Podisus fuscescens (Dallas, 1851)

Brugnera, Ricardo, Roell, Talita, Campos, Luiz Alexandre & Grazia, Jocelia, 2020, Taxonomy of widespread Neotropical species of Podisus Herrich-Schäffer (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae: Asopinae): redescription of P. distinctus (Stål, 1860) and revalidation of P. fuscescens (Dallas, 1851), Zootaxa 4751 (3), pp. 546-562: 550-555

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4751.3.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:CA85E4EE-87F2-434B-A581-3E37E735D5CC

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3718283

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A587C6-2F02-C14B-BBCB-F8FCFA595010

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Podisus fuscescens (Dallas, 1851)
status

 

Podisus fuscescens (Dallas, 1851)   , REVISED STATUS

Arma fuscescens Dallas, 1851: 102   ; Walker 1867: 134; Kirkaldy 1909: 19; Thomas 1992: 87 (Lectotype female in NHMUK, Figs 7–9 View FIGURES 1–24 ) (removed from the synonymy with P. sagitta (Fabricius, 1794)   proposed by Thomas 1992: 87).

Telepta fuscescens Stål, 1862: 90   ; Thomas 1992: 95 (part.) (Homonym) (Synonymized by Stål 1870: 51).

Arma caliginosa Walker, 1867: 138   ; Kirkaldy 1909: 18; Thomas 1992: 90 NEW SYNONYMY (Holotype female in NHMUK,

Figs 10–12 View FIGURES 1–24 ) (removed from the synonymy with P. distinctus ( Stål, 1860)   proposed by Thomas 1992: 90).

Arma turbida Walker, 1867: 140   ; Kirkaldy 1909: 21; Thomas 1992: 90 NEW SYNONYMY (Holotype female in NHMUK, Figs 13–15 View FIGURES 1–24 ) (removed from the synonymy with P. distinctus ( Stål, 1860)   proposed by Thomas 1992: 90).

Podisus (Podisus) fuscescens: Stål 1867: 497   ; Stål 1870: 50.

Podisus mellipes Bergroth, 1891: 217   ; Lethierry & Severin 1893: 218; Kirkaldy 1909: 19; Becker & Grazia–Vieira 1977: 63; Hildebrand 1987: 88; Thomas 1992: 90 NEW SYNONYMY (Holotype male in MNHN, Figs 16–18 View FIGURES 1–24 ) (removed from the synonymy with P. distinctus ( Stål, 1860)   proposed by Thomas 1992: 90).

Podisus caliginosa: Lethierry & Severin 1893: 217   ; Kirkaldy 1909: 18; Thomas 1992: 90.

Podisus turbidus: Distant 1900: 59   ; Kirkaldy 1909: 21; Thomas 1992: 90.

Apateticus (Eupodisus) fuscescens: Schouteden 1907:71   ; Thomas 1992: 88.

Apateticus (Eupodisus) caliginosus: Schouteden 1907: 71   ; Thomas 1992: 90.

Apateticus (Eupodisus) mellipes: Schouteden 1907: 71   ; Costa Lima 1940: 49; Thomas 1992: 90.

Apateticus (Eupodisus) turbidus: Schouteden 1907: 72   ; Thomas 1992: 90.

Apateticus (Podisus) caliginosa: Kirkaldy 1909: 18   ; Thomas 1992: 90.

Apateticus (Podisus) fuscescens: Kirkaldy 1909: 19   ; Thomas 1992: 88.

Apateticus (Podisus) mellipes: Kirkaldy 1909: 19   ; Thomas 1992: 90.

Apateticus (Podisus) turbidus: Kirkaldy 1909: 21   ; Thomas 1992: 90.

Podisus (Podisus) mellipes: Buckup 1960: 13   ; Thomas 1992: 90.

Comments on Telepta fuscescens Stål, 1862   : This species was first synonymized by Stål 1870: 50–51 with Podisus (P.) fuscescens   (= Arma fuscescens   ) (Dallas, 1851). Based on the specimens (two females) used by Stål to describe Telepta fuscescens, Distant (1880)   concluded that only part of the specimens would be synonyms of Podisus fuscescens (Dallas)   . Therefore, Distant (1880: 83) described Podisus affinis Distant   for one of the females to correct the homonymy between Arma fuscescens Dallas   and Telepta fuscescens Stål   (in part). Distant (1880: 38) stated: “Stål considered the above synonymous with P. (Arma) fuscescens, Dallas. It   , however, differs at once from that species by the pronotal spines, which are not emarginate or notched as in P. fuscescens   ”. We examined the syntype of Podisus affinis Distant   deposited in NHMUK, and we agree with Distant’s decision.

Types examined: Arma fuscescens Dallas, 1851   : Lectotype ♀, labels: “48 11”, “mexico” “7. Arma fuscescens   ,”, “a”, “Type”, “Lectotype”, “ NHMUK 010592323 ” ( NHMUK).  

Arma caliginosa Walker, 1867   : Holotype ♀, labels: “Constancia Jan/1857. H. Clark. ”, “35. Arma caliginosa   .”, “Type”, “Holotype”, “ NHMUK 010592321 ” ( NHMUK).  

Arma turbida Walker 1867   : Holotype ♀, labels: “Saunders 65.13”, “43. Arma turbida   ”, “Type”, “Holotype”, “ NHMUK 010592336 ” ( NHMUK).  

Podisus mellipes Bergroth, 1891   : Holotype ♂, labels: “ Brésil ”, “Museum Paris MNHN (EH) 24476”, “TYPE”, “MUSEUM PARIS collection FALLOU”, “ Podisus mellipes Bergroth, 1891   ” ( MNHN)   .

Non-types examined: HONDURAS: El Paraíso 1 ♀, Yuscaran, Rio Aguacote , 2800m, 12.V.1993, L. Stanee & R. Miller leg. ( JEE)   ; PANAMA: Chiriquí 1 ♀, 8k N of Cont’l Divide, 15.V.1996, Wappes Huether & Morris leg. ( JEE)   ; COLOMBIA: Putumayo 1 ♂ 1 ♀, Santa Rosa, Kofan Indian Village , Rio S. Miguel , 2–15.X.1970, P. Bur-chard & B. Malkin leg. [ 00319676, 00319677] ( AMNH)   ; 1 ♀, Mocoa, Rumiyaco , N1°11’84.0’’, W76°38’65.3’’, 600 m, 03.III.2016, J. Mora leg. ( UNAB)   ; Cundinamarca 1 ♀, La Veja , 26.IV.1974, A. B. Lotero. leg. [ 55942] ( ICN)   ; Valle del Cauca 1 ♂, Restrepo, Vereda Rio Bravo , 900m, 9.II.1984, I. de Arévalo. leg. [ 55954] ( ICN)   ; 2 ♀ 1♂, Buga, Laguna de Sonso , N 03.88340°, W76.34908°, 965 m, 1–2.III. 2017, L. Girón, C. Castillo, M. Nepto leg. [ 24228, 3487, 52591] ( MPUJ) GoogleMaps   ; Caquetá 1 ♀, San José del Fragua , V. Vergel , F . Lagos , N 01°20’23’’, W75°59’01’’, 402 m, 03.VI.2013, J. Gamboa leg. ( UNAB) GoogleMaps   ; Caldas 1 ♀ Palestina, Vda. Santágueda, Granja Montelindo, 1010 m, N 5°03’38.82’’ W 74°40’12.21’’, 12.IV.2012, A. Caballero leg. ( UNAB) GoogleMaps   ; Meta 1 ♀, Cumaral, Vda. El Yari , N4°16’, O73°29’, 452 m, 04.VIII.2014, C. Zamora leg. ( UNAB) GoogleMaps   ; Tolima 1 ♂, Chaparral N 3º43’39’’ W 75°50’10’’, 854 m, 03.I.2004, Malagon C, Triviño C. leg. ( UNAB) GoogleMaps   VENEZUELA: Miranda 2 ♀, 2km SW Caucagua, 300 m, 3. VII.1998, O’Brien & G.Wibner leg. ( JEE)   ; Mérida 1 ♀, South of Chiguara, 17.VI. 1986, 450 m, P. H. Freylaq & M. A. Gaiani leg. ( JEE)   ; Yaracuy 1 ♀, 24 km west Nirgua, 1300 m, 4.VIII.1988, O’Brien & G. Wibner leg. ( JEE)   ; Zulia Kasmera 1 ♀, Rio Yasa , Sierra de Perija , 19.IX.1961, C. J. Rosales & F. Fernandez leg. ( MIZA)   ; BRAZIL: Pará 1 ♂ 1 ♀, Jacareacanga, XII.1968, M. Alvarenga leg. [ 00319678, 00319679] ( AMNH)   ; 1 ♀, Tucuruí, Rio To-cantins , 01.VII.1984, A. A. Nunes leg. ( MPEG)   ; 1 ♀, Serra Norte , Est. do Fofoca , 08.V.1984, M. F. Torres leg. ( MPEG)   ; 1 ♀, Serra Norte , Manganês , 24.VI.1985, M. F. Torres leg. ( MPEG)   ; Mato Grosso 2 ♀, Sinop, S12°31’, W55°37’, X.1974, M. Alvarenga leg. ( AMNH) GoogleMaps   ; Rondônia 1 ♀, 62 km SW Ariquemes, Nr. Fzda. Rancho Grande , 6–15.XII.1990, D.A. Rider & J. E. Eger leg. ( JEE)   ; 1 ♀ 62 km SW Ariquemes, Nr. Fzda. Rancho Grande , 12.IX.1992, U. Schmitz, BL Trap ( JEE)   ; 1 ♀, Forte Príncipe da Beira , 19.XI–3.XII.1967, G. R. Kloss leg. ( MZUSP)   ; Goiás 2 ♂ 1 ♀, Jataí, Faz. Aceiro , X.1962, Exp. Dep. Zool. ( MZUSP)   ; Minas Gerais 1 ♀, Viçosa , 06.V.1990, G. A. R. Melo leg. ( UFVB)   ; 1 ♀, Campos Altos, Fazenda Heron Reges , 1023m, S19°53’17’’, W44°47’25’’, 13–15.XI.2005, Vic-tor, Evaldo, Lorena, Fiuza leg. ( UFVB) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Cambuquira, Lopes & Gomes leg. ( MNRJ)   ; Rio de Janeiro 1 ♀, Glória [Rio de Janeiro], 20.XI.1949, J. C. Leite leg. ( FIOC)   ; 1 ♂, Corcovado , Guanabara [Rio de Janeiro], X.1975, C. A. Campos leg. ( MNRJ)   ; 1 ♂, Corcovado , 25.XI.1952, Zajciv leg. ( FIOC)   , São Paulo 1 ♀, Barueri, 14.II.1955, V. Lenha leg. ( MNRJ)   ; 1 ♀, Teodoro Sampaio, XIII.1973, F. H. Oliveira leg. ( AMNH)   ; 1 ♀, Campinas, 07.XI.1976, M. R. Marques leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Barueri, 5.VI.1966, K. Lenko leg. ( MZUSP)   ; 1 ♀, Campinas, 18.VI.1986 ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, São José dos Campos, XII.1934, H. S. Lopes leg. ( MNRJ)   ; 2 ♀, São Paulo, Mráz leg. ( NMPC)   ; Paraná 1 ♀, Bituruna, I.1946, Staviarski leg. ( MNRJ)   ; 4 ♀ 2 ♂, Londrina, 02.II.1999, J.J. da Silva leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀ 1 ♂, Ponta Grossa, XII.1938, Camargo leg. ( MZUSP)   ; 1 ♂, Pinhão, Rio Bragança , 26.X.1991, R. P. Rocha leg. ( UFRG)   ; Santa Catarina 1 ♂, Jaguaruna, 23.XI.2011, C. Perin leg. ( UFRG)   ; 2 ♀, Maracajá, Pq. Ecológico , 19.IV.2006, T. Bertolin leg. ( UFRG)   ; 7 ♀ 4 ♂, Maracajá, Pq. Ecológico , 27.IX.2005, T. Bertolin leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Seara [ Nova Teutônia ], 27°11’, 52°23’, 09.II.1937, L. Fritz Plaumann leg. ( MNRJ)   ; 1 ♂, Seara [ Nova Teutônia ], XI.1966, F. Plaumann leg. ( MZSP)   ; 1 ♂ 1 ♀, Seara [ Nova Teutônia ], 1.XII.1944, 26.X.1950 ( NMPC)   ; 4 ♀ 4 ♂, Seara [ Nova Teutônia ], 27°11’, 52°23’, 01.XII.1959, L. Fritz Plaumann leg. ( AMNH)   , 1 ♂ 1 ♀, Seara [ Nova Teutônia ], 27°11’, 52°23’, VII.1948, H. Ruckes leg. ( AMNH)   ; Rio Grande do Sul 1 ♀, Santa Maria, 26.X.1979, R. Lúcia leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Santa Maria, 28.XI.1977, D. Link leg. ( UFRG)   ; 3 ♂ 2 ♀, Santa Maria, 25.X.1979, Luiz F. Flores leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Santa Maria, 2.X.1986, H. Ritter leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Porto Alegre, 16.IX.1982, M. Becker leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♂, Porto Alegre, 20.VIII.1995, A. F. Silva leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Porto Alegre, Campus do Vale—UFRGS , 18.II.2017, R. Brugnera & P. Cremonese leg. ( UFRG)   ; 2 ♀ 1 ♂, Porto Alegre, 30.III.1959 ( MAGP)   ; 1 ♀, Porto Alegre, Campus do Vale—UFRGS , 18.II.2017, R. Brugnera leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♂, Porto Alegre, Belém Novo , 7.XI.1983, R. Hildebrand leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Porto Alegre, 09.X.1958, Hudepohl leg. ( NMPC)   ; 1 ♂, Chapada, 17.XI.1986, J. L. Richter leg. ( UFRG)   ; 2 ♂, Derrubadas, Pq. Flor. Est. Turvo , 22.XII.1982, S. Bonatto leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Lajeado, 11.X.1986, A. Siqueira leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Derrubadas, P. E. Do Turvo , Trilha Salto Yucumã , 19.IV.2004, J. L. C. Bernardes leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Derrubadas, P. E. do Turvo , S. Yucumã , 04.II.2009, Weiler, L. & Simões, F. leg. ( UFRG)   ; 2 ♀, Novo Hamburgo, 15.IV.1988, C. J. Becker leg. ( UFRG)   ; 2 ♀ 1 ♂, Campo Bom, 19–20.V.1986, C. J. Becker leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Maquiné, Gruta , 13.XII.2007, L. Moura leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Ijuí, 22.I.2003, F. L. Santos leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♀, Catuípe, 20.X.2003, F. L. Santos leg. ( UFRG)   ; 2 ♀, Caxias do Sul, Vila Oliva , 16.I.1960 ( MAGP)   ; 1 ♀, Taquari, 12.X.1986, C. Bayer leg. ( UFRG)   ; Rio Grande, Est. Ecol. Taim , 02.IX.1986, A. Lise leg. [Col. MCN. 49208] ( MCNZ)   ; 1 ♀, Triunfo, Parque Copesul , Trilha do Pórtico , 07.XII.2005, A. Barcellos leg. [Col. MCN 178627] ( MCNZ)   ; 1 ♀, Tenente Portela, 17.I.1985, A. Lise leg. [Col. MCN 48438 View Materials ] ( MCNZ)   ; 8 ♂ 12 ♀, São Domingos do Sul, 13.V.2017, R. Brugnera leg. ( UFRG)   ; ECUADOR: Napo vic. Puerto Misahuali , lat 1°2’4.2’’S, lon 77°39’49.2’’W, 1650–1900 m, mercury vapor & ultraviolet lights, 6-19.IX.1998, J.E. Eger leg. ( JEE) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Coca , 250m, 03.IV.1982, G. Onore leg. [ 010938871] ( NHMUK)   ; Pichincha 2 ♀, Tinalandia , 12 km east Sto. Domingo de Los Colorados, 2500 m, 11–17.V.1986, J. E. Eger leg. ( JEE)   ; PERU: Huánuco 1 ♂, Puente Cinchavito , 25 km south Tingo Maria, 3400 m, 11–17.IV.1987, J. E. Eger leg. ( JEE)   ; 1 ♀, Tingo Maria, Tingo Maria National Park , 660 m, 11–17.IV.1987, J. E. Eger leg. ( JEE)   ; 1 ♀, Cueva de las Pavas Canyon , 8 km south Tingo Maria, 2600 m, 11– 17.IV.1987, J. E. Eger leg. ( JEE)   ; 1 ♂, Panguana , Rio Llullapichis , Rio Pachitea , S 9°37’, W 74°56’, 28.IX–06. X.2000, E.G. Burmeister, E. Diller, T. Kothe & W. Schlang leg. [Coll. #2016080471] ( EMG) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂, Forsch. Station “Panguana”, Rio Llullapichs , S 9°37’, W 74°56’, 260 m, 20.IX–05.X.2013, K. Arnold leg. [Coll. #2015040905, 2015040801] ( EMG) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Tingo Maria, Roadside veg. Los Cuervos road, S. W. of town, 2000ft, 13.VIII.1971, P.S. & H. L. Broomfield B.M. 1971-486 [ 010938903] ( NHMUK)   ; San Martín 2 ♀, Tarapoto vic. Cordillera Escalera Lodge , S 06°28’08.1’’, W 076°21’16.4’’, 432 m, mercury vapor & ultraviolet lights, 11–13.X.2002, J. E. Eger leg. ( JEE) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂ 2 ♀, 500 m, 8°25’, 76°25’, 2011, S. M. Delzo leg. ( UFRG)   ; BOLIVIA: La Paz 1 ♂ 1 ♀, Guanay , X.1993, G. Arriagada leg. ( JEE)   ; Santa Cruz 1 ♂, Buena Vista , Flora & Fauna Hotel , 26-27.X.2000, R. Morris leg. ( JEE)   ; 3 ♂ 2 ♀, El Cairo, 5 km west Buena Vista, ultraviolet light, 16-18.X.2004, J.E. Eger leg. ( JEE)   ; 2 ♀, Buena Vista, Flora & Fauna Hotel , 14-26.XI.2003, Morris, Nearns, & Wappes leg. ( JEE)   ; El   Beni 1 ♀, 15–20 km east Rur-renabaque, 13–19.X.2004, R.F. Morris & J.E. Wappes leg. ( JEE)   ; Cochabamba 1 ♀ 1♂, Region Chaparé, 400 m, XI.1949, Dirings leg. ( MZUSP)   ; PARAGUAY: Distrito Capital 1 ♂, Asunción, 11-30.X.1990, G. Arriagada leg. ( JEE)   ; Caazapá 1 ♂ 1 ♀, Parque Nac. Caaguazu , 1-8.XII.1990, G. Arriagada leg. ( JEE)   ; Paraguarí 1 ♂, Parque Nac. Ybycui , 16.XII.1990, G. Arriagada leg. ( JEE)   ; Alto Paraná 2 ♀, 19–20.X.1989, G. Arriagada leg. ( JEE)   ; 2 ♀, Reserva Biol. Tati Yupi. , 12–29.XI.1990, G. Arriagada leg. ( JEE)   ; Central 1 ♀, Capiatá , 15.X.2006, C. Aguilar leg. ( JEE)   ; Caaguazú 1 ♂, Repatriacion , 28.IX.2005, C. Aguilar leg. ( JEE)   ; Guairá 1 ♀, Paso Yobai , 01.III. 1951, 280m, J. Foerster leg. [ 010938852] ( NHMUK)   ; ARGENTINA: Corrientes 2 ♀ 2 ♂, S. Tomé, G. Pellerano leg. ( MACN)   ; Misiones 1 ♀, Puerto Iguazú , XI.1945, Duret leg. ( UFRG)   ; 1 ♂ 1 ♀, Eldorado , 02.X.1964, A. Kovacs leg. [ 00319660, 00319666] ( AMNH)   ; 1 ♀ 1 ♂, Victoria , 11.XI.1964, A. Kovacs leg. [ 00319662, 00319663] ( AMNH)   ; 1♂ 2 ♀, Mado Puerto , Magdalena , 11.III.1964, A. Kovacs leg. [ 00319664, 00319665, 00319666] ( AMNH)   .

Diagnosis. Anterolateral margins of pronotum concolor with disc, crenulated; humeral angles acute and laterally produced, with a well-developed posterior tooth (frequently appearing a bifid humeral angle) ( Figs 7–8, 10–11, 13–14, 16–17 View FIGURES 1–24 , 28–30 View FIGURES 25–30 ). Head of paramere subtriangular in posterior view, mesial part of posterior margin slightly elevated, apex of paramere branches rounded ( Figs 35, 39 View FIGURES 31–40 ); superior process of dorsal rim reniform, with globose dorsal sculpturing ( Fig 40 View FIGURES 31–40 ); thecal shield longer and wider than basal theca; vesica grooved medially ( Figs 44–46 View FIGURES 41–46 ). Capsula seminalis ellipsoid; proximal part of ductus receptaculi and vesicular area subequal in length; distal part of ductus receptaculi slightly longer than pars intermedialis and capsula seminalis combined; ring sclerites absent ( Figs 53–54 View FIGURES 47–54 ).

Redescription. Body usually dark brown dorsally and brown or dark brown ventrally with dark brown punctures, females frequently almost black dorsally and ventrally ( Figs 7–8, 10–11, 13–14, 16–17 View FIGURES 1–24 , 28–30 View FIGURES 25–30 ). Head: longer than wide and densely dark brown punctured; mandibular plates and clypeus subequal in length; width of head across eyes longer than anterior width of pronotum; ocelli situated posteriorly to the eyes ( Fig. 30 View FIGURES 25–30 ). First labial segment frequently paler than posterior segments; apex of labium reaching metacoxae; proportion of labial segments: I<II>III:IV ( Figs 8, 11, 14, 17 View FIGURES 1–24 , 29 View FIGURES 25–30 ). Antennae brown, anterior portion of IV segment usually pale yellow; proportion of antennal segments: I<II>III<IV>V. Thorax: Anterolateral margins of pronotum concolor with disc, crenulated; humeral angles acute and laterally produced, with a well-developed posterior tooth (frequently appearing a bifid humeral angle). Scutellum triangular, frenal portion longer than postfrenal portion. Corium longer than scutellum, reaching the anterior margin of abdominal segment VI; hemelytral membrane dark brown mesially, surpassing the apex of abdomen ( Figs 7, 10, 13, 16 View FIGURES 1–24 , 28 View FIGURES 25–30 ). Legs paler than body or dark brown. Peritreme disc-type, curved anteriorly; metapleural evaporatorium surrounding the peritreme, not reaching the lateral margin of pleura; mesopleural evaporatorium reaching the lateral margin of pleura. Abdomen: anterior and posterior portions of connexival segments dark brown with the mesial portion paler, or connexivum entirely dark brown; apex of connexival segments projected posteriorly. Abdominal tubercle reaching anterior margins of metacoxae. Male genitalia: pygophore cuplike; anterior opening oval; dorsal rim concave, with 1 + 1 projections; superior layer of ventral rim convex in posterior view and concave in ventral view, with 1 + 1 lateral projections; inferior layer of ventral rim concave, depressed medially; head of paramere subtriangular in posterior view, mesial part of posterior margin slightly elevated, apex of paramere branches rounded, ventral surface of the internal branch sculptured; superior process of dorsal rim reniform, with globose dorsal sculptures ( Figs 34–36, 39–40 View FIGURES 31–40 ). Phallus   with thecal shield longer and wider than basal theca; lobes of conjunctiva slightly sclerotized apically; vesica grooved medially ( Figs 44–46 View FIGURES 41–46 ). Female genitalia: gonocoxites VIII as long as wide, sutural margins parallel and juxtaposed, posterior margins concave; laterotergites VIII triangular; gonocoxites IX rectangular, posterior margin slightly convex to rectilinear, lateral margins over the laterotergites IX; laterotergites IX longer than wide, rounded apically, surpassing the segment X, not reaching the posterior margin of laterotergites VIII; segment X subrectangular ( Figs 51–52 View FIGURES 47–54 ). Internal genitalia with capsula seminalis ellipsoid, longer than pars intermedialis; anterior annular flange laterally projected; posterior annular placed slightly before base of capsula seminalis; distal part of ductus receptaculi slightly longer than pars intermedialis and capsula seminalis combined; proximal part of ductus receptaculi and vesicular area equally long; ring sclerites absent; 1+1 secondary thickenings of gonapophyses IX very close to the thickening of vaginal intima, reniform; thickening of vaginal intima with anterior region cylindrical and posterior region tube-like ( Figs 53–54 View FIGURES 47–54 ).

Measurements. Males: (n=10). Head length: 2.04 ± 0.09 (1.92–2.24), width: 2.32 ± 0.10 (2.11–2.43); pronotum length: 2.64 ± 0.17 (2.35–2.86), width: 6.77 ± 0.50 (5.98–7.52); scutellum length: 3.79 ± 0.31 (3.21–4.10), width: 3.38 ± 0.21 (3.00–3.65); length of antennal segments: I 0.31 ± 0.04 (0.25–0.38), II 1.63 ± 0.10 (1.47–1.79), III 1.17 ± 0.16 (0.85–1.34), IV 1.59 ± 0.13 (1.37–1.72); V 1.27 ± 0.11 (1.08–1.45); length of labial segments: I 1.11 ± 0.09 (1.00–1.24), II 1.43 ± 0.11 (1.22–1.56), III 1.10 ± 0.05 (1.00–1.18), IV 1.05 ± 0.05 (0.95–1.12); length of abdomen: 4.86 ± 0.37 (4.22–5.20), width: 5.16 ± 0.36 (4.53–5.60); total length: 10.66 ± 0.61 (9.50–11.31). Females: (n=10). Head length: 2.20 ± 0.09 (2.01–2.32), width: 2.43 ± 0.06 (2.33–2.52); pronotum length: 2.94 ± 0.20 (2.55–3.12), width: 7.35 ± 0.38 (6.56–7.92); scutellum length: 4.36 ± 0.25 (3.92–4.72), width: 3.88 ± 0.19 (3.50–4.16); length of antennal segments: I 0.33 ± 0.06 (0.20–0.41), II 1.78 ± 0.09 (1.68–1.95), III 1.17 ± 0.16 (0.84–1.32), IV 1.64 ± 0.11 (1.44–1.80); V 1.31 ± 0.05 (1.28–1.40); length of labial segments: I 1.20 ± 0.05 (1.12–1.24), II 1.52 ± 0.07 (1.40–1.60), III 1.20 ± 0.07 (1.12–1.28), IV 1.08 ± 0.05 (1.02–1.15); length of abdomen: 6.04 ± 0.41 (5.20–6.64), width: 6.18 ± 0.42 (5.60–6.80); total length: 11.66 ± 0.60 (10.70–12.30).

Distribution. Mexico (Puebla, Oaxaca), Honduras, Panama, Colombia (Putumayo, Caquetá, Cundinamarca, Meta, Valle del Cauca, Caldas, Tolima), Venezuela (Miranda, Yaracuy, Mérida, Zulia Kasmera), French Guiana (Kourou, Saül), Brazil (Pará, Mato Grosso, Rondônia, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul), Ecuador (Pichincha, Napo, Galápagos), Peru (San Martín, Huánuco), Bolivia (Pando, El Beni, La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz), Paraguay (Central, Caaguazú, Distrito Capital, Alto Paraná, Caazapá, Paraguarí, Guairá), Argentina (Buenos Aires, Misiones, Tucumán, Corrientes) ( Fig. 55 View FIGURES 55–56 ).

Comments. For the determination of the species and to conclude that P. fuscescens   and P. sagitta   are not synonyms, the type of Arma monospila Walker, 1862   (= Podisus sagitta   ) ( Figs 22–24 View FIGURES 1–24 , female, deposited in NHMUK) was examined. The main differences between P. sagitta   and P. fuscescens   rev. stat. are: labial segment IV contrastingly darker than the preceding (last three segments darker than segment I in P. fuscescens   ), anterolateral margins of pronotum paler than disc (concolor in P. fuscescens   ), humeral angles acute and strongly produced forward (laterally produced in P. fuscescens   ), ventral surface pale yellow (brown or dark brown in P. fuscescens   ), posterior margins of gonocoxites VIII sinuous (concave in P. fuscescens   ), head of parameres with two branches ( Thomas 1992: Fig. 86) (subtriangular in P. fuscescens   , Fig. 39 View FIGURES 31–40 ), superior processes of dorsal rim subrectangular (reniform in P. fuscescens   ). The shape of the paramere’s head in P. fuscescens   is unique among Podisus   species, lacking the concavity on the mesial part of the posterior margin (not forming two branches), being an important characteristic for the species identification.

MNHN

France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

AMNH

USA, New York, New York, American Museum of Natural History

UNAB

Colombia, Bogota, Universidad Nacional, Facultad de Agronomia

ICN

Colombia, Bogota, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Insituto de Ciencias Naturales de la Universidad Nacional

MIZA

Venezuela, Maracay, Museuo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola

MPEG

Brazil, Para, Belem, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

MZUSP

MZUSP

UFVB

Brazil, Minas Gerais, Vicosa, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Museum of Entomology

MNRJ

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Cristovao, Universidade do Rio Janeiro, Museu Nacional

FIOC

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Fundacao Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

UFRG

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Instituto de Biologia

NMPC

Czech Republic, Prague, National Museum (Natural History)

MZSP

Brazil, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MAGP

MAGP

MCNZ

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Museu de Ciencias Naturais da Fundacao Zoo-Botanica do Rio Grande do Sul

EMG

EMG

MACN

Argentina, Buenos Aires, Museo Argentina de Ciencias Naturales

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

UNAB

Universidad Nacional, Facultad de Agronomia

ICN

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural

MIZA

Museo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola Francisco Fernandez Yepez

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

UFVB

Vicosa, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Museum of Entomology

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

FIOC

Fundacao Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

UFRG

Instituto de Biologia

NMPC

National Museum Prague

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MCNZ

Porto Alegre, Museu de Ciencias Naturais da Fundacao Zoo-Botanica do Rio Grande do Sul

MACN

Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Pentatomidae

Genus

Podisus

Loc

Podisus fuscescens (Dallas, 1851)

Brugnera, Ricardo, Roell, Talita, Campos, Luiz Alexandre & Grazia, Jocelia 2020
2020
Loc

Apateticus (Eupodisus) fuscescens:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 88
1992
Loc

Podisus (Podisus) mellipes:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Buckup, L. 1960: 13
1960
Loc

Apateticus (Podisus) caliginosa:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 18
1909
Loc

Apateticus (Podisus) fuscescens:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 88
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 19
1909
Loc

Apateticus (Podisus) mellipes:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 19
1909
Loc

Apateticus (Podisus) turbidus:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 21
1909
Loc

Apateticus (Eupodisus) caliginosus:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Schouteden, H. 1907: 71
1907
Loc

Apateticus (Eupodisus) mellipes:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Schouteden, H. 1907: 71
1907
Loc

Apateticus (Eupodisus) turbidus:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Schouteden, H. 1907: 72
1907
Loc

Podisus turbidus:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 21
Distant, W. L. 1900: 59
1900
Loc

Podisus mellipes

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Hildebrand, R. 1987: 88
Becker, M. & Grazia-Vieira, J. 1977: 63
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 19
Lethierry, L. & Severin, G. 1893: 218
1893
Loc

Podisus caliginosa:

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 18
Lethierry, L. & Severin, G. 1893: 217
1893
Loc

Arma fuscescens

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 87
Thomas, D. B. 1992: 87
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 19
Walker, F. 1867: 134
1867
Loc

Arma caliginosa

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 18
Walker, F. 1867: 138
1867
Loc

Arma turbida

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Thomas, D. B. 1992: 90
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1909: 21
Walker, F. 1867: 140
1867
Loc

Podisus (Podisus) fuscescens: Stål 1867: 497

Stal, C. 1870: 50
Stal, C. 1867: 497
1867
Loc

Telepta fuscescens Stål, 1862: 90

Thomas, D. B. 1992: 95
Stal, C. 1870: 51
Stal, C. 1862: 90
1862