Lonchophylla chocoana, Davalos, 2004

Don E. Wilson & Russell A. Mittermeier, 2019, Phyllostomidae, Handbook of the Mammals of the World – Volume 9 Bats, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 444-583 : 529

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6458594

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6727828

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A687BC-FF9C-FF9C-13BE-FCE1FDCBFB57

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lonchophylla chocoana
status

 

89. View Plate 39: Phyllostomidae

Chocoan Nectar Bat

Lonchophylla chocoana

French: Lonchophylle du Choco / German: Choco-Nektarfledermaus / Spanish: Loncéfilo del Choco

Taxonomy. Lonchophylla chocoana Davalos, 2004 ,

“ 2 km south of Alto Tambo (00°54’N, 78°33’W; 700 m) in Provincia Esmeraldas, Ecuador.” GoogleMaps This species is monotypic.

Distribution. Pacific side of Andes in SW Colombia (Chocé, Valle del Cauca, and Narino departments) and NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas Province). View Figure

Descriptive notes. Head—body 67-74 mm, tail 7-11 mm, ear 14-17 mm, hindfoot 12-15 mm, forearm 42-48 mm; weight 19-23 g. The Chocoan Nectar Batis the largest species of Lonchophylla . It is chocolate-brown to chestnut, with dorsal and individual ventral hairs bicolored; furis longer between shoulders (7-8 mm); and sparse fringe of hair occurs on free margin of uropatagium. Thumb is large (7-5-8: 3 mm), and calcar is shorter than foot. Skull is elongated and narrow, palate is long, and there is a postpalatine torus. Upper incisors of each rami of maxilla are separated by large gap, and I? and C'! are separated by small gaps. I? are pointed ventrally, C' are well developed, P* has well-developed lingual cusp, and lower incisors are trilobed.

Habitat. Humid primary and secondary forests in Choco Biogeographic region (Pacific wet forests), western slope of Andes, and lowlands of Ecuador and Colombia at elevations of 500-1000 m. Average annual rainfall at known localities of the Chocoan Nectar Bat is ¢. 2800 mm, and average annual temperature c.25°C. These localities comprise humid disturbed secondary forests that have been selectively logged without ever being fully cleared.

Food and Feeding. No information.

Breeding. No information.

Activity patterns. No information.

Movements, Home range and Social organization. No information.

Status and Conservation. Classified as Data Deficient on The IUCN Red List. The Chocoan Nectar Bat is known from less than ten specimens collected in very threatened habitats of the Choco ecoregion, suggesting it faces conservation threats.

Bibliography. Albuja & Gardner (2005), Davalos (2004), Davalos & Corthals (2008), Griffiths & Gardner (2008b), Tirira (2017), Woodman & Timm (2006).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Mammalia

Order

Chiroptera

Family

Phyllostomidae

Genus

Lonchophylla

Loc

Lonchophylla chocoana

Don E. Wilson & Russell A. Mittermeier 2019
2019
Loc

Lonchophylla chocoana

Davalos 2004
2004