Holothele Karsch, 1879

Guadanucci, José Paulo Leite, Perafán, Carlos & Valencia-Cuéllar, Dayana, 2017, The genus Holothele Karsch, 1879: the identity of the type species (Mygalomorphae, Theraphosidae), Zoosystema 39 (2), pp. 263-271 : 264-265

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5252/z2017n2a5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:945FE92F-7AD3-4EE3-8B1E-A8787644EA1D

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A00F1A-FFA9-BE6A-AF89-CD7ACD3F942C

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Holothele Karsch, 1879
status

 

Genus Holothele Karsch, 1879

Holothele Karsch, 1879: 544 . — Simon 1892: 182. — Raven 1980: 254. — Rudloff 1997: 7.

Stichoplastus Simon, 1889: 208 ; 1892: 141; (type species: Stichoplastus ravidus Simon, 1889 , from Corosal , San Esteban, Venezuela) .

Dryptopelmides Strand, 1907: 18 (type species: Dryptopelmides rondoni Lucas & Bücherl, 1972 , from Puerto Cabelo, Venezuela).

TYPE SPECIES. — Holothele recta Karsch, 1879 , by monotypy.

DIAGNOSIS. — Representatives of the genus are distinguished by the combination of the following features: absence of urticating setae; tarsus IV pseudosegmented; tarsal claws with a median row of teeth; labium trapezoid, with approximately 90 cuspules or fewer; sigillae close to sternal margin.

EMENDED DESCRIPTION

Chelicerae without rastellum. Males with intercheliceral intumescense. Cephalic region slightly raised. Eye tubercle weakly raised, wider than long. Anterior eye row procurved, posterior recurved. Thoracic fovea, deep, slightly recurved.Labium trapezoid, with 50-90 cuspules. Maxilla with produced anterior lobe, several cuspules on the inner angle (more than 80). Labium-sternal sigilla well marked, oval, mounds raised. Anterior sternal sigillae marginal, posterior sternal sigilla submarginal. Metatarsal scopula present on all legs, I totally occupied, II distal 3/4, III around distal half, IV less than distal half. Tarsal scopula I-IV divided by a band of stout setae. Tarsus IV straight (contra Raven 1985) and pseudosegmented. Clavate tarsal trichobothria in two rows, interspersed with filiform trichobothria. Proximal lateral faces of tibia with thickened trichobothria, dorsal face with filiform. Retrolateral scopula on femur IV absent. Stridultory setae absent. Superior tarsal claws with single median row of teeth, inferior tarsal claws absent, claw tufts well developed. Urticanting setae absent. Posterior lateral spinnerets three-segmented, long, apical segment digitiform. Cymbium longer than wide, bilobed. Palpal bulb with elongate embolus, increasingly filiform towards tip, without keels, subtegulum short.Male tibial apophysis present, formed by two branches, metatarsus I bends laterally to the retrolateral branch. Spermathecae formed by two elongate, narrow base, and flat receptacles, swollen distally, and with or without lobes on the inner ventral face.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Theraphosidae

Loc

Holothele Karsch, 1879

Guadanucci, José Paulo Leite, Perafán, Carlos & Valencia-Cuéllar, Dayana 2017
2017
Loc

Dryptopelmides

STRAND E. 1907: 18
1907
Loc

Stichoplastus

SIMON E. 1892: 141
SIMON E. 1889: 208
1889
Loc

Holothele

RUDLOFF J. P. 1997: 7
RAVEN R. J. 1980: 254
SIMON E. 1892: 182
KARSCH F. 1879: 544
1879