Sertania jaibensis ( Callaghan & Soares, 2001 ), Freitas, 2017

Freitas, André V. L., 2017, Sertania gen. nov., a new genus of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) from the South American dry diagonal, Zootaxa 4312 (1), pp. 165-179: 173

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Sertania jaibensis ( Callaghan & Soares, 2001 )

comb. nov., stat nov.

Sertania jaibensis ( Callaghan & Soares, 2001)   , comb. nov., stat nov.

( Figs 5–8 View FIGURES 1 – 12 , 23–24 View FIGURES 19 – 26 , 28–30 View FIGURES 27 – 32 )

Audre guttata jaibensis Callaghan & Soares, 2001   . Revta. bras. Zool. 18(3):758–760. Figs. 15-18 View FIGURES 13 – 18 . Type locality: Jaíba - Mocambinho , Carrasco (490 m), Minas Gerais, Brazil. Holotype male: MNRJ (examined).  

Diagnosis. Average forewing length: males 12–14 mm (n = 6), females 13.2–14.5 mm (n = 3). This taxon was originally described as a subspecies of S. guttata   due to its similarities and allopatric distribution ( Callaghan & Soares 2001). However, more detailed evaluation of its morphology combined with the differences in the DNA barcode (3.91%, Table 2) indicate that the differences are more profound and that S. jaibensis   should be raised to species status. The FW shape of Sertania jaibensis   comb. nov., stat nov. differs from Sertania guttata   comb. nov. in being relatively longer with a more pointed apex and the margin of both wing surfaces black instead of red; the male ventral HW post-medial area is nearly white in S. jaibensis   and dark brown in S. guttata   . The frons of S. jaibensis   is dark brown with a small white spot in the middle; that of S. guttata   is white with two parallel light brown vertical lines. In the male genitalia, valvae are slightly longer with tips turned up in S. guttata   ( Fig. 22 View FIGURES 19 – 26 ), while they are shorter and truncated with straight tips in S. jaibensis   ( Fig. 24 View FIGURES 19 – 26 ); the pedicel is straight and pointed in S. guttata   , and more curved and separated in S. jaibensis   . In the female genitalia, the ostium bursae is broader in S. guttata   , and more constricted caudad in S. jaibensis   .

Biology and distribution. The habitat of S. jaibensis   is transition between cerrado and caatinga vegetation. The type locality between Jaíba and Mocambinho (490 m) in the Minas Gerais state presents a closed, tall-shrubby, xerophilous vegetation termed “Carrasco” with floristic elements of caatinga ( Callaghan & Soares 2001). Besides the proximity of the São Francisco River, S. jaibensis   does not inhabit gallery forests, which also form part of the habitat. The other two known localities in Diamantina and Sempre Vivas National Park consist of unique highaltitude (900 to 1500m) rocky outcrop vegetation ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 34 – 37 ) locally known as “campos rupestres” typical of higher parts of the “Serra do Espinhaço” range (see Alves & Kolbek 2010). This species is absent from the Brazilian central Plateau to the south of this locality. Butterflies fly rapidly and close to the ground at mid-day, resting with open wings on leaf dorsal surfaces, in apparent contrast to the more sedentary behavior of S. guttata   . As mentioned above, the species is known from only three localities in northern Minas Gerais.

Material examined. BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Jaíba - Mocambinho, Carrasco (490 m), 2♂, 3♀, 9.iii.1997, A. Soares leg. (CJC), same locality, 2♂, 24.iv.1994, A. Soares leg. (CJC), Diamantina (1300 m), 1♂, 28.xi.1988, O.H.H. Mielke leg. ( DZUP)   ; Parque Nacional das Sempre Vivas (1330 m), Buenópolis , 1♀, 06.v.2011, L.A. Kaminski leg., DNA-voucher NS0104 ( ZUEC)   .


Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro


Department of Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Estadual de Campinas














Sertania jaibensis ( Callaghan & Soares, 2001 )

Freitas, André V. L. 2017

Audre guttata jaibensis

Callaghan & Soares 2001