Tethygeneia aff. pacifica ( Schellenberg, 1938 )

Coleman, Charles Oliver, 2009, Eusiridae *, Zootaxa 2260 (1), pp. 425-429: 425-429

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http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2260.1.21

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Tethygeneia aff. pacifica ( Schellenberg, 1938 )


Tethygeneia aff. pacifica ( Schellenberg, 1938)  

( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 , 2 View FIGURE 2 , Pl. 3D)

Pontogeneia pacifica Schellenberg, 1938: 35–37   , fig. 17. ― Ruffo, 1938: 158–159. ―J.L. Barnard, 1955: 5. ―J.L. Barnard, 1970: 110, figs 62-64. ―J.L. Barnard, 1971: 6, figs 29–30. ― Ledoyer, 1967: 127, fig. 6. ― Ledoyer, 1979:

160. ― Ruffo, 1969: 14–15.

Tethygeneia pacifica   —J.L. Barnard, 1972: 198. ― Ledoyer, 1983: 415, fig. 157. ― Ledoyer, 1984: 59, fig. 28. ― Myers, 1989: 69, fig. 2.

Tethygeneia   ? pacifica   . ― Lyons & Myers, 1991: 600, fig. 2.

Material examined. 1 male, 4 mm, AM P71126 View Materials (QLD 1730); 9 unsexed, AM P78874 View Materials ( SEL /LZI-1-1)   ; 1 male, AM P78875 View Materials ( SEL /LZI-2-2)   ; 1 juvenile, AM P78876 View Materials ( SEL /LZI-2-3)   ; 4 females (ovigerous), 4?males, AM P78877 View Materials ( SEL /LZI-2-3)   ; 1 female (ovigerous), AM P78878 View Materials ( SEL /LZI-2-6); 9 unsexed, AM P78879 View Materials ( SEL /LZI-2-7); 7 unsexed, AM P78880 View Materials ( SEL /LZI-3-2)   ; 1 female (ovigerous), AM P78881 View Materials ( SEL /LZI-5-1)   .

Type locality. Waikiki, Honolulu, Hawaii, North Pacific Ocean (~ 21°16’N 157° 49’W) GoogleMaps   .

Description. Based on male, 4 mm, AM P71126 View Materials .

Head. Rostrum present, short, pointed and dorsoventrally wide, half the length of first peduncular article of antenna 1. Eyes present, very large, subrectangular, dark pigmented in ethanol. Antenna 1 and 2 calceoli present on peduncle and on flagellum. Antenna 1 accessory flagellum absent (?); callynophore absent; flagellum with long aesthetascs. Upper lip entire. Mandible molar columnar, triturative, accessory setal row consisting of 4 plumose setae; incisor and lacinia mobilis multidentate; palp 3 articulate, article 1 shortest, article 2 weakly expanded distally, apically about 2 x as wide as article 3. Lower lip inner lobes absent; outer lobes contiguous. Maxilla 1 inner plate setose along medial margin, with 4 plumose setae, outer plate with 11 serrate robust setae distally (serration of medial robust setae much finer than on outer robust setae); palp article 1 not expanded or drawn out into a tooth distally; article 2 only weakly expanded distally, 1.6 x as long as wide (not totally flat on the slide, slightly twisted, thus appears more slender in Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 ). Maxilla 2 inner plate subequal with or slightly broader than outer; inner plate with slender medial setae and 2 stout, plumose setae, without oblique setal row.

Pereon. Pereonites smooth. Gnathopod 1 subchelate; subequal to gnathopod 2; coxa weakly produced anteroventrally; carpus not cantilevered, shorter than propodus, without a lobe; propodus without robust setae along posterior margin (adults); dactylus narrowing distally, apically acute or subacute. Gnathopod 2 subchelate; carpus not cantilevered, posterodistally lobed, shorter than propodus; propodus without robust setae along posterior margin (adults); dactylus narrowing distally, apically acute or subacute. Pereopods 3–4 propodus simple, with slender setae posterodistally. Pereopods 5–7 dactyli inner margins smooth.

Pleon. Pleonites smooth. Epimeron 1 rounded posteroventrally, with inconspicuous notch; epimeron 2 with sinuous posterior margin and pointed posteroventral angle; epimeron 3 posteroventral margin smooth, corner subacutely produced. Uropod 1 outer ramus shorter than inner. Uropod 3 peduncle without dorsal robust setae; rami subequal in length. Telson as long as broad, cleft, with wide rounded lobes distally.

Variation. Some specimens from stations SEL/LZI-2-3 and SEL/LZI-3-2 have unpigmented eyes or pigments are washed out in ethanol. They agree in all other details with the remaining material.

Female (sexually dimorphic characters). None.

Habitat. Protected beaches, coral rubble with sand patches, encrusting algae. 0.3– 3 m.

Remarks. The examined material is close to Tethygeneia pacifica ( Schellenberg, 1938)   , described from Hawaii. Apart from Schellenberg’s original descriptions, it also meets many details of the description given by J.L. Barnard (1970). For example the morphology of gnathopods 1 and 2 is similar in both article relations and setation, however, the eyes of Schellenberg’s material are much smaller compared to the material studied herein. Myers (1989) described T. pacifica   from the Society Islands. It differs in the following small details from the animals examined herein: the rather rounded shaped telson and the uropod 3 that bears long slender setae on only one ramus (vs both rami). Ledoyer described the species from Madagascar (1982) and New Caledonia (1984). Also in Ledoyer's material, although agreeing quite well with the Great Barrier Reef material, the long slender setulated setae on the uropod 3 rami are missing or are less developed (perhaps broken off?). Lyons & Myers (1991) described Tethygenia   material from the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea) which they identified as pacifica   , but with a question mark, as their material shows some differences: the first article of the maxilla 1 palp has a lateral projection; the telson lobes are tapering into rather narrow rounded lobes; epimeron 3 is not produced but has a notch on the posteroventral corner and the basis of pereopod 7 is wider and shorter. It is not clear yet if all these differences are just variability within one very widely distributed species or if there is a complex of very similar species.

Distribution. Australia. Queensland, Lizard Island (current survey). New Caledonia ( Ledoyer 1984). Madagascar ( Ledoyer 1983). Red Sea: Gulf of Aqaba ( Lyons & Myers 1991). Society Islands ( Myers 1989). USA. Hawaii: Waikiki, Honolulu ( Schellenberg 1938).


Australian Museum


Marie Selby Botanical Gardens














Tethygeneia aff. pacifica ( Schellenberg, 1938 )

Coleman, Charles Oliver 2009


Lyons, J. & Myers, A. A. 1991: 600

Tethygeneia pacifica

Myers, A. A. 1989: 69
Ledoyer, M. 1984: 59
Ledoyer, M. 1983: 415
Barnard, J. L. 1972: 198

Pontogeneia pacifica

Barnard, J. L. 1971: 6
Barnard, J. L. 1970: 110
Ledoyer, M. 1967: 127
Barnard, J. L. 1955: 5
Schellenberg, A. 1938: 37
Ruffo, S. 1938: 158