
Szepligeti, V. 1903: 375
1903