Stigmella patagonica Remeikis & Stonis

Stonis, Jonas R., Remeikis, Andrius, Diškus, Arūnas & Gerulaitis, Virginijus, 2016, The Ando-Patagonian Stigmella magnispinella group (Lepidoptera, Nepticulidae) with description of new species from Ecuador, Peru and Argentina, Zootaxa 4200 (4), pp. 561-579: 574

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4200.4.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1F2DA504-24BD-49C6-A7F3-A26B2132D6EE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A4145C-FFA6-0B6B-7EE6-FDE08F64F8BE

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Stigmella patagonica Remeikis & Stonis
status

sp. nov.

Stigmella patagonica Remeikis & Stonis   , sp. nov.

( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 , 4 View FIGURE 4 , 5 View FIGURE 5 , 25–28 View FIGURES 25 – 28 , 41 View FIGURES 36 – 41 )

Type material. Holotype: ♂, ARGENTINA, Neuquen, San Martin de los Andes , 40°09'36"S, 71°21'44"W, elevation about 640 m, caught on Discaria serratifolia (Vent.) Benth. & Hook.   f. ex Mast. ( Rhamnaceae   ), 28.ix.1981, Nielsen & Karsholt, genitalia slide no. RA 348♂ ( ZMUC) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: 2 ♂, same label data as holotype, genitalia slide nos RA419♂, RA420♂ (ZMUC); 1 ♂, same locality, 7–15.xi.1981, Nielsen & Karsholt, genitalia slide no. RA 592♂ ( ZMUC) GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis. The combination of a deeply divided uncus with tapered lateral lobes, angular (with no processes) transtilla, long lateral lobes of vinculum, and a specific set of cornuti distinguishes S. patagonica   sp. nov. from all other Stigmella   including the species of the S. magnispiella   group (also see the pictorial key to the S. magnispinella   group provided in figs 4, 5).

Male ( Fig. 41 View FIGURES 36 – 41 ). Forewing length 2.2–2.5 mm; wingspan 5.2–5.6 mm. Head: palpi whitish cream to pale grey; frontal tuft dark grey-brown to beige or pale brown; collar white cream or grey cream to dark grey (concolorous with forewing); scape whitish cream to whitish grey, glossy; antenna distinctly longer than half the length of forewing; flagellum with 36–37 segments, grey with light golden gloss. Thorax, tegula and forewing concolorous, grey to dark grey with strong golden gloss; apex of forewing with some whitish grey scales with silvery gloss forming ill-defined or incomplete subapical fascia; some scales between fascia and fringe often darker (dark brown, with golden gloss and light purple iridescence); fringe grey to brown-grey; underside of forewing greybrown, without spots or androconia. Hindwing pale grey to brownish grey on upper side and underside, without androconia or spots; fringe pale grey to ochreous grey. Legs glossy, pale brown to golden grey; forelegs dark brown. Abdomen dark grey on upper side and underside; anal tufts short, grey or brown to cream; genital plates pale cream to brown or grey.

Female. Unknown.

Male genitalia ( Figs 25–28 View FIGURES 25 – 28 ). Capsule longer (290–310 µm) than wide (190–200µ m). Uncus with two distally tapered lateral lobes ( Fig. 27 View FIGURES 25 – 28 ). Gnathos with two stout caudal processes. Valva ( Figs 25, 27 View FIGURES 25 – 28 ) 175–190 µm long, with bulged inner lobe and two large apical processes; transtilla without sublateral processes ( Fig. 27 View FIGURES 25 – 28 ). Juxta membranous, except rod-like thickenings ( Fig. 25 View FIGURES 25 – 28 ). Ventral plate of vinculum with very large lateral lobes. Phallus ( Fig. 28 View FIGURES 25 – 28 ) 300–310 µm long, 85–115 µm wide; vesica with a specific set of cornuti comprised of numerous small and two large spine-like cornuti, and one very large horn-like cornutus ( Figs 26, 28 View FIGURES 25 – 28 ).

Bionomics. Adults fly in late September –November. Discaria serratifolia (Vent.) Benth. & Hook.   f. ex Mast. ( Rhamnaceae   ) is expected to be a host-plant of S. patagonica   sp. nov. (most of the available specimens were collected on Discaria serratifolia   ). Otherwise biology unknown.

Distribution. Known from single locality in the southern Andes ( Argentina: Neuquén Province) at elevation about 640 m ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ).

Etymology. The species is named after the region (Patagonia or the Ando-Patagonian biogeographical region) in reference to the species distribution.

ZMUC

Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen