Dasydorylas bodocsi, FÖLDVÁRI, MIHÁLY, 2013

FÖLDVÁRI, MIHÁLY, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the Afrotropical species of the tribe Eudorylini (Diptera, Pipunculidae), Zootaxa 3656 (1), pp. 1-121: 25-28

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3656.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:73E59AED-B16D-430C-B611-EB5CFEAF7FDD

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A487FD-FF8E-FFE3-1D32-FF56FB1E4DA6

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Dasydorylas bodocsi
status

sp. nov.

Dasydorylas bodocsi   sp. nov. ( Figs 7G–K)

Diagnosis : Surstyli slightly asymmetrical, strongly bent ventrally, OS with a basal process. SES with numerous thick hairs; gonopods pointed, OG with a lobe medially; hypandrium short, rounded; phallic guide in ventral view: broad, sides parallel, narrowing towards tip, with a pointed projection on the left side; phallus trifid, branches short. Type material: Zimbabwe: 1♂, HT, N. Vumba, S. Rhodesia, 22.7.1964, D. Cookson [hand-written] ( NMSA)   ; 2♂, PTs, same data as HT except 16.5.1964 ( HNHM)   and 9.7.1964 ( NMSA)   . South Africa: 1♂, PT, N Province #57, Behind Cloud’s End Hotel, 23°00’S: 29°55’E, 3500 ft, Date : 21.xi.1997, Coll: Barraclough & James, Mixed woodland with stream ( NMSA) GoogleMaps   .

Other material examined: Kenya: 1♂, Ngong Forestry Station , 13–18 Jan. 1968, Malaise trap, Krombein & Spangler ( USNM) [specimen not included in type series due to the fact that Kenya is further away from the locus tipicus]   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; brown. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part subshining black, lower part silvery pollinose, except tiny shining black spot in the middle; eyes touching for distance equal to 3.5–4 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, lower half silvery pollinose, upper half brownish pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri pale brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) brownish pollinose, along anterior margin more black; brownish pollinose from the side. Scutellum brownish pollinose, with 6–8 very short, pale hairs. Dorsocentral hairs weakly developed. Halter dark brown.

Legs. Trochanters and base of femora brown, femora dark brown (hind femur shining posteriorly), knees, tibiae and tarsal segments yellowish brown, last segment brown. Ventroapical row of 6–8 short, dark spines on mid femora; no spines on 1st and 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae present. One anteromedial hair on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with a row of 10–12 pale hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli distinctly shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 2–2.2 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M beyond 2/5 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. Hairs on tegula present (1–2).

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites completely brownish pollinose, sides of T1 silver-grey. Hairs dispersed, short and weakly developed. Laterally 3–4 dark spines on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: S7 and edge of EP visible; T5 as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: ST8 brownish pollinose, with slit-like m.a., EP and SS yellow.

Genitalia. Surstyli slightly asymmetrical, strongly bent ventrally, OS with a basal process; epandrium elongated, longer than ST 8 in dorsal view ( Fig. 7H). SES with numerous thick hairs; gonopods pointed, OG with a lobe medially; hypandrium short, rounded; phallic guide in ventral view: broad, sides parallel, narrowing towards tip, with a pointed projection on left side; phallus trifid, branches short ( Fig. 7K).

Female—Unknown.

Distribution — Kenya, South Africa, Zimbabwe.

Etymology— Named after my friend, Róbert Bödôcs, who helped me in various matters during this revision.

Dasydorylas evanidus (Hardy, 1949)   ( Figs 8A–F, 40V–W)

Dorilas evanidus Hardy 1949 a: 31 —   comb. nov.

Dorilas (Eudorylas) dorsalis Hardy 1950: 26 —   syn. nov.

Dorilas (Eudorylas) apiculatus Hardy 1961: 133 —   syn. nov.

Diagnosis: Fourth costal section very short (0.5 times the length of C3). All tibiae with a dark spine anteromedially (sometimes only short hairs present). The m.a. on ST8 is an elongated ellipse (either as a depression or as a keel). Surstyli subsymmetrical with an appendage each on the side. 10–12 small spines at the base of both SS (or SES);

phallic guide pointed, laterally bent towards SS with 4 rather thick hairs in the middle (two on both sides).

Miss[ion] H. De Saeger, Pidigala, 23-iv-1952, H. De Saeger 3358., coll. Mus. Congo (ex. coll. I.P.N.C.B.); 1♂ [HT of E. dorsalis   ], Congo belge: Kiwu Rutshuru (riv. Musugereza), 1100 m, 8-vii-1935, G.F. de Witte: 1628   ; 1♀ [AT of E. dorsalis   ], ibid., 10-vii-1935, No. 1634   ; 1♀ [PT of E. dorsalis   ], ibid. as AT, No. 1633   ; 1♀ [PT of E. dorsalis   ], Congo belge: P.N.A., Escarpem [ent (=slope)] de Kabasha, 1500 m, 14-xii-1934, G.F. de Witte: 919 (all MRAC)   ; 1♂ [PT of E. dorsalis   ], Congo belge: P.N.A., Kanyabayongo (Kabasha), 1760m, 11-xii-1934, G.F. de Witte: 904 ( USNM)   .

Other material examined: Kenya: 1♂, Nairobi , 1600–1650 m, VII/85, NLH Krauss ( AMNH)   ; 1♂, lake Nakuru, 5767 feet, 15–16.xii.1970, A.E Stubbs, B.M. 1972-211 ( BMNH)   ; 1♂, 14–16 km S of Nakuru , 15.xii.1970, A.E Stubbs, B.M. 1972-211 ( HNHM)   . Malawi: 1♂, SE1133DD, Viphia, Chikangawa , 27.-ii.-1.iii.1987, J&A Londt, Grassland & forest margins ( NMSA)   . South Africa: 1♂, Cape Prov, Alexandria For. Res. , 3326DA, 28.xii.1985, J & B Londt, Forest & forest margins   ; 1♂, Ndumu Reserve, Ingwavuma District, Tongaland , S. Africa , B. & P. Stuckenberg, 1–10 December 1963   ; 1♂, Natal, Giant’s Castle Game Res. - Injasuti area, SE2929AB, JGH Londt 5- 11.xii.1983   ; 1♂, N Province #45, Legalameetse Nature Res., 24º09’S: 30º19’E, Date: 18.xi.1997, Coll: Barraclough & James Forest margin on road GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Natal St. Lucia Nature Res. , 2832AD, 18–20.xii.1981, Londt & Stuckenberg, Coastal bush & forest   ; 1♂, Natal, Cathedral Peak area, Forest Reserve , 2829 Cc, J.G.H. Londt , Date 5–6.ii.1983, ex Malaise   ; 1♂, Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Otto’s Bluff , ME Irwin: (2930 Cb ), 6 Feb 1972   ; 1♂, Natal Prov., Richmond Dist. Pateni, 30º09’E., 29º56’S.(2930 Cc ), Nov.18, 1971; temp. forest, BE Stuckenberg & ME Irwin GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Transvaal , 8 km NW Barberton on Badplass Rd SE2530DD, 6–8.iv.1985 J. Londt, Bushveld long grass   ; 1♂, Houtbosloop River, near Rivulets, Transvaal , Nelspruit Dist. 2530BC, 6 Nov. 70, Stuckenberg Gallery Forest   ; 1♂, Giants Castle Res. Natal Drakensberg, S. Africa , 5800 ft, B. & P. Stuckenberg, 18–23 Sept. 1903 [3 handwritten]   ; 1♂, Geekie’s farm, 1500m, 4.1.1961, Karkloof range nr. mt Alida natal, S. Africa, B. & P. Stuckenberg (all NMSA)   ; 5♂, KZ-Natal #117, Hluhluwe / Umfolozi Res., 28º09’S: 32º02’E, 160m, Date : 29.xii.1995 – 3.i.1996, Coll: J. Londt & K. Cradock, Munyawaneni Camp area (3 NMSA, 2 HNHM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Karkloof range nr. mt Alida natal, S. Africa, B. & P. Stuckenberg, 24.xii. 1961 ( HNHM)   ; 1♂, Cape of Good Hope, Nature Reserve , III-7-10- 1968, Paul J. Spangler   ; 1♂, Natal, Mtubatuba , III-24&25-1968, Paul J. Spangler (both USNM)   ; 1♂, C.P. 9mi. NE Wellington , III-4&5-1968, Paul Spangler ( HNHM)   . Swaziland: 2♂, #45, 13 km N. of Ngogolo, 26º19’S: 31º38’E, 300m, Date 22–24. iv.1991, J Londt & L Schoeman, Panata Ranch / Bushveld ( NMSA, HNHM) GoogleMaps   . Tanzania: 1♂, East Usambara, Amani , 1000 m, 06.02.1977, H. Enghoff, O. Lomholdt, O. Martin leg.   ; 1♂, same data, 7.02   .; 1♂, same data, 21.01. (all ZMUC)   . Uganda: 1♂, Ankole Dist., Kalinzu Forest , 6- 16.02.1973, H Gønget leg ( ZMUC)   ; 1♂, Budongo Forest , 7–8.ii.1935., F.W. Edwards, B.M. 1935–203 ( BMNH)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; brown. Face greyish pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part greyish pollinose, shining black patch in the middle; eyes touching for distance equal to 4 times ocellar triangle. Occiput, upper half brownish, lower half greyish pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri pale brown. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) with brownish pollinosity, with two silvery triangles along anterior margin; mostly black from the side with faint greyish-brown pollinosity. Scutellum brownish pollinose, 7–12 pairs of distinct pale hairs. Dorsocentral hairs weakly developed. Halter: base of stem and knob brown, stem otherwise pale brown.

Legs. Trochanters and femora brown-black with greyish pollinosity except for ventrobasal surface of f3, knees yellow, tibiae yellow-brown on basal 1/3, otherwise dark brown. Tarsal segments brown to dark brown (yellowbrown in original description of E. apiculatus   ), last segment black. Ventroapical row of 3–6 short black spines on first four femora; 2–4 short black spines on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae present. One dark spine anteromedially on 3rd tibia (sometimes only short hairs present), and usually first four tibiae with a similar spine as well. Hind trochanter covered with minute white hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli equal to distinctly shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.5 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 1/3 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. Four weak hairs on tegula.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front tergites subshining black, hind margins: distal half of T2–4 and 2/3 of T5 and sides of tergites brownish pollinose. Hairs dispersed, short and weakly developed. Three dark lateral spines on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: T5 equally long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: edge of S7 visible, pump with ejaculatory apodeme, F: ventral view with phallic guide (without ST8), G: outer surstylus with phallic guide and outer gonopod, lateral view, H: dorsal view, I: inner surstylus, lateral view, J: surstyli, dorsal view, K: sperm pump with ejaculatory apodeme, L: ventral view with phallic guide and phallus (without ST8). Scale bars: 0.1 mm

Genitalia. Surstyli subsymmetrical with an appendage each on the side ( Fig. 8B). SES not clear, 10–12 small spines at the base of both SS; gonopods subsymmetrical; hypandrium not connected to EP; phallic guide pointed, laterally bent towards SS with 4 rather thick hairs in the middle (two on both sides); phallus trifid (short in Fig. 8A, but usually reaches well over SS), laterally one of the tubes is slightly longer (probably only on the specimen drawn); ejaculatory apodeme funnel-shaped; sperm pump roundish, also funnel-like ( Fig. 8E).

Female (based on E. dorsalis, AT   )

As male except for the following characters. Third antennal segment long acuminate. Frons, eyes separated; silvergrey pollinose on lower 1/8, another 1/8 only greyish on sides and all the rest is shining black. Pulvilli and claws on first leg about 2 times as long as last tarsal segment. Third tibia with an erect black spine. Pterostigma fully coloured, but pale. T2 completely greyish, sides of abdomen with grey patches. Female ovipositor as in Figs 40V– W.

Distribution— Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda.

Dasydorylas minymerus ( Hardy, 1962)   ( Figs 8G–L)

Pipunculus (Eudorylas) minymerus Hardy 1962: 264 —   comb. nov.

Diagnosis: Eyes touching for distance equal to 5–6 times ocellar triangle. Fourth costal section very short (0.5 times the length of C3). T5 3 times as long as ST8. Surstyli symmetric, slightly curved at tip; with numerous hairs at base of SS; phallic guide pointed and with lobes in ventral view (curved towards SS in lateral view); tubes of the phallus are very thin.

Type material: Madagascar: 1♂, HT, costal forest, Fenerive , [East] Madagascar, Dec. 1955, B. Stuckenberg ( MNHN)   , 1♂, PT, [West] Madagascar. Tul., Sakaraha, 13.III.58, F. Keiser ( NHMB)     .

Other material examined: Kenya: Ngong Forest Station , IV-13-17-1968, Paul Spangler ( USNM)   . Malawi: 1♂, SE1535AD, Zomba Plateau Forest, patch Chingue’s Hole , 12–13.iii.1987, JGH & J Londt, Malaise trap ( NMSA)   .

Male

Head. Third antennal segment acuminate; brown. Face silvery pollinose. Frons, upper part shining black, lower part black (and velvet-like) along edges, dull black in the middle; eyes touching for distance equal to 5–6 times ocellar triangle. Occiput silvery pollinose.

Thorax. Humeri black. Mesonotum (viewed obliquely from front) black pollinose, along anterior margin somewhat more shining; brownish pollinose from the side. Scutellum brownish pollinose, with 5–7 longer hairs (as long as width of f1 at base). Dorsocentral hairs weakly developed. Halter brown.

Legs. Trochanters, femora and tibiae brown (f1 and f2 shining posteroventrally), knees and tip of tibiae yellowbrown, hind tibia slightly thickened in the middle. Tarsal segments yellow-brown, last segment brown. Ventroapical row of 6–8 very short spines on first four femora; 10–12 hairs on 3rd femur. Subapical (distal) spines on first four tibiae absent. Two-three erect anteromedial hairs on 3rd tibia. Hind trochanter with 5–6 pale hairs on ventral side. Pulvilli shorter than last tarsal segment.

Wing. Fourth costal section 0.5 times as long as third costal section. Cross-vein R-M at 1/3 of discal cell. Pterostigma fully coloured. One hair present on the tegula.

Abdomen. Viewed obliquely from front T2–5 subshining black, hind margins of T2–5 (and T1 completely) brownish pollinose, sides brown on hind margins. Hairs of the abdomen missing, laterally 6–7 dark bristles in a row on first tergite. Postabdomen in dorsal view: T5 3 times as long as ST8. Genitalia without dissection: ST8 very small, m.a. present (half the width of ST8), SS symmetric.

Genitalia. Surstyli symmetric, slightly curved at tip; ST8 with m.a. visible ( Fig. 8H). Borders of SES uncertain, with numerous hairs at base of SS; gonopods small, symmetric; hypandrium narrow, elongated; phallic guide pointed and with lobes in ventral view ( Fig. 8L) (curved towards SS in lateral view, Fig. 8G); phallus trifid, tubes very thin; ejaculatory apodeme elongated funnel shaped; sperm pump vase shaped ( Fig. 8K).

NMSA

KwaZulu-Natal Museum

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

ZMUC

Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

NHMB

Natural History Museum Bucharest

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Pipunculidae

Genus

Dasydorylas

Loc

Dasydorylas bodocsi

FÖLDVÁRI, MIHÁLY 2013
2013
Loc

Pipunculus (Eudorylas) minymerus

Hardy, D. E. 1962: 264
1962
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) apiculatus

Hardy, D. E. 1961: 133
1961
Loc

Dorilas (Eudorylas) dorsalis

Hardy, D. E. 1950: 26
1950
Loc

Dorilas evanidus

Hardy, D. E. 1949: 31
1949