Eudorylas brandbergensis, FÖLDVÁRI, MIHÁLY, 2013

FÖLDVÁRI, MIHÁLY, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the Afrotropical species of the tribe Eudorylini (Diptera, Pipunculidae), Zootaxa 3656 (1), pp. 1-121: 48-63

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3656.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:73E59AED-B16D-430C-B611-EB5CFEAF7FDD

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A487FD-FFB9-FFC6-1D15-FB2BFD4B491C

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Eudorylas brandbergensis
status

sp. nov.

Eudorylas brandbergensis   sp. nov. ( Figs 16A–F)

Diagnosis: Eyes touching for distance equal to 1.5–2 times ocellar triangle. This species can be recognised by the edge of S7 being visible in dorsal view; the gonopods having minute hairs on median edges and by the phallic guide having two lateral projections in ventral view and the tip of the PG forming a hook in lateral view.

Type material: Namibia GoogleMaps     : 1♂, HT [# T644], Omaruru dist[rict], Ugab R [iver] n[ea]r Brandberg Wes [t], 20°57’39’’S 14°07’55’’E, 21–24.x.1998, Kirk-Spriggs & Marais, Malaise trap sample GoogleMaps   ; 2♂, PTs, same as HT (HT and 1 PT NMNW, 1 PT HNHM)   ; 2♂, PTs, Khorixas district , Huab River, Krone 721, 20°37’09’’S 13°54’31’’E, 23–26.x.1998, Kirk-Spriggs & Marais, Malaise trap (both NMNW) GoogleMaps   .

Other material examined: South Africa: 2♂, 1♀ Cape Prov., 5km N of Nieuwoudtville , 16.xi.1986, 3119AC, Londt & Quickelberge, 760m, Stream Macchia (1♀, 1f NMSA, 1♂ HNHM)   ; 3♂, Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve , III-7-10-1968, Paul J. Spangler [ HNHM specimens with label: “ Malaise at Oliphantbos ”] (2 USNM, 1 HNHM)   . Zimbabwe: 1♂, N. Vumba, S. Rhodesia , 27.5.1964., D. Cookson ( NMSA)   . [these specimens were examined after the types has been selected, and labelled, therefore they are not part of the type series]

Male

Head. Third antennal segment short acuminate; brown, distal half yellowish. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part silvery pollinose; eyes touching for distance equal to 1.5–2 times ocellar triangle. Occiput completely silvery pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri pale brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) brownish pollinose, along anterior margin pump with ejaculatory apodeme, F: ventral view with phallic guide and phallus (without ST8), G: outer surstylus with phallic guide, phallus and outer gonopod, lateral view, H: surstyli (damaged), dorsal view, I: inner surstylus, lateral view, J: dorsal view, K: ventral view with phallic guide, phallus, sperm pump and ejaculatory apodeme (without ST8). Scale bars: 0.1 mm Legs. Trochanters and femora dark brown (f3 shining pv), knees and basal half of tibiae yellow, tibiae otherwise brow. Tarsal segments yellow-brown, last segment brown. Ventroapical row of 3–6 short, dark spines on first four femora; 4–5 longer spines on 3rd femur (as long as width of t3 at base). Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae missing. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter without hairs or spines on ventral side. Pulvilli slightly shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.8–0.9 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M before 1/3, almost at 1/4 of discal cell. Pterostigma coloured on distal 4/5. Hairs on tegula missing.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites slightly pollinose, also on hind margins and on the sides. Hairs dispersed, short, pale and weakly developed. Laterally 2–4 dark spines on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: edge of S7 visible; T5 1.1–1.2 times as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: ST8 rectangular in dorsal view, m.a. triangle shaped, facing pv, EP and SS black.

Genitalia. Surstyli symmetrical, inner edges pointing towards each other; ST8 broad, m.a. as wide as half the width of ST8 ( Fig. 16B). Borders of SES uncertain; gonopods symmetrical, with minute hairs along median edges; hypandrium with broad lobes; phallic guide broad, with projections on each side in ventral view ( Fig. 16F), hook shaped in lateral view ( Fig. 16A); phallus trifid, with teeth along two branches; ejaculatory apodeme mushroom shaped; sperm pump elongated, flat ( Fig. 16E).

Female (NMSA specimen—no head)

As male except for the following characters. Pulvilli and claws about 1.5 times as long as last tarsal segment. Female ovipositor with modified S6 to receive piercer.

Distribution— Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe.

Etymology —The name was derived from the type locality, Brandberg.

Eudorylas bredoi (Hardy, 1949)   ( Figs 40C–D)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) bredoi Hardy 1949 b: 1   .

Diagnosis: Femora black with silver-grey pollinosity posteriorly; tibiae brown with black ring in the middle; hind tibia broadened in the middle, distal half flattened.

Type material: Democratic Republic of Congo: 1♀, HT, Congo belge: Elisabethville [today: Lubumbashi], 30-iv- 1939, H.J. Brédo, R. Mus. Hist. Nat. Belg. I.G. 12.648 ( ISNB)    

Female

Head. Third antennal segment acute; brown. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part silvery pollinose, less so on margins; narrowed close to ocellar triangle, lower part silvery pollinose. Occiput with greyish pollinosity.

Thorax (greasy overall). Humeri dark brown/black; except for distal tip, which is light brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) black; from the side black with possible dusting. Scutellum black, 6–7 pairs of weakly developed hairs. Dorsocentral hairs very weakly developed. Halter light brown, stem darker.

Legs. Trochanters and base of femora dark brown, femora black with silver-grey pollinosity posteriorly, knees yellow-brown, tibiae brown with black ring in the middle, hind tibia broadened in the middle, distal half flattened. Tarsal segments brown. Ventroapical row of 2–6 short black spines on first four femora; 3–4 short black spines on 3rd femur. No subapical (distal) spine on first four tibiae. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with moderately long hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli equals in length with last tarsal segment, claws 1.5 times longer than pulvilli.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.8 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 1/3 of discal cell. Pterostigma almost fully coloured. Hairs on tegula uncertain.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites black pollinose, hind margins more shining, sides with distinct silver-grey patches. No hairs on abdominal segments. 2–4 black lateral hairs on first tergite with several pale ones. Ovipositor's ( Fig. 40C) base visible in lateral view.

Male—Unknown.

Eudorylas conformis (Hardy, 1959)   ( Figs 16G–K)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) conformis Hardy 1959 b: 27   .

Diagnosis: Eyes touching for distance equal to 4.5–5 times ocellar triangle. Inner surstylus with a projection at base ventrally; SES with 20–22 tiny spines, lower border distinct; phallic guide broadening in the middle, pointed at apex.

Type material: Rwanda: 1♂, HT, Congo Belge: Ruanda, Kundhuru ya Tshuve (Col Gahinga-Sabinyo) 2600 m (Bambous), 15-ix-1934, G.F. de Witte: 605 ( MRAC)   . Democratic Republic of Congo: 1♂, PT, Congo Belge: P.N.A. Tsamugussa (Bweza) 2250 m (Bambous), 10-viii-1934., G.F. de Witte: 526 [no abdomen, no legs] ( MRAC)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acute; brown [based on PT]. Face greyish pollinose. Frons, lower part greyish pollinose on the sides, black in the middle; eyes touching for distance equal to 4.5-5 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, upper half brownish pollinose, lower half grey.

Thorax. Humeri light brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) brownish pollinose; greyish from the side. Scutellum brownish pollinose, with short, pale brown hairs. Dorsocentral hairs weakly developed. Halter, knob dark brown, stem paler.

Legs. Trochanters and base of femora brown, femora black, knees, tibiae, tarsal segments, pale brown [no t3 on types], last segment black. Ventroapical row of 4–5 very small spines on f1; 10–12 short, stout on f2; no spines on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae missing. Anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia [no 3. leg on types]. Hind trochanter with minute white hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli slightly smaller than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Long, compared to body, damaged on types. Fourth costal section (probably) equal to third costal section. Cross-vein R-M almost in the middle of discal cell [PT: just beyond 1/3, near basal 2/ 5 in original description], dm elongated. Pterostigma fully coloured. Hairs on tegula missing.

Abdomen. [dissected in HT] Hairs dispersed, short and weakly developed. Seven dark, strong bristles laterally on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view [dissected]: (T6, S7, EP) visible.

Genitalia (damaged on HT, lost on PT). Surstyli both broken, but not fused with EP ( Fig. 16H), inner surstylus with a projection at base ventrally; epandrium deformed; ST 8 m. a. not visible ( Fig. 16J) cf. Hardy 1959 b. SES with 20– 22 tiny spines, lower border distinct; gonopods not clear, probably very small; hypandrium not connected to EP; phallic guide broadening in the middle, pointed at apex ( Figs 16K, G); phallus with membranes, short, trifid, branches curved; ejaculatory apodeme elongated, linear; sperm pump oval.

Female—Unknown.

Distribution— Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda.

Eudorylas cupreiventris (Becker, 1914)  

Dorylas cupreiventris Becker 1914: 126   .

Diagnosis: Diagnostic charcters to differentiate from other Eudorylas species   are missing in the original description. Only characteristic suitable for recognition mentioned are: the shining black thorax and scutellum.

Type material (not examined): [based on Becker 1914:] Kenya: 1♂, HT, Naivasha , train station, 1.900 m, 1st December, 1911 ( ZMHB, lost)  

Male (translated from Latin)

Head. Antennae black, third segment acuminate. Vertex shining black, face and frons white; eyes contiguous.

Thorax. Thorax and scutellum shining black, not pilose. Humeri yellow, halter brownish yellow.

Legs. Yellow, with black stripe (as a patch) in the middle of the femora. Last tarsal segments black. Ventroapical row of spines missing on femora.

Wing. Fumose, pterostigma dark.

Female—Unknown.

Remarks —Description is based on the original Type seems to be lost according to H. Wendt, ZMHB (pers. comm.). Becker (1914: 126) gives the type specimen as female in the line, where the label data are given, but he must have seen a male, since the eyes are touching on the frons (“oculis contiguis”). This is probably a type setting error, since in a later paper Becker (1915) mentions only males. Hardy (1949 a) mentions a specimen from West Africa which matches Becker's description, but the identity is doubtful, since Hardy did not see the type either.

Distribution— Kenya.

Eudorylas decorus ( Hardy, 1950)   ( Figs 17A–G, 40P–Q)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) decorus Hardy 1950: 24   .

Diagnosis: Third antennal segment long acuminate. Abdomen elongated (especially T2,3), broadest at T5. S7, and edge of EP visible; T6 with special protuberance. Surstyli asymmetrical, OS with two projections (in ventral view); epandrium elongated, with round projection in lateral view; SES with hairs on each side; phallic guide pointed, with membranous lobes at tip and minute spines at base (facing SES) in lateral view; branches of the phallus very narrow (needle-like) at tip.

Type material: Democratic Republic of Congo: 1♂, HT, Congo belge: P.N.A. vers Rweru (Volc. Mikeno) 2400 m ,, (Bambous) 26 au 27-vii.1934, G.F. de Witte: 501   ; 1♀, AT, Congo belge: Kivu, Rutsuru (riv. Musugereza ), 1700 m [as “ 1.100 m ” in Hardy 1950], 4-vii-1935, G.F. de Witte: 1607   ; 1♀, PT, Lac Edouard : E. Rwindl, 15-I- 1936, Dr. H. Damas, Parc Nat. Albert (all MRAC)     ; 1♂, PT, same data as HT   ; 1♂, PT, Congo belge: P.N.A., Tshamugussa (Bweza), 2250m, ( Bambous ), 10-viii-1934, G.F. de Witte: 527 (both USNM)     . Rwanda: 1♂, PT, Congo belge: Ruanda, Nyabireke (pied volc. Karisimbi ), 2400 m, 22-ii-1934, G.F. de Witte: 1184   ; 1♂, PT, Congo belge: Ruanda, Mt. Tamira (près lac N´Gando ), 2600 m, 11-iii-1935, G.F. de Witte: 1308; (both MRAC)     .

Other material examined: Democratic Republic of Congo: 1♂, Congo belge: P.N.U., Lusinga (riv. Lusinga ), 14.06.1945, G.F. de Witte: 130–131   ; 1♀, Congo belge: P.N.U. Mukana (1.810 m), 22– 23.04.1949, Mis. G.F. de Witte. 2550a (both MRAC)   ; 1♂, 1♀, same data as HT, 3.vii-1934, [No.] 469 (both AMNH), the latter   two specimens were erroneously labelled as PTs, and are not listed in Hardy (1950).

Male

Head. Third antennal segment long acuminate; yellow. Face greyish pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part greyish pollinose; eyes touching for distance equal to 3 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, upper half shining black, lower half greyish pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri yellow. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) slightly greyish pollinose, along anterior margin more greyish, shining black distally; greyish from the side. Scutellum brownish pollinose, apex shining black, with 3–4 pairs of very weakly developed hairs. Dorsocentral hairs very weakly developed. Halter yellowbrown.

Legs. Trochanters, femora, knees, tibiae, tarsal segments yellow, last segment darker; hind tibia slightly thickened in the middle. Ventroapical row of spines: only a few weakly developed hairs on all femora. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae present. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter covered by dense pubescence with several erected pale hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli smaller than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 1–1.8 times as long as third costal section, wing long (1.5 times as long as body length). Cross-vein R-M before 1/3 of discal cell. 4/5 of the pterostigma is coloured. Hairs on tegula absent.

Abdomen. Elongated in general (especially T2,3), broadest at T5. Viewed obliquely from front tergites subshiningshining black. Hairs dispersed, short, white and weakly developed. Lateral spines on first tergite: 1(-3) longer dark hairs. Postabdomen in dorsal view: S7, and edge of EP visible; T5 as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: no m.a., ST8 angled on right side, EP and SS swollen, completely yellow.

ST8), E: surstyli, dorsal view, F: abdominal tergite 5 and 6, dorsal view, G: sperm pump with ejaculatory apodeme, H: outer surstylus with phallic guide, lateral view, I: dorsal view, J: inner surstylus, lateral view, K: surstyli, dorsal view, L: ventral view with phallic guide (without ST8), M: phallus with phallic sheath and sperm pump with ejaculatory apodeme. Scale bars: 0.1 mm Genitalia. T6 with special protuberance ( Fig. 17F). Surstyli asymmetrical, OS with two projections (in ventral view); epandrium elongated, with round projection in lateral view ( Fig. 17C); ST8 roundish, without m.a. SES borders only clear in lateral view, with hairs on each side; gonopods asymmetrical, OG longer, both pointed, in ventral view ( Fig. 17D): rounded; phallic guide broad, sides parallel, in lateral view ( Fig. 17A): pointed, with membranous lobes at tip and minute spines at base (facing SES); phallus trifid, at tips very narrow (needle-like); ejaculatory apodeme fan-shaped, flat; sperm pump with two wing-like projections ( Fig. 17G).

Female

As male except for the following characters. Frons, eyes separated; upper part shining black, lower part silver-grey pollinose (distinct border between the two parts) except very narrow black median line. Pulvilli and claws at least 2 times as long as last tarsal segment. Sides of abdominal segments with grey triangles, T1 with 2–3 longer, dark hairs. Female ovipositor ( Figs 40P–Q) globular base, slightly divided into two parts, piercer pointed, area with cerci shining.

Distribution— Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda.

Eudorylas denotatus (Hardy, 1959)   ( Figs 17H–M)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) denotatus Hardy 1959 a: 400   .

Diagnosis: One erect anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia. Surstyli broad at base in dorsal view, both with distinct basal projections in lateral view. Hypandrial apodeme well developed; phallic guide with two large lobes at tip in ventral view (almost as long as SS), PG distinctly bifurcated in lateral view; ejaculatory apodeme linear; sperm pump with two lateral lobes.

Type material: South Africa: 1♂, HT, S. Afr, Cape Prov., Cape Peninsula, Hout Bay Skoorsteenkop, 22.I.51, No. 157; Swedish South Africa Expedition 1950–1951, Brinck-Rudebeck ; Insect trap   ; 1♀, AT, same data, 2.II.51, No 166   ; 1♂, 1♀, PTs, same data as HT     ; Type No : 2124: 1–4 (all ZML); 1♀     , PT, same data as HT ( USNM)   .

Other material examined: South Africa: 1♂, Cape Prov, 4.5 mi [les] S. [of] El andsbaai, Sept.17, 1972, M. E. Irwin, Coastal sand plain, 50 ft. alt., 3218 Ad   ; 1♂, Cape Prov., 5km N of Nieuwoudtville , 16.xi.1986, 3119AC, Londt & Quickelberge, 760m, Stream Macchia (both NMSA)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; yellow-brown. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part silvery pollinose except black upper corner; eyes touching for distance equal to 2.5–3.5 times ocellar triangle. Occiput greyish pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri yellow-brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) brownish pollinose; slightly greyish from the side. Scutellum brownish pollinose, with 7–8 pairs of pale hairs. Dorsocentral hairs weakly developed. Halter: knob dark brow, stem pale.

Legs. Trochanters and base of femora yellow, femora brown, f3 shining posteriorly, knees, tibiae and tarsal segments yellow, last segment brown. Ventroapical row of 4 spines on f1, 12–14 very short, black spines on f2; no spines on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae present. One erect anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with 3–4 white hairs on shiny ventral side. Pulvilli as long as last tarsal segment.

Wing. Cross-vein R-M beyond 2/5 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. Hairs on tegula missing.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites brownish pollinose, hind margins somewhat greyish, sides completely grey. Hairs dispersed, short and weakly developed, mainly on ST8. 4–5 black, lateral bristles on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: S7 visible; T5 0.8 times as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: postabdomen yellowish brown, ST8 enlarged, m.a. elliptic, SS visible, large.

Genitalia. Surstyli broad at base, otherwise long and narrow in dorsal view, both with distinct basal projections in lateral view; ST8 large ( Fig. 17I). SES uncertain; gonopods may be missing; HA well developed; phallic guide with two large lobes at tip in ventral view (almost as long as SS) ( Fig. 17L), PG distinctly bifurcated in lateral view

( Fig. 17H); phallus trifid with phallic sheath at base attached to HA; ejaculatory apodeme linear; sperm pump with two lateral lobes ( Fig. 17M).

Female

As male except for the following characters. Frons, eyes separated; silver-grey pollinose on 1/3 close to the antennae and along lateral margins until 2/3, otherwise shining black. Pulvilli and claws about 1.8–2 times as long as last tarsal segment. Female ovipositor stout, base surrounded by enlarged T6, which hides it in lateral view; piercer much longer than base (cf. E. amuscarium   ).

Remarks —This species is related to E. amuscarium   based on external morphology (3rd antennal segment, ventroapical spines on femora, hair on t3) and shape of genitalia (distally narrowing SS, with hairs at base ventrally, shape of PG, sperm pump and ejaculatory apodeme). They still differ in the size of m.a.; shape of EP, SS and there is no extra structure connected to PG.

Distribution— South Africa.

Eudorylas discretus ( Hardy, 1952)   ( Figs 18A–G)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) discretus Hardy 1952: 9   .

Diagnosis: Third antennal segment long acuminate. Tips of surstyli turned towards ventral side (90°), IS broad, right side pale, probably thin, at the base finger-like protuberance on ventral side (OS as well); hypandrium peculiar shape, one lobe in the middle with striped membranous structures; phallic guide tube-like, with tooth-like structure facing SS in lateral view; phallus trifid, long and coiled.

Type material: Burundi: 1♂, HT, Urundi , Bururi, 13-iii-1949, alt. 1950 m, F. François, No 19.700 or 29.700. ( ISNB)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment long acuminate (projection as long as 3rd segment); brown. Face silvery shining. Frons, upper part brown to black, lower part silvery shining; eyes touching for distance equal to 4 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, upper half brownish pollinose, lower half silver-brown pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri pale brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) brownish pollinose; greyish from the side. Scutellum brownish pollinose, with weakly developed hairs. Dorsocentral hairs also weak. Halter yellowish brown. Legs. Trochanters and base of femora yellow, femora brown, knees, tibiae yellow, hind tibia slightly curved. Tarsal segments brownish, last segment darker. Ventroapical row of 6–8 short spines on first four femora; no spines on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae distinct. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with smooth, whitish hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 1.5 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 2/5 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. Hairs on tegula uncertain.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites brownish pollinose, hind margins and sides greyish. Hairs dispersed, short, whitish and weakly developed. 4 strong, black lateral bristles on first tergite. T5 slightly shorter than ST8. Genitalia without dissection: yellow, thickened.

Genitalia. Surstyli, tips turned towards ventral side (90°), IS broad, right side pale, probably thin, at the base fingerlike protuberance on ventral side (OS as well); epandrium distinctly smaller than ST8, broad; ST8 not extending to right side, ridge in the middle ( Fig. 18B). SES very faint, in ventral view joins to GP; gonopods asymmetrical, right side longer, pointed in ventral view; hypandrium peculiar shape, one lobe in the middle with striped membranous structures; phallic guide broad, sides parallel, tube-like in ventral view ( Fig. 18F); tooth-like structure facing SS in lateral view ( Fig. 18A); phallus trifid, branches close to each other, long, coiled; ejaculatory apodeme 3-sided; sperm pump with two flattened projections, otherwise rounded, elliptic ( Fig. 18D).

Female—Unknown.

Remarks— It is not clear how the projection attaches to IS at the basal part in lateral view.

Distribution— Burundi.

Eudorylas diversus (Hardy, 1949)   ( Figs 18H–M)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) diversus Hardy 1949 a: 29   .

Dorilas (Eudorylas) pusillus Hardy 1949 a: 52 —   syn. nov.

Diagnosis: One or two stronger, erect anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. S5 divided. Surstyli hairy, subsymmetrical, flattened, broad at tip. Only lower edge of SES is visible; gonopods subsymmetrical with 3–4 stronger hairs close to tip, phallic guide with distinct lateral projection on the left, tip elongated, pointed; phallus trifid (not divided until apical 1/3), two branches and a membranous part with teeth-like structures.

Type material: South Africa: 1♂, HT [no head], Cape Province, Matjesfontein , 1-18.xii.1928., S.Africa, R.E. Turner, Brit. Mus., 1929-15 ( BMNH)   ; 1♂, PT, Cape Town, Milnerton , Jan. 1926., “... 1926-71.”, Paratype No 58388 ( USNM)   ; 1♂ [HT of E. pusillus   ], S.Africa, Natal National Park , iii.1932, Miss [ion] A. Mackie ( BMNH)   .

Other material examined: South Africa: 1♂, S.AFRICA (16), Hester Malan N.R., 10 mls., E Springbok , 7- 8.i.1972; Southern African Exp. B.M. 1972-1 ( BMNH)   ; 1♂, Natal Umlalazi Nature Res. , 2831DD, 2-10.x.1982, Coll. J.G.H. Londt, Dune-forest & edges   ; 1♂, Cape Prov, 14 mi [les] SE. Langebaan , 200 ft, Sept 18, 1972, M.E. Irwin, 3318 Aa, coastal dunes and sandy plain   ; 1♂, Natal Prov, Drakensberg Mts. (2929 Ad ), Giants Castle Res. 5800 ft, 1.XI.1972, ME Irwin   ; 1♂, Natal #44, Doornkloof Farm, 29º59’S: 30º15’E, 600m, Date : 30.iv.1991, Whittington, Evenhuis, Bushveld nr. Mkomazi R GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Bushmans Pass, Maloti Mountains, 2125–2250m, 8-14 Jan. 1963, Maseru District , Basutoland, B. & P. Stuckenberg   ; 1♂, Cape Prov, Boesmansriviermond , 3226AD, 27– 31.xii. 1985, J Londt, Hill above caravan park (all NMSA)   ; 4♂, E. Cape #4, 5 km ENE of Rhodes , 30º47’S: 28º00’E, 2066m, 4 & 5 ii. 1992, Natal Museum Expedition, ravine, Malaise trap (3 NMSA, 1 HNHM) GoogleMaps   ; 4♂, Natal, Cathedral Peak area, Forest Reserve 1800m, 2829 Cc , 4–11.iv.1977, JGH Londt ex Malaise (3 NMSA, 1 HNHM)   ; 2♂, Cape Prov, Pakhuis Pass , east side, 17-VIII-1973, ME Irwin, 600m, meadow with flowers, 3219 Aa (1 NMSA, 1 HNHM)   ; 1♂, Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve , III-7-10-1968, Paul J. Spangler ( USNM)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; dark brown, tip paler. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part silvery pollinose; eyes touching for distance equal to 2.5–4 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, lower half silvery pollinose, upper half less so.

Thorax. Humeri yellow-brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) brownish pollinose, along anterior margin with two silvery patches; brownish with silvery pollinosity on the side. Scutellum brownish pollinose, with 0–8 pairs of short pale hairs. Dorsocentral hairs distinct. Halter pale brown.

Legs. Trochanters and femora dark brown, femora with silver pollinosity and shining black ventrally (f3 posteriorly as well), knees yellowish brown, tibiae and tarsal segments pale brown, last segment darker. Ventroapical row of 2–10 short, weak spines on first four femora; 4–8 stronger, black spines on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae present. 1–2 stronger, erect anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with 2–3 longer white hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli slightly shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.5–0.7 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M between 1/4 and 1/2 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. One minute dark hair on tegula.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites brownish pollinose, except distal half of T5, which is silvery pollinose, sides: hind margins of T2–4 and lateral part of T5 silvery pollinose. Hairs indistinct. 1–4 black lateral spines on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: S7 visible; T5 as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: enlarged, brownish ST8, with rounded, large m.a. (occupies 3/4 of width of ST8), SS and EP pale brown.

Genitalia. S5 divided. Surstyli hairy, subsymmetrical, flattened, broadening at tip; large m.a., occupying almost half of ST8 (in dorsal view of genitalia, Fig. 18I). Only lower edge of SES is visible; gonopods subsymmetrical with 3–4 stronger hairs close to tip, in lateral view with 3 setae, smaller hairs at base; hypandrium connected to EP; phallic guide with distinct lateral projection on the left (an additional membranous process may be present on the right), tip elongated, pointed; phallus trifid (not divided until apical 1/3), two branches and a membranous part with teeth-like structures ( Fig. 18M), in lateral view hook-like projection and membranous parts not clear ( Fig. 18H); ejaculatory apodeme linear, slightly broadened at tip; sperm pump ellipsoid, without projections ( Fig. 18K).

Eudorylas encerus (Hardy, 1949)   ( Figs 19A–F)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) encerus Hardy 1949 a: 30   .

Dorilas (Eudorylas) modicus Hardy 1949 b: 2 —   syn. nov.

Diagnosis: T5 at least 2 times as long as ST8, distinct yellow band in the middle of EP. Surstyli turned 90° ventrally, epandrium long, robust compared to ST8, bearing a finger-like projection in ventral view; gonopods may be absent or small; hypandrium with bean-like distal lobes; phallic guide with short, roundish structure at tip.

Type material: Malawi: 1♂, HT, Nyasaland, Limbe, R.C. Wood, 864, 19.12.16 [in Hardy 1949 a: 31 as “ 10.XII.1916 ”], Pres by Com. Inst. Ent., BM 1953-357 ( BMNH)   . Democratic Republic of Congo: 1♂ [HT of D. modicus   ], Congo belge: Elisabethville [today: Lumumbashi], 25.IV.1939, H.J. Brédo, I.G. 12548 ( ISNB)   .

Other material examined: South Africa: 1♂, RSA: Cape Prov. Patrysberg , N of Citrusdal, 06.10.1994, loc. 7, leg. Roy Danielsson ( ZML)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment obtuse; yellow. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part subshining black, lower part greyish pollinose, elongated shining patch in the middle; eyes touching for distance equal to 2.5–3.5 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, upper half brownish pollinose, lower half greyish.

Thorax. Humeri dark brown to black. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) black with brownish pollinosity, along anterior margin with two greyish patches; pale brown from the side with brownish or grey pollinosity. Scutellum subshining black, with 10–12 short, pale hairs. Dorsocentral hairs distinctly visible, but short. Halter yellow-brown, base somewhat darker.

Legs. Trochanters, femora, knees, tibiae and tarsal segments yellow, last segment brown. Ventroapical row of 3–6 short, black spines on first four femora; 4–5 longer spines on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae uncertain. 2–3 erected anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter without hairs or spines on ventral side. Pulvilli shorter or as long as last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.8–1.2 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 2/5 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. Hairs on tegula uncertain.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front T1 and anterior half of T2 with stripes, other parts shining black, sides shining, T1,2 pale brown. Hairs dispersed, short and pale. 4–5 longer, pale lateral spines on first tergite in a row. Postabdomen in dorsal view: EP partly visible; T5 at least 2 times as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: roundish, m.a. ellipsoid, EP and SS more yellow-brown, distinct yellow band in the middle of EP.

Genitalia. Surstyli turned 90° ventrally, inner edge distinct, long; epandrium long, robust compared to ST8 ( Fig. 19B), bearing a finger-like projection in ventral view ( Fig. 19F). SES uncertain; gonopods may be absent or small; hypandrium with bean-like distal lobes; phallic guide with short, roundish structure at tip ( Figs 19A, F); phallus may be broken, uncertain; ejaculatory apodeme slender widening at the end; sperm pump round ( Fig. 19E).

Female—Unknown.

Distribution— Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, South Africa.

Eudorylas excisus (Hardy, 1949)   ( Figs 19G–M, 39G–H, V)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) excisus Hardy 1949 a: 32   .

Dorilas (Eudorylas) definitus Hardy 1961: 134   - syn.: De Meyer and Földvári 2008: 81.

Diagnosis: Surstyli turned ventrally, both with two projections at the end; membranous area large, almost reaching upper edge of ST8. Ventrally on the base of SS and on SES ca. 10 hairs on each side; gonopods asymmetrical, both with ridges; phallic guide with membranous parts at the end covered by microtricha; in lateral view there is a hook pointing towards SS; phallus long, coiled, trifid.

Type material: Malawi: 1♂, 1♀, HT, AT [on the same supporting pin], 5.4.16., Ruo Nyasaland, R.C. Wood, 493   ,

Pres by Com. Inst. Ent., BM 1953-357. ( BMNH). Democratic Republic of Congo: 1♂ [HT of E. definitus   ], Congo belge, P.N.G., Miss [ion] H. De Saeger, I/a/3, 7-ii-1950; Réc. H. De Saeger 199; 1♀ [AT of E. definitus   ], Congo belge P.N.G, Miss [ion] H. De Saeger; Inimvua, 20-v-1952, H. De Saeger, 3488 (both MRAC)   .

ejaculatory apodeme, F: ventral view with phallic guide and ejaculatory apodeme (without ST8), G: outer surstylus, lateral view, H: dorsal view, I: inner surstylus, lateral view, J: sperm pump with ejaculatory apodeme, K: phallic guide, gonopods and hypandrium, ventral view, L: phallic guide and phallus lateral view, M: surstyli, dorsal view. Scale bars: 0.1 mm

Other material examined: Angola: 1♂, (A17), Tundavala, c15 mls NW. Sa da Bandeira, c.6600’, 14°43’S 13°28’E, 3.iii.1972, southern African exp. BM 1972–1 ( BMNH) GoogleMaps   . Kenya: 2♂, Karura For., Nairobi , 5500 feet, 9– 13.xii.1970, A.E. Stubbs, B.M. 1972–211 ( BMNH, HNHM)   ; 1♂, Ngong Forest Station IV-13-17-1968, Paul Spangler ( USNM)   . Mozambique: 2♂, 1♀, Niassa Prov., Cuamba, Farm of the Catholic University of Mozambique , 17-IV/ 2-VI- 2006, 600m, Olmi M. coll. (all MRAC)   . Namibia: 1♂, 1♀, West Caprivi Park, Kwando River : Susuwe , 17°45'37''S 23°20'55''E, 28.ix.-02.x.1998, A.H. Kirk-Spriggs, Malaise trap, dry woodland GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, Rundu district, Simanya, Okavango River , 17°33'17''S 18°32'30''E, 23-24.i.1998, Kirk-Spriggs & Marais, malaise traps, riverine forest (all NMNW) GoogleMaps   ; Windhoek , 22°34'S 17°05'E, 8.12.1986, coll. Malaise trap, J. Irish ( HNHM) GoogleMaps   . South Africa: 1♂, Natal, Richards Bay , 24.10.1994, leg. Roy Danielsson ( ZML)   ; 1♂, Tsitsikamma N.P., 34°51'17''S 23°53'22''E, 08.iv.1998, A.H. Kirk-Spriggs, sweeping understory veg. in coastal rainforest ( NMNW) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Barberton , 17.5.13., H.K. Munro   ; 1♂, Zuurberg Range , north of Addo, E. Cape Prov., 10 April 1961, collectors B. and P. Stuckenberg   ; 1♂, Otto’s Bluff, P.M. Burg, 15.X.72, M.E. Irwin; 1♂, Natal, St. Lucia Nature Res. , 2832AD, 18–20.xii.1981, Londt & Stuckenberg, Coastal bush & forest   ; 1♂, Natal Prov., Richmond Dist. Pateni, 30º09’E., 29º56’S.(2930 Cc), Nov.18, 1971; temp. forest, BE Stuckenberg & ME Irwin (all NMSA) GoogleMaps   ; 4♂, Natal #6, Kube Yini Game Res,. 27º48’S: 32º14’E, 360m, Date : 10–14.i. 1994, Natal Museum Expedition (3 NMSA, 1 HNHM) GoogleMaps   ; 4♂, Natal Prov., Zululand, 21 mi. S.Ndumu, Game Res. Camp (2732 Aa ), Dec, 1, 1971, ME& BJ Irwin, dry scrub forest; 160ft (3 NMSA, 1 HNHM)   . Swaziland: 3♂, #45, 13 km N. of Ngogolo, 26º19’S: 31º38’E, 300m, Date 22–24. iv.1991, J Londt & L Schoeman, Panata Ranch / Bushveld (2 NMSA, 1 HNHM) GoogleMaps   . Zimbabwe: 1♂, N. Vumba, S. Rhodesia, 25.2.1965, D. Cookson   ; 1♂, same data, 25.4.1964 (both NMSA)   ; 1♂, Rhodesia: Victoria Falls Nat’l. Park , IV-3-6-1968, Paul Spangler ( USNM)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; yellow-brown (arista dark brown). Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part silvery pollinose; eyes touching for distance equal to 3 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, greyish pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri yellowish brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) black with brown pollinosity, somewhat silvery along anterior margin; brown with greyish pollinosity on the side. Scutellum black with faint brownish-grey pollinosity, with 4–6 short and very weakly developed white hairs. Dorsocentral hairs weakly developed. Halter yellow, base brown.

Legs. Trochanters and femora yellow with dark brown ring in the middle 1/3–3/5 of the latter, f3 shining posteroventrally, knees, tibiae yellow. Tarsal segments yellow, last segment brown. Ventroapical row of 0–2 and 4–8 very weakly developed dark spines on first and second femora respectively; no spines on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae present. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with no hairs or spines on ventral side. Pulvilli shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.6–0.8 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M beyond 2/5 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. No hairs on tegula.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites brownish dusted, T1 greyish, hind margins brownish dusted, T3,4 with grey patches laterally, distal half of T5 greyish pollinose, sides greyish pollinose. Hairs dispersed, short and weakly developed. Laterally 1–5 dark spines on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: T6 (or T7) visible; T5 1.4 times as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: middle sized ST8, m.a. as an elongated triangle, EP and SS yellow, otherwise black.

Genitalia. Surstyli turned ventrally, both with two projections at the end; epandrium elongated; ST8 extending to the right, membranous area large, almost reaching upper edge of ST8 ( Fig. 19H). Ventrally on the base of SS and on SES ca. 10 hairs on each side; gonopods asymmetrical, both with ridges, OG longer; hypandrium with distal part (lobes) turned; phallic guide with membranous parts at the end covered by microtricha; phallus long, coiled, trifid ( Fig. 19K); ejaculatory apodeme flat, fan-shaped (can be linear); sperm pump simple, flat, with two projections at the end ( Fig. 19J). In lateral view PG has a hook pointing towards SS; SES present, although connection to GP is no clear; PH with supporting structure ( Fig. 19L).

Female

As male except for the following characters. Frons, eyes separated, silvery pollinose, except shining black narrow line in the middle. Pulvilli and last tarsal segment (brownish) about the same size; claws 1.5 times as long as pulvilli. No ventroapical spines on femora. Hind trochanter covered with very fine white hairs. Fourth costal section equal to third. Cross-vein R-M almost as far as middle of discal cell. Abdominal T1 is not greyish, sides of tergites in general brownish dusted. Female ovipositor as in Figs 39G–H, V.

Distribution— Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe.

Eudorylas facetus ( Hardy, 1962)   ( Figs 20A–F, 39I)

Pipunculus (Eudorylas) facetus Hardy 1962: 259   .

Diagnosis: Fourth costal section short (half the length of third costal section). Cross-vein R-M at 1/4–1/3 of discal cell. Epandrium with uncertain borders around cerci in dorsal view; phallic guide broad at base, narrow at tip in ventral view; narrow and sharply pointed in lateral view. Phallus trifid with supporting structure and setulose membranous lobe. Females with short pulvilli.

Type material: Madagascar     : 1♂, HT, [Central] Madagascar Tan. , Ambohitantely, 10.VI.58, F. Keiser   ; 1♀, AT, ibid., 11.VI.58 (both NHMB)   ; 1♂, PT, same data as AT ( BPBM)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; yellow. Face silvery pollinose. Frons (covered with glue on HT), eyes touching for distance equal to 3 times ocellar triangle. Occiput silvery pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri dark brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) brown; more pollinose from the side. Scutellum brown, with 3–4 pairs of weakly developed hairs. Dorsocentral hairs covered by glue on HT. Halter yellow-brown.

Legs. Entirely yellow (incl. last tarsus). Ventroapical row of spines missing on first four femora; 8–9 very short, black spines on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae missing. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter without hairs or spines on ventral side. Pulvilli shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.5 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 1/4–1/3 of discal cell. Pterostigma coloured on distal 4/5. Hairs on tegula missing.

Abdomen. Elongated, viewed obliquely from front tergites completely shining black, ST8 slightly pollinose. Abdominal hairs missing. Laterally 2–3 weakly developed hairs on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: T5 1.4 times as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: SS yellow, m.a. present, borders uncertain.

Genitalia. Surstyli subsymmetrical; epandrium with uncertain borders around cerci in dorsal view; ST8 with m.a. (as large as half the width of ST8, Fig. 20B). SES uncertain; gonopods symmetrical, rounded; phallic guide broad at base, narrow at tip in ventral view ( Fig. 20F); narrow and sharply pointed in lateral view ( Fig. 20A). Phallus trifid with supporting structure and setulose membranous lobe; ejaculatory apodeme mushroom-shaped, long; sperm pump round ( Fig. 20E).

Female

As male except for the following characters. Frons, eyes separated; silver-grey pollinose on lower 1/3, otherwise shining black, greyish along lateral margins. Pulvilli and claws shorter than last tarsal segment. Female ovipositor as in Fig. 39I.

Remarks —Females have short pulvilli, which is quite rare in Pipunculidae   .

Distribution— Madagascar.

Eudorylas falcatus (Hardy, 1949)   ( Fig. 40G)

Dorilas (Eudorylas) falcatus Hardy 1949 a: 33   .

Diagnosis: Femora dark brown, first four with shining narrow line ventrally; ovipositor curved, base considerably elongated. Only the female HT is known.

Type material: Ghana: 1♀, HT, Obuasi, Ashanti, W.Africa, 31.VII.1907, Dr. W.M. Graham, 1908-245, [handwritten] caught in bushpath ( BMNH)   .

Female

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; dark brown. Face and frons completely silvery pollinose. Occiput, upper half entirely brown, lower half greyish pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri yellow. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) brownish pollinose, more silvery along anterior margin; silvery pollinose from the side. Scutellum brownish pollinose, with numerous fine whitish hairs, as long as width of t3 at base. Dorsocentral hairs uncertain. Halter: base of stem and apical part of knob dark brown, otherwise yellow-brown.

Legs. Trochanters and base of femora brown, femora dark brown, first four with shining narrow line ventrally, knees, tibiae and tarsal segments yellow, last segment brown. Ventroapical row of 8–9 strong, short, black spines on first four femora; 9–10 strong black teeth on 3rd femur, longer than those on other femora. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae absent. No anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with 6–8 longer white hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli (broad, especially on 1st four legs) 1.5–2 times longer than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.7 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 1/3 of discal cell. Pterostigma almost fully coloured (5/6). Hairs on tegula missing.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front T1,2 greyish pollinose, T3–5 brownish pollinose in the middle (laterally grey), sides greyish pollinose except narrow anterior line on each tergite. Hairs dispersed, whitish. 8–10 strong, black lateral spines on first tergite in a patch. Ovipositor ( Fig. 40G) curved, base considerably elongated.

Male—Unknown.

Distribution – Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana.

NMNW

National Museum of Namibia

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

NMSA

KwaZulu-Natal Museum

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

ZML

St Petersburg State University

NHMB

Natural History Museum Bucharest

BPBM

Bishop Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Pipunculidae

Genus

Eudorylas

Loc

Eudorylas brandbergensis

FÖLDVÁRI, MIHÁLY 2013
2013
Loc

Pipunculus (Eudorylas) facetus

Hardy, D. E. 1962: 259
1962
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) definitus

De Meyer, M. & Foldvari, M. 2008: 81
Hardy, D. E. 1961: 134
1961
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) conformis

Hardy, D. E. 1959: 27
1959
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) denotatus

Hardy, D. E. 1959: 400
1959
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) discretus

Hardy, D. E. 1952: 9
1952
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) decorus

Hardy, D. E. 1950: 24
1950
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) bredoi

Hardy, D. E. 1949: 1
1949
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) diversus

Hardy, D. E. 1949: 29
1949
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) pusillus

Hardy, D. E. 1949: 52
1949
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) encerus

Hardy, D. E. 1949: 30
1949
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) modicus

Hardy, D. E. 1949: 2
1949
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) excisus

Hardy, D. E. 1949: 32
1949
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) falcatus

Hardy, D. E. 1949: 33
1949