Mitrapsylla cubana Crawford,

Rendón-Mera, Diana Isabel, Burckhardt, Daniel, Cavichioli, Rodney R. & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2020, Taxonomy and host-plant relationships of the psyllid genus Mitrapsylla (Hemiptera: Psylloidea: Psyllidae) in Brazil, Zootaxa 4887 (1), pp. 1-100: 31-33

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4887.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B9A17D69-EBE7-49F4-AB01-54CA617FED02

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4338419

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A687A2-874A-FFB3-58C7-C3F0FEFDFE63

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Mitrapsylla cubana Crawford
status

 

Mitrapsylla cubana Crawford 

( Figs 111View FIGURES 103–112, 141View FIGURES 133–147, 171View FIGURES 163–172, 217View FIGURES 211–219 ‾219, 291, 321, 351, 375)

Mitrapsylla cubana Crawford, 1914: 135  . Holotype ♁, Cuba: Havana (Baker) (USNM, slide mounted) (not examined). Arytaina unga Caldwell, 1942: 30  . Synonymy by Brown & Hodkinson 1988: 69.

Psylla cedusa Caldwell, 1944: 135  . Synonymy by Brown & Hodkinson 1988: 69.

Mitrapsylla unga (Caldwell)  . Combination by Caldwell & Martorell 1952: 611.

Mitrapsylla cedusa (Caldwell)  . Combination by Caldwell & Martorell 1952: 611.

Material examined. Amazonas: 3 ♁, Manaus, Bairro Tarumã-Açu, BR- 174 km 1, -2.9467, -60.0333, 100 m, 2.v.2014, forest edge, Desmodium  sp. (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #134(4) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 11 ♁, 15 ♀, 24 immatures, Novo Air„o, -2.6183, -60.9483, 50 m, 20–22.iv.2014, degraded forest edge and planted ornamentals, Desmodium  sp. (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #129 (3) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol). — Mato Grosso: several adults, Poconé, Rodovia para Porto Cercado, -16.3471, -56.5361, 103 m, 15.iii.2019 (D.L. Queiroz), #932 ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— Mato Grosso do Sul: 19 ♁, 27 ♀, 33 immatures, Dourados, -22.2833, -54.9667, xi.2012, Desmodium  sp. (L.A.Z. Machado) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— Minas Gerais: 1 ♁, Barroso, Mato do Bau, -21.1869, -43.9758, 1000 m, 13–14.vi.2010 Cerradão semideciduous forest, along forest edge (D. Burckhardt), #7(-) ( NHMB, dry); 1 ♁, Vazante, Fazenda Bainha, -17.8871, -46.9208, 720 m, 12.vii.2018, degraded cerrado vegetation (D.L. Queiroz) (-) ( NHMB, 70% etanol); 44 ♁, 26 ♀, 26 immatures, 5 skins, Vazante, Fazenda Bocaina, -17.8917, -46.9100, 670–690 m, 22.ix.2011, Cerrado near river,? Dimorphandra mollis (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)  , #17(4) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 21 ♁, 21 ♀, 44 immatures, 4 skins, Viçosa, -20.7539, -42.8819, 660 m, Desmodium  sp. (D.L. Queiroz) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— Paraná: 20 ♁, 15 ♀, 4 immatures, Antonina, RPPN Reserva Natural Guaricica, -25.3133, -48.6686, 10 m, 26.x.2017,? Desmodium  sp. (D. Rendón) ( NHMB, slide mounted, 70% ethanol); 68 ♁, 64 ♀, 30 immatures, 1 skins, Antonina, Usina Parigot de Souza, -25.2438, -48.7511, 30 m, 17–20.vii.2017, roadside vegeta-tion, Atlantic forest, Desmodium adscendens (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)  , #248(4) ( NHMB, dry, 70% ethanol); 2 ♀, Curitiba, Parque Barigui, -25.4267, -49.3133, 910 m, 9.ii.2016, planted park vegetation and edge of remnants of Araucaria  forest, Desmodium adscendens (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)  , #196(5) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 17 ♁, 15 ♀, 33 immatures, Curitiba, Parque São Lourenço, -25.3850, -49.2650, 940 m, 16.i.2016, planted park vegetation, Desmodium adscendens (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)  , #174(4) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 ♀, same but 920 m, 13.ii.2013 (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #93(5) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 39 ♁, 29 ♀, 24 immatures, Curitiba, Parque Tanguá, -25.3817, -49.2850, 930 m, 6.ii.2013, old mine redone as park with seminatural biotopes, mixed Atlantic Araucaria  forest, Mimosa oblonga var. oblonga (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)  , #90(17) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, 2 ♀, Curitiba, Parque Tingui, -25.3950, -49.3050, 870 m, 10.xii.2012, planted park vegetation and edge of remnants of Araucaria  forest,? Mimosa pilulifera var. pseudoincana (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)  , #88(5) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, 5 ♀, Morretes, BR 277, Cachoeira, -25.4769, -48.8339, 28.xi.2012, Atlantic forest (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #80(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 1 ♁, São José dos Pinhais, Campina do Taquaral, -25.6040, -49.1940, 880 m, 1.ii.2018, remnants of Araucaria  forest, Baccharis  scrub (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #255(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— Rio de Janeiro: 6 ♁, 6 ♀, 1 immature, Parque Nacional do Ita-tiaia, Lago Azul, -22.4508, -44.6140, 780 m, 16–17.iv.2019, Atlantic forest, Desmodium adscendens (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)  , #333(2) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— Santa Catarina: 4 ♁, 7 ♀, 4 immatures, Indaial, -26.9317, -49.2883, 70 m, 30.iv.2013, edge of Atlantic forest, Desmodium adscendens (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)  , #118(1) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).— São Paulo: 1 ♀, Araraquara, Fazenda Cambuhy, 26.x.2005, citrus grove, suction trap (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 1 ♀, Matão, Fazenda Marchesan, 18.xi.2005, citrus grove, suction trap (P. Yamamoto) ( FSCA, 70% ethanol); 7 ♁, 8 ♀, Santa Maria da Serra, Mina Velha, -22.6820, -48.3050, 450 m, 7.ii.2018, vegetable and fruit gardens, edge of Cerrado, Desmodium adscendens (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)  , #259(4) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol).

Diagnosis. Body usually reddish. Genal process, in dorsal view, subconical; with acute or subacute apex; GL/ VL 0.5–0.6. Surface spinules around radular areas of cells m 1, m 2 and cu 1, sometimes much reduced. Paramere, in lateral view, clavate, weakly expanded apically; anterior margin weakly and irregularly sinuous; posterior margin angulate and expanded in apical third, weakly convex in basal two thirds; apex subtruncate, slightly directed posteriorly; sclerotised ridge medially. Aedeagus complex unipartite; in lateral view, ventral process with apical expansion larger than dorsal lobe.

Description. Colouration. Body with whitish striped-pattern; variation: vertex with stripe along lateral margins weak and along posterior margin absent; mesopraescutum with lateral stripes fused to lateral spots on posterior margin; older specimens with markings with dark outline. Head and thorax dark yellow, yellowish-brown to reddish. Gena sometimes slightly darker to brownish ventrally; genal process yellowish to light brown. Eye grey to red; ocelli orange. Antenna light yellow, segments 1–2 slightly darker. Clypeus dark yellow to yellowish-brown, lighter medially and darker along edges; rostrum light yellow to yellow. Thorax sometimes darker than head, usually with margins of sclerites darker. Pronotum sometimes lighter anteriorly. Mesopraescutum sometimes with posterior half irregularly coloured. Forewing slightly yellowish, sometimes slightly darker around Cu 1b; veins yellow or light brown; pterostigma concolorous or slightly lighter than veins. Hindwing colourless. Legs light yellow with pro- and meso- femora dark yellow, protarsus usually darker. Abdomen dark yellow, yellowish-brown to light brown; intersegmental membranes light straw-coloured to reddish; spiracular sclerites concolorous or slightly darker than tergites. Male terminalia light to dark yellow. Female terminalia dark yellow, usually darker apically and around anus.

Structure. Body length ♁ 2.0– 2.2 mm (2.12± 0.06 mm), ♀ 2.3–2.4 mm (2.36± 0.05 mm) (5 ♁, 5 ♀). Genal process ( Fig. 141View FIGURES 133–147) subconical, evenly or irregularly narrowing towards acute or subacute apex, 0.5–0.6 times as long as vertex along midline. Antenna 2.1–2.3 times as long as head width; longest terminal seta slightly shorter than segment 10. Apical labium segment 0.2 times longer than head width and 0.7–0.8 times longer than median segment. Forewing ( Fig. 171View FIGURES 163–172) 2.7–3.0 times as long as head width, 2.1–2.3 times as long as wide, suboval, oval or subrhomboidal narrowly or slightly broadly rounded apically; vein M+Cu 1 0.3–0.4 times as long as Cu 1; ratio a/b 1.4–1.7; ratio c/d 0.7–0.8; ratio e/f 0.5–0.8. Surface spinules moderately spaced, forming rhomboids ( Fig. 39View FIGURES 38–43); covering apical half of cells r 1 and r 2, around radular areas of cells m 1, m 2 and cu 1 (sometimes much reduced), m 2 basally, and most of cell cu 2; leaving spinule-free spaces along veins ( Fig. 42View FIGURES 38–43). Radular spinules sometimes present in r 2 but inconspicuous. Metatibia 0.8 times as long as head width.

Terminalia. Male. Proctiger, in lateral view, 0.4 times as long as head width; with long, blunt, weakly to strongly down-curved posterior lobe. Paramere, in lateral view ( Figs 217View FIGURES 211–219 ‾219) 0.8 times as long as proctiger; clavate, weakly expanded apically; anterior margin weakly and irregularly sinuous; posterior margin angulate and expanded in apical third, weakly convex in basal two thirds; apex subtruncate, slightly directed posteriorly, with sclerotised ridge medially ( Fig. 218View FIGURES 211–219); inner surface ( Fig. 218View FIGURES 211–219) covered with short setae, longer basally and along posterior margin, with row of thick setae along apical anterior margin, several thick setae below sclerotised ridge, and group of stout setae on apical posterior margin; in dorsal view ( Fig. 291View FIGURES 283–312), sclerotised ridge subrectangular, slightly larger anteriorly, bearing posterior tooth. Aedeagus ( Fig. 219View FIGURES 211–219) complex unipartite; in lateral view, dorsal lobe obovoid; ventral process weakly upturned, with apical expansion larger than dorsal lobe, irregularly globular, bearing long, conical tubercle.—Female ( Fig. 321View FIGURES 319–324). Proctiger, in lateral view, 1.0–1.1 times as long as head width; dorsal outline weakly to strongly concave distal to circumanal ring, apical extension almost straight to sinuous, apex moderately to strongly upturned, smoothly to strongly obliquely truncate; circumanal ring 0.3 times as long as proctiger. Subgenital plate, in lateral view, 0.5 times as long as proctiger; apex well-developed; ventral outline slightly sinuous to slightly convex, sometimes slightly notched submedially; covered with medium long setae in median third and ventrally throughout, shorter setae in apical third, long setae at apex, and group of long setae on dorsum subapically, with seta-free patch subapically; in ventral view ( Fig. 351View FIGURES 343–362), lateral margins abruptly narrowing at half, with apical half strongly narrowing towards broad, subtruncate apex.

Measurements (in mm) (3 ♁, 3 ♀). HW ♁ 0.55–0.57 (0.56±0.01), ♀ 0.54–0.62 (0.59±0.04); AL ♁ 1.16–1.30 (1.24±0.07), ♀ 1.14–1.31 (1.25±0.09); LAB2 ♁ 0.13–0.15 (0.14±0.01), ♀ 0.13–0.16 (0.15±0.01); LAB3 ♁ 0.10– 0.11 (0.10±0.01), ♀ 0.10–0.11 (0.11±0.01); FL ♁ 1.48–1.53 (1.51±0.03), ♀ 1.55–1.80 (1.70±0.13); TL ♁ 0.42– 0.47 (0.45±0.02), ♀ 0.40–0.48 (0.45±0.04); MP 0.23–0.25 (0.24±0.01); PL 0.18–0.20 (0.19±0.01); DL 0.23–0.25 (0.25±0.01); FP 0.53–0.66 (0.61±0.07).

Distribution. Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul), Cuba, Mexico, Panama, Puerto Rico ( Crawford 1914; Caldwell 1942, 1944; Caldwell & Matorell 1952; Brown & Hodkinson 1988). New state records for Brazil:Amazonas, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, S„o Paulo.

Host-plant. Desmodium adscendens (Sw.) DC.  (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae  , Desmodieae  ). The record of Centrosema  sp. (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae  , Phaseoleae  ) ( Brown & Hodkinson 1988) needs confirmation.

Habitat. Atlantic forest, Cerrado, planted ornamentals, mixed Atlantic/ Araucaria  forest, parks, Araucaria  forest, Baccharis  scrub, vegetable and fruit gardens.

Comments. Mitrapsylla cubana Crawford  resembles M. aeschynomenis  sp. nov., M. aurantia  sp. nov. and M. didyma  sp. nov. (see comments under each species).

NHMB

Natural History Museum Bucharest

BR

Embrapa Agrobiology Diazothrophic Microbial Culture Collection

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Psyllidae

Genus

Mitrapsylla

Loc

Mitrapsylla cubana Crawford

Rendón-Mera, Diana Isabel, Burckhardt, Daniel, Cavichioli, Rodney R. & Queiroz, Dalva L. 2020
2020
Loc

Mitrapsylla unga (Caldwell)

Caldwell, J. S. & Martorell, L. F. 1952: 611
1952
Loc

Mitrapsylla cedusa (Caldwell)

Caldwell, J. S. & Martorell, L. F. 1952: 611
1952
Loc

Psylla cedusa

Brown, R. G. & Hodkinson, I. D. 1988: 69
Caldwell, J. S. 1944: 135
1944
Loc

Mitrapsylla cubana Crawford, 1914: 135

Brown, R. G. & Hodkinson, I. D. 1988: 69
Crawford, D. L. 1914: 135
1914