Epicratinus mauru, Gonçalves & Brescovit, 2020

Gonçalves, Ricardo Antonio & Brescovit, Antonio Domingos, 2020, Taxonomic review and cladistic analysis of Neotropical spider genus Epicratinus Jocqué & Baert, 2005 (Araneae: Zodariidae) with description of eleven new species, Zootaxa 4886 (1), pp. 1-77: 18-20

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4886.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E8FBC153-BDE4-4404-9167-20B2DB1DCB14

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4333238

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/282C14A8-97F0-4218-B5BD-70921D6E8388

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:282C14A8-97F0-4218-B5BD-70921D6E8388

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Epicratinus mauru
status

sp. nov.

Epicratinus mauru   sp. nov.

Figs 36–37 View FIGURE 36 View FIGURE 37 .

Type. Male holotype from Distrito de Catolés , 13º18’21,6”S, 41º51’16”W, Rio Catolés , Cachoeira da Samambaia, Abaíra, Bahia, BRAZIL, 4/XI/2013, L.S. Carvalho & M.B. da Silva, deposited on UFMG 15099. Paratypes: 1♁ and 1♀ together with holotype, examined GoogleMaps   .

Additional material examined: BRAZIL, Bahia, Abaíra, Cachoeira da Samambaia, Rio Catolés , Distrito de Catolés , 13º18’21,6”S, 41º51’16”W, 1♀, 4/XI/2013, L.S. Carvalho & M.B. da Silva ( UFMG 15071 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis. Males of E. mauru   sp. nov. are easily recognized by their tibia to possess a black dorsal retrolateral basal apophysis with constriction at the base and prolaterally directed tip and short RTA in waveform directed retrolaterally. Females have very conspicuous reniform spermathecae ventrally, vulva with three visible chambers within each of them ( Figs 36 View FIGURE 36 , 37 View FIGURE 37 )

Etymology. The specific epithet is a noun taken in apposition and is in reference to Mauru, a fictional character in Waku Waku Seven, game from SUNSOFT for Neo Geo, which is the non-threatening guardian of Lost Forest. The shape of spermathecae looks like his eye pupils.

Description. Male (UFMG 15099). Color: dark brown carapace uniform, light brown sternum, orange-brown chelicerae, pale brown coxae, light brown legs; dorsal abdomen predominantly dark brown, almost black with six white spots (2-2-1-1) and few dotted spots, medium brown dorsal shell dark, short bristles throughout abdomen; ventral abdomen dark brown with two white patches (one on each side, near the epigastric furrow), little sclerotinized, yellow burned above the epigastric furrow. Total length 3.95; carapace length 2.15; width 1.5; abdomen length 1.7; maximum length of spinnerets 0.2; chelicerae length 0.6; clypeus height 0.51. Eyes: diameters AME 0.09, ALE 0.11, PME 0.11, PLE 0.11. Interdistances AME-AME 0.05, AME-ALE 0.09, PME-PME 0.08, PME-PLE 0.2, ALE-PLE 0.05. Spinulation: I: Fe d1-1-1, p0-0-1, r0, Me v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p0, r0, v2-1-2; Me d0, p0-0-1, r0, v2-2-2. II: Fe d1-1-1, p0-0-1, r0, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p0-0-1, r0, v1-2-2; Me d0, p0-0-1, r0, v2-1-2. III: Fe d1-1-1, p1-0-1, r0-1-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-0-1, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, v2-2-2; d0-1-0, p1-1-2, r1-1-2, v2-2-2. IV: Fe d1-3-1, p0-0-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-0-1, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, v2-2-2; Me d0-1- 0, p1-1-2, r1-1-2, v3-3-2. Formula: 4123.

Measurements of legs:

Palp. Femur with three dorsal spines (1-1-1); patella with a strong prolateral dorsal spine in the medial region; tibia with a row of median bristles on the middle portion of the retrolateral margin and one on the lateral margin, a black dorsal retrolateral basal apophysis with constriction at the base and prolaterally directed tip; RTA short and curved, directed retrolaterally; cymbium with a small retrolateral basal projection, two prolateral spines, one basal and one median, and three distal spines; subtegulum with curved ridge; tegulum with divided median haematodocha; large conductor with sclerotinized tip covering almost the entire embolus; tegular short and linear ventral apophysis; spermatic duct visible; conspicuous embolus in the proximal region.

Female (UFMG 15099). Color: dark brown carapace uniform, light brown sternum, dark brown chelicerae, pale brown coxae, light brown legs; dorsal abdomen predominantly dark brown, almost black with six white spots (2-2-1-1) and few dotted spots, short bristles throughout the abdomen; pale white ventral abdomen with two small brown central bands and some white spots near the epigastric furrow, little sclerotinized, burnt yellow and pale white above the epigastric furrow. Total length 4.8; carapace length 2.5; width 1.5; abdomen length 2.5; maximum length of spinnerets 0.2; chelicerae length 0.81; clypeus height 0.7. Eyes: diameters AME 0.09, ALE 0.12, PME 0.1, PLE 0.15. Interdistances AME-AME 0.06, AME-ALE 0.12, PME-PME 0.08, PME-PLE 0.25, ALE-PLE 0.05. Spinulation: I: Fe d0-1-1, p0-0-1, r0, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p0, r0, v2-1-1; Me d0, p0-0-1, r0, v2-2-2.II: Fe d0-1-1, p0-0-1, r0, v0; Pa d0, p0, r0, v0; Ti d0, p0-0-1, r0, v1-1-2; Me d0, p0-1-1, r0, v2-1-3. III: Fe d1-1-1, p0-1-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d0-0-1, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, v2-1-2; Me d0-1-0, p1-1-1, r1-1-2, v2-2-2.IV: Fe d1-2-1, p0-0-1, r0-0-1, v0; Pa d0-0-1, p0-1-0, r0-1-0, v0; Ti d1-0-1, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, v2-1-2; Me d0-1-0, p1-1-2, r1-1-2, v2-4-2. Formula: 4123.

Measurements of legs:

Epigynum. Elliptical epigynal plate. Small atrium and reniform spermathecae visible in transparency. Vulva with reniform spermathecae with a visible chamber within each spermathecae and copulatory ducts encapsulated.

Variation. Males (n = 2): total length 3.93‾3.95, carapace 2.1‾2.15, femur I 1.4‾1.5. Females (n = 2): total length 4.8‾4.9, carapace 2.4‾2.5, femur I 1.5‾1.52.

Distribution. Only known from the type locality ( Fig. 39 View FIGURE 39 ).