Pardaleodes Butler, 1870 b,

Cock, Matthew J. W. & Congdon, T. Colin E., 2014, Observations on the biology of Afrotropical Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera). Part 7. Hesperiinae incertae sedis: grass and bamboo feeders, Zootaxa 3872 (4), pp. 301-354: 316

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Pardaleodes Butler, 1870 b


Pardaleodes Butler, 1870 b 

This is a genus of six Afrotropical species, conspicuously spotted with orange and normally found in forests ( P. tibullus (Fabricius)  and P. bule  Holland) or in disturbed forest and adjacent open areas. Five species of the genus have been reared from grasses, and probably all will be found to be grass-feeders. T.B. Larsen (pers. comm. 2014) reared P. edipus (Stoll)  from at least two species of grass in Lagos in 1969. In Côte d’Ivoire, Vuattoux (1999) has reared P. i n c er t a m u rci a (Plötz) once from Imperata cylindrica  and P. sator sator (Westwood)  once from Oplismenus hirtellus  . Both P. incerta  and P. s a t o r occur as far east as western Kenya and Tanzania in different subspecies ( Figure 11View FIGURE 11), but we have not located the early stages of either.