Mitrapsylla cuspidata, Rendón-Mera & Burckhardt & Cavichioli & Queiroz, 2020

Rendón-Mera, Diana Isabel, Burckhardt, Daniel, Cavichioli, Rodney R. & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2020, Taxonomy and host-plant relationships of the psyllid genus Mitrapsylla (Hemiptera: Psylloidea: Psyllidae) in Brazil, Zootaxa 4887 (1), pp. 1-100: 35-37

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4887.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B9A17D69-EBE7-49F4-AB01-54CA617FED02

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4338425

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A687A2-8776-FFB7-58C7-C313F99AFA9B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Mitrapsylla cuspidata
status

sp. nov.

Mitrapsylla cuspidata   sp. nov.

( Figs 113 View FIGURES 113–122 , 143 View FIGURES 133–147 , 173 View FIGURES 173–182 , 223 View FIGURES 220–228 ‾225, 293, 323, 353, 375)

LSID: urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:AC38D5C3-3AC2-4E69-B84E-13D24416156A

Material examined. Holotype ♁, Brazil: Minas Gerais, Lavras, -21.2333, -45.0000, 900 m, 1–6.vi.2010 edge of Atlantic forest around coffee plantation mixed with pastures (D. Burckhardt), #1(-) ( DZUP 215407 View Materials , dry). GoogleMaps  

Paratypes. Minas Gerais: 3 ♁, 2 ♀, same data as holotype (D. Burckhardt), #1(-) ( DZUP, NHMB, dry); 1 ♁, same but Stryphnodendron adstringens (D. Burckhardt)   , #1(9) ( NHMB, dry); 2 ♁, same but Machaerium nictans (D. Burckhardt)   , #1(15) ( NHMB, dry); 1 ♁, 3 ♀, same but (D. Burckhardt), #11(-) ( NHMB, dry, 70% ethanol); 2 ♀, same but (D. Burckhardt), #2(-) ( NHMB, dry); 4 ♁, 3 ♀, same but Machaerium nyctitans (D. Burckhardt)   , #2(3) ( NHMB, dry, 70% ethanol); 3 ♁, 3 ♀, same but Cedrela fissilis (D. Burckhardt)   , #2(7) ( NHMB, dry); 1 ♁, 1 ♀, Barroso, Mato do Bau, ca. 1000 m, -21.1869, -43.9758, 13–14.vi.2010 Cerrad„o semideciduous forest, along forest edge (D. Burckhardt), #7(-) ( NHMB, dry); 1 ♁, same but 13.vi.2010, campo rupestre vegetation = open vegetation with bare rocks (D. Burckhardt), #8(-) ( NHMB, dry); 2 ♁, 2 ♀, same but Rio das Mortes, 12–17.vi.2010, gallery forest along river (D. Burckhardt), #5(-) ( NHMB, dry); 4 ♁, same but Annona cacans (D. Burckhardt)   , #5(10) ( NHMB, dry, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, 2 ♀, Paula Candido, Experimentos agrosilvipastoris/Maira, -20.8060, -42.9798, 790 m, 20.viii.2013 (D.L. Queiroz), #565 ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, Viçosa, Universidade Federal Viçosa (UFV) campus, Belvedere, -20.7567, -42.8700, 720 m, 8.vii.2012, open area planted with various trees (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #34(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— Paraná: 1 ♁, Cerro Azul, BR- 476 km 69, -25.0683, -49.0883, 870 m, 18–19.iv.2013, Atlantic forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #106(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, 1 ♀, Colombo, Embrapa, -25.3215, -49.1579, 920 m, 1.v.2019, park (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #339(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 8 ♁, 12 ♀, Curitiba, Boa Vista, -25.3983, -49.2467, 950 m, 8.v.2014, in flat; in dome lamp (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #138(-) ( NHMB, dry); 1 ♁, Curitiba, Cachoeira, Parque Nascentes do Belém, Rua Rolando Salin Zappa Mansur, -25.3531, -49.2659, 10.vi.2017, Araucaria   forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #223(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, 2 ♀, Curitiba, Jardim Botânico, -21.7248, -48.3569, 920 m, 16.xii.2014 (D.L. Queiroz), #661 ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 13 ♁, 16 ♀, 2 immatures, same but -25.4416, -49.2386, 920 m, 30.iv.2019, Machaerium hatschbachii (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)   , #338(2) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, 1 ♀, Curitiba, Parque Bacacheri, -25.3200, -49.1567, 920 m, 6.iv.2013, park, remnants of Atlantic forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #98(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 9 ♁, 5 ♀, same but Curitiba, Bosque Zaninelli, -25.3967, -49.2833, 950 m, 11.ii.2013, restored Atlantic forest in abandoned mine, Cassia leptophylla, (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)   , #91(4) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 4 ♁, 7 ♀, Curitiba, Parque São Lourenço, -25.3850, -49.2650, 940 m, 19.x.2012, planted park vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #45(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, 5 ♀, Curitiba, Parque Tanguá, -25.3817, -49.2850, 930 m, 6.ii.2013, old mine redone as park with seminatural biotopes, mixed Atlantic Araucaria   forest, Fabaceae (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)   , #90(11) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, 2 ♀, same but Curitiba, Centro Politécnico, UFPR, -25.4466, -49.2321, 840 m, 30.iv.2019, park with planted trees (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #337(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, 2 ♀, Jaguariaíva, Parque do Cerrado, -24.1769, -49.6690, 850 m, 10.vii.2013, Cerrado vegetation (D.L. Queiroz), #532 ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, 1 ♀, same but -24.1829, -49.6618, 873 m (D.L. Queiroz), #533 ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, Londrina, UEL/ IAPAR, -23.3100, -51.1628, 6.iv.2013, Leucaena   sp. (A.O. Menezes Júnior) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, same but 16.iv.2013 (A.O. Menezes Júnior) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 3 ♁, Parque do Cerrado, -24.1633, -49.6533, 660–780 m, 26–27.vi.2015, Cerrado vegetation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #172(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, Piraquara, Marumbi, Estação Car-valho- Sanepar, Coleta com Renê, -24.8976, -48.7796, 20.xi.2013, Atlantic forest (D.L. Queiroz), #599(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, Tibagi, Parque Estadual do Guartelá, -24.5683, -50.2553, 940 m, 10–12. vii.2017, Cerrado veg-etation (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #245(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, Tunas do Paraná, Beira da estrada, -25.0386, -49.0910, 780 m, 24.vii.2013, degraded Atlantic forest (D.L. Queiroz), #547 ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, 9 ♀, Tunas do Paraná, Parque das Lauraceas, -25.0688, -49.0888, 1080 m, 8.viii.2013, Atlantic forest (D.L. Queiroz), #558 ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, 1 ♀, Ventania, road BR 153, around 10 km from Ventania, -24.1783, -50.2167, 870 m, 18.ix.2014, remnants of Atlantic forest along the road (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #149(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, 1 ♀, Colombo, Embrapa, -25.3215, -49.1579, 920 m, 1.v.2019, park (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #339(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— Rio de Janeiro: 2 ♁, 2 ♀, Parque Nacional da Tijuca, pico da Tiju-ca, -22.9429/9438, -43.2851/2862, 960– 1030 m, 11.iv.2019, Atlantic forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #325(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, 1 ♀, same but Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Travessia Ruy Braga, -22.4322, -44.6251, 1200 m, 18.iv.2019, Atlantic forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #336(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— Rio Grande do Sul: 2 ♁, Passo Fundo, Embrapa, -28.2167, -52.4000, 670 m, 29.iv.2014 remnants Atlantic forest, Cedrela   sp., sweeping (A.L. Marsaro Júnior) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, 12 immatures, 1 skin, same but -28.2288, -52.4065, 640 m, 20.ix.2018, park vegetation, Machaerium paraguariense (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)   , #306(9) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, 4 ♀, Passo Fundo, RPPN Maragato, -28.2417, -52.4598, 640 m, 27.vi.2013, Atlantic forest (D.L. Queiroz), #518 ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— Santa Catarina: 2 ♁, 2 ♀, 2 immatures, Florianópolis, Morro das aranhas, -12.4841, -55.7638, 250 m, 16.ii.2015, Machaerium hirtum (D.L. Queiroz)   , #673(1) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 7 ♁, 4 ♀, same but Florianópolis, Praia da Solidão, -27.7912, -48.5321, 30 m, 13.i.2019, Machaerium hirtum (D.L. Queiroz)   , #920(2) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, São Bento do Sul to Corupá, BR-280, km 102–97, -26.3500, -49.3400, 430 m, 28.iv.2013, Atlantic forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #114(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— São Paulo: 1 ♁, Araraquara, Fazenda Cambuhy, 15.x.2003, citrus grove, suction trap (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, same but 9.xi.2005 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, same but 6.ix.2006 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, same but 14–23.iv.2007 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, Matão, Fazenda Marchesan, 4.xi.2005, citrus grove, suction trap (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, same but 26.viii.2006 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, same but 1.xi.2006 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, same but 22.xi.2006 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, same but 15.xii.2006 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 3 ♁, 4 ♀, same but 10.iv.2007 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 2 ♁, 1 ♀, same but 25.iv.2007 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, same but 21.ix.2007 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, same but 3.iv.2008 (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol).

Diagnosis. Body usually darker ventrally. Surface spinules absent or much reduced around radular areas of cells m 1, m 2 and cu 1. Paramere, in lateral view, irregularly lamellar; anterior margin weakly sinuous; posterior margin rounded in apical third, strongly expanded in basal two thirds; apex strongly rounded. Aedeagus complex tripartite; in lateral view, lateral lobule subequal in size with median lobule, subobovoid; ventral process with apical expansion subequal in size with dorsal lobe.

Description. Colouration. Body with white striped-pattern; variation: vertex with stripe along posterior margin weak when present; older specimens with markings with dark outline. Head and thorax yellowish-brown to ochreous. Gena usually darker to brown anteriorly, slightly darker to dark brown ventrally; genal process lighter than vertex, brownish. Eye red to dark red; ocelli colourless to orange. Antenna yellow to light brown, segments 1–2 concolorous with head. Clypeus brown, lighter medially and darker along edges; rostrum light yellow to dark yellow. Thorax usually slightly darker to dark brown ventrally, usually with margins of sclerites darker. Forewing colourless to yellowish, sometimes slightly darker around Cu 1b; veins light yellow to yellowish-brown, usually darker apically; pterostigma concolorous, lighter or darker than veins. Hindwing colourless. Legs light to dark yellow with femora light to dark brown, except apically, sometimes pro- and mesotarsi slightly darker.Abdomen light brown to medium brown, usually darker ventrally; intersegmental membranes light straw-coloured; spiracular sclerites concolorous or slightly darker than tergites. Male terminalia light brown to dark brown, proctiger and paramere usually lighter. Female terminalia irregularly light brown to dark brown, proctiger usually brown apically and subgenital plate brown basally.

Structure. Body length ♁ 2.2–2.6 mm (2.43± 0.12 mm), ♀ 2.5–2.7 mm (2.61± 0.07 mm) (5 ♁, 5 ♀). Genal pro-cess ( Fig. 143 View FIGURES 133–147 ) expanded, irregularly narrowing towards broadly or narrowly rounded apex, 0.6–0.7 times as long as vertex along midline. Antenna 1.9–2.5 times as long as head width; longest terminal seta about as long as segment 10. Apical labium segment 0.1–0.2 times longer than head width and 0.7 times longer than median segment. Forewing ( Fig. 173 View FIGURES 173–182 ) 2.8–3.1 times as long as head width, 2.1–2.4 times as long as wide, obovoid, narrowly or broadly rounded apically; vein M+Cu 1 0.3–0.4 times as long as Cu 1; ratio a/b 1.6–1.8; ratio c/d 0.7–0.9; ratio e/f 0.5–0.8. Surface spinules covering cells r 1 and r 2 apically, absent or much reduced around radular areas of cells m 1, m 2 and cu 1, covering m 2 basally, and most of cell cu 2; leaving spinule-free spaces along veins ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 38–43 ). Radular spinules sometimes present in r 2 but inconspicuous. Metatibia 0.6–0.7 times as long as head width.

Terminalia. Male. Proctiger, in lateral view, 0.4 times as long as head width; with long, blunt, strongly downcurved posterior lobe. Paramere, in lateral view ( Figs 223 View FIGURES 220–228 ‾225) 0.9 times as long as proctiger; irregularly lamellar; anterior margin weakly sinuous, sometimes almost straight before apex; posterior margin rounded in apical third, strongly expanded in basal two thirds; apex strongly rounded, with sclerotised ridge posteriorly ( Fig. 224 View FIGURES 220–228 ); inner surface ( Fig. 224 View FIGURES 220–228 ) covered with long setae, longer basally and along posterior margin, with row of thick setae along apical anterior margin, group of thick setae below sclerotised ridge, and several stout setae on apical posterior margin; in dorsal view ( Fig. 293 View FIGURES 283–312 ), sclerotised ridge slightly wavy, blunt, bearing posterior tooth. Aedeagus ( Fig. 225 View FIGURES 220–228 ) complex tripartite; in lateral view, dorsal lobe with slightly prominent median lobule; lateral lobule subequal in size with median lobule, subobovoid; membranous pouch rather broad; ventral process strongly upturned, with apical expansion subequal in size with dorsal lobe, oval, bearing long, conical tubercle.—Female ( Fig. 323 View FIGURES 319–324 ). Proctiger, in lateral view, 1.0 times as long as head width; dorsal outline weakly to moderately concave distal to circumanal ring, apical extension almost straight to sinuous, apex strongly upturned, strongly obliquely truncate; circumanal ring 0.2–0.3 times as long as proctiger. Subgenital plate, in lateral view, 0.5–0.6 times as long as proctiger; apex well-developed; ventral outline almost straight to slightly sinuous, sometimes slightly notched subapically; covered with medium long setae in median third and ventrally throughout, short setae in apical third, long setae at apex, and group of long setae on dorsum subapically, with seta-free patch subapically; in ventral view ( Fig. 353 View FIGURES 343–362 ), lateral margins evenly, strongly narrowing at about half towards broad, subtruncate apex.

Measurements (in mm) (3 ♁, 3 ♀). HW ♁ 0.56–0.63 (0.59±0.03), ♀ 0.64–0.69 (0.66±0.03); AL ♁ 1.18–1.37 (1.29±0.1), ♀ 1.47–1.61 (1.55±0.07); LAB2 ♁ 0.14–0.15 (0.14±0.01), ♀ 0.15–0,16 (0,16±0); LAB3 ♁ 0.09 (0.09±0), ♀ 0.09–0.10 (0.10±0.01); FL ♁ 1.69–1.76 (1.73±0.04), ♀ 1.99–2.06 (2.01±0.04); TL ♁ 0.37–0.41 (0.39±0.03), ♀ 0.42–0.45 (0.43±0.02); MP 0.25–0.27 (0.26±0.01); PL 0.23–0.25 (0.24±0.01); DL 0.28–0.30 (0.29±0.02); FP 0.66–0.67 (0.67±0.01).

Etymology. From Latin cuspidatus = pointed, referring to the paramere shape.

Distribution. Brazil: Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, S„o Paulo.

Host-plant. Machaerium hatschbachii Rudd   , M. hirtum (Vell.) Stellfeld   and M. paraguariense Hassl.   (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae   , Aeschynomeneae). Adults were also found on Machaerium nyctitans (Vell.) Benth.   , which is a likely host.

Habitat. Araucaria   forest, Atlantic forest, edge of Atlantic forest around coffee plantation mixed with pastures, Cerrado, gallery forest, mixed Atlantic/ Araucaria   forest, parks, rupestrian grassland.

Comments. Light specimens of M. cuspidata   sp. nov. resemble Mitrapsylla pallida   sp. nov. in the overall shape as well as the paramere irregularly lamellar in lateral view, with apex directed posteriorly; but differs in the longer genal process, the paramere with apex strongly rounded (rather than slightly notched anteriorly) and the surface spinules absent or much reduced around radular areas of cells m 1, m 2 and cu 1 (rather than fully covering all cells), leaving spinule-free spaces along veins (rather than covering cells up to veins) and the aedeagus tripartite.

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

NHMB

Natural History Museum Bucharest

BR

Embrapa Agrobiology Diazothrophic Microbial Culture Collection

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Psyllidae

Genus

Mitrapsylla