Gasteruption brasiliense ( Blanchard, 1840 )

Macedo, Antonio Carlos Cruz, 2011, A revision of Gasteruption Latreille (Hymenoptera: Gasteruptiidae) in the Neotropical Region 3030, Zootaxa 3030 (1), pp. 1-62: 22-26

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3030.1.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AF5828-A84B-8F30-FDCE-AE4899AE5999

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Gasteruption brasiliense ( Blanchard, 1840 )
status

 

Gasteruption brasiliense ( Blanchard, 1840)   ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 )

Foenus brasiliensis Blanchard, 1840: 300   (description); Westwood, 1843: 260 (museum data); Guérin-Méneville, 1844: 406; Brullé, 1846: 530–531 (redescription); Westwood, 1851: 219 (redescription).

Gasteruption brasiliense: Schletterer, 1885: 304   (redescription), 317 (catalog); Schletterer, 1890: 469–470 (redescription); Dalla Torre, 1902: 1065 (catalog); Kieffer, 1902: 7 (catalog); Kieffer, 1912: 238 (in key), 311–312 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 35 (catalog); De Santis, 1980: 297 (catalog); Macedo, 2009: 7 (cladistic analysis).

Foenus gracillimus Westwood, 1843: 258   (description). New synonymy

Gasteruption gracillimum: Schletterer, 1885: 307   (redescription), 319 (catalog); Schletterer, 1890: 471–472 (= tenuicolle   ); Kieffer, 1902: 10 (catalog); Kieffer, 1912: 239 (in key), 315 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 35 (catalog).

Gasteruption longicauda Kieffer, 1904: 18   (description); Kieffer, 1912: 239 (in key), 313–314 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 35 (catalog); De Santis, 1980: 297 (catalog). New synonymy

Gasteruption annulitarse Schrottky, 1906: 59   (description), 61 (in key); Kieffer, 1912: 239 (in key), 312 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 34 (catalog); Rasmussen et al., 2009: 20 (catalog). New synonymy

Gasteruption petroselini Schrottky, 1906: 57–58   (description), 61 (in key); Kieffer, 1912: 239 (in key), 312–313 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 36 (catalog); Rasmussen et al., 2009: 36 (catalog). New synonymy

Gasteruption subtropicale Schrottky, 1906: 58   (description), 61 (in key); Kieffer, 1912: 239 (in key), 313 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 36 (catalog); Rasmussen et al., 2009: 39 (catalog). New synonymy

Foenus torridus Bradley, 1908: 118   (description); Cresson, 1928: 11 (lectotype). New synonymy

Gasteruption torridum: Kieffer, 1912: 238–239   (in key), 315 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 36 (catalog).

Gasteruption Brasiliae Kieffer, 1911a: 305   (description). New synonymy

Gasteruption brasiliae: Kieffer, 1912: 413-414   (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 35 (in key); De Santis, 1980: 297 (catalog).

Diagnosis. Differs from G. visaliae   by the occipital carina narrow dorsally and wider laterally ( Fig. 8b View FIGURE 8 ); and the mesosoma dark brown to black dorsally, and mostly red brown laterally ( Fig. 8d View FIGURE 8 ). Differs from other Neotropical species by the metacoxa with well-defined striae; the propleuron longer than or as long as the pronotum; the mesoscutum punctate ( Fig. 8c View FIGURE 8 ); the occipital carina narrow dorsally and wider laterally ( Fig. 8b View FIGURE 8 ); the mesepisternum ( Fig. 8d View FIGURE 8 ) and the propodeum areolate; the ovipositor sheath longer than the metasoma, and dark brown, with apex yellow brown ( Fig. 8e View FIGURE 8 ); and the fore wing discal cell present.

Redescription. Female ( Fig. 8e View FIGURE 8 ). Length: 14.6 mm (9.8–19.8 mm) (n=40); ovipositor sheath length 0.92 (0.77–1.08) × body length.

Head. Subtrapezoidal in dorsal view, as long as wide ( Fig. 8a View FIGURE 8 ), punctulate; mandible pre-apical tooth distinct; malar space short, almost separated from gena; posterior ocellus inserted at the level of upper eye margin; occipital carina narrow dorsally and wider laterally ( Fig. 8b View FIGURE 8 ). Head length 1.26 (1.20–1.36) × eye length; eye length 18.81 (12.50–26.33) × malar space; distance from posterior ocellus to occipital margin 1.94 (1.38–2.71) × distance between posterior ocelli; 1 st flagellomere 1.18 (1.00–1.35) × as long as scape, 1.63 (1.38–2.00) × as long as pedicel, 0.62 (0.51–0.86) × as long as 2 nd flagellomere. Color: black, clypeus partially to entirely yellow brown, scape yellow brown to black, pedicel usually black to dark brown, proximal flagellomeres black (or dark brown), most distal flagellomeres lighter.

Mesosoma. Propleuron imbricate, with irregular striae; pronotal process distinct; pronotum imbricate rugulose, area between lobes crenulate; mesonotum rounded in lateral view ( Fig. 8d View FIGURE 8 ); mesoscutum usually densely punctate (with sparse punctation in some specimens) ( Fig. 8c View FIGURE 8 ); mesoscutelum rugulose, with sparse punctation; mesepisternum imbricate (or rugulose) dorsally and areolate ventrally; mesepimeron scrobiculate; metapleuron areolate, ventral region with a reduced smooth portion; propodeum areolate, longitudinal carina indistinct or present; metacoxa finely striate. Mesosoma (excluding propleuron) 1.80 (1.56–1.92) × as long as high; propleuron 1.83 (1.56–2.19) × longer than its largest wide, 1.20 (1.01–1.40) × pronotum length; metacoxa 3.07 (2.60–3.60) × as long as wide; metatibia 5.06 (3.50–5.80) × as long as wide, 1.39 (1.27–1.45) × as long as femur, 2.85 (2.32–3.44) × as long as 1 st tarsomere. Fore wing discal cell subtriangular or subtrapezoidal (rarely petiolate); hind wing with 3 hamuli (rarely 2 or 4), not equidistant. Color: propleuron and mesonotum dark brown to black; pronotum red brown to black dorsally and red brown ventrally; mesopleuron and metapleuron red brown (with some black areas in several specimens), propodeum black to red brown (mesosoma, except for legs, can be entirely black or entirely red brown in some specimens); fore and middle legs with coxa, trochanter, femur and tibia red brown to dark brown, tibia with a yellow longitudinal stripe, tarsus yellow, with apical tarsomeres gradually darker than basal ones; hind leg with coxa black to red brown, trochanter, femur and tibia dark brown, subbasal portion of tibia yellow, 1 st tarsomere yellow, with base dark brown, 2 nd –3 rd yellow (rarely dark brown), 4 th dark brown (rarely yellow), 5 th dark brown.

Metasoma. Imbricate, 3.15 (2.84–3.46) × as long as mesosoma; subgenital sternun notched, Y-shaped; ovipositor sheath 1.43 (1.16–1.65) × as long as metasoma. Color: metasoma red brown to dark brown; ovipositor sheath black to dark brown, with apex yellow brown.

Male. First record. Similar to female; hind tarsus usually entirely dark brown.

Geographic distribution: Argentina (Entre Ríos, Jujuy, La Rioja, Santiago del Estero   )   , Bolivia, Brazil (Amazonas, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Pará , Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, São Paulo)   , Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Veracruz)   , Panama, Paraguay ( Schrottky 1906), Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Material examined.

Foenus gracillimus   , syntype male ( BMNH no. 3a 229): GUYANA: Demerara   .

Gasteruption longicauda   , syntype female ( MNHN)   . BRAZIL: Goiás: Jataí   .

Foenus torridus   , lectotype female ( ANSP no. 4848) designated by Cresson (1928): MEXICO: unspecified locality.

Other material. ARGENTINA: Entre Ríos: Pronunciamiento , XI.1963, 1♀ ( CNCI)   ; Jujuy: Yuto , 11.I.1966, H. & M. Townes, 4♀ ( AEIC)   ; La Rioja: Miranda , 31.I.1970, L.E. Peña, 2♀ ( BMNH)   ; Santiago del Estero   : Bords du Rio Salado, 1904, E. R. Wagner, 1♀ ( MNHN)   ; BOLIVIA: Beni: 20 km W Laranjeiras , 3–5.VIII.1964, J.K. Bouseman & J. Lussenhop, 1♀, 1♂ ( AMNH)   ; Rio Itenez at mouth Rio Baures , 10.X.1964, J.K. Bouseman & J. Lussenhop, 1♂ ( AMNH)   ; Rio Itenez, opposite costa Marques ( Brazil ), 3.IX.1964, J.K. Bouseman & J. Lussenhop, 1♀ ( AMNH)   ; BRAZIL: Amazonas: Mamirauá, várzea, 3º02'54,4"S 64º51'02,1"W, Malaise , 19–21.IX.1993, I.S. Gerayeb & O. T. Silveira, 1♀ ( MPEG) GoogleMaps   ; São Pedro da Água Branca, Faz. Esplana , 04º59'05"S 48º08'03"W, 07.XII.2001, J.A. Rafael & J. Vidal, 1♀, 3♂ ( INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Espírito Santo: Linhares, Res. Biol. Sooretama, 19º58'19.5"S 40º32'10.3", Malaise , 24–27.III.2002, C.O. Azevedo, 1♀ ( MZSP)   ; Goiás: Jataí , XI.1972, F.M. Oliveira, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; Maranhão: Imperatriz, Ribeirãozinho, Malaise , 5–10.VIII.1989, F.F. Ramos, 2♀, 1♂ ( MPEG)   ; Minas Gerais: Águas Vermelhas , 15º45'S 11º28'W, 800 m, XII.1983, M. Alvarenga, 1♀ ( AEIC) GoogleMaps   ; Cáceres , XI.1984, M. Alvarenga, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; São Gonçalo Rio Abaixo, Est. Amb. Peti Cemig , 26.IX.2003, A.F. Kumagai, 1♀ ( MZSP)   ; Mato Grosso: Chapada near Cuiabá; 5♀ ( ANSP)   ; Cuiabá, Horto , 12.VII.2006, A. Menezes Jr., 1♀ ( UEL)   ; Pará: Belém, Utinga , 10–22.XI.1963, F.M. Oliveira & Wygodzinsky, 1 unknown gender ( AMNH)   ; Benevides , 23– 24.III.1993, J.A. Pena, 1♀ ( MPEG)   ; Ourém, Patauateua, Malaise , 23.VIII.1992, B. Mascarenhas, 1♂ ( MPEG)   ; Primavera, Quaitipurpu, Faz. Feitoria , 26–27.XI.1992, J. Dias, 1♂ ( MPEG)   ; São João das Pirabas, Boa Esperança, Malaise , 26–30.X.1989, N. Bittencourt, 1♀ ( MPEG)   ; São João das Pirabas, Ilha Conceição , 20.XII.1992, J. Dias, 1♀ ( MPEG)   ; Serra Norte, Est. Fofoca , 10. VI.1983, W. Franca, 1♀ ( MPEG)   ; Serra Norte, Est. Manganês , 5– 9.IX.1983, R. B. Nets, 1♀ ( MPEG)   ; Paraná: 8 km NW Antonina, Rio Catitu , PR 405, 15. VI.2001, G.A. R. Melo, 1♀ ( DZUP)   ; Céu Azul , Parque Nacional do Iguaçu, S 22J0216997 W 7215744, 12–19.XII.05, Univ. Est. Londrina, 1♀ ( MZSP)   Curitiba , XII.1938, Claretiano, 1♀ ( MZSP)   ; Ponta Grossa, Caraquatá, Faz. And. Justus , XII.1942, unspecified collector, 1♀ ( DZUP)   ; Ponta Grossa , IV.1948, C. Bruhn, 1♀ ( DZUP)   ; Rolândia , IX.1948, R. Dirings, 1♀ ( MZSP)   ; Rio de Janeiro: Guaratiba , I.1956, J.H. Guimarães, 1♀ ( MNRJ)   ; Mangaratiba , VII.1838 – II.1939, R. C. Shannon, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; Rio de Janeiro, 1♀ ( MNHN)   ; Santa Catarina: Nova Teutônia , 7.VIII.1937, 8.VIII.1938, 27.IX.1977, F. Plaumann, 4♀ ( BMNH)   ; Nova Teutônia , 2.X.1941, 28.XI.1952, IX.1970, F. Plaumann, 5♀ ( AEIC)   ; Nova Teutônia , 2.IX.1948, 31.III.1960, 25.IV.1960, 2.I.1961, 12.III.1961, II.1967, XI.1968, F. Plaumann, 7♀ ( CNCI)   ; São Paulo: Ribeirão Preto, Campus USP, 23.VIII.1998, G.A. R. Melo, 1♀ ( DZUP)   ; Teodoro Sampaio , XI.1977, M. Alvarenga, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; Teodoro Sampaio , XII.1985, F.M. Oliveira, 2♀ ( AEIC); COLOM- BIA   : Arauca: Tame , 20–27.VII.1967, M. Cooper, 1♀ ( BMNH)   ; Caldas: Norcasia, Moscovita, El Encanto , 5 o 32’10”N 74 o 52’33”W, 600 m, 10.I.2004, D. Quintana, 1♀ ( UNAB) GoogleMaps   ; Magdalena: PNN Tayrona Cañaveral , 11º20`N 74º2´W, 30 m, 30.VIII–19.IX.2000, R. Henriquez, 1♀ ( IAVH) GoogleMaps   ; PNN Tayrona, Cerro San Lucas, La Antena , 11º20`N 74º2´W, 700m, 19–24.VII.2002, M. Sharkey, D. Arias & E. Torres, 1♂ ( IAVH) GoogleMaps   ; Meta: PNN Tinigua Caño Nevera , 2º11`N 73º48´W, 390 m, 23.XII.2002 – 7.I.2003, C. Sánchez, 1♀ ( IAVH) GoogleMaps   ; Valle del Cauca: 15 km NW Cali   , Rio Cauca com Rio Amaíme , 5.IX.1975, L.A. Stange, 1♀ ( IMLA)   ; COSTA RICA: unspecified locality, 1920, P. Serre, 2♂ ( MNHN)   ; Guanacaste: Baganes, P.N. Palo Verde, Sendero Guayacán, 20 m, Manual , 2–21.III.2000, Jiménez, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Est. Maritza, 1 km E Estrada a Guajiniquil , 9–14. V.1996, Parataxonomos, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Est. Maritza , 600 m, lado O Vol. Orosi, 1992, 2♀ ( INBC)   ; Est. Maritza , 600 m, lado O Vol. Orosi, 27.II– 10.III.1992, G. Rodrigues, 1♂ ( INBC)   ; Est. Maritza , 600 m, lado O Vol. Orosi, 27.II–10.III.1992, R. Vargas, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Est. Maritza , 600 m, lado O Vol. Orosi, 28.II–10.III.1992, C. Cano, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Est. Sta Rosa, P.N. Guanacaste , 300 m, I.1991, I Curso Microhym., 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Estacion Exper. Enrique Jimenez Nuñes, 20 km SW Cañas, Malaise , 5–17.XI.1991, A.S. Menke, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; Finca Loaiciga , 500 m, 6 km S Sta. Cecília, P.N.Guanacaste, 6–28.I.1992, C. Moraga, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Finca Montezuma , 3 km SE Rio Navanjo, 5–16.XI.1991, A.S. Menke, 1♂ ( USNM)   ; Hojancha, Z.P. Nosara, Send. Shannon L. Ward , 500 m, 11–15.IV.2002, I.J. Morera, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Nosara, Sendero La Ceiba , 600 m, 19.I.2002, 20.III.2002, I.J. Morera, 2♀ ( INBC)   ; Reserva Privada K. Magensen , 9º52.096'N 85º3.056'W, 500 m, 2–4.IV.2005, B. Brown, 5♂ ( HIC) GoogleMaps   ; Santa Rosa Park, Dry Hill , 17.V.1976, 6.XII.1976, 2.I.1978, 5.I.1978, D.H. Janzen, 1♀, 3♂ ( AEIC)   ; Santa Rosa Park, Riparian , 14.V.1976, 15.V.1976, 16.V.1976, 8.V.1978, D.H. Janzen, 4♀ ( AEIC)   ; Heredia: Estacion Biol. La Selva , 10º25'N 84º0'W, 80 m, 7. VI.1996, G.A. R. Melo, 1♀ ( DZUP) GoogleMaps   ; Limón: Sector Cerro Cocori , 150 m, VI.1991, E. Rojas, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; Puntarenas: 8 km S Rio Rincón, Coopemartí , 30 m, II.1991, P. Hanson & C. Godoy, 2♀ ( MUCR)   ; San Luis, Fca. Buen Amigo, Monteverde , 4 km S de la Reserva, 1350m, VII.1997, Z. Fuentes, 1♀ ( INBC)   ; San Vito, Estac. Biol. Las Alturas , 1500 m, I.1992, P. Hanson & C. Godoy, 2♀ ( MUCR)   ; San José: Escazú , 20.V.1987, 21.V.1987, 22.V.1987, 24.V.1987, 25.V.1987, 26.V.1987, H. & M. Townes, 1♀, 19♂ ( AEIC)   ; Escazú , 10.I.1988, W. T. Wcislo, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; ECUADOR: Chimborazo: Huigra , 4500 ft, 15. VI.1914, H.S. Parish, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; Loja: La Toma, 18–19.XI.1970, L.E. Peña, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Manabí: Portoviejo , 90 m, 22.XII.1971, M. Cooper, 1♀ ( BMNH)   ; Napo: Res. Ethnica Waorani, 1 km S Onkone Gare Camp., Camp. Trans. Ent. , 00 o 39´10"S 076 o 26`W, 220 m, insectidal fogging, 8.II.1995, 6.X.1994, 2.VII.1995, T. L. Erwin, 2♀, 1♂ ( USNM) GoogleMaps   ; GUYANA: Barima-Waini: N.W.D. Mabaruma, VII.1929, L.D. Cleare, Jr., 1♀ ( BMNH)   ; HONDURAS: Colón: Sangrelaya , 13.IV.1924, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; MEXICO: unspecified locality, 1♀, 1♂ ( ANSP)   ; unspecified locality, Deppe , 1♀ ( ZMHB)   ; Chiapas: 20 mi N Bachil, Yerba Buena, 5700 ft, Malaise , 8. VI.1969, H.J. Teskey, 1♂ ( CNCI)   ; San Cristobal las Casas, 7200 ft, Malaise , 18. VI.1969, H.J. Teskey, 1♀ ( CNCI)   ; Oaxaca: 6 mi S Valle Nacional , 20. V.1971, H. Howden, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ;

Puebla: 2 mi SE Tehuacán , 1.III.1972, F. Parker & D. Miller, 1♂ ( USNM)   ; Quintana Roo: X-can, VIII.1963, E. Welling, 6♀, 4♂ ( CNCI)   ; Veracruz: S. Lucrecia, Crawford, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; PANAMA: Panama: P.N. Metropol., Mini Malaise   , 6–10. V.1994, V. Rodrigues, 1♀ ( GBFM)   ; Veraguas: Cabima , 24. V.1911, Busck, 1♀ ( USNM)   ; PERU: Ica: Chanchamayo , 8.VIII.1949, J.M. Schunke, 1♀ ( BMNH)   ; Lima: 4 km NE Santa Eulalia , 2.VII.1995, J.G. Rozen & A. Ugarte, 1♀, 1 unknown gender ( AMNH)   ; Chosica , 900 m, 10.I.1949, Weyrauch, 1♀, 1♂ ( IMLA)   ; Madre de Dios: Pto. Maldonado , 1–6.XI.1984, Huggert, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: unspecified locality, IV.1935, F. Gerald, 1♀ ( BMNH)   ; Morne Bleu , 7–28.VIII.1969, H. & A. Howden, 1♀ ( AEIC)   ; URU- GUAY   : Tacuarembo: 40 km NW Tacuarembo , 2–9.II.1963, J.K. Bouseman, 1♀ ( AMNH)   ; VENEZUELA: Aragua: 2 km N Ocumare de la Costa , 31.III–2.IV.1981, A.S. Menke & L. Hollenberg, 1♂ ( USNM)   ; El Límon , 480 m, 19.II.1973, 25.II.1973, 28.II.1973, 19.III.1973, 25.IV.1973, C.J. Rosales, 2♀, 3♂ ( MIZA)   ; Lara: Yacambú N.P., 1200 m, 10.V.1981, 13.V.1981, H.K. Townes, 3♂ ( AEIC)   ; Yacambú N.P., 1200 m, 13. V.1981, H.K. Townes, 1♂ ( CNCI)   ; Miranda: P.N. Guatapo, 24 km N Altagracia de Orituco, 640 m, Malaise , 5.IX.1975, 1♀ ( MIZA)   ; Táchira: Pregonero, Camp. Siberia, Hospital , 1280 m, 10–31.VII.1989, S. & J. Peck, 1♀, 1♂ ( AEIC)   ; Zulia: 6 km N La Concepcion , 18. VI.1976, A.S. Menke & D. Vincent, 1♂ ( USNM)   ; Puerto de Cata , 10–11. VI.1976, A.S. Menke & D. Vincent, 1♀ ( USNM)   .

Comments: Specimens designated as syntypes of Foenus brasiliensis   were not found. The locality data cited by Blanchard (1840) in the description is BRAZIL. However, there is an identified specimen in the MNHN with the following label data: “Rio-Janeiro, Foenus brasiliensis, Blanch   ”. This specimen lacked the head and the propleuron. Blanchard (1840) wrote “Cette espèce a été rapportée du Brésil par M. August Saint-Hilaire”. Brullé (1846) stated “Brésil (Rio-Janeiro), Aug. Saint-Hilaire”. So, this examined specimen may be a syntype and it is supposed the type locality is Rio de Janeiro.

Holotypes or syntypes of the following four species were not found. They are synonymyzed with G. brasiliense   based on original descriptions, and present the following combination of character states: discal cell present, ovipositor sheath longer than metasoma, and mesoscutum punctate.

- Gasteruption brasiliae   , syntype female. The locality data cited by Kieffer (1911a) in the description is BRA- ZIL Kieffer (1912) stated as locality “Santos”.

- Gasteruption annulitarse   , holotype female. The locality data cited by Schrottky (1906) in the description is PARAGUAY: Villa Encarnación, 6.II.1905   .

- Gasteruption petroselini   , 3 female syntypes. The locality data cited by Schrottky (1906) in the description is PARAGUAY: Villa Encarnación, 31.I.1905, 6.II.1905, 8.II.1905   .

- Gasteruption subtropicale   , holotype female. The locality data cited by Schrottky (1906) in the description is PARAGUAY: Villa Encarnación, 3.I.1905   .

The characteristics used by Schrottky (1906) to separate G. annulitarse   , G. petroselini   , and G. subtropicale   represent slight difference in ovipositor length, relative size of color spots in ovipositor sheath, and superficial sculpture density, which vary between the specimens of G. brasiliense   . The three Schrottky’s species presumably were lost with part of his collection ( De Santis 1996; Rasmussen et al. 2009).

Gasteruption floridanum ( Bradley, 1908)  

Foenus floridanus Bradley, 1908: 112–113   (description); Cresson, 1928: 11 (lectotype).

Gasteruption floridanum: Kieffer, 1912: 238   (in key), 307 (redescription); Hedicke, 1939: 32 (catalog); Smith, 1996: 492 (in key), 496 (diagnosis); Macedo, 2009: 7 (cladistic analysis).

Rhydinofoenus floridanus: Townes, 1950: 138   (redescription); Alayo, 1972: 9 (in key), 10 (redescription).

Rhydinofoenus floridanus bradleyi: Townes, 1950: 130   (in key), 139–140 (description); Townes, 1951: 661 (catalog); LaBerge, 1956: 518 (female paratype); Walkley, 1967: 285 (host record).

Gasteruption floridanum bradleyi: Carlson, 1979: 1117   (catalog); Hoebeke, 1980: 25 (paratypes).

Rhydinofoenus floridanus floridanus: Townes, 1950: 130   (in key), 140 (description); Townes, 1951: 661 (catalog).

Gasteruption floridanum floridanum: Carlson, 1979: 1117   (catalog).

Diagnosis. Differs from other Neotropical species by the combination of the following characters: fore tibia red brown, without a yellow longitudinal stripe; occipital carina narrow dorsally and wider laterally; ovipositor sheath longer than metasoma, and dark brown, with apex yellow brown; fore wing discal cell subtriangular or subtrapezoidal; mesonotum rounded; mesoscutum densely punctate; propodeum areolate; mesepisternum areolate ventrally; metacoxa striate; head and mesosoma usually black (except legs).

Hosts. Hylaeus cressoni (Cockerell)   and Trypoxylon frigidum Smith ( Walkley 1967)   .

Geographic distribution: Canada ( Townes 1950; Smith 1996), USA ( Bradley 1908; Townes 1950; Smith 1996), Cuba ( Bradley 1908; Alayo 1972).

Material examined. Lectotype female ( ANSP no. 4847): USA: Florida : Enterprise.  

Comments. Bradley (1908) stated a paratype from Cuba (Havana) and Alayo (1972) identified two specimens from Laguna de Ariguanabo, Havana. I was not able to examine this material.

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

ANSP

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

AEIC

American Entomological Institute

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

USP

University of the South Pacific

BIA

British Institute of Archaeology

UNAB

Universidad Nacional, Facultad de Agronomia

IAVH

Instituto de Ivestigacion de los Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt

IMLA

Fundacion e Instituto Miguel Lillo

INBC

Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio)

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

HIC

Hymenoptera Institute Collection, University of Kentucky

MUCR

Museo de Insectos

GBFM

Universidad de Panama

GUAY

Universidad de Guayaquil

MIZA

Museo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola Francisco Fernandez Yepez

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Gasteruptiidae

Genus

Gasteruption

Loc

Gasteruption brasiliense ( Blanchard, 1840 )

Macedo, Antonio Carlos Cruz 2011
2011
Loc

Gasteruption floridanum bradleyi:

Hoebeke, E. R. 1980: 25
Carlson, R. W. 1979: 1117
1979
Loc

Gasteruption floridanum floridanum:

Carlson, R. W. 1979: 1117
1979
Loc

Rhydinofoenus floridanus:

Alayo 1972: 9
Townes, H. K. 1950: 138
1950
Loc

Rhydinofoenus floridanus bradleyi:

Walkley, L. M. 1967: 285
LaBerge, W. E. 1956: 518
Townes, H. K. 1951: 661
Townes, H. K. 1950: 130
1950
Loc

Rhydinofoenus floridanus floridanus:

Townes, H. K. 1951: 661
Townes, H. K. 1950: 130
1950
Loc

Gasteruption torridum:

Hedicke, H. 1939: 36
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 239
1912
Loc

Gasteruption brasiliae: Kieffer, 1912: 413-414

De Santis, L. 1980: 297
Hedicke, H. 1939: 35
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 414
1912
Loc

Gasteruption floridanum:

Macedo, A. C. C. 2009: 7
Smith, D. R. 1996: 492
Hedicke, H. 1939: 32
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 238
1912
Loc

Gasteruption Brasiliae Kieffer, 1911a: 305

Kieffer, J. J. 1911: 305
1911
Loc

Foenus torridus

Cresson, E. T. 1928: 11
Bradley, J. C. 1908: 118
1908
Loc

Foenus floridanus

Cresson, E. T. 1928: 11
Bradley, J. C. 1908: 113
1908
Loc

Gasteruption annulitarse

Rasmussen, C. & Garcete-Barrett, B. R. & Goncalves, R. B. 2009: 20
Hedicke, H. 1939: 34
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 239
Schrottky, C. 1906: 59
1906
Loc

Gasteruption petroselini

Rasmussen, C. & Garcete-Barrett, B. R. & Goncalves, R. B. 2009: 36
Hedicke, H. 1939: 36
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 239
Schrottky, C. 1906: 58
1906
Loc

Gasteruption subtropicale

Rasmussen, C. & Garcete-Barrett, B. R. & Goncalves, R. B. 2009: 39
Hedicke, H. 1939: 36
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 239
Schrottky, C. 1906: 58
1906
Loc

Gasteruption longicauda

De Santis, L. 1980: 297
Hedicke, H. 1939: 35
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 239
Kieffer, J. J. 1904: 18
1904
Loc

Gasteruption brasiliense: Schletterer, 1885: 304

Macedo, A. C. C. 2009: 7
De Santis, L. 1980: 297
Hedicke, H. 1939: 35
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 238
Dalla Torre, C. G. 1902: 1065
Kieffer, J. J. 1902: 7
Schletterer, A. 1890: 469
Schletterer, A. 1885: 304
1885
Loc

Gasteruption gracillimum:

Hedicke, H. 1939: 35
Kieffer, J. J. 1912: 239
Kieffer, J. J. 1902: 10
Schletterer, A. 1890: 471
Schletterer, A. 1885: 307
1885
Loc

Foenus gracillimus

Westwood, J. O. 1843: 258
1843
Loc

Foenus brasiliensis

Westwood, J. O. 1851: 219
Brulle, A. 1846: 530
Guerin-Meneville, M. F. E. 1844: 406
Westwood, J. O. 1843: 260
Blanchard, E. 1840: 300
1840