Lithopsyche styx,

Jong, Rienk De, 2017, Fossil butterflies, calibration points and the molecular clock (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea), Zootaxa 4270 (1), pp. 1-63: 40

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.583183

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2D00AFF5-4FE2-4EC1-A328-C8670CFB8D6D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AA87D3-2867-FFF0-F7F0-FD17FC65B534

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lithopsyche styx
status

 

styx  . Lithopsyche styx Scudder, 1889 

Nymphalidae  .

USA, Colorado  , Teller County, Florissant; Late Priabonian, Late Eocene. 

Depository: MCZH (holotype).

Published figures: Emmel et al. (1992: Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 /2); Murata (1998: Figs 51, 52); Scudder (1889: Pl. LII Figs. 11View FIGURES 11 – 13, 16, 17).

This specimen presents only an overlapping forewing and hindwing, the former without an apex. The forewing has a radial formula of radial formula 1, 2+(3+(4+5)) (forking of R4-R5 reconstructed, missing in fossil), R2 originating very close to upper corner of cell, cell closed. The hindwing cell is open. The wing pattern is obscure and irregular.

According to Scudder (1889) this fossil is closer to Jupiteria charon  from the same excavation site than it is to any living species (see entry under that species). The open hindwing cell is an apomorphic character state in (part of) the Nymphalidae  . The assignment also agrees with the radial vein arrangement. Any further statement about the relationship is unwarranted. Because of Scudder’s remark on its relationship to Jupiteria, Emmel et al. (1992)  listed the fossil under Nymphalinae  .

Lithopsyche Scudder, 1889  , is a junior homonym of Lithopsyche Butler, 1889  (type-species Lithopsyche antiqua Butler  , see above). Cockerell (1909) replaced it with Lithodryas  .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Nymphalidae

Genus

Lithopsyche

Loc

Lithopsyche styx

Jong, Rienk De 2017
2017
Loc

Lithopsyche

Scudder 1889
1889
Loc

Lithopsyche

Butler 1889
1889